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Landgravine Caroline Louise Of Hesse-Darmstadt
CAROLINE LOUISE OF HESSE-DARMSTADT (11 July 1723 – 8 April 1783), was a consort of Baden , a dilettante artist, scientist, collector and salonist . CONTENTS * 1 Biography * 2 Issue * 3 Titles, styles, honours and arms * 3.1 Titles and styles * 4 Ancestry * 5 Sources BIOGRAPHYThe daughter of Louis VIII of Hesse- Darmstadt and Charlotte Christine Magdalene Johanna of Hanau , she married on January 28, 1751 to Charles Frederick, Margrave of Baden . She is described as learned, spoke five languages, corresponded with Voltaire and made Karlsruhe to a cultural centre in Germany where she counted Johann Gottfried von Herder , Johann Caspar Lavater , Johann Wolfgang von Goethe , Friedrich Gottlieb Klopstock , Christoph Willibald Gluck and Christoph Martin Wieland among her guests
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Albert V, Margrave Of Brandenburg-Ansbach
ALBERT II or V OF BRANDENBURG-ANSBACH (18 September 1620 – 22 October 1667) was a German prince, who was Margrave of Ansbach
Ansbach
from 1634 until his death. CONTENTS * 1 Life * 2 Marriage and issue * 3 Ancestors * 4 Sources LIFE Albert in a miniature of 1634 Born in Ansbach
Ansbach
, Albert was the second son of Joachim Ernst, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach (1582–1625) and his wife Sophie (1594–1651), daughter of John George, Count of Solms-Laubach. On Joachim Ernst's death Albert's elder brother Frederick III succeeded him in Ansbach
Ansbach
from 1625 onwards, initially under their mother's guardianship, but he was killed without issue in the Thirty Years\' War in 1634. Albert thus succeeded him, though again the early years of his rule were under his mother's guardianship, only taking up full government responsibilities when his minority ended in 1639
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Dorothea Charlotte Of Brandenburg-Ansbach
DOROTHEA CHARLOTTE OF BRANDENBURG-ANSBACH (28 November 1661, Ansbach – 15 November 1705, Darmstadt
Darmstadt
) was a German noblewomen, and by her marriage to Ernest Louis , Landgravine consort of Hesse- Darmstadt
Darmstadt
. The marriage took place on 1 December 1687. CONTENTS * 1 Life * 2 Issue * 3 Ancestors * 4 References LIFEDorothea Charlotte was a daughter of the Albert II, Margrave of Brandenburg- Ansbach
Ansbach
(1620–1667), from his second marriage to Sophia Margaret of Oettingen-Oettingen (1634–1664), daughter of Joachim Ernest of Oettingen-Oettingen. On 1 December 1687 she married Ernest Louis, Landgrave of Hesse- Darmstadt
Darmstadt
. He was under the guardianship of his mother, Elisabeth Dorothea of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg until 1688
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Johann Reinhard II Of Hanau-Lichtenberg
COUNT JOHANN REINHARD II OF HANAU-LICHTENBERG (2 February 1628 in Bouxwiller – 25 April 1666 in Bischofsheim am Hohen Steg ) was a younger son of Count Philipp Wolfgang of Hanau-Lichtenberg (1595–1641) and Countess Johanna of Oettingen-Oettingen (d. 1639). CONTENTS * 1 Ordinal number * 2 Life * 3 Marriage and issue * 4 Ancestors * 5 References * 6 Footnotes ORDINAL NUMBERAlthough he was a younger son and never a reigning count, he is usually referred to as Johann Reinhard (II) in the relevant literature. He was the grandson of reigning Johann Reinhard I, Count of Hanau-Lichtenberg (1559–1626) and the father of reigning Johann Reinhard III, Count of Hanau-Lichtenberg (1665–1736), but he never reigned himself. To indicate that he was not ruling Count, the ordinal number is sometimes placed in parenthesis after his name
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John Reynard III Of Hanau-Lichtenberg
JOHANN REINHARD III OF HANAU-LICHTENBERG (31 July 1665 in Bischofsheim am hohen Steg (now called Rheinbischofsheim) – 28 March 1736 in Schloss Philippsruhe, Hanau
Hanau
) was the last of the counts of Hanau-Lichtenberg
Hanau-Lichtenberg
. He reigned from 1680 to 1736. From 1712 to 1736, he also reigned the County of Hanau-Münzenberg. CONTENTS * 1 Childhood and Youth * 2 Reigning Hanau
Hanau
* 2.1 Regency * 3 Policy * 3.1 Culture * 4 Inheritance * 5 Death * 6 Marriage and issue * 7 Ancestors * 8 Sources and references * 9 Footnotes CHILDHOOD AND YOUTHJohann Reinhard III was the son of Johann Reinhard II of Hanau-Lichtenberg
Hanau-Lichtenberg
and Anna Magdalena, Countess Palatine of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld . He was baptized on 1 August 1665
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Elisabeth Dorothea Of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
ELISABETH DOROTHEA OF SAXE-GOTHA-ALTENBURG (8 January 1640 – 24 August 1709), was a German princess and a member of the House of Wettin in the Ernestine branch of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
. By marriage she was Landgravine of Hesse-Darmstadt and Landgravine-Regent from 1678 to 1688. CONTENTS * 1 Childhood * 2 Life in Darmstadt * 3 Ancestry * 4 References * 5 Bibliography CHILDHOODElisabeth Dorothea was the eldest daughter and eldest surviving child of Ernest I, Duke of Saxe-Gotha by his wife Elisabeth Sophie , the only daughter of John Philip, Duke of Saxe-Altenburg . Six years after her marriage, her father inherited the Duchy of Saxe-Altenburg and assumed new arms and titles. LIFE IN DARMSTADTOn 5 December 1666, Elisabeth Dorothea married Louis VI, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt at Schloss Friedenstein at Gotha
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Ernest Louis, Landgrave Of Hesse-Darmstadt
ERNEST LOUIS OF HESSE-DARMSTADT (German : Ernst Ludwig) (15 December 1667, Gotha – 12 September 1739, Einhausen ) was Landgrave
Landgrave
of Hesse-Darmstadt from 1678 to 1739. His parents were Landgrave
Landgrave
Louis VI of Hesse-Darmstadt and Elisabeth Dorothea of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg (1640–1709). Ernest Louis's desire to emulate the French court under Louis XIV ran his country into debt. Among those patronized in this cultural milieu was Baroque composer Christoph Graupner
Christoph Graupner
; also bringing into his service architect Louis Remy de la Fosse for his extensive building program. Upon his death in 1739, his country's debt was 4 million gulden, ten times the annual revenue. FAMILYErnest Louis married Dorothea Charlotte of Brandenburg-Ansbach (1661–1705), daughter of Albert II, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach (1620–1667) on December 1, 1687
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Carl Von Linné
CARL LINNAEUS (/lɪˈniːəs, lɪˈneɪəs/ ; 23 May 1707 – 10 January 1778), also known after his ennoblement as CARL VON LINNé (Swedish pronunciation: ( listen )), was a Swedish botanist , physician , and zoologist , who formalised the modern system of naming organisms called binomial nomenclature . He is known by the epithet "father of modern taxonomy". Many of his writings were in Latin
Latin
, and his name is rendered in Latin
Latin
as CAROLUS LINNæUS (after 1761 CAROLUS A LINNé). Linnaeus
Linnaeus
was born in the countryside of Småland
Småland
, in southern Sweden . He received most of his higher education at Uppsala University
Uppsala University
, and began giving lectures in botany there in 1730
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Friedrich Wilhelm Von Leysser
FRIEDRICH WILHELM VON LEYSSER (March 7, 1731 – October 10, 1815); (surname sometimes given as LEYSER) was a German botanist who was a native of Magdeburg
Magdeburg
. He served as counsellor (Kriegsrat and Domänenrat) to the king of Prussia. He was the author of Flora Halensis (Flora of Halle ) (1761), and was the first president of Naturforschende Gesellschaft zu Halle. The plant genus Leyssera ( Leysera ) from the family Asteraceae
Asteraceae
is named after him. The standard author abbreviation LEYSS. is used to indicate this person as the author when citing a botanical name . REFERENCES * Linnaean Correspondence (biography) * translated biography @ Meyers Konversations-Lexikon
Meyers Konversations-Lexikon
* ^ IPNI . Leyss
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Louis VI, Landgrave Of Hesse-Darmstadt
LOUIS VI OF HESSE-DARMSTADT (German : Ludwig) (25 January 1630 – 24 April 1678) was Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt from 1661 to 1678. He was the eldest of three sons of the Landgrave
Landgrave
George II of Hesse- Darmstadt
Darmstadt
and Sophia Eleonore of Saxony
Sophia Eleonore of Saxony
. MARRIAGE AND CHILDRENLouis VI was married twice. 1. On 24 November 1650 he married Maria Elisabeth of Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorp (1634–1665), daughter of Frederick III, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp
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Anna Magdalena, Countess Palatine Of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld
COUNTESS PALATINE ANNA MAGDALENA OF BIRKENFELD-BISCHWEILER (14 February 1640, Strasbourg
Strasbourg
– 12 December 1693, Babenhausen ) was a daughter of Christian I, Count Palatine of Birkenfeld-Bischweiler (1598–1654) and his first wife, Countess Palatine Magdalene Catherine of Zweibrücken (1606–1648). CONTENTS * 1 Life * 2 Death * 3 References * 4 Footnotes LIFEShe married on 18 October 1659 Johann Reinhard II of Hanau-Lichtenberg (1628–1666), a posthumous member of the House of Hanau, who never got to rule. The marriage produced five children: * Johanna Magdalene of Hanau-Lichtenberg (18 December 1660 in Bischofsheim am Hohen Steg - 21 August 1715). She is said to have been buried in the St
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John Frederick, Margrave Of Brandenburg-Ansbach
JOHN FREDERICK, MARGRAVE OF BRANDENBURG-ANSBACH (18 October 1654 – 22 March 1686) succeeded his father Albert II as margrave of Ansbach in 1667. He married his second wife Eleonore Erdmuthe of Saxe-Eisenach on 4 November 1681. Their daughter Wilhelmine Charlotte Caroline, Margravine of Brandenburg- Ansbach
Ansbach
(Caroline of Ansbach
Ansbach
) married George II of Great Britain
George II of Great Britain
before he became king
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Bibliothèque Nationale De France
The BIBLIOTHèQUE NATIONALE DE FRANCE (BNF; French: ) is the National Library of France
France
, located in Paris
Paris
. It is the national repository of all that is published in France. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 New buildings * 3 Mission * 4 Manuscript
Manuscript
collection * 5 Digital library * 6 Popular culture * 7 See also * 8 References * 9 Further reading * 10 External links HISTORYThe National Library of France
France
traces its origin to the royal library founded at the Louvre Palace by Charles V in 1368. Charles had received a collection of manuscripts from his predecessor, John II , and transferred them to the Louvre
Louvre
from the Palais de la Cité
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Union List Of Artist Names
The UNION LIST OF ARTIST NAMES (ULAN) is an online database using a controlled vocabulary currently containing around 293,000 names and other information about artists. Names in ULAN may include given names, pseudonyms, variant spellings, names in multiple languages, and names that have changed over time (e.g., married names). Among these names, one is flagged as the preferred name. Although it is displayed as a list, ULAN is structured as a thesaurus , compliant with ISO and NISO standards for thesaurus construction; it contains hierarchical, equivalence, and associative relationships. The focus of each ULAN record is an artist. Currently there are around 120,000 artists in the ULAN. In the database, each artist record (also called a subject in this manual) is identified by a unique numeric ID. Linked to each artist record are names, related artists, sources for the data, and notes. The temporal coverage of the ULAN ranges from Antiquity to the present and the scope is global
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Institute For Advanced Technology In The Humanities
Coordinates : 37°32′12.2″N 78°30′20″W / 37.536722°N 78.50556°W / 37.536722; -78.50556 THIS ARTICLE HAS MULTIPLE ISSUES. Please help IMPROVE IT or discuss these issues on the TALK PAGE . (Learn how and when to remove these template messages ) This article NEEDS ADDITIONAL CITATIONS FOR VERIFICATION . Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources . Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (January 2017) (Learn how and when to remove this template message ) The topic of this article MAY NOT MEET\'S NOTABILITY GUIDELINES FOR COMPANIES AND ORGANIZATIONS . Please help to establish notability by citing reliable secondary sources that are independent of the topic and provide significant coverage of it beyond its mere trivial mention
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Special
SPECIAL or SPECIALS may refer to: CONTENTS * 1 Music * 2 Film and television * 3 Other uses * 4 See also MUSIC * Special (album) , a 1992 album by Vesta Williams * "Special" (Garbage song) , 1998 * "Special" (Mew song) , 2005 * "Special" (Stephen Lynch song) , 2000 * The Specials
The Specials
, a British band * "Special", a song by Violent Femmes on The Blind Leading the Naked * "Special", a song on
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