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Lee Radziwill In India
The Radziwiłł family
Radziwiłł family
(Polish pronunciation: [radʑiˈviw]; Lithuanian: Radvila; Belarusian: Радзівіл, Radzivił; German: Radziwill) was a powerful magnate family originating from the Grand Duchy of Lithuania
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Trąby Coat Of Arms
Amfor, Amforowicz, Anforowicz. B Baraniecki, Bendziński, Będziński, Bilman, Birżański, Błeszyński, Błędowski, Bolesławski, Brzezieński, Brzeziński. C Chaszajdarowicz, Chaszajewicz, Chleb, Chłopski, Chodzieński, Chwalczewski, Chwaleczewski, Chwaliszewski, Ciarnowski, Ciążyński, Ciborowski, Ciecicza, Cielica, Cieszeyko, Ciszkiewicz, Czarnowski, Czaszawski, Czaszyński, Czaśnicki. D Dadziwiłłowicz, Dadziwiłowicz, Dawidowicz, Dewicz, Dobek, Dobiński, Dobkiewicz, Dogel, Dogiel, Doliński, Dołuski, Dołuszycki, Dowgielt, Dowgiełt, Dowiakowski, Drombiński, Dumiński, Dusiacki, Dusiatski, Dusiątski, Dyaczkowski, Dzieczkowski, Dziewałtowski, Dzimitrowicz. F Falczewski. G Gabszewicz, Gaściewicz, Gaścilewicz, Gekowicz, Gintowicz, Gintowt, Gintowt-Dziewałtowski, Gnoiński, Gorski, Gorzkowski, Goszkowski, Gościewicz, Greczyna-Kierdej, Grobicki, Gruzdź, Gryczyn, Grydzewicz. H Hasiewicz, Hawryłło, Hleb, Horoch, Hościewicz, Hreczycha, Hreczyna-Kierdej, Hryczyn, Hrycz
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Polonized
Polonization
Polonization
(or Polonisation; Polish: polonizacja)[1] was the acquisition or imposition of elements of Polish culture, in particular the Polish language, as experienced in some historic periods by the non-Polish populations of territories controlled or substantially under the influence of Poland. As with other examples of cultural assimilation, it could either be voluntary or forced and is most visible in the case of territories where the Polish language
Polish language
or culture were dominant or where their adoption could result in increased prestige or social status, as was the case of the nobility of Ruthenia
Ruthenia
and Lithuania
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UNESCO
The United Nations
United Nations
Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO;[2] French: Organisation des Nations unies pour l'éducation, la science et la culture) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) based in Paris
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Memory Of The World Register
UNESCO's Memory of the World Programme
Memory of the World Programme
is an international initiative launched to safeguard the documentary heritage of humanity against collective amnesia, neglect, the ravages of time and climatic conditions, and willful and deliberate destruction.[1] It calls for the preservation of valuable archival holdings, library collections and private individual compendia all over the world for posterity, the reconstitution of dispersed or displaced documentary heritage, and the increased accessibility to and dissemination of these items.[1]
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Holy Roman Emperor
The Holy Roman Emperor
Emperor
(historically Romanorum Imperator " Emperor
Emperor
of the Romans") was the ruler of the Holy Roman Empire
Holy Roman Empire
(800-1806 CE, from Charlemagne
Charlemagne
to Francis II). The title was almost without interruption held in conjunction with the rule of the Kingdom of Germany.[1][2][3] From an autocracy in Carolingian
Carolingian
times the title evolved into an elected monarchy chosen by the prince-electors. The Holy Roman Emperor was widely perceived to rule by divine right by Roman Catholic
Roman Catholic
rulers in Europe, and he often contradicted or rivaled the Pope, most notably during the Investiture controversy. In theory, the Holy Roman Emperor was primus inter pares (first among equals) among other Catholic monarchs
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Lithuanian Nobility
The Lithuanian nobility
Lithuanian nobility
was historically a legally privileged class in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania
Grand Duchy of Lithuania
consisting of Lithuanians, from the historical regions of Lithuania Proper
Lithuania Proper
and Samogitia, and, following Lithuania's eastern expansion, many Ruthenian noble families (boyars).[1] Families were primarily granted privileges for their military service to the Grand Duchy
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Castellan
A castellan was the governor or captain of a castellany and its castle.[1] The word stems from the Latin Castellanus,[2] derived from castellum "castle". Sometimes also known as a constable, governor of the castle district or captain, the Constable of the Tower
Constable of the Tower
of London is, in fact, a form of castellan. A castellan was almost always male, but could occasionally be female, as when, in 1194, Beatrice inherited her father's castellany of Bourbourg
Bourbourg
upon the death of her brother, Roger.[3]Contents1 Initial power 2 Duties2.1 Castellans and Jews3 Regional differences3.1 France 3.2 Germany 3.3 Hungary 3.4 Jerusalem 3.5 Malta 3.6 Poland 3.7 Portugal4 Castellany 5 See also 6 ReferencesInitial power[edit] After the fall of the Western Roman Empire, many tribes migrated into western Europe, causing strife and war
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Vilnius
Vilnius
Vilnius
(Lithuanian pronunciation: [ˈvʲɪlʲnʲʊs] ( listen), see also other names) is the capital of Lithuania
Lithuania
and its largest city, with a population of 574,221 as of 2017[update].[6] Vilnius
Vilnius
is in the southeast part of Lithuania
Lithuania
and is the second largest city in the Baltic states. Vilnius
Vilnius
is the seat of the main government institutions of Lithuania
Lithuania
and the Vilnius
Vilnius
District Municipality
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Patronym
A patronymic, or patronym, is a component of a personal name based on the given name of one's father, grandfather (i.e., an avonymic),[1][2] or an even earlier male ancestor. A component of a name based on the name of one's mother or a female ancestor is a matronymic. Each is a means of conveying lineage. In such instances, a person is usually referred to by their given name, rather than their patronymic. Patronymics are still in use, including mandatory use, in many countries worldwide, although their use has largely been replaced by or transformed into patronymic surnames
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Radvila Astikas
Radvila Astikas
Radvila Astikas
or Astikaitis (baptized Nicholas;[1] Polish: Radziwiłł
Radziwiłł
Ościkowicz; died in 1477) was a magnate, a member of the Astikai
Astikai
and founder of the Radvila (Radziwiłł) family. He was a member of the Lithuanian Council of Lords and one of the most influential people in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. Astikas was one of the sons of Kristinas Astikas
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Mikalojus Radvila
Mikalojus Radvila or Mikolaj I[2] nicknamed the Old (Lithuanian: Mikalojus Radvilaitis, Mikalojus II Radvila Senasis, Latin: Nicolaus II Radziwil Priscus) (c. 1450 – 16 July 1509) was a Lithuanian noble. He was known after a patronym Radvilaitis, made of his father's name Radvila, which in turn became a family name of his heirs, Radvilos, later Polonised as Radziwiłł. Mikalojus had been a regent of Smolensk
Smolensk
from 2 December 1481; in 1483 a 10,000-strong army was summoned by him for protection of Smolensk lands. He had been the Castellan of Trakai
Trakai
since 31 May 1488 and regent of Novgorodok, later a regent of Bielsk Podlaski. He was the Voivod of Vilnius since 1492 and the first Grand Chancellor of Lithuania
Lithuania
from 1504 until his death in 1509
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Wolf
refer Subspecies
Subspecies
of Canis
Canis
lupusHistorical (red + green) and modern (green) range of wild subspecies of C. lupusThe wolf ( Canis
Canis
lupus),[a] also known as the gray/grey wolf, timber wolf,[4][5] or tundra wolf, is a canine native to the wilderness and remote areas of Eurasia
Eurasia
and North America
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Mikołaj Radziwiłł (1470–1521)
Mikołaj II Radziwiłł
Radziwiłł
(Lithuanian: Mikalojus Radvila) (1470–1521) was a magnate and statesman of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. He obtained the title of prince from Emperor Maximilian I.[1] He was a son of Mikalojus Radvilaitis
Mikalojus Radvilaitis
and among the first Radziwiłłs to cary this family name. He had brothers Jerzy Radziwiłł, Jan Radziwiłł and Wojciech Radziwiłł
Radziwiłł
and sister Anna Radziwiłł. Mikołaj was a progenitor of Goniądz–Meteliai Radziwiłł family
Radziwiłł family
line. He inherited the lands of Musninkai
Musninkai
and Kėdainiai
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Russian Federation
Coordinates: 60°N 90°E / 60°N 90°E / 60; 90Russian Federation Росси́йская Федерaция (Russian) Rossiyskaya FederatsiyaFlagCoat of armsAnthem:  "Gosudarstvenny gimn Rossiyskoy Federatsii"  (transliteration) "State Anthem of the Russian Federation"Location of Russia
Russia
(green) Russian-administered Crimea
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Jerzy Radziwiłł
Jerzy Radziwiłł
Radziwiłł
(Lithuanian: Jurgis Radvila) (1480 – April 1541) was a Polish–Lithuanian noble. He was Deputy Cup-Bearer of Lithuania from 1510, voivode of Kiev Voivodeship from 1510, Field Hetman
Hetman
of Lithuania in 1521, castellan of Trakai
Trakai
from 1522, castellan of Vilnius
Vilnius
from 1527, Marshal of the Court from 1528, Grand Hetman
Hetman
of Lithuania from 1531, Starost of Hrodna, Namiestnik
Namiestnik
of Vilnius, Maišiagala, Mereck, Utena, Mozyrsk, Lida, Skidal, Bielica[disambiguation needed], Kryńsk and Oziersk
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