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Knowledge
KNOWLEDGE is a familiarity, awareness, or understanding of someone or something, such as facts , information , descriptions , or skills , which is acquired through experience or education by perceiving , discovering , or learning . Knowledge can refer to a theoretical or practical understanding of a subject. It can be implicit (as with practical skill or expertise) or explicit (as with the theoretical understanding of a subject); it can be more or less formal or systematic. In philosophy , the study of knowledge is called epistemology ; the philosopher Plato famously defined knowledge as "justified true belief ", though this definition is now thought by some analytic philosophers to be problematic because of the Gettier problems while others defend the platonic definition. However, several definitions of knowledge and theories to explain it exist
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Statement (logic)
In logic , a STATEMENT is either (a) a meaningful declarative sentence that is either true or false , or (b) that which a true or false declarative sentence asserts. In the latter case, a statement is distinct from a sentence in that a sentence is only one formulation of a statement, whereas there may be many other formulations expressing the same statement. CONTENTS * 1 Overview * 2 As an abstract entity * 3 See also * 4 Notes * 5 References OVERVIEWPhilosopher of language , Peter Strawson advocated the use of the term "statement" in sense (b) in preference to proposition . Strawson used the term "Statement" to make the point that two declarative sentences can make the same statement if they say the same thing in different ways. Thus in the usage advocated by Strawson, "All men are mortal." and "Every man is mortal." are two different sentences that make the same statement. In either case a statement is viewed as a truth bearer
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Simon Blackburn
SIMON BLACKBURN, FBA (born 12 July 1944) is a British academic philosopher known for his work in metaethics, where he defends quasi-realism , and in the philosophy of language; more recently, he has gained a large general audience from his efforts to popularise philosophy . He retired as the professor of philosophy at the University of Cambridge
University of Cambridge
in 2011, but remains a distinguished research professor of philosophy at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill , teaching every fall semester. He is also a Fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge , and a member of the professoriate of New College of the Humanities . He was previously a Fellow of Pembroke College, Oxford and has also taught full-time at the University of North Carolina as an Edna J. Koury Professor. He is a former president of the Aristotelian Society , having served the 2009–2010 term
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Debate
DEBATE is contention in argument ; strife, dissension, quarrelling, controversy ; especially a formal discussion of subjects before a public assembly or legislature, in Parliament
Parliament
or in any deliberative assembly . Logical consistency, factual accuracy and some degree of emotional appeal to the audience are elements in debating, where one side often prevails over the other party by presenting a superior "context" or framework of the issue. In a formal debating contest, there are rules for participants to discuss and decide on differences, within a framework defining how they will interact. Debating is carried out in debating chambers and assemblies of various types to discuss matters and to make resolutions about action to be taken, often by voting . Deliberative bodies such as parliaments , legislative assemblies , and meetings of all sorts engage in debates
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Philosophy And The Mirror Of Nature
PHILOSOPHY AND THE MIRROR OF NATURE is a 1979 book by American philosopher Richard Rorty , in which Rorty attempts to dissolve modern philosophical problems instead of solving them by presenting them as pseudo-problems that only exist in the language-game of epistemological projects culminating in analytic philosophy . In a pragmatist gesture, Rorty suggests that philosophy must get past these pseudo-problems if it is to be productive. The work was considered controversial upon publication, and had its greatest success outside analytic philosophy. CONTENTS * 1 Background * 2 Summary * 3 Reception * 4 Notes and references * 5 External links BACKGROUNDThe main influences on Rorty's work were John Dewey , Ludwig Wittgenstein , Willard Van Orman Quine , and Wilfrid Sellars
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Richard Rorty
RICHARD MCKAY RORTY (October 4, 1931 – June 8, 2007) was an American philosopher . Educated at the University of Chicago and Yale University , he had strong interests and training in both the history of philosophy and contemporary analytic philosophy , the latter of which came to comprise the main focus of his work at Princeton University in the 1960s. He subsequently came to reject the tradition of philosophy according to which knowledge involves correct representation (a "mirror of nature") of a world whose existence remains wholly independent of that representation. Rorty had a long and diverse academic career, including positions as Stuart Professor of Philosophy at Princeton University
Princeton University
, Kenan Professor of Humanities at the University of Virginia
University of Virginia
, and Professor of Comparative Literature at Stanford University
Stanford University

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Family Resemblance
FAMILY RESEMBLANCE (German : Familienähnlichkeit) is a philosophical idea made popular by Ludwig Wittgenstein
Ludwig Wittgenstein
, with the best known exposition given in his posthumously published book Philosophical Investigations (1953). It argues that things which could be thought to be connected by one essential common feature may in fact be connected by a series of overlapping similarities, where no one feature is common to all of the things. Games, which Wittgenstein used as an example to explain the notion, have become the paradigmatic example of a group that is related by family resemblances. It has been suggested that Wittgenstein picked up the idea and the term from Nietzsche
Nietzsche
, who had been using it, as did many nineteenth century philologists, when discoursing about language families . The first occurrence of the term "Family resemblance" is found in a note from 1930, commenting on Spengler\'s ideas
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Anna Hyatt Huntington
ANNA VAUGHN HYATT HUNTINGTON (March 10, 1876 – October 4, 1973) was an American sculptor and was once among New York City
New York City
's most prominent sculptors. At a time when very few women were successful artists, she had a thriving career. She exhibited often, traveled widely, received critical acclaim at home and abroad, and won awards and commissions. During the first two decades of the 20th century, Hyatt Huntington became famous for her animal sculptures, which combine vivid emotional depth with skillful realism. In 1915, she created the first public monument in New York City, outside of Central Park , by a woman: Her Joan of Arc
Joan of Arc
, located on Riverside Drive at 93rd Street, is also the city’s first monument dedicated to a historical woman
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Arturo Escobar (anthropologist)
ARTURO ESCOBAR (born 1952) is a Colombian-American anthropologist and the Kenan Distinguished Professor of Anthropology
Anthropology
at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill , USA. His academic research interests include political ecology , anthropology of development , social movements , anti-globalization movements , and postdevelopment theory . CONTENTS * 1 Education and career * 2 Scholarship * 2.1 Anthropological approach * 2.2 Criticism of development * 2.3 Political ecology
Political ecology
* 3 Bibliography * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links EDUCATION AND CAREEREscobar was born in Manizales
Manizales
, Colombia
Colombia
. He currently holds Colombian and American citizenship and publishes in both English and Spanish
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Neil Postman
NEIL POSTMAN (March 8, 1931 – October 5, 2003) was an American author, educator, media theorist and cultural critic , who is best known for his seventeen books, including Amusing Ourselves to Death (1985), Conscientious Objections (1988), Technopoly: The Surrender of Culture to Technology (1992), The Disappearance of Childhood (1994) and The End of Education: Redefining the Value of School (1995). For more than forty years, he was associated with New York University . Postman was a humanist , who believed that "new technology can never substitute for human values". He died in 2003 of lung cancer . CONTENTS * 1 Biography * 2 Works * 2.1 Technopoly * 3 On education * 4 Selected bibliography * 5 References * 6 External links BIOGRAPHYPostman was born in New York City, where he would spend most of his life. In 1953, he graduated from State University of New York at Fredonia where he played basketball
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Symbolic Linguistic Representation
A SYMBOLIC LINGUISTIC REPRESENTATION is a representation of an utterance that uses symbols to represent linguistic information about the utterance, such as information about phonetics , phonology , morphology , syntax , or semantics . Symbolic linguistic representations are different from non-symbolic representations, such as recordings, because they use symbols to represent linguistic information rather than measurements. A typical kind of symbolic linguistic representation is phonetic transcription . Symbolic linguistic representations are frequently used in computational linguistics . This computational linguistics -related article is a stub . You can help by expanding it . * v * t * e This phonetics article is a stub . You can help by expanding it . * v * t * e This linguistic morphology article is a stub . You can help by expanding it . * v * t * e This syntax -related article is a stub . You can help by expanding it
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Complutense University Of Madrid
The COMPLUTENSE UNIVERSITY OF MADRID (Spanish: Universidad Complutense de Madrid
Madrid
or Universidad de Madrid, Latin: Universitas Complutensis) is a public research university located in Madrid
Madrid
, and one of the oldest universities in the world. The university enrolls over 86,000 students , and consistently ranks as one of the top universities in Spain. According to the Spanish newspaper El Mundo, the university is widely regarded as the most prestigious academic institution in Spain. It is located on a sprawling campus that occupies the entirety of the Ciudad Universitaria district of Madrid
Madrid
, with annexes in the district of Somosaguas in the neighboring city of Pozuelo de Alarcón
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Thomas Jefferson Building
The oldest of the three United States Library of Congress
Library of Congress
buildings, the THOMAS JEFFERSON BUILDING was built between 1890 and 1897. It was originally known as the LIBRARY OF CONGRESS BUILDING and is located on First Street SE, between Independence Avenue and East Capitol Street in Washington, D.C.
Washington, D.C.
The Beaux-Arts style building is known for its classicizing facade and elaborately decorated interior. Its design and construction has a tortuous history; the building's main architect was Paul J. Pelz , initially in partnership with John L. Smithmeyer , and succeeded by Edward Pearce Casey during the last few years of construction. The building was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1965
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Philosopher
A PHILOSOPHER is someone who practices philosophy , which involves rational inquiry into areas that are outside of either theology or science . The term "philosopher" comes from the Ancient Greek φιλόσοφος (philosophos) meaning "lover of wisdom". The coining of the term has been attributed to the Greek thinker Pythagoras
Pythagoras
(6th century BC). In the classical sense, a philosopher was someone who lived according to a certain way of life, focusing on resolving existential questions about the human condition , and not someone who discourses upon theories or comments upon authors. Typically, these particular brands of philosophy are Hellenistic ones and those who most arduously commit themselves to this lifestyle may be considered philosophers
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Theoretical
Related concepts and fundamentals: * Agnosticism
Agnosticism
* Epistemology
Epistemology
* Presupposition * Probability
Probability
* v * t * e A THEORY is a contemplative and rational type of abstract or generalizing thinking, or the results of such thinking. Depending on the context, the results might, for example, include generalized explanations of how nature works. The word has its roots in ancient Greek , but in modern use it has taken on several related meanings. Theories guide the enterprise of finding facts rather than of reaching goals, and are neutral concerning alternatives among values. :131 A theory can be a body of knowledge , which may or may not be associated with particular explanatory models . To theorize is to develop this body of knowledge
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Skills
A SKILL is the ability to carry out a task with determined results often within a given amount of time, energy, or both. Skills can often be divided into domain -general and domain-specific skills. For example, in the domain of work, some general skills would include time management , teamwork and leadership, self-motivation and others, whereas domain-specific skills would be useful only for a certain job. Skill usually requires certain environmental stimuli and situations to assess the level of skill being shown and used. People need a broad range of skills to contribute to a modern economy. A joint ASTD and U.S. Department of Labor
U.S. Department of Labor
study showed that through technology, the workplace is changing, and identified 16 basic skills that employees must have to be able to change with it
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