HOME TheInfoList.com
Providing Lists of Related Topics to Help You Find Great Stuff
[::MainTopicLength::#1500] [::ListTopicLength::#1000] [::ListLength::#15] [::ListAdRepeat::#3]

picture info

Latin Language
LATIN (Latin: lingua latīna, IPA: ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages . The Latin alphabet is derived from the Etruscan and Greek alphabets , and ultimately from the Phoenician alphabet
Phoenician alphabet
. Latin
Latin
was originally spoken in Latium
Latium
, in the Italian Peninsula
Italian Peninsula
. Through the power of the Roman Republic , it became the dominant language, initially in Italy and subsequently throughout the Roman Empire . Vulgar Latin developed into the Romance languages
Romance languages
, such as Italian , Portuguese , Spanish , French , and Romanian . Latin
Latin
, Italian and French have contributed many words to the English language
[...More...]

"Latin Language" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Phoenician Alphabet
Egyptian hieroglyphs
Egyptian hieroglyphs
32 c. BCE * Hieratic 32 c. BCE * Demotic 7 c. BCE * Meroitic 3 c. BCE* Proto-Sinaitic 19 c. BCE * Ugaritic 15 c. BCE* Epigraphic South Arabian 9 c. BCE * Ge’ez 5–6 c. BCE* Phoenician 12 c. BCE * Paleo-Hebrew 10 c. BCE * Samaritan
Samaritan
6 c. BCE* Libyco-Berber 3 c. BCE * Tifinagh * Paleohispanic (semi-syllabic) 7 c. BCE* Aramaic
Aramaic
8 c. BCE * Kharoṣṭhī 4 c. BCE* Brāhmī 4 c. BCE * Brahmic family
Brahmic family
(see) * E.g. Tibetan 7 c. CE * Hangul
Hangul
(core letters only) 1443* Devanagari
Devanagari
13 c. CE * Canadian syllabics 1840 * Hebrew 3 c. BCE* Pahlavi 3 c. BCE * Avestan 4 c. CE * Palmyrene 2 c. BCE* Syriac 2 c. BCE * Nabataean 2 c. BCE * Arabic 4 c
[...More...]

"Phoenician Alphabet" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

List Of Language Regulators
This is a list of bodies that regulate standard languages , often called LANGUAGE ACADEMIES. Language academies are motivated by, or closely associated with, linguistic purism , and typically publish prescriptive dictionaries , which purport to officiate and prescribe the meaning of words and pronunciations. A language regulator may also be descriptive, however, while maintaining (but not imposing) a standard spelling. Many world languages have one or more language academies. However, the degree of control that the academies exert over these languages does not render the latter controlled natural languages in the sense that the various kinds of "simple English " (e.g. Basic English , Simplified Technical English ) or George Orwell
George Orwell
's fictional Newspeak are. They instead remain natural languages to a considerable extent and are thus not formal languages such as Attempto Controlled English
[...More...]

"List Of Language Regulators" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Pontifical Academy For Latin
The ROMAN PONTIFICAL, in Latin the PONTIFICALE ROMANUM, is the Latin Catholic liturgical book that contains the rites performed by Bishops . The Pontifical is practically an episcopal ritual , containing formularies and rubrics for the sacraments and sacramentals which may be celebrated by a bishop, including especially the consecration of holy Chrism
Chrism
, and the sacraments of confirmation and Holy orders
Holy orders
. However, it does not include the rites for the Mass or the Divine Office , which can be found in the Roman Missal
Roman Missal
and Liturgy of the Hours respectively. Because of the use of the adjective pontifical in other contexts to refer to the Pope, it is sometimes mistakenly thought that the Pontificale Romanum is a book reserved to the Pope. It could be argued that it is the book of those entitled to the use, in certain contexts, of the pontificalia, i.e
[...More...]

"Pontifical Academy For Latin" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Italian Peninsula
42°N 14°E / 42°N 14°E / 42; 14 37°N 15°E / 37°N 15°E / 37; 15 AREA 131,337 km2 (50,709 sq mi) HIGHEST POINT Corno Grande ADMINISTRATION ITALY LARGEST SETTLEMENT Rome
Rome
SAN MARINO LARGEST SETTLEMENT Dogana
Dogana
VATICAN CITY LARGEST SETTLEMENT Itself ( City-state ) DEMOGRAPHICS DEMONYM Apenninen POP. DENSITY 199.27 /km2 (516.11 /sq mi) ETHNIC GROUPS Italian The ITALIAN PENINSULA or APENNINE PENINSULA (Italian : Penisola italiana, Penisola appenninica) is the central and the smallest of the three large peninsulas of Southern Europe
Southern Europe
(between the Iberian Peninsula
Peninsula
and the Balkan Peninsula
Peninsula
). It extends 1,000 km (620 mi) from the Po Valley in the north to the central Mediterranean Sea in the south
[...More...]

"Italian Peninsula" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Italian Language
ITALIAN ( italiano (help ·info ) or lingua italiana ) is a Romance language
Romance language
. By most measures, Italian, together with Sardinian, is the closest to Latin
Latin
of the Romance languages. Italian is an official language in Italy
Italy
, Switzerland
Switzerland
, San Marino , Vatican City and western Istria (in Slovenia
Slovenia
and Croatia
Croatia
). It used to have official status in Albania
Albania
, Malta
Malta
and Monaco
Monaco
, where it is still widely spoken, as well as in former Italian East Africa
Italian East Africa
and Italian North Africa regions where it plays a significant role in various sectors
[...More...]

"Italian Language" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Italic Languages
Pontic Steppe * Domestication of the horse * Kurgan
Kurgan
* Kurgan
Kurgan
culture * Steppe cultures * Bug-Dniester * Sredny Sto
[...More...]

"Italic Languages" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Latino-Faliscan Languages
The LATINO-FALISCAN LANGUAGES are a group of languages spoken in Italy
Italy
belonging to the Italic languages
Italic languages
, a group of the Indo-European languages . Latin
Latin
and Faliscan belong to the group as well as two others often considered to be archaic Latin
Latin
dialects : Lanuvian and Praenestine . Latin
Latin
eventually absorbed the others and replaced Faliscan as the power of Ancient Rome
Ancient Rome
expanded. All members of the group other than Latin
Latin
went extinct. Latin, in turn, developed into the Romance languages , which are now spoken by more than 800 million people worldwide. REFERENCES * ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Latino-Faliscan". Glottolog 3.0 . Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History
[...More...]

"Latino-Faliscan Languages" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Writing System
A WRITING SYSTEM is any conventional method of visually representing verbal communication . While both writing and speech are useful in conveying messages , writing differs in also being a reliable form of information storage and transfer . The processes of encoding and decoding writing systems involve shared understanding between writers and readers of the meaning behind the sets of characters that make up a script. Writing
Writing
is usually recorded onto a durable medium , such as paper or electronic storage , although non-durable methods may also be used, such as writing on a computer display , in sand, or by skywriting . The general attributes of writing systems can be placed into broad categories such as alphabets , syllabaries , or logographies . Any particular system can have attributes of more than one category
[...More...]

"Writing System" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

ISO 639-1
ISO 639-1:2002, Codes for the representation of names of languages — Part 1: Alpha-2 code, is the first part of the ISO 639 series of international standards for language codes . Part 1 covers the registration of two-letter codes. There are 184 two-letter codes registered as of October 2015. The registered codes cover the world's major languages. These codes are a useful international, and formal, shorthand for indicating languages
[...More...]

"ISO 639-1" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

ISO 639-2
ISO 639-2:1998, Codes for the representation of names of languages — Part 2: Alpha-3 code, is the second part of the ISO 639 standard , which lists codes for the representation of the names of languages . The three-letter codes given for each language in this part of the standard are referred to as "Alpha-3" codes. There are 464 entries in the list of ISO 639-2 codes . The US Library of Congress is the registration authority for ISO 639-2 (referred to as ISO 639-2/RA). As registration authority, the LOC receives and reviews proposed changes; they also have representation on the ISO 639-RA Joint Advisory Committee responsible for maintaining the ISO 639 code tables
[...More...]

"ISO 639-2" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Replacement Character
SPECIALS is a short Unicode
Unicode
block allocated at the very end of the Basic Multilingual Plane
Basic Multilingual Plane
, at U+FFF0–FFFF. Of these 16 code points, five are assigned as of Unicode
Unicode
10.0: * U+FFF9 INTERLINEAR ANNOTATION ANCHOR, marks start of annotated text * U+FFFA INTERLINEAR ANNOTATION SEPARATOR, marks start of annotating character(s) * U+FFFB INTERLINEAR ANNOTATION TERMINATOR, marks end of annotation block * U+FFFC  OBJECT REPLACEMENT CHARACTER, placeholder in the text for another unspecified object, for example in a compound document . * U+FFFD � REPLACEMENT CHARACTER used to replace an unknown, unrecognized or unrepresentable character * U+FFFE not a character. * U+FFFF not a character.FFFE and FFFF are not unassigned in the usual sense, but guaranteed not to be a Unicode
Unicode
character at all
[...More...]

"Replacement Character" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Unicode
UNICODE is a computing industry standard for the consistent encoding , representation, and handling of text expressed in most of the world's writing systems . Developed in conjunction with the Universal Coded Character Set (UCS) standard and published as The Unicode Standard, the latest version of Unicode
Unicode
contains a repertoire of 136,755 characters covering 139 modern and historic scripts , as well as multiple symbol sets. The standard consists of a set of code charts for visual reference, an encoding method and set of standard character encodings , a set of reference data files , and a number of related items, such as character properties, rules for normalization , decomposition, collation , rendering, and bidirectional display order (for the correct display of text containing both right-to-left scripts, such as Arabic and Hebrew , and left-to-right scripts). As of June 2017 , the most recent version is Unicode
Unicode
10.0
[...More...]

"Unicode" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Classical Language
A CLASSICAL LANGUAGE is a language with a literature that is classical. According to UC Berkeley
UC Berkeley
linguist George L. Hart , "it should be ancient, it should be an independent tradition that arose mostly on its own, not as an offshoot of another tradition, and it must have a large and extremely rich body of ancient literature." Classical languages are typically dead languages , or show a high degree of diglossia , as the spoken varieties of the language diverge further away from the classical written language over time
[...More...]

"Classical Language" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

International Phonetic Alphabet
The INTERNATIONAL PHONETIC ALPHABET (IPA) is an alphabetic system of phonetic notation based primarily on the Latin alphabet . It was devised by the International Phonetic Association
International Phonetic Association
in the late 19th century as a standardized representation of the sounds of spoken language . The IPA is used by lexicographers , foreign language students and teachers, linguists , speech-language pathologists , singers , actors , constructed language creators and translators . The IPA is designed to represent only those qualities of speech that are part of oral language: phones , phonemes , intonation and the separation of words and syllables . To represent additional qualities of speech, such as tooth gnashing, lisping , and sounds made with a cleft lip and cleft palate , an extended set of symbols, the extensions to the International
International
Phonetic Alphabet , may be used
[...More...]

"International Phonetic Alphabet" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Linguasphere Observatory
The LINGUASPHERE OBSERVATORY (or "Observatoire", based upon its original French and legal title: Observatoire Linguistique) is a transnational linguistic research network. It was created in Quebec
Quebec
in 1983 and was subsequently established and registered in Normandy
Normandy
as a non-profit association under the honorary presidency of the late Léopold Sédar Senghor , a French-language poet and the first president of Senegal
Senegal
. Its founding director is David Dalby, former director of the International African Institute and emeritus reader in the University of London, and its first research secretary was Philippe Blanchet, a Provençal-language poet currently serving as Professor of Sociolinguistics at the University of Rennes
[...More...]

"Linguasphere Observatory" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo
.