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Kurdish People
The Kurds
Kurds
(Kurdish: کورد‎) or the Kurdish people (Kurdish: گەلی کورد‎), are an ethnic group[24] in the Middle East, mostly inhabiting a contiguous area spanning adjacent parts of southeastern Turkey
Turkey
(Northern Kurdistan), northwestern Iran
Iran
(Eastern Kurdistan), northern Iraq
Iraq
(Southern Kurdistan), and northern Syria (Western Kurdistan).[25] The Kurds
Kurds
are culturally, historically and linguistically classified as belonging to the Iranian peoples.[26][27][28] Globally, the Kurds
Kurds
are estimated to number anywhere from a low of 30 million, to possibly as high as 45 million,[29][2] with the majority living in the region they regard as Greater Kurdistan. However, there are significant Kurdish diaspora
Kurdish diaspora
communities in the cities of western Turkey, in particular Istanbul
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Kurd (other)
The Kurds
Kurds
are an ethnolinguistic group of the Middle East. Kurd may also refer to: Places[edit]Kord, Iran Kord-e Olya, Iran Kord-e Sofla, Iran Kurd, Hungary, a village in Hungary Kurd Mountains, a highland region in Syria and TurkeyOther uses[edit]Kūrd, a Brahui tribe of Pakistan Kurd (name), a given name and surname (including a list of people with this name)See also[edit]Kürd (other) Curd (other) Kurdi (other) Kurdish (other) Kurdistan (other)This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title Kurd. If an internal link led you here, you may wish to chan
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Central Kurdish
Central Kurdish
Central Kurdish
(کوردیی ناوەندی, Kurdîy nawendî), also called Sorani (سۆرانی, Soranî) is a Kurdish language
Kurdish language
spoken in Iraq, mainly in Iraqi Kurdistan, as well as the Kurdistan
Kurdistan
Province and West Azerbaijan Province
West Azerbaijan Province
of western Iran
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The World Factbook
The World
World
Factbook, also known as the CIA World
World
Factbook,[1] is a reference resource produced by the Central Intelligence Agency
Central Intelligence Agency
(CIA) with almanac-style information about the countries of the world. The official print version is available from the Government Printing Office. Other companies—such as Skyhorse Publishing—also print a paper edition. The Factbook is available in the form of a website that is partially updated every week. It is also available for download for use off-line
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Finland
Finland
Finland
(/ˈfɪnlənd/ ( listen); Finnish: Suomi [suo̯mi] ( listen); Swedish: Finland
Finland
[ˈfɪnland]), officially the Republic
Republic
of Finland
Finland
(Finnish: Suomen tasavalta, Swedish: Republiken Finland)[7] is a sovereign state in Northern Europe. The country has land borders with Sweden
Sweden
to the northwest, Norway
Norway
to the north, and Russia
Russia
to the east. To the south is the Gulf of Finland
Finland
with Estonia
Estonia
on the opposite side
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Australia
Coordinates: 25°S 133°E / 25°S 133°E / -25; 133Commonwealth of AustraliaFlagCoat of armsAnthem: "Advance Australia
Australia
Fair"[N 1]Capital Canberra 35°18′29″S 149°07′28″E / 35.30806°S 149.12444°E / -35.30806; 149.12444Largest city SydneyNational language English[N 2]DemonymAustralian Aussie
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Kurdish Languages
 Iraq  Kurdistan
Kurdistan
RegionRecognised minority language in Armenia[2]   Azerbaijan
Azerbaijan
(Statutory language of provincial identity in five districts, as abided by the constitution)[3]Language codesISO 639-1 kuISO 639-2 kurISO 639-3 kur – inclusive code Individual codes: ckb – Central Kurdish kmr – Northern Kurdish sdh – Southern KurdishGlottolog kurd1259[4]Linguasphere 58-AAA-a (North Kurdish incl. Kurmanji & Kurmanjiki) + 58-AAA-b ( Central Kurdish
Central Kurdish
incl. Dimli/Zaza & Gurani) + 58-AAA-c (South Kurdish incl
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Zaza–Gorani Languages
Language
Language
is a system that consists of the development, acquisition, maintenance and use of complex systems of communication, particularly the human ability to do so; and a language is any specific example of such a system. The scientific study of language is called linguistics. Questions concerning the philosophy of language, such as whether words can represent experience, have been debated at least since Gorgias
Gorgias
and Plato
Plato
in ancient Greece. Thinkers such as Rousseau
Rousseau
have argued that language originated from emotions while others like Kant have held that it originated from rational and logical thought. 20th-century philosophers such as Wittgenstein argued that philosophy is really the study of language. Major figures in linguistics include Ferdinand de Saussure and Noam Chomsky. Estimates of the number of human languages in the world vary between 5,000 and 7,000
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Turkish Language
Turkey
Turkey
(official), Northern Cyprus
Northern Cyprus
(official),
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Persian Language
Persian (/ˈpɜːrʒən/ or /ˈpɜːrʃən/), also known by its endonym Farsi[8][9] (فارسی fārsi [fɒːɾˈsiː] ( listen)), is one of the Western Iranian languages within the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European language family. It is primarily spoken in Iran, Afghanistan
Afghanistan
(officially known as Dari since 1958),[10] and Tajikistan
Tajikistan
(officially known as Tajiki since the Soviet era),[11] and some other regions which historically were Persianate societies and considered part of Greater Iran
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Arabic
Arabic
Arabic
(Arabic: العَرَبِيَّة‎) al-ʻarabiyyah [ʔalʕaraˈbijːah] ( listen) or (Arabic: عَرَبِيّ‎) ʻarabī [ˈʕarabiː] ( listen) or [ʕaraˈbij]) is a Central Semitic language that first emerged in Iron Age northwestern Arabia and is now the lingua franca of the Arab world.[4] It is named after the Arabs, a term initially used to describe peoples living from Mesopotamia
Mesopotamia
in the east to the Anti- Lebanon
Lebanon
mountains in the west, in northwestern Arabia, and in the Sinai peninsula. Arabic
Arabic
is classified as a macrolanguage comprising 30 modern varieties, including its standard form (Modern Standard Arabic) [5]. The modern written language (Modern Standard Arabic) is derived from Classical Arabic
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Northern Kurdish
Northern Kurdish
Northern Kurdish
(Kurdiya jorîn, کوردیا ژۆرین‎), also called Kurmanji (Kurmancî, کورمانجی‎), is a Kurdish language spoken in southeast Turkey, northwest and northeast Iran, northern Iraq
Iraq
and northern Syria. It is the most widespread language of the Kurdish languages
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Georgia (country)
Coordinates: 42°00′N 43°30′E / 42.000°N 43.500°E / 42.000; 43.500Georgia საქართველო (Georgian) SakartveloFlagCoat of armsMotto:  ძალა ერთობაშია Dzala Ertobashia (English: "Strength is in Unity")Anthem:  თავისუფლება Tavisupleba (English: "Freedom")Areas under the control of the government in Tbilisi
Tbilisi
shown in dark green; areas outside of that control shown in light greenCapital Tbilisi 41°43′N 44°47′E
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Zaza Language
Zaza language, also called Zazaki, Kirmanjki
Kirmanjki
and Dimli, is an Indo-European language
Indo-European language
spoken primarily in eastern Turkey
Turkey
by the Zazas. The language is a part of the northwestern group of the Iranian section of the Indo-European family, and belongs to the Zaza–Gorani and Caspian dialect group.[3] Zaza shares many features, structures, and vocabulary with Gorani. Zaza also has some similarities with Talyshi and other Caspian languages.[4] According to Ethnologue
Ethnologue
(which cites [Paul 1998]),[4] the number of speakers is between 1.5 and 2.5 million (including all dialects)
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Islam
Islam
Islam
(/ˈɪslɑːm/)[note 1] is an Abrahamic monotheistic religion teaching that there is only one God
God
(Allah)[1] and that Muhammad
Muhammad
is the messenger of God.[2][3] It is the world's second-largest religion[4] and the fastest-growing major religion in the world,[5][6][7] with over 1.8 billion followers or 24.1% of the global population,[8] known as Muslims.[9] Muslims make up a majority of the population in 50 countries.[4] Islam
Islam
teaches that God
God
is merciful, all-powerful, unique[10] and has guided mankind through prophets, revealed scriptures and natural signs.[3][11] The primary scriptures of Islam
Islam
are the Quran, viewed by Muslims as the verbatim word of God, and the teachings and normative example (called the sunnah, composed of accounts called hadith) of Muhammad
Muhammad
(c
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Sunni Muslim
OthersZahiri Awza'i Thawri Laythi Jariri Sunni
Sunni
schools of theologyAsh'ari Maturidi TraditionalistOthers:Mu'tazila Murji'ahContemporary movementsAhl-i Hadith Al-Ahbash Barelvi Deobandi Islamic Modernism Salafi
Salafi
movement WahhabismHoly sitesJerusalem Mecca Medina Mount SinaiListsLiteratureKutub al-Sittah Islam
Islam
portalv t eThis article contains Arabic text. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols. Sunni
Sunni
Islam
Islam
(/ˈsuːni, ˈsʊni/) is the largest denomination of Islam
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