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Le Charivari
Le Charivari
Le Charivari
was an illustrated magazine published in Paris, France, from 1832 to 1937. It published caricatures, political cartoons and reviews. After 1835, when the government banned political caricature, Le Charivari
Le Charivari
began publishing satires of everyday life.Contents1 History and profile 2 Selected contributing artists 3 Selected contributing writers 4 Illustrations in Le Charivari 5 References 6 External linksHistory and profile[edit] Le Charivari
Le Charivari
was started by caricaturist Charles Philipon
Charles Philipon
and his brother-in-law Gabriel Aubert to reduce their financial risk of censorship fines. They also had published the satirical, anti-monarchist, illustrated newspaper La Caricature, which had more pages and was printed on more expensive paper. In Le Charivari, they featured humorous content which was not so political
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Louis Philippe
Louis Philippe I
Louis Philippe I
(6 October 1773 – 26 August 1850) was King
King
of the French from 1830 to 1848 as the leader of the Orléanist
Orléanist
party. As a member of the cadet branch of the Royal House of France
France
and a cousin of King
King
Louis XVI of France
Louis XVI of France
by reason of his descent from their common ancestors Louis XIII
Louis XIII
and Louis XIV, he had earlier found it necessary to flee France
France
during the period of the French Revolution
French Revolution
in order to avoid imprisonment and execution, a fate that actually befell his father Louis Philippe II, Duke of Orléans. He spent 21 years in exile after he left France
France
in 1793
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Special
Special
Special
or specials may refer to:Contents1 Music 2 Film and television 3 Other uses 4 See alsoMusic[edit] Special
Special
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Victor Hugo
Victor Marie Hugo (French: [viktɔʁ maʁi yɡo] ( listen); 26 February 1802 – 22 May 1885) was a French poet, novelist, and dramatist of the Romantic movement. Hugo is considered to be one of the greatest and best-known French writers. Outside of France, his most famous works are the novels Les Misérables, 1862, and The Hunchback of Notre-Dame
The Hunchback of Notre-Dame
(French: Notre-Dame de Paris), 1831. In France, Hugo is known primarily for his poetry collections, such as Les Contemplations
Les Contemplations
(The Contemplations) and La Légende des siècles (The Legend of the Ages). Hugo was at the forefront of the romantic literary movement with his play Cromwell and drama Hernani. Many of his works have inspired music, both during his lifetime and after his death, including the musicals Notre-Dame de Paris
Paris
and Les Misérables
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Henry Maret
Henry Maret
Henry Maret
(4 March 1837 – 5 January 1917) was a French journalist and politician. Maret was born in Sancerre. He belonged to the Radical Party. He was a member of the Chamber of Deputies from 1881 to 1906. [1] He died in Paris, aged 79. References[edit]^ "Base de données historique des anciens députés - Assemblée nationale". Assemblee-nationale.fr
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Jaime
Jaime
Jaime
is a common Spanish and Portuguese masculine given name for Jacob, James, Jamie, or Jacques. In Occitania
Occitania
Jacobus became Jacome and later Jacme. In east Spain, Jacme became Jaime; in Aragon
Aragon
it became Chaime, in Catalonia
Catalonia
it became Jaume. In western Spain
Spain
Jacobus became Iago, in Portugal it became Tiago. The name Saint James developed in Spanish to Santiago, in Portuguese to São Tiago. The names Diego (Spanish) and Diogo (Portuguese) are also Iberian versions of Jaime. In the United States, Jaime
Jaime
is used as an independent masculine given name, along with given name Jimmy.[1] For females, it remains less popular, not appearing on the top 1,000 U.S
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Philibert Audebrand
Philibert Audebrand (31 December 1815 - 10 September 1906) was a French writer, journalist, author of medieval chronicles, satirical verses and historical novels
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Agénor Altaroche
Agénor Altaroche (18 April 1811 – 13 May 1884) was a 19th-century French journalist, chansonnier and man of letters, Commissioner of the Provisional Government for the Puy-de-Dôme in 1848, representative of that department to the 1848 Constituent Assembly. Bibliography[edit]Hoefer, Ferdinand, Nouvelle biographie générale : depuis les temps les plus reculés jusqu'à nos jours avec les renseignements bibliographiques et l'indication des sources à consulter, t.II, p. 227, Paris, Firmin-Didot frères, 1852-1856. Dictionnaire de biographie française par Michel Prévost, Henri Tribout de Morembert, J.C. Roman d'Amat, et al., Paris, Letouzey et Ané, 1936. Maitron, Jean, Dictionnaire biographique du mouvement ouvrier français, t.1, 1789-1864, De la Révolution française à la Première Internationale, Paris, Ed
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Henri Rochefort
Victor Henri Rochefort, Marquis de Rochefort-Luçay
Victor Henri Rochefort, Marquis de Rochefort-Luçay
(30 January 1831 – 30 June 1913[1]) was a French politician. He was born in Paris
Paris
and died in Aix-les-Bains.Contents1 Life 2 Personal life 3 Works 4 References 5 External linksLife[edit] His father was a Legitimist noble who, as Edmond Rochefort, was well known as a writer of vaudevilles; his mother's views were republican. After experience as a medical student, a clerk at the Hôtel de Ville in Paris, a playwright and a journalist, he joined the staff of Le Figaro in 1863; but a series of his articles, afterwards published as Les Français de la décadence[2] (3 vols., 1866–68), brought the paper into collision with the authorities and caused the termination of his engagement.Rochefort circa 1865
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Henry Monnier
Henry-Bonaventure Monnier (7 June 1799 in Paris
Paris
– 3 January 1877) was a French playwright, caricaturist and actor.Contents1 Life 2 Principal works2.1 Collections of drawings and caricatures 2.2 Theatre3 Bibliography 4 Notes 5 External linksLife[edit] After studying at the Lycée Bonaparte, he frequented the workshops of Anne-Louis Girodet-Trioson and Antoine-Jean Gros. He installed himself in London
London
in 1822 and returned to France 5 years later.[1] His meetings with Alexandre Dumas, Théophile Gautier, Stendhal, Eugène Sue, Prosper Mérimée, Eugène Scribe, Eugène Delacroix, Louis Boulanger and Honoré de Balzac
Honoré de Balzac
opened doors to him. Between 1827 and 1832, he produced several albums of lithographs, satirising the mores and physiognomies of his contemporaries and of the "grisettes" (or louche young men) in his office
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BNF
BNF may refer to:Contents1 Computing 2 Science 3 Organisations3.1 Politics4 Other uses 5 See alsoComputing[edit]Backus–Naur form, a formal grammar for expressing context-free grammars Beta normal form, a potential state for a term in Lambda calculusScience[edit]Biological nitrogen fixation, a process that converts nitrogen in the atmosphere to ammonia British National Formulary, a drug reference manual British National Formulary
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Gustave Doré
Paul Gustave Louis Christophe Doré (/dɔːˈreɪ/; French: [ɡys.tav dɔ.ʁe]; 6 January 1832 – 23 January 1883) was a French artist, printmaker, illustrator, comics artist, caricaturist and sculptor who worked primarily with wood engraving.Contents1 Biography 2 Gallery 3 Works 4 Notes 5 References 6 External linksBiography[edit]Doré by Carolus-Duran
Carolus-Duran
(1877)Doré was born in Strasbourg
Strasbourg
on 6 January 1832. By age five, he was a prodigy troublemaker, playing pranks that were mature beyond his years. Seven years later, he began carving in cement. At the age of fifteen Doré began his career working as a caricaturist for the French paper Le Journal pour rire,[1]. In the late 1840s and early 1850s he made several text comics, like Les Travaux d'Hercule (1847), Trois artistes incompris et mécontents (1851), Les Dés-agréments d'un voyage d'agrément (1851) and L'Histoire de la Sainte Russie (1854)
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Gallica
The Bibliothèque nationale de France
France
(BnF, English: National Library of France"; French: [bi.bli.jɔ.tɛk na.sjɔ.nal də fʁɑ̃s]) is the national library of France, located in Paris. It is the national repository of all that is published in France
France
and also holds extensive historical collections.Contents1 History 2 New buildings 3 Mission 4 Manuscript
Manuscript
collection 5 Digital library 6 List of directors6.1 1369–1792 6.2 1792–present7 In popular culture 8 Famous patrons 9 See also 10 References 11 Further reading 12 External linksHistory[edit]See also: History of the Bibliothèque nationale de France (fr)The National Library of France
France
traces its origin to the royal library founded at the Louvre Palace
Louvre Palace
by Charles V in 1368
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Alexandre-Gabriel Decamps
Alexandre-Gabriel Decamps
Alexandre-Gabriel Decamps
(March 3, 1803 – August 22, 1860) was a French painter noted for his Orientalist works.Contents1 Life 2 Founding father of Orientalism 3 Works 4 Gallery 5 See also 6 References 7 External linksLife[edit] Decamps was born in Paris. In his youth he travelled in the East, and reproduced Oriental life and scenery with a bold fidelity to nature that puzzled conventional critics. His powers, however, soon came to be recognized, and he was ranked along with Delacroix and Ingres
Ingres
as one of the leaders of the French school. At the Paris
Paris
Exhibition of 1855 he received the grand or council medal. Most of his life was passed in the neighborhood of Paris
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Achille Devéria
Achille Jacques-Jean-Marie Devéria (6 February 1800 – 23 December 1857) was a French painter and lithographer known for his portraits of famous writers and artists.Contents1 Early life 2 Artistic works2.1 Style 2.2 Subjects3 Late life 4 Legacy 5 Gallery 6 References 7 External linksEarly life[edit] His father was a civil employee of the navy. Devéria became a student of Anne-Louis Girodet-Trioson and Louis Lafitte. In 1822, he began exhibiting at the Paris Salon. At some point, he opened an art school together with his brother Eugène, who was also a painter. Artistic works[edit] By 1830 Devéria had become a successful illustrator and had published many lithographs in the form of notebooks and albums (e.g., his illustrations to Goethe's Faust, 1828) and romantic novels
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Gillotage
Zincography
Zincography
was a planographic printing process that used zinc plates. Alois Senefelder
Alois Senefelder
first mentioned zinc's lithographic use as a substitute for Bavarian limestone in his 1801 English patent specifications.[1] In 1834, Federico Lacelli patented a zincographic printing process, producing large maps called géoramas.[2] In 1837-1842, Eugène-Florent Kaeppelin perfected the process to create a large polychrome geologic map.[3] Process[edit] Zinc
Zinc
plates could be obtained for less expense than fine lithographic limestone, and could be acquired at very large scale. Zinc
Zinc
was coated with a solution containing gallic acid and phosphoric acid that caused hygroscopic salts to form on the plate's surface. A printer would then cover the zinc plate with a coating of asphalt varnish, expose it under a drawing and develop it
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