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Kleist
Kleist, or von Kleist, is a surname. von Kleist: Ewald Jürgen Georg von Kleist
Ewald Jürgen Georg von Kleist
(ca. 1700–1748), co-inventor of the Leyden jar Frederick William von Kleist
Frederick William von Kleist
(1724–1767), Prussian major general, commander of the Green Hussars. One of 58 officers of the Kleist family to serve in the Seven Years' War Ewald Christian von Kleist
Ewald Christian von Kleist
(1715–1759), German poet and soldier Henning Alexander von Kleist
Henning Alexander von Kleist
(1677–1747) Prussian general Henning Alexander von Kleist
Henning Alexander von Kleist
(1707–1784). Prussian Lt
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Special
Special
Special
or specials may refer to:Contents1 Music 2 Film and television 3 Other uses 4 See alsoMusic[edit] Special
Special
(album), a 1992
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Prussia
Prussia
Prussia
(/ˈprʌʃə/; German:  Preußen (help·info) [ˈpʁɔʏ̯sən]) was a historically prominent German state that originated in 1525 with a duchy centred on the region of Prussia. It was de facto dissolved by an emergency decree transferring powers of the Prussian government to German Chancellor
German Chancellor
Franz von Papen
Franz von Papen
in 1932 and de jure by an Allied decree in 1947. For centuries, the House of Hohenzollern ruled Prussia, successfully expanding its size by way of an unusually well-organised and effective army. Prussia, with its capital in Königsberg
Königsberg
and from 1701 in Berlin, decisively shaped the history of Germany. In 1871, German states united to create the German Empire
German Empire
under Prussian leadership
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Seven Years' War
Anglo-Prusso-Portuguese coalition victoryTreaty of Saint Petersburg (1762) Treaty of Hamburg (1762) Treaty of Paris (1763) Treaty of Hubertusburg
Treaty of Hubertusburg
(1763)Territorial changes Status quo ante bellum in Europe. Transfer of colonial possessions between Great Britain, France, Spain, and Portugal.France cedes its possessions east of the Mississippi River, Canada (except Saint-Pierre and Miquelon), the island of Grenada, and the Northern Circars
Northern Circars
in India
India
to Great Britain. France cedes Louisiana
Louisiana
and its territory west of the Mississippi River to Spain. Spain
Spain
cedes Florida to Great Britain. Four "neutral" Caribbean
Caribbean
islands divided between Britain (St. Vincent, Tobago, Dominica) and France (St
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Given Name
A given name (also known as a first name, forename) is a part of a person's personal name.[1] It identifies a specific person, and differentiates that person from the other members of a group (typically a family or clan) who have a common surname. The term given name refers to the fact that the name usually is bestowed upon a person, normally to a child by his or her parents at or close to the time of birth. A Christian
Christian
name, a first name which historically was given at baptism, is now also typically given by the parents at birth. In informal situations, given names are often used in a familiar and friendly manner.[1] In more formal situations, a person's surname is more commonly used—unless a distinction needs to be made between people with the same surname
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Surname
A surname, family name, or last name is the portion of a personal name that indicates a person's family (or tribe or community, depending on the culture).[1] Depending on the culture all members of a family unit may have identical surnames or there may be variations based on the cultural rules. In the English-speaking world, a surname is commonly referred to as a last name because it is usually placed at the end of a person's full name, after any given names. In many parts of Asia, as well as some parts of Europe
Europe
and Africa, the family name is placed before a person's given name. In most Spanish-speaking and Portuguese-speaking countries, two surnames are commonly used and in some families that claim a connection to nobility even three are used. Surnames have not always existed and today are not universal in all cultures. This tradition has arisen separately in different cultures around the world
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Leyden Jar
A Leyden Jar, or Leiden
Leiden
Jar, is a device that "stores" static electricity between two electrodes on the inside and outside of a glass jar. A Leyden jar
Leyden jar
typically consists of a glass jar with metal foil cemented to the inside and the outside surfaces, and a metal terminal projecting vertically through the jar lid to make contact with the inner foil. It was the original form of a capacitor (originally known as a "condenser"). It was invented independently by German cleric Ewald Georg von Kleist on 11 October 1745 and by Dutch scientist Pieter van Musschenbroek
Pieter van Musschenbroek
of Leiden
Leiden
(Leyden) in 1745–1746.[1] The invention was named after the city. The Leyden jar
Leyden jar
was used to conduct many early experiments in electricity, and its discovery was of fundamental importance in the study of electrostatics
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1st Panzer Army
World War IIBattle of France Yugoslavia 2nd Kharkov Battle of the Caucasus 3rd KharkovCommandersNotable commanders Field Marshal Ewald von KleistThe 1st Panzer Army (German: 1. Panzerarmee) was a German tank army which was a large armoured formation of the Wehrmacht during World War II. When originally formed on 1 March 1940, the 1st Panzer Army was named Panzer Group Kleist (Panzergruppe Kleist) with Colonel General Ewald von Kleist in command.[1]Contents1 Service history1.1 1941 1.2 1942 1.3 1943 1.4 1944 1.5 19452 Commanders 3 Chiefs of the general staff 4 See also 5 Notes 6 ReferencesService history[edit] Panzer Group Kleist was the first operational formation of several Panzer corps in the Wehrmacht. Created for the Battle of France on 1 March 1940; it was named after its commander Ewald von Kleist.[2] After the successful invasion it was deployed in occupied France, being renamed into Panzer Group 1 in November
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Kleist Sykes
Kleist Sykes (1894–1949) was a Tanganyikan political activist. He helped form the Tanganyika African Association. Sykes was born in Pangani to father Sykes Mbuwane, a Zulu mercenary hired by the German Empire, and a Nyaturu mother. After his father died, Sykes moved with his godfather, Effendi Plantan, to Dar Es Salaam, and would later fight for the Germans in the First World War.[1] After the war, Sykes worked for the Tanganyika Railway
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Henry Kleist
Henry Kleist (September 29, 1860 – November 13, 1929) was a farmer from Rantoul, Wisconsin, United States, who served one term as a state senator.[1] He was a member of the Socialist Party. Kleist was born on a farm in the Town of Eaton, Manitowoc County, Wisconsin on September 29, 1860. Six years later his parents moved to the Town of Rantoul in Calumet County. He attended public schools as a boy in the winter, working on the farm in summer, and later worked in the woods in winter. After the 1888 death of his father, he and his brother, Charles, operated the homestead farm, now known as Kleist Brothers' Grain and Dairy Farm, and continued to live with their mother. By 1918, he was president of the Calumet County branch of the American Society of Equity (at that time "the greatest farmer organization that the State had ever known"[2]) and the Farmers Advancement Association of Brillion. He had a long history of activism in both farmers' organizations
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Franz Kasimir Von Kleist
Franz Kasimir von Kleist (25 January 1736 – 30 March 1808) was an infantry general of the Kingdom of Prussia. In 1806 as Governor of Magdeburg he capitulated to Napoleon's troops, for which he was posthumously condemned to death.Contents1 Life and career 2 Family 3 Sources 4 Notes and referencesLife and career[edit] Kleist was born in Stettin, the youngest son of Lt Gen Franz Ulrich von Kleist and his first wife Luise Eleonore (née von Putlitz). In 1762 he was appointed adjutant to King Frederick II of Prussia. In 1788 he was promoted to Major General and Commander in Chief of the Old Prussian Infantry Regiment No. 12 (1806) (the Regiment Wunsch zu Fuß). In 1800 he was appointed Commander in Chief of the Old Prussian Infantry Regiment No
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Henning Alexander Von Kleist (1707–1784)
Henning Alexander von Kleist (4 June 1707 in Raddatz–20 January 1784 in Spandau) was a Prussian Lieutenant-General and Chief of Fusiliers. He was a winner of the Order Pour le Merite and hereditary lord of properties at Juchow, Zammenz and Falkenhagen. He was also Governor of the Spandau Citadel. Military service[edit] Kleist belonged to an old Pomeranian family that stemmed from the year 1175, and the family served the Duke Bogislaw X, Duke of Pomerania in his wars. In the 14th century, the family divided into two stems: the Raddatzer line, and the Wilanow line. The latter line died out in the first quarter of the sixteenth century.[1] His parents were Georg Jürgen von Kleist (17 July 1674 – 30 May 1743) (House Raddatz) and Maria Katharina (née von Kleist) (4 June 1676 – 26 March 1754). His maternal uncle Henning Alexander von Kleist took him in 24 February 1721 as a cadet into his infantry regiment, then called the Old Anhalt regiment
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Franz Alexander Von Kleist
Franz Alexander von Kleist (24 December 1769 – 8 August 1797) was a German poet of the late 18th century.Contents1 Life 2 Works 3 Children 4 Sources 5 External linksLife[edit] Franz Alexander was a member of the noble Pomeranian von Kleist family. He was born in Potsdam, son of General Franz Kasimir von Kleist (1736–1808) and his wife Caroline Luise Eleonore Johanne (also née von Kleist, but of the Zützen branch of the family; 1747–1780). General Friedrich Ludwig Heinrich von Kleist was his younger brother. In 1784 Franz Alexander entered the Prussian Infantry Regiment of the Duke of Brunswick ("Herzog von Braunschweig"). His regiment was stationed in Halberstadt, where he came into close contact with Johann Wilhelm Ludwig Gleim, who because of his earlier friendship with Ewald Christian von Kleist, who fell in battle in 1759, had a particular inclination towards him
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Henning Alexander Von Kleist
War of Spanish Succession Great Northern WarSiege of Stralsund (1711–15)War of the Austrian SuccessionBattle of Mollwitz 2nd Silesian WarAwards Order of the Black Eagle Pour le MeriteSpouse(s) Albertine Marie von Biedersee Henning Alexander von Kleist
Henning Alexander von Kleist
(1676/77–1749) was an 18th-century Prussian
Prussian
field marshal. He fought in the War of Spanish Succession, the Great Northern War, and in the Wars of Austrian Succession
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Kleist Prize
The Kleist Prize is an annual German literature
German literature
prize. The prize was first awarded in 1912, on the occasion of the hundredth anniversary of the death of Heinrich von Kleist. The Kleist Prize was the most important literary award of the Weimar Republic, but was discontinued in 1933. In 1985 the prize was awarded for the first time in over fifty years. Between 1994 and 2000 it was awarded biennially
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Ewald Jürgen Georg Von Kleist
Ewald Georg von Kleist
Ewald Georg von Kleist
(10 June 1700 – 11 December 1748) was a German jurist, Lutheran cleric, and physicist. A member of the von Kleist family, Ewald was born in Vietzow (Wicewo) in Farther Pomerania. He studied jurisprudence at the University of Leipzig and the University of Leyden
University of Leyden
and may have started his interest in electricity at the latter university under the influence of Willem 's Gravesande. From 1722-1745 he was dean of the cathedral at Kammin in the Kingdom of Prussia, after which he became president of the royal court of justice in Köslin. On 11 October 1745 he independently invented the Kleistian jar
Kleistian jar
which could store electricity in large quantities. He communicated this discovery to a group of Berlin scientists in late 1745, and the news was transferred in a confused form to Leyden University where it was further investigated
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