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Korićani Cliffs Massacre
The Korićani Cliffs massacre was the mass murder of more than 200 Bosniak and Croat men on 21 August 1992, during the Bosnian War, at the Korićani Cliffs (Bosnian, Croatian, and Serbian: Korićanske stijene) on Mount Vlašić in central Bosnia and Herzegovina. The victims, former detainees from the Bosnian Serb-run concentration camp at Trnopolje, were separated out from a larger group of civilians being taken to Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina-controlled territory in central Bosnia.[1] The massacre was carried out by members of the special response team of the Public Security Center (CJB) of Prijedor,[2] a
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4th Corps Of The Army Of The Republic Of Bosnia And Herzegovina
The 4th Corps of the Bosnian army was one of five later seven corps formed in 1992.[1]Contents1 Operational Zone 2 Commanders 3 4th Corps Units 4 ReferencesOperational Zone[edit] The 4th Corps was mainly responsible for then Mostar, the headquarters of the 4th Corps, and the Mostar
Mostar
region, but also Livno, Tomislavgrad and Trebinje, Konjic, Prozor, Jablanica.[2] Commanders[edit]1st Commander: Colonel Arif Pašalić (until 6 Nov
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Mass Grave
A mass grave is a grave containing multiple human corpses, which may or may not be identified prior to burial. The United Nations
United Nations
has defined a criminal mass grave as a burial site containing three or more victims of execution.[1] Mass graves are usually created after a large number of people die or are killed, and there is a desire to bury the corpses quickly for sanitation concerns
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Vlašić (Bosnian Mountain)
Vlašić is a mountain in the very center of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Its highest peak is Paljenik with an elevation of 1,943 m.[1] It is famous for its pastures, cattle-breeding and cheese.[2] It is closest to the town of Travnik, which it overlooks.Contents1 Climate 2 Culture 3 History 4 Tourism 5 References 6 External linksClimate[edit] The average winter temperature is 1 °C (29 °F) while the average summer temperature is 14.2 °C (60.8 °F). In the wintertime snowfall is abundant with an average snow coverage of up to 5 months in accumilation between 1.5-2.1 meters. Culture[edit]Sheep on Vlasic mountainThe toponym is derived from vlasi, "Vlachs", a transhumant people. Academics like Mark Vego believe that the Vlachs, remnant of the Roman Empire, brought one of the trademarks of Vlašić, the Vlašić cheese, in around 1000. It is originally made from fresh sheep milk, but also cow milk, and then left to ripen for two to three months
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Army Of The Republika Srpska
The Army of Republika Srpska
Republika Srpska
(Serbian: Војска Републике Српске/Vojska Republike Srpske; ВРС/VRS), commonly referred to in English as the Bosnian Serb
Bosnian Serb
Army, was the military of Republika Srpska (RS), the self-proclaimed Serb secessionist republic, a territory within the newly independent Bosnia and Herzegovina (formerly part of Yugoslavia), which it defied, active during the Bosnian War
Bosnian War
(1992–95)
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International Committee Of The Red Cross
The International Committee of the Red Cross
International Committee of the Red Cross
(ICRC) is a humanitarian institution based in Geneva, Switzerland, and a three-time Nobel Prize Laureate. State parties (signatories) to the four Geneva
Geneva
Conventions of 1949 and their Additional Protocols of 1977 (Protocol I, Protocol II) and 2005 have given the ICRC a mandate to protect victims of international and internal armed conflicts
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Banja Luka
Banja Luka
Banja Luka
(Serbian Cyrillic: Бања Лука, pronounced [bǎɲa lǔːka]), or Banjaluka (Serbian Cyrillic: Бањалука), is the largest city and the de facto capital of the Republika Srpska
Republika Srpska
entity and the second-largest city in Bosnia and Herzegovina after the capital Sarajevo. Traditionally, it has been the centre of the Bosanska Krajina
Bosanska Krajina
region, located in the northwestern part of the country. It is home of the University of Banja Luka
University of Banja Luka
as well as numerous state and entity institutions of Bosnia and Herzegovina
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SFOR
The Stabilisation Force in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bosnia and Herzegovina
(SFOR) was a NATO-led multinational peacekeeping force deployed to Bosnia and Herzegovina after the Bosnian war. Although SFOR
SFOR
was led by NATO, several non- NATO
NATO
countries contributed troops
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Crime Against Humanity
Crimes against humanity
Crimes against humanity
are certain acts that are deliberately committed as part of a widespread or systematic attack or individual attack directed against any civilian or an identifiable part of a civilian population. The first prosecution for crimes against humanity took place at the Nuremberg trials. Crimes against humanity
Crimes against humanity
have since been prosecuted by other international courts (for example, the International Court of Justice
Justice
and the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia and the International Criminal Court) as well as in domestic prosecutions. The law of crimes against humanity has primarily developed through the evolution of customary international law
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Laws Or Customs Of War
The law of war is a legal term of art which refers to the aspect of public international law concerning acceptable justifications to engage in war (jus ad bellum) and the limits to acceptable wartime conduct (jus in bello or international humanitarian law). Among other issues, modern laws of war address declarations of war, acceptance of surrender and the treatment of prisoners of war; military necessity, along with distinction and proportionality; and the prohibition of certain weapons that may cause unnecessary suffering.[1] The law of war is considered distinct from other bodies of law—such as the domestic law of a particular belligerent to a conflict—which may provide additional legal limits to the conduct or justification of war.Contents1 Early sources and history 2 Modern sources 3 Purposes of the laws 4 Principles of the laws of war 5 Example substantive laws of war5.1 Declaration of war 5.2 Lawful conduct of belligerent actors 5.3 Persons parachuting fr
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Territorial Defense Forces (Yugoslavia)
The Territorial Defense (TO)[a] were a separate part of the armed forces of the former Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. The forces acted as a Home Guard which roughly corresponded to a military reserve force or an official governmental paramilitary. Each of the Yugoslav constituent republics had its own Territorial Defense military formations, while the regular army for the whole Federation was the Yugoslav People's Army
Yugoslav People's Army
(JNA), which also maintained its own reserve forces.Contents1 Background 2 Doctrine 3 Territorial Defense Forces 4 Dissolution 5 Notes and references 6 See alsoBackground[edit] Yugoslavia was a socialist state but not an Eastern Bloc
Eastern Bloc
country. In 1948, following the Tito–Stalin split, Yugoslavia broke ties with the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
and its allies. During the Cold War, it was one of the leading members of the Non-Aligned Movement
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European Court Of Human Rights
The European Court of Human Rights
European Court of Human Rights
(ECHR or ECtHR; French: Cour européenne des droits de l’homme) is a supranational or international court established by the European Convention on Human Rights. The court hears applications alleging that a contracting state has breached one or more of the human rights provisions concerning civil and political rights set out in the Convention and its protocols. An application can be lodged by an individual, a group of individuals, or one or more of the other contracting states. Aside from judgments, the Court can also issue advisory opinions. The Convention was adopted within the context of the Council of Europe, and all of its 47 member states are contracting parties to the Convention
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Ethnic Cleansing
Ethnic cleansing
Ethnic cleansing
is the systematic forced removal of ethnic, racial and/or religious groups from a given territory by a more powerful ethnic group, often with the intent of making it ethnically homogeneous.[1][page needed] The forces applied may be various forms of forced migration (deportation, population transfer), intimidation, as well as genocide and genocidal rape.
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International Commission On Missing Persons
The International Commission on Missing Persons
International Commission on Missing Persons
(ICMP) is an intergovernmental organization that addresses the issue of persons missing as a result of armed conflicts, violations of human rights, and natural disasters. It is headquartered in The Hague, The Netherlands. It assists governments in the exhumation of mass graves and DNA
DNA
identification of missing persons, provides support to family associations of missing persons, and assists in creating strategies and institutions to search for missing persons. In December 2014, a treaty was signed which established the commission as an "International Organisation in its own right", which has 5 signatories, but has not entered into force
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Safe Area Goražde
Safe Area Goražde
Goražde
is a journalistic comic book about the Bosnian War, written by Joe Sacco. It was published in 2000. The book describes the author's experiences during four months spent in Bosnia in 1994–95,[1] and is based on conversations with Bosniaks trapped within the enclave of Goražde. Sacco combines the oral histories of his interviewees with his own observations on conditions in the enclave as well as his feelings about being in a danger zone. He keeps his primary focus on roughly half a dozen people, which helps to structure the collection of vignettes into something of a narrative, while also including interviews with a number of other people
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BBC News
BBC
BBC
News
News
is an operational business division[1] of the British Broadcasting
Broadcasting
Corporation (BBC) responsible for the gathering and broadcasting of news and current affairs
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