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Laurinburg, North Carolina
LAURINBURG is a city in Scotland County, North Carolina
North Carolina
, United States. It is the county seat of Scotland County. Located in southern North Carolina
North Carolina
near the South Carolina state border, Laurinburg is southwest of Fayetteville and is home to St. Andrews University . The Laurinburg Institute , a historically African-American school, is also located in Laurinburg. The population at the 2010 Census
Census
was 15,962 people. CONTENTS* 1 History * 1.1 Historic sites * 2 Geography * 3 Demographics * 4 Education * 4.1 Colleges * 5 Media * 6 Notable people * 7 Sister cities * 8 References * 9 External links * 10 Further reading HISTORYSettlers arrived at the present town site around 1785. The settlement was named for a prominent family, the McLaurins. Main Street, circa 1910 In 1840, Laurinburg had a saloon, a store, and a few shacks. Laurinburgh High School, a private school, was established in 1852. The settlement prospered in the years following. A line of the Wilmington, Charlotte and Rutherford Railroad was built through Laurinburg in the 1850s, with the first train reaching Laurinburg in 1861. The railroad's shops were moved to Laurinburg in 1865 in the hope they would be safer from Union Army attack, however, in March of that year Union forces reached Laurinburg and burned the railroad depot and temporary shops
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City
A CITY is a large and permanent human settlement . CITIES generally have extensive systems for housing , transportation , sanitation , utilities , land use , and communication . Their density facilitates interaction between people and businesses, sometimes benefiting both parties in the process. Historically citydwellers have been a small proportion of humanity overall, but today, following two centuries of unprecedented and rapid urbanization , half of the world population is said to live in cities. Present-day cities usually form the core of larger metropolitan areas and urban areas , creating numerous commuters traveling towards city centers for employment, entertainment, and edification. The most populated city proper is Shanghai while the largest metropolitan areas also include the Greater Tokyo Area and Jabodetabek ( Jakarta ). The cities of Faiyum , Damascus , and Varanasi are among those laying claim to longest continual inhabitation
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Geographic Coordinate System
A GEOGRAPHIC COORDINATE SYSTEM is a coordinate system used in geography that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols. The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position , and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position . A common choice of coordinates is latitude , longitude and elevation . To specify a location on a two-dimensional map requires a map projection
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List Of Countries
This LIST OF SOVEREIGN STATES provides an overview of sovereign states around the world , with information on their status and recognition of their sovereignty . Membership within the United Nations system divides the 206 listed states into three categories: 193 member states , two observer states , and 11 other states. The _sovereignty dispute_ column indicates states whose sovereignty is undisputed (190 states) and states whose sovereignty is disputed (16 states, out of which there are 6 member states, 1 observer state and 9 other states). Compiling a list such as this can be a difficult and controversial process, as there is no definition that is binding on all the members of the community of nations concerning the criteria for statehood . For more information on the criteria used to determine the contents of this list, please see the _criteria for inclusion _ section below. The list is intended to include entities that have been recognized to have _de facto_ status as sovereign states, and inclusion should not be seen as an endorsement of any specific claim to statehood in legal terms
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United States
Coordinates : 40°N 100°W / 40°N 100°W / 40; -100 United States
United States
of America _ Flag Great Seal MOTTO: " In God We Trust " Other traditional mottos _ * " E pluribus unum " ( Latin
Latin
) (de facto) "Out of many, one" * " Annuit c
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Political Divisions Of The United States
POLITICAL DIVISIONS (also referred to as ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS) OF THE UNITED STATES are the various recognized governing entities that together form the United States
United States
. The first-level political (administrative ) division of the United States
United States
is the state . There are 50 states, which are bound together in a union with each other. Each state holds governmental jurisdiction over a defined geographic territory, and shares its sovereignty with the United States
United States
federal government . According to numerous decisions of the United States Supreme Court , the 50 individual states and the United States
United States
as a whole are each sovereign jurisdictions. All state governments are modeled after the federal government and consist of three branches (although the three-branch structure is not Constitutionally required): executive , legislative , and judicial . They retain plenary power to make laws covering anything not preempted by the U.S. Constitution , federal statutes , or treaties ratified by the U.S. Senate , and are organized as presidential systems where the governor is both head of government and head of state (even though this too is not required). The various states are then typically subdivided into counties
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North Carolina
As of 2000 * English 90.70% * Spanish 6.18% DEMONYM North Carolinian (official); Tar Heel
Tar Heel
(colloquial) CAPITAL Raleigh LARGEST CITY Charlotte
Charlotte
LARGEST METRO Charlotte
Charlotte
metro area AREA Ranked 28th • TOTAL 53,819 sq mi (139,390 km2) • WIDTH 170 miles (261 km) • LENGTH 560 miles (901 km) • % WATER 9.5 • LATITUDE 33° 50′ N to 36° 35′ N • LONGITUDE 75° 28′ W to 84° 19′ W POPULATION Ranked 9th • TOTAL 10,146,788 (2016 est.) • DENSITY 212.2/sq mi (83.1/km2) Ranked 15th • MEDIAN HOUSEHOLD INCOME $50,797 (38th) ELEVATION • HIGHEST POINT Mount Mitchell 6,684 ft (2037 m) • MEAN 700 ft (210 m) • LOWEST POINT Atlantic Ocean sea level BEFORE STATEHOOD Province of North Carolina ADMISSION TO UNION November 21, 1789 (12th) GOVERNOR Roy Cooper (D ) LIEUTENANT GOVERNOR Dan Forest (R ) LEGISLATURE General Assembly • UPPER HOUSE Senate • LOWER HOUSE House of Representatives U.S. SENATORS Richard Burr (R) Thom Tillis
Thom Tillis
(R) U.S. HOUSE DELEGATION 10 Republicans 3 Democrats (list ) TIME ZONE Eastern : UTC -5 /-4 ISO 3166 US-NC ABBREVIATIONS NC , N.C
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List Of Counties In North Carolina
The U.S. state of North Carolina is divided into 100 counties . North Carolina ranks 29th in size by area, but has the seventh-highest number of counties in the country . Following the restoration of the monarchy in 1660, King Charles II rewarded eight persons on March 24, 1663, for their faithful support of his efforts to regain the throne of England. He gave the eight grantees, called Lords Proprietor , the land called Carolina, in honor of King Charles I , his father. The Province of Carolina , from 1663 to 1729, was a North American English (1663-1707), then British (from 1707 union with Scotland) colony. In 1729, the Province of North Carolina became a separate entity from the Province of South Carolina . The establishment of North Carolina counties stretches over 240 years, beginning in 1668 with the creation of Albemarle County and ending with the 1911 creation of Avery and Hoke counties. Five counties have been divided or abolished altogether, the last being Dobbs County in 1791. The Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS) , which is used by the United States government to uniquely identify states and counties, is provided with each entry. North Carolina's FIPS code is 37, which when combined with the county code is written as 37XXX
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Scotland County, North Carolina
SCOTLAND COUNTY is a county located in the U.S. state of North Carolina . As of the 2010 census , the population was 36,157. Its county seat is Laurinburg . Scotland County comprises the Laurinburg, NC Micropolitan Statistical Area , which is also included in the Fayetteville -Lumberton -Laurinburg, NC Combined Statistical Area . CONTENTS* 1 Geography * 1.1 Adjacent Counties * 1.2 Major highways * 2 Demographics * 3 Law and government * 4 Tourism * 5 Communities * 5.1 City * 5.2 Towns * 5.3 Census-designated places * 5.4 Other unincorporated communities * 5.5 Townships * 6 See also * 7 References * 8 External links GEOGRAPHYAccording to the U.S. Census Bureau , the county has a total area of 320 square miles (830 km2), of which 319 square miles (830 km2) is land and 1.5 square miles (3.9 km2) (0.5%) is water
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2010 United States Census
The 2010 UNITED STATES CENSUS, (known as "CENSUS 2010"), is the twenty-third and currently most recent United States national census . National Census Day , the reference day used for the census, was April 1, 2010. As part of a drive to increase the count's accuracy, 635,000 temporary enumerators were hired. The population of the United States was counted as 308,745,538, a 9.7% increase from the 2000 Census . CONTENTS * 1 Introduction * 2 Major changes * 3 Cost * 4 Technology * 5 Marketing and undercounts * 6 Reapportionment * 7 Controversies * 7.1 _Clemons v. Department of Commerce_ * 8 State rankings * 9 Metropolitan rankings * 10 City rankings * 11 References * 12 External links INTRODUCTION President Obama completing his census form in the Oval Office on March 29, 2010. As required by the United States Constitution , the U.S. census has been conducted every 10 years since 1790. The 2000 U.S. Census was the previous census completed. Participation in the U.S. Census is required by law in Title 13 of the United States Code . On January 25, 2010, Census Bureau Director Robert Groves personally inaugurated the 2010 Census enumeration by counting World War II veteran Clifton Jackson, a resident of Noorvik, Alaska . More than 120 million census forms were delivered by the U.S. Post Office beginning March 15, 2010
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Time Zone
A TIME ZONE is a region of the globe that observes a uniform standard time for legal, commercial, and social purposes. Timezones tend to follow the boundaries of countries and their subdivisions because it is convenient for areas in close commercial or other communication to keep the same time. Most of the time zones on land are offset from Coordinated Universal Time(UTC) by a whole number of hours ( UTC−12to UTC+14), but a few zones are offset by 30 or 45 minutes (for example Newfoundland Standard Timeis UTC−03:30, NepalStandard Timeis UTC+05:45, and Indian Standard Timeis UTC+05:30). Some higher latitude and temperate zone countries use daylight saving time for part of the year, typically by adjusting local clock time by an hour. Many land time zones are skewed toward the west of the corresponding nautical time zones . This also creates a permanent daylight saving time effect
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North American Eastern Time Zone
The EASTERN TIME ZONE (ET) is a time zone encompassing 17 U.S. states in the eastern part of the contiguous United States , parts of eastern Canada , the state of Quintana Roo in Mexico , Panama in Central America, and the Caribbean Islands. Places that use EASTERN STANDARD TIME (EST) when observing standard time (autumn/winter) are 5 hours behind Coordinated Universal Time (UTC−05:00 ). EASTERN DAYLIGHT TIME (EDT), when observing daylight saving time DST (spring/summer) is 4 hours behind Coordinated Universal Time (UTC−04:00 ). In the northern parts of the time zone, on the second Sunday in March, at 2:00 a.m. EST, clocks are advanced to 3:00 a.m. EDT leaving a one-hour "gap". On the first Sunday in November, at 2:00 a.m. EDT, clocks are moved back to 1:00 a.m. EST, thus "duplicating" one hour. Southern parts of the zone ( Panama and the Caribbean) do not observe daylight saving time. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Canada * 3 United States * 4 Mexico * 5 Caribbean Islands * 6 Central and South America * 7 See also * 8 References * 9 External links HISTORYThe Uniform Time Act of 1966 ruled that daylight saving time would run from the last Sunday of April until the last Sunday in October in the United States. The act was amended to make the first Sunday in April the beginning of daylight saving time as of 1987
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UTC-5
UTC−05:00 is a time offset that subtracts five hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC). In North America, it is observed in the Eastern Time Zone during standard time , and in the Central Time Zone during the other eight months (see Daylight saving time ). The western Caribbean uses it year round
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Daylight Saving Time
DAYLIGHT SAVING TIME (abbreviated DST), also sometimes erroneously referred to as DAYLIGHT SAVINGS TIME, is the practice of advancing clocks during summer months so that evening daylight lasts longer, while sacrificing normal sunrise times. Typically, regions that use daylight saving time adjust clocks forward one hour close to the start of spring and adjust them backward in the autumn to standard time. American inventor and politician Benjamin Franklin proposed a form of daylight time in 1784. He wrote an essay "An Economical Project for Diminishing the Cost of Light" to the editor of _The Journal of Paris _, suggesting, somewhat jokingly, that Parisians could economize candle usage by getting people out of bed earlier in the morning, making use of the natural morning light instead. New Zealander George Hudson proposed the idea of daylight saving in 1895. The German Empire and Austria-Hungary organized the first nationwide implementation, starting on April 30, 1916. Many countries have used it at various times since then, particularly since the energy crisis of the 1970s . The practice has both advocates and critics. Some early proponents of DST aimed to reduce evening use of incandescent lighting —once a primary use of electricity —today's heating and cooling usage patterns differ greatly, and research about how DST affects energy use is limited and contradictory
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UTC-4
UTC−04:00 is a time offset that subtracts 4 hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC). It is observed in the Eastern Time Zone (e.g., Canada and the United States ) during the warm months of daylight saving time , as Eastern Daylight Time . The Atlantic Time Zone observes it during standard time (cold months). It is observed all year in the Eastern Caribbean
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ZIP Code
ZIP CODES are a system of postal codes used by the United States Postal Service since 1963. The term _ZIP_, an acronym for _Zone Improvement Plan_, was chosen to suggest that the mail travels more efficiently, and therefore more quickly (zipping along), when senders use the code in the postal address . The basic format consists of five digits . An extended 'ZIP+4' code, introduced in 1983, includes the five digits of the ZIP Code, a hyphen , and four additional digits that determine a more specific location within a given ZIP Code. The term _ZIP Code_ was originally registered as a servicemark by the U.S. Postal Service, but its registration has since expired. USPS style for _ZIP_ is all caps and the "C" in "Code" is also capitalized, although style sheets for some publications use sentence case or lowercase
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