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Left Arm Orthodox Spin
LEFT-ARM ORTHODOX SPIN also known as SLOW LEFT ARM ORTHODOX SPIN BOWLNG is a type of Left Arm Finger Leg spin bowling in the sport of cricket . Left-arm orthodox spin
Left-arm orthodox spin
is bowled by a left-arm bowler using the fingers to spin the ball from right to left of the cricket pitch (from the bowler's perspective). Left arm orthodox spin bowlers generally attempt to drift the ball in the air into a right-handed batsman, and then turn it away from the batsman (towards off-stump) upon landing on the pitch. The drift and turn in the air are attacking techniques. The left-arm orthodox spin like an off break or off spin is also a bowling action. The major variations of a left-arm spinner are the topspinner (which turns less and bounces higher in the cricket pitch), the arm ball (which does not turn at all, drifts into a right-handed batsman in the direction of the bowler's arm movement; also called a 'floater') and the left-arm spinner's version of a doosra (which turns the other way). The left-arm unorthodox spin like a leg break or leg spin is also a bowling action. NOTES * ^ http://news.bbc.co.uk/sportacademy/hi/sa/cricket/skills/newsid_3207000/3207491.stm * ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2O-Nlc7pRXo Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Left-arm_orthodox_spin additional terms may apply
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Bowling (cricket)
BOWLING, in cricket , is the action of propelling the ball toward the wicket defended by a batsman . A player skilled at bowling is called a bowler ; a bowler who is also a competent batsman is known as an all-rounder . Bowling the ball is distinguished from throwing the ball by a strictly specified biomechanical definition, which restricts the angle of extension of the elbow. A single act of bowling the ball towards the batsman is called a ballor a delivery . Bowlers bowl deliveries in sets of six, called an over . Once a bowler has bowled an over, a teammate will bowl an over from the other end of the pitch. The Laws of Cricket
Cricket
govern how a ball must be bowled. If a ball is bowled illegally, an umpire will rule it a no ball . If a ball is bowled too wide of the striker for the batsman to be able to play at it with a proper cricket shot, the bowler's end umpire will rule it a wide . There are different types of bowlers, from FAST BOWLERS , whose primary weapon is pace, through swing and seam bowlers who try to make the ball deviate in its course through the air or when it bounces, to slow bowlers, who will attempt to deceive the batsmen with a variety of flight and spin. A SPIN BOWLER usually delivers the ball quite slowly and puts spin on the ball, causing it to turn at an angle while bouncing off the pitch
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Types Of Bowlers In Cricket
In the sport of cricket there are two broad categories of bowlers : pace and spin. Pace bowlers rely mostly on the speed of the ball to dismiss batsmen, whereas spin bowlers rely on the rotation of the ball. CONTENTS* 1 Pace bowlers * 1.1 Swing bowlers * 1.2 Other tactics * 2 Spin bowlers * 2.1 Wrist spin * 2.2 Finger spin * 3 Others * 4 Abbreviations PACE BOWLERS Main article: Fast bowling
Fast bowling
PACE BOWLERS, or fast bowlers or pacemen, rely on speed to get a batsman out . This type of bowler can be further classified according to the speed at which they bowl the ball on average. Most pace bowlers are medium-fast to fast in top level cricket. In general, bowlers of this type are described as right arm or left arm "fast" or "fast-medium". Another technique of fast bowling is the sling action. This action generates extra speed but sacrifices control. Exponents include Shaun Tait , Mitchell Johnson , Fidel Edwards and Lasith Malinga . The highest electronically measured speed for a ball bowled by any bowler is 161.3 km/h (100.23 mph) by Shoaib Akhtar (Pakistan) against England on 22 February 2003 in a World Cup match at Newlands, Cape Town, South Africa. SWING BOWLERS Main article: Swing bowling SWING BOWLERS are pace bowlers who, apart from being fast, also use the seam of the ball to make it travel in a curved path through the air
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Fast Bowling
FAST BOWLING (also PACE BOWLING) is one of the three main approaches to bowling in the sport of cricket , the others being spin bowling and medium-pace or swing bowling. Practitioners of pace bowling are usually known as fast bowlers, quicks, or pacemen. They can also be referred to as a seam bowler or a 'fast bowler who can swing it' to reflect the predominant characteristic of their deliveries. Strictly speaking, a pure swing bowler does not need to have a high degree of pace, although dedicated medium-pace swing bowlers are rarely seen at Test level these days. The aim of fast bowling is to deliver the ball in such a fashion as to cause the batsman to make a mistake. This is achieved by making the hard cricket ball deviate from a predictable, linear trajectory at a speed that restricts the amount of time in which the batsman can compensate for it. For deviation caused by the ball's stitching (the seam), the ball will bounce off the pitch and deflect either away from the batsman's body, or inwards towards them. Swing bowlers on the other hand also use the seam of the ball but in a different way. To 'bowl swing' is to induce a curved trajectory of the cricket ball through the air. Swing bowlers use a combination of seam orientation, body position at the point of release, asymmetric ball polishing, and variations in delivery speed to affect an aerodynamic influence on the ball
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Seam Bowling
SEAM BOWLING is a phrase used for a bowling technique in cricket whereby the ball is deliberately bowled on to its seam, to cause a random deviation. Practitioners are known as seam bowlers or SEAMERS. Seam bowling is generally classed as a subtype of fast bowling , although the bowling speeds at which seam can be a factor include medium-pace bowling. Although there are specialist seamers that make deliberate use of Off cutter and Leg cutter at the expense of bowling slower than regular fast bowlers, most bowlers employ the seam to some effect and so the terms "seamer" and "fast bowler" are largely synonymous. PHYSICS OF SEAM BOWLINGA cricket ball is not a perfect sphere . The seam of the ball is the circular stitching which joins the two halves of the cricket ball. Hence, the seam joining the pieces of leather is circumferential and the stitching is noticeably raised. If the ball is bowled in such a way that the seam hits the pitch when it bounces, this irregularity can cause the ball to deviate sideways in its path. It may move in any direction, or just go straight. The batsman has to see how the ball moves after pitching to select his shot. In order to achieve this effect, a seam bowler usually delivers the ball with the seam held upright, with rotation about a horizontal axis. This keeps the seam aligned vertically as it travels towards the batsman , making it likely that the ball will bounce with the seam on the pitch
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Swing Bowling
SWING BOWLING is a technique used for bowling in the sport of cricket . Practitioners are known as swing bowlers . Swing bowling
Swing bowling
is generally classed as a subtype of fast bowling . CONTENTS * 1 Physics of swing bowling * 2 Conventional swing * 3 Reverse swing * 4 Playing swing bowling * 5 See also * 6 External links * 7 References PHYSICS OF SWING BOWLING The Philadelphians\' Bart King helped to perfect swing bowling in the early 20th century The essence of swing bowling is to get the cricket ball to deviate sideways as it moves through the air towards or away from the batsman . To do this, the bowler makes use of five factors: * The raised seam of the cricket ball * The wear and tear on the ball * The polishing liquid used on the ball * The speed of the delivery * The bowler's actionThe asymmetry of the ball is encouraged by the constant polishing of one side of the ball by members of the fielding team, while allowing the opposite side to deteriorate through wear and tear. With time, this produces a marked difference in the aerodynamic properties of the two sides. Both turbulent and laminar airflow contribute to swing. Air in laminar flow separates from the surface of the ball earlier than air in turbulent flow, so that the separation point moves toward the front of the ball on the laminar side
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Medium Pace Bowling
FAST BOWLING is one of the three main approaches to bowling in the sport of cricket , the others being spin bowling and medium-pace or swing bowling. Practitioners of pace bowling are usually known as fast bowlers, quicks, or pacemen. They can also be referred to as a seam bowler or a 'fast bowler who can swing it' to reflect the predominant characteristic of their deliveries. Strictly speaking, a pure swing bowler does not need to have a high degree of pace, although dedicated medium-pace swing bowlers are rarely seen at Test level these days. The aim of fast bowling is to deliver the ball in such a fashion as to cause the batsman to make a mistake. This is achieved by making the hard cricket ball deviate from a predictable, linear trajectory at a speed that restricts the amount of time in which the batsman can compensate for it. For deviation caused by the ball's stitching (the seam), the ball will bounce off the pitch and deflect either away from the batsman's body, or inwards towards them. Swing bowlers on the other hand also use the seam of the ball but in a different way. To 'bowl swing' is to induce a curved trajectory of the cricket ball through the air. Swing bowlers use a combination of seam orientation, body position at the point of release, asymmetric ball polishing, and variations in delivery speed to affect an aerodynamic influence on the ball
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Spin Bowling
SPIN BOWLING is a bowling technique in cricket and the bowler is referred to as a SPINNER. CONTENTS * 1 Purpose * 2 Techniques * 3 Equivalencies * 4 Conditions * 5 Flight, turn, bounce, drift, dip * 6 See also * 7 References * 8 Bibliography * 9 External links PURPOSEThe main aim of spin bowling is to bowl the cricket ball with rapid rotation so that when it bounces on the pitch it will deviate from its normal straight path, thus making it difficult for the batsman to hit the ball cleanly. The speed the ball travels is not critical, and is significantly slower than that for fast bowling . A typical spin delivery has a speed in the range 70–90 km/h (45–55 mph). However, in 2010 Shahid Afridi of Pakistan bowled the fastest spin delivery of 134 km/h in a T20 match against New Zealand TECHNIQUES An off-spindelivery by (right arm over the wicket). A leg-spindelivery by (right arm over the wicket). Spin bowling
Spin bowling
is divided into four different categories, depending on the particular physical technique used. There is virtually no overlap between the two basic biomechanical techniques of wrist spin and finger spin . * Off break – Right-handed with finger spin technique. (e.g. Muttiah Muralitharan , Ravichandran Ashwin ) * Left-arm orthodox spin
Left-arm orthodox spin
– Left-handed with finger spin technique. (e.g
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Finger Spin
FINGER SPIN is a type of bowling in the sport of cricket . It refers to the cricket technique and specific hand movements associated with imparting a particular direction of spin to the cricket ball . The other spinning technique, generally used to spin the ball in the opposite direction, is wrist spin . Although there are exceptions, finger spinners generally turn the ball less than wrist spinners. However, because the technique is simpler and easier to master, finger spinners tend to be more accurate. The name finger spin is actually something of a misnomer, as the finger action is not a vital part of the mechanism for producing the characteristic spin on the ball. A finger spin delivery is released with the arm held in a fully supinated position, with the fingers on the outside of the ball (to the right for a right-handed bowler). If this supinated position is maintained through the release, the fingers will naturally cut down the side of the ball and produce a clockwise spin. The great English finger spinner Derek Underwood is famous for bowling finger spin in this manner. Additional spin may be put on the ball through two other means: the active supination of the arm from an initially pronated position just before the ball is released, and the flexion or extension of the wrist at the moment of release. Both techniques increase the effect of the cutting mechanism
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Off Spin
OFF SPIN is a type of Finger spin bowling in the sport of cricket . A bowler who uses this technique is called an off spinner. Off spinners are right-handed spin bowlers who use their fingers to spin the ball from a right-handed batsman 's off side to the leg side (that is, towards the right-handed batsman, or away from a left-handed batsman). This contrasts with leg spin , in which the ball spins from leg to off and which is bowled with a very different action. A left-handed bowler who bowls with the same action as an off spinner is known as a left-arm orthodox spinner . While the orthodox spinner has the same action as an off-spinner, the ball itself spins in the opposite direction (akin to a right arm leg spinner). Off spin is generally considered less difficult to play than leg spin, as off breaks typically spin less than leg breaks , and do not generally possess the same loopy, potentially deceptive flight. In addition, off spinners tend to have a smaller repertoire of deliveries to choose from. However, the off spinner often bowls faster and more accurately than a leg spinner, and can therefore deceive the batsman with changes in the pace of the ball. Another common weapon of the off spinner is the arm ball , which does not spin but goes straight on "with the arm". More skilled offspinners also have the topspinner
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Wrist Spin
WRIST SPIN is a type of bowling in the sport of cricket . It refers to the cricket technique and specific hand movements associated with imparting a particular direction of spin to the cricket ball . The other spinning technique, usually used to spin the ball in the opposite direction, is finger spin . Wrist spin
Wrist spin
is bowled by releasing the ball from the back of the hand, so that it passes over the little finger . Done by a right-handed bowler, this imparts an anticlockwise rotation to the ball, as seen from the bowler's perspective; a left-handed wrist spinner rotates the ball clockwise. The name wrist spin is actually something of a misnomer, as the wrist is not a vital part of the mechanism for producing the characteristic spin on the ball. A wrist spin delivery is released with the arm held in a fully pronated position, with the fingers on the inside of the ball (to the left for a right-handed bowler). If this pronated position is maintained through the release, the fingers will naturally cut down the side of the ball and produce an anti-clockwise spin. The great Australian leg-spinner Bill O\'Reilly is famous for bowling legspin in this manner. Additional spin many be put on the ball through two other means: the active pronation of the arm from an initially supinated position just before the ball is released, and the extension of the wrist at the moment of release. Both techniques increase the effect of the cutting mechanism
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Leg Spin
LEG SPIN is a type of spin bowling in the sport of cricket . A leg spinner bowls right-arm with a wrist spin action, causing the ball to spin from right to left in the cricket pitch, at the point of delivery. When the ball bounces, the spin causes the ball to deviate sharply from right to left, that is, away from the leg side of a right-handed batsman . The same kind of trajectory, which spins from right to left on pitching, when performed by a left-arm bowler is known as left-arm orthodox spin bowling. As with all spinners, leg spinners bowl the ball far slower (70–90 km/h or 45–55 mph) than fast bowlers . The fastest leg spinners will sometimes top 100 km/h (60 mph). Leg spinners typically use variations of flight by sometimes looping the ball in the air, allowing any cross-breeze and the aerodynamic effects of the spinning ball to cause the ball to dip and drift before bouncing and spinning (usually called "turning") sharply. While very difficult to bowl accurately, good leg spin is considered one of the most threatening types of bowling to bat against, since the flight and sharp turn make the ball's movement extremely hard to read and the turn away from the batsman (assuming he or she is right-handed) is more dangerous than the turn into the batsman generated by an off spinner
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Left-arm Unorthodox Spin
LEFT-ARM UNORTHODOX SPIN, also known as SLOW LEFT ARM CHINAMAN, is a type of left arm wrist off spin bowling in the sport of cricket . Left-arm unorthodox spin bowlers use wrist spin to spin the ball, and make it deviate, or "turn" from left to right after pitching. The direction of turn is the same as that of a traditional right-handed off spin bowler; however, the ball will usually turn more sharply due to the spin being imparted predominantly by the wrist. Some left-arm unorthodox bowlers also bowl the equivalent of a "googly ", (or "wrong'un"), which turns from right to left on the pitch. The ball turns away from the right-handed batsman, as if the bowler were an orthodox left-arm spinner . In cricketing parlance, the word "chinaman" is used to describe the stock delivery of a left-arm "unorthodox" spin bowler (though some reserve it for the googly delivery ). The origin of the term is uncertain. One version relates to a Test match played between England and the West Indies at Old Trafford in 1933. Ellis "Puss" Achong , a player of Chinese origin, was a left-arm orthodox spinner, playing for the West Indies. He had Walter Robins stumped off a surprise delivery that spun into the right-hander from outside the off stump
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Delivery (cricket)
A DELIVERY or BALL in cricket is a single action of bowling a cricket ball toward the batsman . During play of the game, a member of the fielding team is designated as the bowler , and bowls deliveries toward the batsman. Six legal balls in a row constitutes an over , after which a different member of the fielding side takes over the role of bowler for the next over. The bowler delivers the ball from his or her end of the pitch toward the batsman standing at the opposite wicket at the other end of the pitch . Bowlers can be either left-handed or right-handed. This approach to their delivery, in addition to their decision of bowling around the wicket (from the sides of the wicket on the bowler's end) or over the wicket , is knowledge of which the umpire and the batsman are to be made aware
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Bouncer (cricket)
In the sport of cricket , a BOUNCER (or BUMPER) is a type of delivery , usually bowled by a fast bowler . CONTENTS * 1 Usage * 2 ICC rules * 3 Controversies * 4 Injuries and deaths caused by bouncers * 5 See also * 6 References USAGEBouncers are used tactically to drive the batsman back on to his back foot if he has been freely playing front foot scoring shots, such as drives. To this end, bouncers are usually directed more or less at the line of the batsman's body. Aiming at the batsman is not illegal provided the ball bounces on the pitch, or without bouncing on the pitch as long as the ball upon reaching the batsman is below waist height, and is a tactically important part of the game. Aiming at the batsman's head without bouncing on the pitch, known as a beamer , is illegal. A batsman attempting to play a hook shot against a bouncer. A batsman may play a bouncer in either a defensive or an attacking way. If the batsman plays it defensively he aims primarily to avoid getting out, and secondarily to avoid being hit by the ball. For a head-high bouncer, these goals are achieved most easily by ducking under the ball. If the ball is at chest height, the batsman's best defence is to move on to his back foot, raise his bat vertically to chest height, and attempt to block the ball and direct it downwards to the pitch so as to avoid presenting a catch to a fielder
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Inswinger
An INSWINGER is a type of delivery in the sport of cricket . It is bowled by swing bowlers . CONTENTS * 1 Grip * 2 Back foot contact * 3 Point of release * 4 Use of the inswinger * 5 See also * 6 External links GRIP Further information: Grip (cricket bowling) * * * An inswinger is bowled by holding the cricket ball with the seam vertical and the first two fingers slightly across the seam so that it is angled a little to the leg side. Once the ball has worn and been polished so that one side is rougher than the other, the rough side is placed on the leg side. The ball is placed on the pad of the thumb. This thumb position locks the wrist in a position inclined to the leg side. BACK FOOT CONTACT Further information: Back foot contact Inswing can be bowled from side-on, mid-way or chest on positions. But bowlers usually tend to pitch it in the good length spot or up to the batsman. It is the wrist position that is crucial, not the position of hips or shoulders. (See thumb position above). POINT OF RELEASE Further information: Point of release When the bowler delivers the ball, he angles the seam so that it points slightly to the leg side. To help achieve this position the bowling arm should be near vertical, brushing close to the ear. At release the wrist should remain cocked so as to help impart backspin along the orientation of the seam
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