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Lakkundi
Lakkundi[1][2] in Gadag District
Gadag District
of Karnataka
Karnataka
is a tiny village on the way to Hampi
Hampi
(Hosapete) from Hubballi. Lakkundi
Lakkundi
11 km from Gadag in the east. It is 14 km from Dambal
Dambal
and 25 km from Mahadeva Temple (Itagi). Lakkundi, is full of ruined temples[3] like Mallikarjuna, Virabhadra, Manikeshwara, Nanneshwara, Lakshminarayana, Someshwara, Nilakanteshwara and many more. Lakkundi
Lakkundi
is a place of antiquarian interest with as many as 50 temples, 101 stepped wells (called Kalyani or Pushkarni) and 29 inscriptions, spread over the period of the later Chalukyas, Kalachuris, Seuna
Seuna
and the Hoysalas. A great center of Kalyani Chalukyas
Chalukyas
art, there are several temples of note here
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Jain
Jainism
Jainism
(/ˈdʒeɪnɪzəm/),[1] traditionally known as Jain
Jain
Dharma,[2] is an ancient Indian religion.[3] Followers of Jainism
Jainism
are called "Jains", a word derived from the Sanskrit word jina (victor) and connoting the path of victory in crossing over life's stream of rebirths through an ethical and spiritual life.[4] Jains
Jains
trace their history through a succession of twenty-four victorious saviors and teachers known as tirthankaras, with the first being Rishabhanatha, who is believed to have lived millions of years ago, and twenty-fourth being the Mahāvīra
Mahāvīra
around 500 BCE
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Hubballi
51(India) Rank - 2nd (Karnataka)Time zone IST (UTC+05:30)Pincode(s) 580001 - 580064 (incl. Dharwad west end)Area code(s) +91-0836Vehicle registration KA 25 (Navanagar RTO) KA 63 (Gabbur RTO)Official language KannadaWebsite http://www.hdmc.mrc.gov.inHubballi (Other name: Hubli) is the second largest city in the Indian state of Karnataka. It forms continuous urban area with the city of Dharwad. Hubballi-Dharwad is the largest conurbation in the state after capital Bangalore. The name "Hubballi" literally means "flowering creeper" in Kannada[2]. While Dharwad is the administrative headquarters, the city of Hubli, situated about 20 km south-east of Dharwad, is the commercial centre and business hub of North Karnataka region. Crops including cotton, chili pepper and peanuts are grown in the surrounding rural agricultural areas, and Hubli is a major trading centre for these commodities
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Jainism
Jainism
Jainism
(/ˈdʒeɪnɪzəm/),[1] traditionally known as Jain
Jain
Dharma,[2] is an ancient Indian religion.[3] Followers of Jainism
Jainism
are called "Jains", a word derived from the Sanskrit word jina (victor) and connoting the path of victory in crossing over life's stream of rebirths through an ethical and spiritual life.[4] Jains
Jains
trace their history through a succession of twenty-four victorious saviors and teachers known as tirthankaras, with the first being Rishabhanatha, who is believed to have lived millions of years ago, and twenty-fourth being the Mahāvīra
Mahāvīra
around 500 BCE
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Mantapa
Mandapa
Mandapa
(also spelled mantapa or mandapam) in Indian architecture
Indian architecture
is a pillared outdoor hall or pavilion for public rituals.[1]Contents1 Temple architecture 2 Name variations 3 Other languages 4 Notes 5 See also 6 External linksTemple architecture[edit] Mandapa
Mandapa
porch, ShimogaIn the Hindu temple
Hindu temple
the mandapa is a porch-like structure through the (gopuram) (ornate gateway) and leading to the temple. It is used for religious dancing and music and is part of the basic temple compound.[2] The prayer hall was generally built in front of the temple's sanctum sanctorum (garbhagriha). A large temple would have many mandapas.[3] If a temple has more than one mandapa, each one is allocated for a different function and given a name to reflect its use
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Ranna
Ranna
Ranna
(Kannada: ರನ್ನ) was one of the earliest and arguably one of the greatest poets of the Kannada
Kannada
language. His style of writing is often compared to that of Adikavi Pampa who wrote in the early 10th century. Together, Ranna, Adikavi Pampa and Sri Ponna are called "three gems of ancient Kannada
Kannada
literature".[1][2][3]Contents1 Biography 2 Literature 3 See also 4 Notes 5 ReferencesBiography[edit] Ranna
Ranna
was a 10th century Kannada
Kannada
poet.[4] He was born in 949 C.E
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Archaeological Survey Of India
The Archaeological Survey of India, is a Government of India
Government of India
(Ministry of Culture) organisation responsible for archaeological research and the conservation and preservation of cultural monuments in the country. It was founded in 1861 by the British Raj. ASI (archaeology) as well as BSI (botany), FSI (forests), FiSI (fisheries), GSI (geology), IIEE (ecology), NIO (oceanography), RGCCI (Census of India), SI (cartography) and ZSI (zoology) are key national survey organisations of India.Contents1 History1.1 Formation of the ASI 1.2 1885–1901 1.3 1901–1947 1.4 1947–19562 Organisation2.1 Circles 2.2 Directors-General3 Museums 4 Library 5 Publications 6 State government archaeological departments 7 In popular culture 8 See also 9 References 10 External linksHistory[edit] ASI was founded in 1861 by Alexander Cunningham
Alexander Cunningham
who also became its first Director-General
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Geographic Coordinate System
A geographic coordinate system is a coordinate system used in geography that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols.[n 1] The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position, and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position
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Tirthankar
In Jainism, a tirthankara (Sanskrit: tīrthaṅkara; English: literally a 'Ford-maker') is a saviour and spiritual teacher of the dharma (righteous path).[1] The word tirthankara signifies the founder of a tirtha[2], which is a fordable passage across the sea of interminable births and deaths, the saṃsāra. According to Jains, a tirthankara is a rare individual who has conquered the saṃsāra, the cycle of death and rebirth, on his own and made a path for others to follow. After understanding the true nature of the Self or soul, the Tīrthaṅkara attains Kevala Jnana
Kevala Jnana
(omniscience), and the first Tirthankara
Tirthankara
refounds Jainism
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Brahma
Brahma
Brahma
(/ˈbrəhmɑː/; Sanskrit: ब्रह्मा, IAST: Brahmā) is a creator god in Hinduism. His consort is the goddess Saraswati[4] and he is the father of the Prajapatis.[5]He is depicted in Hindu
Hindu
iconography with four faces[6] and is also known as Svayambhu (self-born)[7] and Vāgīśa (Lord of speech and the creator of the four Vedas, one from each of his mouths).[6][8] Brahma
Brahma
is sometimes identified with the Vedic god Prajapati, as well as linked to Kama
Kama
and Hiranyagarbha (the cosmic egg)[9][10]. He is more prominently mentioned in the post-Vedic Hindu
Hindu
epics and the mythologies in the Puranas
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Hoysalas
The Hoysala empire was a prominent Kannadiga empire that ruled most of the what is now Karnataka, India between the 10th and the 14th centuries. The capital of the Hoysalas was initially located at Belur but was later moved to Halebidu. The Hoysala rulers were originally from Malenadu, an elevated region in the Western Ghats. In the 12th century, taking advantage of the internecine warfare between the Western Chalukya Empire
Western Chalukya Empire
and Kalachuris of Kalyani, they annexed areas of present-day Karnataka
Karnataka
and the fertile areas north of the Kaveri
Kaveri
delta in present-day Tamil Nadu
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Seuna
The Seuna, Sevuna or Yadavas of Devagiri
Devagiri
(c. 850–1334) was an Indian dynasty, which at its peak ruled a kingdom stretching from the Tungabhadra
Tungabhadra
to the Narmada rivers, including present-day Maharashtra, north Karnataka
Karnataka
and parts of Madhya Pradesh, from its capital at Devagiri
Devagiri
(present-day Daulatabad in modern Maharashtra). The Yadavas initially ruled as feudatories of the Western Chalukyas
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Kalachuris Of Kalyani
The Kalachuris (IAST: Kalacuri) were an Indian dynasty that ruled in west-central India
India
between 6th and 7th centuries. They are also known as the Haihayas or as the "early Kalachuris" to distinguish them from their later namesakes. The Kalachuri territory included parts of present-day Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, and Maharashtra. Their capital was probably located at Mahishmati. Epigraphic and numismatic evidence suggests that the earliest of the Ellora
Ellora
and Elephanta cave monuments were built during the Kalachuri rule. The origin of the dynasty is uncertain. In the 6th century, the Kalachuris gained control of the territories formerly ruled by the Guptas, the Vakatakas and the Vishnukundinas. Only three Kalachuri kings are known from inscriptional evidence: Shankaragana, Krishnaraja, and Buddharaja. The Kalachuris lost their power to the Chalukyas of Vatapi
Chalukyas of Vatapi
in the 7th century
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Rishabhanatha
Rushabhanatha or Rishabhanatha
Rishabhanatha
(also Ṛṣabhadeva, Rushabhadeva, Rishabhadeva, or Ṛṣabha which literally means "bull") is the first Tirthankara
Tirthankara
(ford maker) in Jainism.[5][6] Jain legends depict him as having lived millions of years ago.[7][4] He was the first of twenty four lords in the present half cycle of time in Jain cosmology, and called a ford maker because his teachings helped one across the sea of interminable rebirths and deaths (saṃsāra)
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Shiva
Shiva
Shiva
(/ˈʃiːvə, ˈʃɪ-/; Sanskrit: शिव, IAST: Śiva, lit. the auspicious one) is one of the principal deities of Hinduism. He is the Supreme Being within Shaivism, one of the major traditions within contemporary Hinduism.[10][11] Shiva
Shiva
is the "destroyer of evil and the transformer" within the Trimurti, the Hindu
Hindu
trinity that includes Brahma
Brahma
and Vishnu.[1][12] In Shaivism
Shaivism
tradition, Shiva
Shiva
is the Supreme being who creates, protects and transforms the universe.[13][14][15] In the goddess tradition of Hinduism
Hinduism
called Shaktism, the goddess is described as supreme, yet Shiva
Shiva
is revered along with Vishnu
Vishnu
and Brahma
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Linga
Shiva
Shiva
- ShaktiSadasiva Rudra Bhairava Parvati Durga KaliGanesha Murugan OthersScriptures and textsAgamas and TantrasVedas SvetasvataraTirumurai Shivasutras VachanasPhilosophyThree ComponentsPati Pashu PasamThree bondagesAnava Karma Maya 36 Tattvas YogaPracticesVibhuti Rudraksha Panchakshara Bilva Maha Shivaratri Yamas-Niyamas Guru-Linga-JangamSchoolsAdi MargamPashupata Kalamukha Kapalika <
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