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Kumbakonam
Kumbakonam, also spelt as Coombaconum or Combaconum[1] in the records of British India, is a town and a special grade municipality in the Thanjavur district
Thanjavur district
in the southeast Indian state of Tamil Nadu. It is located 40 km (25 mi) from Thanjavur
Thanjavur
and 273 km (170 mi) from Chennai
Chennai
and is the headquarters of the Kumbakonam taluk of Thanjavur
Thanjavur
district. The town is bounded by two rivers, the Kaveri River
Kaveri River
to the north and Arasalar River to the south. According to the 2011 census, Kumbakonam
Kumbakonam
has a population of 140,156 and has a strong Hindu majority; but it also has sizeable Muslim and Christian populations
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Geographic Coordinate System
A geographic coordinate system is a coordinate system that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols.[note 1] The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position; alternatively, a geographic position may be expressed in a combined three-dimensional Cartesian vector. A common choice of coordinates is latitude, longitude and elevation.[1] To specify a location on a plane requires a map projection.[2]Contents1 History 2 Geodetic datum 3 Horizontal coordinates3.1 Latitude
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British Raj
Indian languagesGovernment ColonyMonarch of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
and Emperor/Empressa •  1858–1901 Victoria •  1901–1910 Edward VII •  1910–1936 George V •  1936 Edward VIII •  1936–1947 George VI Viceroy
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Christianity
Christianity[note 1] is an Abrahamic monotheistic religious system of beliefs and practices based on the life and teachings of Jesus
Jesus
of Nazareth. Its adherents, known as Christians, believe that Jesus
Jesus
Christ is the Son of God
Son of God
and savior of all people, whose coming as the Messiah
Messiah
was prophesied in the Hebrew Scriptures of Judaism, called Old Testament
Old Testament
in Christianity, and chronicled in the New Testament.[2] Christianity
Christianity
finds its beginning as a Second Temple Judaic sect in the 1st century in the Roman province
Roman province
of Judea. Jesus' apostles and their followers spread around Syria, Europe, Anatolia, Mesopotamia, Transcaucasia, Egypt, and Ethiopia, despite initial persecution
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Hindu Temple
ArtsBharatanatyam Kathak Kathakali Kuchipudi Manipuri Mohiniyattam Odissi Sattriya Bhagavata Mela Yakshagana Dandiya Raas Carnatic musicRites of passageGarbhadhana Pumsavana Simantonayana Jatakarma Namakarana Nishkramana Annaprashana Chudakarana Karnavedha Vidyarambha Upanayana Keshanta Ritushuddhi Samavartana Vivaha AntyeshtiAshrama DharmaAshrama: Brahmacharya Grihastha Vanaprastha SannyasaFestivalsDiwali Holi Shivaratri Navaratri Durga
Durga
Puja Ramlila Vijayadashami-Dussehra


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Sangam Period
Maritime contacts Sangam period Tamilakam Cheras Ays Ezhil Malai Confluence of religions Venad
Venad
- Kingdom of Quilon Calicut Kolattunadu Cochin Minor principalities Portuguese period Dutch period Rise of Travancore Mysorean interlude British Period Battle of Quilon Communism in Kerala Unification of KeralaOther topics Geography Economy Architecture Fortsv t eSee also: First Sangam, Second Sangam, and Third Sangam Sangam period
Sangam period
(Tamil: சங்ககாலம், Sangakālam , Malayalam: സംഘകാലം ?) is the period of history of ancient Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
and Kerala
Kerala
(known as Tamilakam) spanning from c. 3rd century BC to c. 3rd century AD
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Pallavas
The Pallava dynasty
Pallava dynasty
was a South Indian dynasty that existed from 275 CE to 897 CE, ruling a portion of what is today southern India. They gained prominence after the eclipse of the Satavahana dynasty, whom the Pallavas served as feudatories.[2][3] Pallavas became a major power during the reign of Mahendravarman I (571 – 630 CE) and Narasimhavarman I
Narasimhavarman I
(630 – 668 CE) and dominated the Telugu and northern parts of the Tamil region for about 600 years until the end of the 9th century
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Medieval Cholas
Medieval Cholas
Cholas
rose to prominence during the middle of the 9th century CE and established one of the greatest empires in South India. They successfully united South India
India
under their rule and through their naval strength extended their influence in Southeast Asia
Southeast Asia
and Sri Lanka. They had trade contacts with the Arabs in the west and with the Chinese in the east. Medieval Cholas
Cholas
and Chalukyas
Chalukyas
were continuously in conflict over the control of Vengi and the conflict eventually exhausted both the empires and led to their decline
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Later Cholas
The Later Chola dynasty
Chola dynasty
ruled the Chola Empire from 1070 C.E. until the demise of the empire in 1279 C. E. This dynasty was the product of decades of alliances based on marriages between the Cholas
Cholas
and the Eastern Chalukyas
Eastern Chalukyas
based in Vengi and produced some of the greatest Chola emperors such as Kulothunga Chola I
Kulothunga Chola I
(1070–1120 C. E.). The extent of the Chola Empire during this period stretched from the island of Lanka
Lanka
to Kalinga in the northeast
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Madurai Nayaks
Tiruchirapalli (1616–1634) Madurai (1634–1695) Tiruchirapalli (1695-1716) Madurai (1716–1736)Languages Telugu, TamilGovernment Governors, then MonarchyHistory •  Established 1529 •  Disestablished 1736Preceding StatesPandiyan Dynasty Delhi
Delhi
Sultanate Madurai
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Cambridge
280,000 [1] - • Ethnicity (2011)[2] 66% White British 1.4% White Irish 15% White Other 1.7% Black British 3.2% Mixed Race 11% British Asian & Chinese 1.6% otherDemonym(s) CantabrigianTime zone Greenwich Mean Time
Greenwich Mean Time
(UTC+0) • Summer (DST) BST (UTC+1)Postcode CB1 – CB5Area code(s) 01223ONS code 12UB (ONS) E07000008 (GSS)OS grid reference TL450588Website www.cambridge.gov.uk Cambridge
Cambridge
(/ˈkeɪmbrɪdʒ/[3] KAYM-brij) is a university city and the county town of Cambridgeshire, England, on the River Cam
River Cam
approximately 50 miles (80 km) north of London
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Hinduism
ArtsBharatanatyam Kathak Kathakali Kuchipudi Manipuri Mohiniyattam Odissi Sattriya Bhagavata Mela Yakshagana Dandiya Raas Carnatic musicRites of passageGarbhadhana Pumsavana Simantonayana Jatakarma Namakarana Nishkramana Annaprashana Chudakarana Karnavedha Vidyarambha Upanayana Keshanta Ritushuddhi Samavartana Vivaha AntyeshtiAshrama DharmaAshrama: Brahmacharya Grihastha Vanaprastha SannyasaFestivalsDiwali Holi Shivaratri Navaratri Durga
Durga
Puja Ramlila Vijayadashami-Dussehra


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South India
Most populous cities (2011)Chennai Bengaluru Hyderabad Trivandrum Coimbatore Madurai Mysore Ernakulam VisakhapatnamArea • Total 635,780 km2 (245,480 sq mi)Population • Total 253,051,953 • Density 400/km2 (1,000/sq mi)Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)Official languagesTelugu Tamil Kannada Malayalam Urdu Tulu South India
South India
is the area encompassing the Indian states of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
and Telangana
Telangana
as well as the union territories of Andaman and Nicobar, Lakshadweep
Lakshadweep
and Puducherry, occupying 19.31% of India's area (635,780 km2 or 245,480 sq mi)
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Allusion
Allusion
Allusion
is a figure of speech, in which one refers covertly or indirectly to an object or circumstance from an external context.[1] It is left to the audience to make the connection;[2] where the connection is directly and explicitly stated (as opposed to indirectly implied) by the author, it is instead usually termed a reference.[3][4][5] In the arts, a literary allusion puts the alluded text in a new context under which it assumes new meanings and denotations.[6] It is not possible to predetermine the nature of all the new meanings and inter-textual patterns that an allusion will generate.[6] Literary allusion is closely related to parody and pastiche, which are also "text-linking" literary devices.[6] In a wider, more informal context, an allusion is a passing or casually short statement indicating broader meaning
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Kumbha
A kumbha (Sanskrit: कुम्भ) is a type of pottery in India. Traditionally, it is made by Kumbhars, also known as Prajapatis. In the context of Hindu, Jain and Buddhist mythology, the kumbha symbolises the womb. It represents fertility, life, generative power of human beings and sustenance and is generally associated with devis, particularly Ganga.[1] Mythological origin[edit] According to Hindu
Hindu
mythology, the first kumbha was created by Prajapati
Prajapati
on the occasion of the marriage of Shiva, so he was first kumbhara "potter".[2] Another myth says that the first pot was created by Vishvakarman
Vishvakarman
on the occasion of the churning of the ocean for the first Amrit Sanchar. In Hindu mythology
Hindu mythology
and scriptures, several references are found of human beings born from kumbha
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Pralaya
Pralaya
Pralaya
(Sanskrit), in Hindu cosmology, is an aeonic term for Dissolution, which specifies different periods of time during which a non-activity situation persists, as per different formats or contexts. The word Mahapralaya stands for Great Dissolution. During each pralaya, the lower ten realms (loka) are destroyed,[1] while the higher four realms, including Satya-loka, Tapa-loka, Jana-loka, and Mahar-loka are preserved
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