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Kudi Arasu
Kudi Arasu
Kudi Arasu
(also pronounced as Kudiyarasu; English: Republic) was a Tamil weekly magazine published by Periyar E. V. Ramasamy
Periyar E. V. Ramasamy
in Madras Presidency (present-day Tamil Nadu) in India.Contents1 History 2 Publications 3 In recent times 4 ReferencesHistory[edit] Periyar started Kudi Arasu
Kudi Arasu
on 2 May 1925 in Erode[1] with K. M. Thangaperumal pillai as the editor. Its initial publications were issued weekly on Sunday with 16 pages at a cost of one anna
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Reservation In India
The system of reservation in India
India
comprises a series of affirmative action measures, such as reserving access to seats in the various legislatures, to government jobs, and to enrollment in higher educational institutions. The societal inequality in India
India
is represented by the grossly inadequate representation of Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and Other Backward Castes in employment and education due to historic, societal and cultural reasons. The reservation nourishes the historically disadvantaged castes and tribes, listed as Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes
Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes
by the Government of India. The reservation is undertaken to address the historic oppression, inequality and discrimination faced by those communities and to give these communities a place
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International Standard Book Number
The International Standard Book
Book
Number (ISBN) is a numeric commercial book identifier which is intended to be unique.[a][b] Publishers purchase ISBNs from an affiliate of the International ISBN Agency.[1] An ISBN is assigned to each separate edition and variation (except reprintings) of a publication. For example, an e-book, a paperback and a hardcover edition of the same book will each have a different ISBN. The ISBN is ten digits long if assigned before 2007, and thirteen digits long if assigned on or after 1 January 2007. The method of assigning an ISBN is nation-specific and varies between countries, often depending on how large the publishing industry is within a country. The initial ISBN identification format was devised in 1967, based upon the 9-digit Standard Book
Book
Numbering (SBN) created in 1966
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British Raj
Indian languagesGovernment ColonyMonarch of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
and Emperor/Empressa •  1858–1901 Victoria •  1901–1910 Edward VII •  1910–1936 George V •  1936 Edward VIII •  1936–1947 George VI Viceroy
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Bhagat Singh
Bhagat Singh
Bhagat Singh
(Punjabi pronunciation: [pə̀ɡət̪ sɪ́ŋɡ] ( listen) 1907[a] – 23 March 1931) was an Indian nationalist considered to be one of the most influential revolutionaries of the Indian independence movement. He is often referred to as Shaheed Bhagat Singh, the word "Shaheed" meaning "martyr" in a number of Indian languages. In December 1928, Bhagat Singh
Bhagat Singh
and an associate, Shivaram Rajguru, fatally shot a 21-year-old British police officer, John Saunders, in Lahore, British India, mistaking Saunders, who was still on probation, for the British police superintendent, James Scott, whom they had intended to assassinate. Scott was responsible for the death of popular Indian nationalist leader Lala Lajpat Rai, by having ordered a lathi charge in which Rai was fatally injured, and, two weeks after which, died . Saunders was felled by a single shot from Rajguru, a marksman
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Mahatma Gandhi
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (/ˈɡɑːndi, ˈɡæn-/;[3] Hindustani: [ˈmoːɦənd̪aːs ˈkərəmtʃənd̪ ˈɡaːnd̪ʱi] ( listen); 2 October 1869 – 30 January 1948) was an Indian activist who was the leader of the Indian independence movement against British rule. Employing nonviolent civil disobedience, Gandhi led India
India
to independence and inspired movements for civil rights and freedom across the world. The honorific Mahātmā (Sanskrit: "high-souled", "venerable")[4]—applied to him first in 1914 in South Africa[5]—is now used worldwide
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Malayapuram Singaravelu Chettiar
Malayapuram Singaravelu (18 February 1860 – 11 February 1946), also known as M. Singaravelu and Singaravelar, was a pioneer in more than one field in India. In 1918, he founded the first trade union in India. On 1 May 1923 he organised the first ever celebration of May Day in the country. Singaravelar was a major leader of the Indian independence movement, initially under the leadership of Gandhi, but later, joining the budding communist movement. In 1925, he became one of the founding fathers of the Communist Party of India; and chaired its inaugural convention in Kanpur. Though the British Government arrested him along with other leaders on charges of conspiring to wage war against the Crown, he was set free, soon after, on account of his failing health. Singaravelar was also a path-breaking social reformer who in his early life took to Buddhism, seeing it as a weapon against the evil of untouchability, which was particularly severe in the 19th-century India
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Periyar E. V. Ramasamy And Religion
The religious views of Periyar E. V. Ramasamy
Periyar E. V. Ramasamy
resulted in him being considered the Voltaire
Voltaire
of South India. Both opposed religion virulently because, in their views, the so-called men of religion invented myths and superstitions to keep the innocent and ignorant people in darkness and to go on exploiting them.[1] Periyar has been a harsh critic of the Aryan influenced Hinduism
Hinduism
in Tamil Nadu, more than the faiths of Islam, Buddhism and Christianity. He has spoken appreciatively of these other faiths in India finding in their ethics principles of equality and justice, thus advocating them if they can prove an alternative to Brahamanic Hinduism. With regards to institutionalized religion being used for personal gain, Periyar stated that "religion goes hand in hand with superstition and fear. Religion prevents progress and suppresses man
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Tamil Diaspora
The Tamil diaspora
Tamil diaspora
refers to descendants of the Tamil immigrants who emigrated from their native lands (Tamil Nadu, Puducherry
Puducherry
and Sri Lanka) to other parts of the world
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Tamils
The Tamil people
Tamil people
(Tamil: தமிழர், tamiẓhar (singular) ? [t̪ɐmɪɻɐɾ], or Tamil: தமிழர்கள், tamiẓarkaḷ (plural) ? [t̪ɐmɪɻɐɾxɐɭ]), also known as Tamilar, Tamilans,[6][7][8] or simply Tamils, are a Dravidian ethnic group who speak Tamil as their mother tongue and trace their ancestry to the Indian state of Tamil Nadu, the Indian Union territory
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Self-respect
Self-esteem
Self-esteem
reflects an individual's overall subjective emotional evaluation of his or her own worth. It is the decision made by an individual as an attitude towards the self
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Self-respect Movement
The Self-Respect Movement
Self-Respect Movement
is a movement with the aim of achieving a society where backward castes have equal human rights,[1] and encouraging backward castes to have self-respect in the context of a caste-based society that considered them to be a lower end of the hierarchy.[2] It was founded in 1921 by S.Ramanathan who invited E. V. Ramasamy (also called as Periyar by his devoted followers) to head the movement in Tamil Nadu, India against Brahminism. The movement was extremely influential not just in Tamil Nadu, but also overseas in countries with large Tamil populations, such as Malaysia
Malaysia
and Singapore. Among Singapore
Singapore
Indians, groups like the Tamil Reform Association, and leaders like Thamizhavel G
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Periyar E. V. Ramasamy And The Eradication Of Caste
Periyar E. V. Ramasamy[1] (Tamil: பெரியார்,) (September 17, 1879 – December 24, 1973), also known as Ramaswami, EVR, Thanthai Periyar was a Dravidian social reformer and politician from India, who founded the Self-Respect Movement
Self-Respect Movement
and Dravidar Kazhagam.[2][3][4] On the caste system in India, Periyar dealt harshly with the practice of discrimination and its subordination of the different levels it created in society. He attacked those who used the system to take advantage of the masses through exploitation and subjugation.Contents1 Philosophy 2 Hereditary Education Policy 3 Removal of caste names 4 Inter-caste marriages 5 Service to the backward classes 6 NotesPhilosophy[edit] Periyar felt that a small number of cunning people created caste distinctions in order to dominate over society. That was why he emphasized the view that we must first develop self-respect and learn to analyze propositions rationally
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Indian National Congress
The Indian National Congress
Indian National Congress
(pronunciation (help·info)) (INC, often called the Congress Party or simply Congress) is a political party in India

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Indian Anna
An anna was a currency unit formerly used in India
India
and Pakistan, equal to 1/16 [1] rupee. It was subdivided into 4 paisa or 12 pies (thus there were 64 paise in a rupee and 192 pies).The anna is very light weighted. The term belonged to the Muslim monetary system. The ānā was demonetised as a currency unit when India
India
decimalised its currency in 1957, followed by Pakistan
Pakistan
in 1961. It was replaced by the 5-paise coin, which was itself discontinued in 1994 and demonetised in 2011. Even today, though, a 50 paise coin is sometimes colloquially referred to as 8 ānās and a 25-paise coin as 4 ānās.[citation needed] There was a coin of one ānā, and also half-ānās of copper and two-ānā pieces of silver. The term ānā is frequently used to express a fraction of 1/16
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Erode
Erode
Erode
([iːroːɽɯ]) is the seventh largest urban agglomeration of the South Indian state, Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
and serves as administrative headquarters of Erode
Erode
District. Administered by a municipal corporation since 2009, Erode
Erode
is a part of the Erode
Erode
Lok Sabha constituency that elects its member of parliament. Located on the banks of River Kaveri, it is situated centrally on South Indian Peninsula, about 400 kilometres (249 mi) southwest of its state capital Chennai
Chennai
and about 80 kilometres (50 mi) east of Coimbatore
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