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Lake Vlasina
VLASINA LAKE (Serbian : Власинско језеро/Vlasinsko jezero) is a semi-artificial lake in Southeast Serbia
Serbia
. Lying at an altitude of 1,211 metres (3,973 ft), with an area of 16 square kilometres (6.2 sq mi), it is the highest and largest artificial lake in Serbia. It was created in 1947–51 when the peat bog Vlasinsko blato ( Vlasina
Vlasina
mud) was closed off by a dam and submerged by the waters of incoming rivers, chiefly the Vlasina
Vlasina
. CONTENTS* 1 Geography * 1.1 Islands * 1.2 Water * 2 Biodiversity and protection * 3 Tourism * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links GEOGRAPHY Veliki Strešer (1875m), mountain peak, seen from the Vlasina Lake
Lake
plateau. Vlasina River sources are below the peak
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Endemism
ENDEMISM is the ecological state of a species being unique to a defined geographic location, such as an island, nation, country or other defined zone, or habitat type; organisms that are indigenous to a place are not endemic to it if they are also found elsewhere. The extreme opposite of endemism is cosmopolitan distribution . An alternative term for a species that is endemic is PRECINCTIVE, which applies to species (and subspecific categories) that are restricted to a defined geographical area. The word endemic is from New Latin endēmicus, from Greek ενδήμος, endēmos, "native". Endēmos is formed of en meaning "in", and dēmos meaning "the people". The term "precinctive" has been suggested by some scientists, and was first used in botany by MacCaughey in 1917. It is the equivalent of "endemism". Precinction was perhaps first used by Frank and McCoy
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Fauna
FAUNA is all of the animal life of any particular region or time. The corresponding term for plants is flora . Flora, fauna and other forms of life such as fungi are collectively referred to as biota . Zoologists and paleontologists use fauna to refer to a typical collection of animals found in a specific time or place, e.g. the " Sonoran Desert fauna" or the " Burgess Shale
Burgess Shale
fauna". Paleontologists sometimes refer to a sequence of faunal stages , which is a series of rocks all containing similar fossils
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Vertebrate
Fire salamander (Amphibia), saltwater crocodile (Reptilia), southern cassowary (Aves), black-and-rufous giant elephant shrew (Mammalia), ocean sunfish (Osteichthyes) SCIENTIFIC CLASSIFICATION Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata
Chordata
Clade: Craniata Subphylum: VERTEBRATA J-B. Lamarck , 1801 SIMPLIFIED GROUPING (SEE TEXT) * Fishes
Fishes
* Tetrapods
Tetrapods
SYNONYMS Ossea Batsch, 1788 VERTEBRATES /ˈvɜːrtᵻbrᵻts/ comprise all species of animals within the subphylum VERTEBRATA /-ɑː/ (chordates with backbones ). Vertebrates represent the overwhelming majority of the phylum Chordata , with currently about 66,000 species described. Vertebrates include the jawless fish and the jawed vertebrates , which include the cartilaginous fish (sharks , rays , and ratfish) and the bony fish
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Beech
BEECH (Fagus) is a genus of deciduous trees in the family Fagaceae
Fagaceae
, native to temperate Europe
Europe
, Asia
Asia
and North America
North America
. Recent classification systems of the genus recognize ten to thirteen species in two distinct subgenera, Engleriana and Fagus. The Engleriana subgenus is found only in East Asia, and is notably distinct from the Fagus subgenus in that these beeches are low-branching trees, often made up of several major trunks with yellowish bark. Further differentiating characteristics include the whitish bloom on the underside of the leaves, the visible tertiary leaf veins, and a long, smooth cupule-peduncle. Fagus japonica , Fagus engleriana
Fagus engleriana
, and the species F. okamotoi, proposed by the botanist Chung-Fu Shen in 1992, comprise this subgenus
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Pine
See PINUS CLASSIFICATION for complete taxonomy to species level. See LIST OF PINES BY REGION for list of species by geographic distribution. Range of PinusA PINE is any conifer in the genus PINUS, /ˈpiːnuːs/ , of the family Pinaceae
Pinaceae
. Pinus
Pinus
is the sole genus in the subfamily PINOIDEAE. The Plant List compiled by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
and Missouri Botanical Garden
Garden
accepts 126 species names of pines as current, together with 35 unresolved species and many more synonyms
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Flora
FLORA is the plant life occurring in a particular region or time, generally the naturally occurring or indigenous —native plant life. The corresponding term for animal life is fauna . Flora, fauna and other forms of life such as fungi are collectively referred to as biota . Sometimes bacteria and fungi are also referred to as flora, as in the terms gut flora or skin flora . CONTENTS * 1 Etymology * 2 Flora
Flora
classifications * 3 Documentation of floras * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links ETYMOLOGYThe word "flora" comes from the Latin
Latin
name of Flora
Flora
, the goddess of plants , flowers , and fertility in Roman mythology . The distinction between vegetation (the general appearance of a community) and flora (the taxonomic composition of a community) was first made by Jules Thurmann (1849). Prior to this, the two terms were used indiscriminately
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The Coca-Cola Company
THE COCA-COLA COMPANY, which is headquartered in Atlanta
Atlanta
, Georgia , but incorporated in Wilmington, Delaware, is an American multinational beverage corporation , and manufacturer, retailer, and marketer of nonalcoholic beverage concentrates and syrups . The company is best known for its flagship product Coca-Cola , invented in 1886 by pharmacist John Stith Pemberton in Columbus , Georgia . The Coca-Cola formula and brand were bought in 1889 by Asa Griggs Candler (December 30, 1851 – March 12, 1929), who incorporated The Coca-Cola Company in 1892. The company has operated a franchised distribution system since 1889, wherein The Coca-Cola Company only produces syrup concentrate, which is then sold to various bottlers throughout the world who hold exclusive territories. The Coca-Cola Company owns its anchor bottler in North America, COCA-COLA REFRESHMENTS
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Peat
PEAT (/piːt/ ), also called TURF (/tɜːrf/ ), is an accumulation of partially decayed vegetation or organic matter that is unique to natural areas called peatlands , bogs , mires , moors, or muskegs . The peatland ecosystem is the most efficient carbon sink on the planet because peatland plants capture the CO2 which is naturally released from the peat; this maintains an equilibrium. In natural peatlands, the "annual rate of biomass production is greater than the rate of decomposition", but it takes "thousands of years for peatlands to develop the deposits of 1.5 to 2.3 m , which is the average depth of the boreal peatlands". Sphagnum
Sphagnum
moss (peat moss) is one of the most common components in peat, although many other plants can contribute. Soils that contain mostly peat are known as histosols . Peat
Peat
forms in wetland conditions, where flooding obstructs flows of oxygen from the atmosphere. This slows rates of decomposition
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Moby-Dick
MOBY-DICK; OR, THE WHALE is a novel by American writer Herman Melville , published in 1851 during the period of the American Renaissance . Sailor Ishmael tells the story of the obsessive quest of Ahab , captain of the whaler the Pequod , for revenge on Moby Dick , the white whale that on the previous whaling voyage bit off Ahab's leg at the knee. The novel was a commercial failure and out of print at the time of the author's death in 1891, but during the 20th century, its reputation as a Great American Novel
Novel
was established. William Faulkner confessed he wished he had written it himself, and D. H. Lawrence called it "one of the strangest and most wonderful books in the world", and "the greatest book of the sea ever written". "Call me Ishmael" is among world literature's most famous opening sentences
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Birch
A BIRCH is a thin-leaved deciduous hardwood tree of the genus BETULA (/ˈbɛtjʊlə/ ), in the family Betulaceae
Betulaceae
, which also includes alders , hazels , and hornbeams . It is closely related to the beech -oak family Fagaceae
Fagaceae
. The genus Betula contains 30 to 60 known taxa of which 11 are on the IUCN 2011 Green List of Threatened Species. They are a typically rather short-lived pioneer species widespread in the Northern Hemisphere, particularly in northern temperate and boreal climates
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Topli Dol
TOPLI DOL is a village in the municipality of Surdulica
Surdulica
, Serbia
Serbia
. According to the 2002 census, the village has a population of 122 people. REFERENCES * ^ Popis stanovništva, domaćinstava i Stanova 2002. Knjiga 1: Nacionalna ili etnička pripadnost po naseljima. Republika Srbija, Republički zavod za statistiku Beograd 2003. ISBN 86-84433-00-9 Coordinates : 42°36′23″N 22°21′29″E / 42.6064°N 22.3581°E / 42.6064; 22.3581 This Pčinja District , Serbia
Serbia
location article is a stub . You can help by expanding it
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Juniper
See text JUNIPERS are coniferous plants in the genus JUNIPERUS /dʒuːˈnɪpərəs/ of the cypress family Cupressaceae
Cupressaceae
. Depending on taxonomic viewpoint, between 50 and 67 species of juniper are widely distributed throughout the Northern Hemisphere, from the Arctic , south to tropical Africa
Africa
, from Ziarat , Pakistan
Pakistan
east to eastern Tibet
Tibet
in the Old World
Old World
, and in the mountains of Central America
Central America
. The highest-known Juniper
Juniper
forest occurs at an altitude of 16,000 feet (4,900 m) in south-eastern Tibet
Tibet
and the northern Himalayas
Himalayas
, creating one of the highest tree-lines on earth
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Afforestation
AFFORESTATION is the establishment of a forest or stand of trees in an area where there was no previous tree cover. Reforestation is the reestablishment of forest cover, either naturally (by natural seeding, coppice, or root suckers) or artificially (by direct seeding or planting). FORESTATION is the establishment of forest growth on areas that either had forest or lacked it. Reforestation and afforestation are categories of forestation. Many governments and non-governmental organizations directly engage in programs of afforestation to create forests, increase carbon capture and carbon sequestration , and help to anthropogenically improve biodiversity . (In the UK, afforestation may mean converting the legal status of some land to "royal forest ".) Special
Special
tools, e.g. tree planting bar , are used to make planting of trees easier and faster
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Wild Boars
The WILD BOAR (Sus scrofa), also known as the WILD SWINE or EURASIAN WILD PIG, is a suid native to much of Eurasia
Eurasia
, North Africa
North Africa
, and the Greater Sunda Islands
Greater Sunda Islands
. Human
Human
intervention has spread its distribution further, making the species one of the widest-ranging mammals in the world, as well as the most widely spread suiform . Its wide range, high numbers, and adaptability mean that it is classed as least concern by the IUCN
IUCN
and it has become an invasive species in part of its introduced range. The animal probably originated in Southeast Asia during the Early Pleistocene
Pleistocene
, and outcompeted other suid species as it spread throughout the Old World
Old World

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Cormorant
3–43, see text SYNONYMS Australocorax Lambrecht , 1931 Compsohalieus B. Brewer some cormorant species have been found to dive as deep as