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Lake Vlasina
VLASINA LAKE (Serbian : Власинско језеро, Vlasinsko jezero) is a semi-artificial lake in Southeast Serbia
Serbia
. Lying at an altitude of 1,211 metres (3,973 ft), with an area of 16 square kilometres (6.2 sq mi), it is the highest and largest artificial lake in Serbia. It was created in 1947–51 when the peat bog Vlasinsko blato ( Vlasina
Vlasina
mud) was closed off by a dam and submerged by the waters of incoming rivers, chiefly the Vlasina
Vlasina
. CONTENTS* 1 Geography * 1.1 Islands * 1.2 Water * 2 Biodiversity and protection * 3 Tourism * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links GEOGRAPHY Veliki Strešer (1875m), mountain peak, seen from the Vlasina Lake
Lake
plateau. Vlasina River sources are below the peak
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Serbia
Coordinates : 44°N 21°E / 44°N 21°E / 44; 21 Republic of Serbia Република Србија (Serbian ) _Republika Srbija_ (Serbian ) Flag Coat of arms ANTHEM: Боже правде / Bože pravde _God of Justice_ Location of Serbia (green) and the disputed territory of Kosovo (light green) in Europe (dark grey)
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Geographic Coordinate System
A GEOGRAPHIC COORDINATE SYSTEM is a coordinate system used in geography that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols. The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position , and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position . A common choice of coordinates is latitude , longitude and elevation . To specify a location on a two-dimensional map requires a map projection
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Reservoir (water)
A RESERVOIR (from French réservoir – a "storehouse" ) is a storage space for fluids. These fluids may be water, hydrocarbons or gas. A reservoir usually means an enlarged NATURAL or ARTIFICIAL LAKE, STORAGE POND or IMPOUNDMENT created using a dam or lock to store water. Reservoirs can be created by controlling a stream that drains an existing body of water. They can also be constructed in river valleys using a dam. Alternately, a reservoir can be built by excavating flat ground or constructing retaining walls and levees . Tank reservoirs store liquids or gases in storage tanks that may be elevated, at grade level, or buried. Tank reservoirs for water are also called cisterns . Underground reservoirs are used to store liquids, principally either water or petroleum , below ground
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Discharge (hydrology)
In hydrology , DISCHARGE is the volumetric flow rate of water that is transported through a given cross-sectional area. It includes any suspended solids (e.g. sediment), dissolved chemicals (e.g. CaCO3(aq)), or biologic material (e.g. diatoms) in addition to the water itself. Synonyms vary by discipline. For example, a fluvial hydrologist studying natural river systems may define discharge as streamflow , whereas an engineer operating a reservoir system might define discharge as OUTFLOW, which is contrasted with inflow . CONTENTS * 1 Theory and calculation * 2 Catchment discharge * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 External links THEORY AND CALCULATION GH Dury and MJ Bradshaw are two hydrologists who devised the models showing the relationship between discharge and other variables in a river
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Vlasina River
The VLASINA (Serbian Cyrillic : Власина), is a river in southeastern Serbia
Serbia
, a 68 km-long outflow of the Vlasina Lake
Vlasina Lake
and a right tributary to the Južna Morava, which also gives its name to the surrounding Vlasina
Vlasina
region. RIVERThe Vlasina
Vlasina
flows out from the Vlasina Lake
Vlasina Lake
at an altitude of 1,213 m. Lake used to be a large, muddy peat bog , but in 1947-51 the Vlasina
Vlasina
was dammed by the long, earth dam and the bog was turned into an artificial lake. The river flows to the north, between the mountains of Čemernik on the west, and Gramada on the east. It flows through Crna Trava
Crna Trava
, regional and municipal center, and the villages of Brod, Krstićevo and Jabukovik, where it reaches the Lužnica mountain and receives the Gradska reka from the right
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Drainage Basin
A DRAINAGE BASIN or CATCHMENT AREA is any area of land where precipitation collects and drains off into a common outlet, such as into a river , bay , or other body of water. The drainage basin includes all the surface water from rain runoff , snowmelt , and nearby streams that run downslope towards the shared outlet, as well as the groundwater underneath the earth's surface. Drainage basins connect into other drainage basins at lower elevations in a hierarchical pattern , with smaller SUB-DRAINAGE BASINS, which in turn drain into another common outlet. Other terms used to describe drainage basins are CATCHMENT, CATCHMENT BASIN, DRAINAGE AREA, RIVER BASIN and WATER BASIN. In North America , the term WATERSHED is commonly used to mean a drainage basin, though in other English-speaking countries, it is used only in its original sense, to mean a drainage divide , a ridge that separates adjacent drainage basins
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Serbian Language
SERBIAN (српски / _srpski_, pronounced ) is the standardized variety of the Serbo-Croatian language mainly used by Serbs . It is the official language of Serbia and one of the three official languages of Bosnia and Herzegovina . In addition, it is a recognized minority language in Montenegro , Croatia , Macedonia , Romania , Hungary , Slovakia , and the Czech Republic . Standard Serbian is based on the most widespread dialect of Serbo-Croatian, Shtokavian (more specifically on Šumadija-Vojvodina and Eastern Herzegovinian dialects ), which is also the basis of Standard Croatian , Bosnian , and Montenegrin . The other dialect spoken by Serbs is Torlakian in southeastern Serbia, which is transitional to Macedonian and Bulgarian
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Lake
A LAKE is an area of variable size filled with water, localized in a basin , that is surrounded by land, apart from any river or other outlet that serves to feed or drain the lake. Lakes lie on land and are not part of the ocean , and therefore are distinct from lagoons , and are also larger and deeper than ponds , though there are no official or scientific definitions. Lakes can be contrasted with rivers or streams , which are usually flowing. Most lakes are fed and drained by rivers and streams. Natural lakes are generally found in mountainous areas, rift zones , and areas with ongoing glaciation . Other lakes are found in endorheic basins or along the courses of mature rivers. In some parts of the world there are many lakes because of chaotic drainage patterns left over from the last Ice Age . All lakes are temporary over geologic time scales, as they will slowly fill in with sediments or spill out of the basin containing them
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Altitude
ALTITUDE or HEIGHT (sometimes known as DEPTH) is defined based on the context in which it is used (aviation, geometry, geographical survey, sport, and many more). As a general definition, altitude is a distance measurement, usually in the vertical or "up" direction, between a reference datum and a point or object. The reference datum also often varies according to the context. Although the term altitude is commonly used to mean the height above sea level of a location, in geography the term elevation is often preferred for this usage. Vertical distance measurements in the "down" direction are commonly referred to as depth
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Peat Bog
A BOG is a wetland that accumulates peat , a deposit of dead plant material—often mosses , and in a majority of cases, sphagnum moss . It is one of the four main types of wetlands . Other names for bogs include mire , quagmire, and muskeg ; alkaline mires are called fens . They are frequently covered in ericaceous shrubs rooted in the sphagnum moss and peat. The gradual accumulation of decayed plant material in a bog functions as a carbon sink . Bogs occur where the water at the ground surface is acidic and low in nutrients. In some cases, the water is derived entirely from precipitation , in which case they are termed ombrotrophic (rain-fed). Water flowing out of bogs has a characteristic brown colour, which comes from dissolved peat tannins . In general, the low fertility and cool climate results in relatively slow plant growth, but decay is even slower owing to the saturated soil. Hence peat accumulates. Large areas of landscape can be covered many metres deep in peat
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Plateau
In geology and earth science , a PLATEAU ( /pləˈtoʊ/ , /plæˈtoʊ/ or /ˈplætoʊ/ ; plural PLATEAUS or PLATEAUX), also called a HIGH PLAIN or TABLELAND, is an area of highland , usually consisting of relatively flat terrain that is raised significantly above the surrounding area, often with one or more sides with steep slopes. Plateaus can be formed by a number of processes, including upwelling of volcanic magma , extrusion of lava , and erosion by water and glaciers.Plateaus are classified according to their surrounding environment as intermontane, Piedmont, or continental
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Vlasina
VLASINA is a mountainous region of southeastern Serbia. It is a border area to Bulgaria
Bulgaria
, a region of the Rhodopian Serbia, with old rocks and mountains. Its most prominent landforms are eponymous Vlasina River and Vlasina Lake . It corresponds to the territories of municipalities of Crna Trava
Crna Trava
, Vlasotince
Vlasotince
and Surdulica
Surdulica
. The region consists of fours smaller, micro-regions: Crna Trava
Crna Trava
, Znepolje , Lužnica and Vlasotince
Vlasotince
. Near Vlasotince, remains of the ancient volcanic eruptions are quite visible. ECONOMYThe largest center of the whole region is the town of Vlasotince
Vlasotince
, but in general, the area is one of the least developed in Serbia, very poor and extremely depopulating
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Surdulica
SURDULICA (Serbian Cyrillic : Сурдулица) is a town and municipality located in the Pčinja District of southern Serbia
Serbia
. The population of the town is 11,400, while the municipality has 20,319 inhabitants. CONTENTS* 1 History * 1.1 Massacre during World War I
World War I
* 1.2 Yugoslavia (1918–92) * 1.3 1999 NATO bombings * 2 Geography * 3 Settlements * 4 Demographics * 4.1 Ethnic groups * 5 Education * 6 See also * 7 Notes and references * 8 Sources * 9 External links HISTORYHistorically, the town by its modern name was first mentioned in texts from 1530 by Benedict Kuripešić
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Crna Trava
CRNA TRAVA ( Serbian Cyrillic
Serbian Cyrillic
: Црна Трава, Serbian pronunciation: ) is a village and municipality located in the Jablanica District of the southern Serbia
Serbia
. According to 2011 census, the population of the village is 434 inhabitants, while population of the municipality is 1,661. This is the smallest by population and poorest municipality in Serbia. CONTENTS * 1 Name * 2 History * 3 Demographics * 3.1 Ethnic groups * 4 Tourism * 4.1 Church of Saint Nicholas * 5 Gallery * 6 See also * 7 References * 8 External links NAMEThe name of the village in Serbian translates to Black Grass. The origin of the name dates back to 1389, when Battle of Kosovo took place. A Serbian reserve army unit, composed of Serbian archers and cavaliers, decided to take a rest on a grass field Vilin Lug ("Fairy Grove") while travelling to the battlefield
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Čemernik
ČEMERNIK ( Serbian Cyrillic
Serbian Cyrillic
: Чемерник) is a mountain in southeastern Serbia
Serbia
, near the town of Surdulica
Surdulica
. Its highest peak Vrlo osoje has an elevation of 1,638 m (5,374 ft) above sea level. It is one of mountains that surround the Vlasina
Vlasina
plateau and the Vlasina Lake . REFERENCES * ^ A B Jovan Đokić. "Katalog planina Srbije". PSD Kopaonik Beograd. Wikimedia Commons has media related to ČEMERNIK . This Pčinja District
Pčinja District
, Serbia
Serbia
location article is a stub . You can help by expanding it . * v * t * e Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title= Čemernik
Čemernik
additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy .® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc
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