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Kitchen Utensil
A KITCHEN UTENSIL is a small hand held tool used for food preparation. Common kitchen tasks include cutting food items to size, heating food on an open fire or on a stove, baking, grinding, mixing, blending, and measuring; different utensils are made for each task. A general purpose utensil such as a chef's knife may be used for a variety of foods; other kitchen utensils are highly specialized and may be used only in connection with preparation of a particular type of food, such as an egg separator or an apple corer . Some specialized utensils are used when an operation is to be repeated many times, or when the cook has limited dexterity or mobility. The number of utensils in a household kitchen varies with time and the style of cooking. A COOKING UTENSIL is a utensil for cooking
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Tel Aviv
TEL AVIV (Hebrew : תֵּל אָבִיב-יָפוֹ‎, , Arabic : تل أَبيب-يافا‎‎) is a major city in Israel
Israel
, located on the country\'s Mediterranean coastline . It is the financial center and the technology hub of Israel
Israel
, with a population of 432,892, making it Israel's second-largest city. Tel Aviv
Tel Aviv
is the largest city in the Gush Dan region of Israel. Tel Aviv
Tel Aviv
is also a focal point in the high-tech concentration known as the Silicon Wadi . Tel Aviv
Tel Aviv
is governed by the Tel Aviv-Yafo Municipality , headed by Ron Huldai , and is home to many foreign embassies . Tel Aviv
Tel Aviv
is a global city and is the 32nd most important financial center in the world
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Israeli Defence Forces
The ISRAEL DEFENSE FORCES (IDF; Hebrew : צְבָא הַהֲגָנָה לְיִשְׂרָאֵל‎ Tsva ha-Hagana le-Yisra\'el , lit. "The Army of Defense for Israel"; Arabic : جيش الدفاع الإسرائيلي‎‎), commonly known in Israel by the Hebrew acronym Tzahal (צה״ל‎), are the military forces of the State of Israel . They consist of the ground forces , air force , and navy . It is the sole military wing of the Israeli security forces , and has no civilian jurisdiction within Israel. The IDF is headed by its Chief of General Staff , the Ramatkal, subordinate to the Defense Minister of Israel ; Lieutenant general (Rav Aluf ) Gadi Eizenkot has served as Chief of Staff since 2015. An order from Defense Minister David Ben-Gurion on 26 May 1948 officially set up the Israel Defense Forces as a conscript army formed out of the paramilitary group Haganah , incorporating the militant groups Irgun and Lehi
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European Union
The EUROPEAN UNION (EU) is a political and economic union of 28 member states that are located primarily in Europe. It has an area of 4,475,757 km2 (1,728,099 sq mi), and an estimated population of over 510 million. The EU has developed an internal single market through a standardised system of laws that apply in all member states. EU policies aim to ensure the free movement of people, goods, services, and capital within the internal market, enact legislation in justice and home affairs, and maintain common policies on trade, agriculture , fisheries , and regional development . Within the Schengen Area , passport controls have been abolished. A monetary union was established in 1999 and came into full force in 2002, and is composed of 19 EU member states which use the euro currency
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Spice Rack
A SPICE is a seed , fruit , root , bark , or other plant substance primarily used for flavoring , coloring or preserving food. Spices are distinguished from herbs , which are the leaves, flowers, or stems of plants used for flavoring or as a garnish . Spices may be ground into a powder for convenience and many spices have antimicrobial properties. This may explain why spices are more commonly used in warmer climates, which have more infectious diseases , and why the use of spices is prominent in meat, which is particularly susceptible to spoiling. Spices are sometimes used in medicine , religious rituals , cosmetics or perfume production, or as a vegetable
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Mentha
MENTHA (also known as MINT, from Greek míntha, Linear B
Linear B
mi-ta) is a genus of plants in the family Lamiaceae
Lamiaceae
(MINT FAMILY). It is estimated that 13 to 18 species exist, and the exact distinction between species is still unclear. Hybridization between some of the species occurs naturally . Many other hybrids , as well as numerous cultivars , are known. The genus has a subcosmopolitan distribution across Europe, Africa, Asia, Australia, and North America. Mints are aromatic, almost exclusively perennial , rarely annual herbs . They have wide-spreading underground and overground stolons and erect, square, branched stems. The leaves are arranged in opposite pairs, from oblong to lanceolate , often downy, and with a serrated margin. Leaf
Leaf
colors range from dark green and gray-green to purple, blue, and sometimes pale yellow
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Toxicity
TOXICITY is the degree to which a chemical substance or a particular mixture of substances can damage an organism . Toxicity
Toxicity
can refer to the effect on a whole organism, such as an animal , bacterium , or plant , as well as the effect on a substructure of the organism, such as a cell (cytotoxicity ) or an organ such as the liver (hepatotoxicity ). By extension, the word may be metaphorically used to describe toxic effects on larger and more complex groups, such as the family unit or society at large. Sometimes the word is more or less synonymous with poisoning in everyday usage. A central concept of toxicology is that the effects of a toxin are dose -dependent; even water can lead to water intoxication when taken in too high a dose, whereas for even a very toxic substance such as snake venom there is a dose below which there is no detectable toxic effect
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Steel
STEEL is an alloy of iron and other elements, primarily carbon . Because of its high tensile strength and low cost, it is a major component in buildings , infrastructure , tools , ships , automobiles , machines , appliances, and weapons . Steel's base metal is iron, which is able to take on two crystalline forms (allotropic forms), body centered cubic (BCC) and face centered cubic (FCC) , depending on its temperature. It is the interaction of those allotropes with the alloying elements, primarily carbon, that gives steel and cast iron their range of unique properties. In the body-centred cubic arrangement, there is an iron atom in the centre of each cube, and in the face-centred cubic, there is one at the center of each of the six faces of the cube. In pure iron, the crystal structure has relatively little resistance to the iron atoms slipping past one another, and so pure iron is quite ductile , or soft and easily formed
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Ionic Compound
In chemistry , an IONIC COMPOUND is a chemical compound composed of ions held together by electrostatic forces termed ionic bonding . The compound is neutral overall, but consists of positively charged ions called cations and negatively charged ions called anions . These can be simple ions such as the sodium (Na+) and chloride (Cl−) in sodium chloride , or polyatomic species such as the ammonium (NH+ 4) and carbonate (CO2− 3) ions in ammonium carbonate . Individual ions within an ionic compound usually have multiple nearest neighbours, so are not considered to be part of molecules, but instead part of a continuous three-dimensional network, usually in a crystalline structure . Ionic compounds containing hydrogen ions (H+) are classified as acids , and those containing basic ions hydroxide (OH−) or oxide (O2−) are classified as bases. Ionic compounds without these ions are also known as salts and can be formed by acid–base reactions
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Lead
LEAD is a chemical element with symbol PB (from the Latin
Latin
plumbum) and atomic number 82. It is a heavy metal with a density exceeding that of most common materials; it is soft, malleable , and melts at a relatively low temperature. When freshly cut, it has a bluish-white tint; it tarnishes to a dull gray upon exposure to air. Lead
Lead
has the second-highest atomic number of the classically stable elements and lies at the end of three major decay chains of heavier elements. Lead
Lead
is a relatively unreactive post-transition metal . Its weak metallic character is illustrated by its amphoteric nature (lead and lead oxides react with both acids and bases) and tendency to form covalent bonds . Compounds of lead are usually found in the +2 oxidation state, rather than the +4 common with lighter members of the carbon group
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Thermal Shock
THERMAL SHOCK occurs when a thermal gradient causes different parts of an object to expand by different amounts. This differential expansion can be understood in terms of stress or of strain , equivalently. At some point, this stress can exceed the strength of the material, causing a crack to form. If nothing stops this crack from propagating through the material, it will cause the object's structure to fail
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Aluminium
ALUMINIUM or ALUMINUM (see below ) is a chemical element with symbol AL and atomic number 13. It is a silvery-white, soft, nonmagnetic, ductile metal in the boron group . By mass, aluminium makes up about 8% of the Earth\'s crust ; it is the third most abundant element after oxygen and silicon and the most abundant metal in the crust, though it is less common in the mantle below. Aluminium
Aluminium
metal is so chemically reactive that native specimens are rare and limited to extreme reducing environments. Instead, it is found combined in over 270 different minerals . The chief ore of aluminium is bauxite . Aluminium
Aluminium
is remarkable for the metal's low density and its ability to resist corrosion through the phenomenon of passivation . Aluminium and its alloys are vital to the aerospace industry and important in transportation and building industries, such as building facades and window frames
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Caraway
CARAWAY, also known as MERIDIAN FENNEL, and PERSIAN CUMIN, (Carum carvi) is a biennial plant in the family Apiaceae
Apiaceae
, native to western Asia, Europe, and North Africa. The plant is similar in appearance to other members of the carrot family, with finely divided, feathery leaves with thread-like divisions, growing on 20–30 cm (7.9–11.8 in) stems. The main flower stem is 40–60 cm (16–24 in) tall, with small white or pink flowers in umbels . Caraway
Caraway
fruits (erroneously called seeds ) are crescent -shaped achenes , around 2 mm (0.08 in) long, with five pale ridges. Caraway
Caraway
NUTRITIONAL VALUE PER 100 G (3.5 OZ) ENERGY 333 kcal (1,390 kJ) CARBOHYDRATES 49.90 g SUGARS 0.64 g DIETARY FIBER 38.0 g FAT 14.59 g SATURATED 0.620 g MONOUNSATURATED 7.125 g POLYUNSATURATED 3.272 g PROTEIN 19.77 g VITAMINS VITAMIN A EQUIV
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Thyme
THYME (/ˈtaɪm/ ) is an aromatic perennial evergreen herb with culinary, medicinal, and ornamental uses. The most common variety is Thymus vulgaris
Thymus vulgaris
. Thyme
Thyme
is of the genus Thymus of the mint family ( Lamiaceae
Lamiaceae
), and a relative of the oregano genus Origanum . CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Cultivation * 3 Culinary use * 4 Medicinal use * 5 Important species and cultivars * 6 References * 7 Further reading HISTORYAncient Egyptians used thyme for embalming . The ancient Greeks used it in their baths and burnt it as incense in their temples, believing it was a source of courage . The spread of thyme throughout Europe was thought to be due to the Romans , as they used it to purify their rooms and to "give an aromatic flavour to cheese and liqueurs"
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Double Boiler
A BAIN-MARIE (pronounced ; also known as a WATER BATH or DOUBLE BOILER), a type of heated bath , is a piece of equipment used in science , industry , and cooking to heat materials gently and gradually to fixed temperatures, or to keep materials warm over a period of time. A bain-marie is also used to melt ingredients for cooking
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Griddle
A GRIDDLE is a cooking device consisting of a broad flat surface heated by gas, electricity, wood, or coal, with both residential and commercial applications. In industrialized countries, a griddle is most commonly a flat metal plate, elsewhere typically a brick slab or tablet. A residential griddle may be composed of chrome steel, aluminum, or carbon steel. The vast majority of commercial grade griddles are made from A36 steel , though some are stainless steel or composites of stainless and aluminum. Almost all residential and commercial griddles are heated directly or indirectly by flame or electrical elements
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