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Kingdom Of Portugal
The Kingdom of Portugal
Portugal
(Latin: Regnum Portugalliae, Portuguese: Reino de Portugal) was a monarchy on the Iberian Peninsula
Iberian Peninsula
and the predecessor of modern Portugal. It was in existence from 1139 until 1910. After 1248, it was also known as the Kingdom of Portugal
Portugal
and the Algarves, and between 1815 and 1822, it was known as the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil
Brazil
and the Algarves. The name is also often applied to the Portuguese Empire, the realm's extensive overseas colonies. The nucleus of the Portuguese state was the County of Portugal, established in the 9th century as part of the Reconquista, by Vímara Peres, a vassal of the King of Asturias
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Latin Language
Latin
Latin
(Latin: lingua latīna, IPA: [ˈlɪŋɡʷa laˈtiːna]) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages. The Latin alphabet
Latin alphabet
is derived from the Etruscan and Greek alphabets and ultimately from the Phoenician alphabet. Latin
Latin
was originally spoken in the area around Rome, known as Latium.[4] Through the power of the Roman Republic, it became the dominant language in Italy, and subsequently throughout the western Roman Empire. Vulgar Latin
Vulgar Latin
developed into the Romance languages, such as Italian, French, Portuguese, Romanian, and Spanish. Latin, Greek and French have contributed many words to the English language
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Portuguese Real
The real (Portuguese pronunciation: [ʁɨˈaɫ], meaning "royal", plural: réis or [archaic] reais) was the unit of currency of Portugal from around 1430 until 1911. It replaced the dinheiro at the rate of 1 real = 840 dinheiros and was itself replaced by the escudo (as a result of the Republican revolution of 1910) at a rate of 1 escudo = 1000 réis. The escudo was further replaced by the euro at a rate of 1 euro = 200.482 escudos in 2002.Contents1 History 2 Coins 3 Banknotes 4 See also 5 References 6 Bibliography 7 External linksHistory[edit] Portuguese Malacca
Portuguese Malacca
tin coins of King Emmanuel (1495-1521) and John III (1521-1557) period were discovered during an excavation near the Malacca River mouth by W
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Chamber Of Peers (Portugal)
Chamber, chambers or the chamber may refer to:Contents1 In government and organizations 2 In media and entertainment 3 In rooms or spaces 4 See alsoIn government and organizations[edit]Chambers of commerce, a business network with local, regional, national, international and bi-lateral Chambers Chambers of parliament, in politics Debate chamber, the space or room that houses deliberative assemblies such as legislatures, parliaments, or councils.In media and entertainment[edit] Chamber
Chamber
(comics), a Marvel Comics superhero associated with the X-Men
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Chamber Of Deputies
The chamber of deputies is the legislative body such as the lower house of a bicameral legislature, or also a unicameral legislature.Contents1 Description 2 Lower house
Lower house
in bicameral legislature 3 Unicameral
Unicameral
legislatures 4 Defunct chambers of deputies 5 See also 6 ReferencesDescription[edit] Historically, "French Chamber of Deputies" was the lower house of the French Parliament
French Parliament
during the Bourbon Restoration, the July Monarchy, and the French Third Republic; the name is still informally used for the National Assembly under the nation's current Fifth Republic. The term "chamber of deputies" — although it was used as the name of the lower house of parliament in Burma, a former British colony — is not widely used by English-speaking countries, the more popular equivalent being "House of Representatives"
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Portuguese Restoration War
Restoration
Restoration
may refer to:Contents1 Conservation, ecology, and environment 2 Cultural heritage 3 General 4 History 5 Arts 6 Technology 7 Medicine 8 Religion 9 Title or name 10 Vehicles 11 Other uses 12 See alsoConservation, ecology, and environment[edit] Assisted natural regeneration
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List Of Countries And Dependencies By Area
This is a list of the world's countries and their dependent territories by area, ranked by total area. Entries in this list include, but are not limited to, those in the ISO 3166-1 standard, which includes sovereign states and dependent territories
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List Of Countries By Population
This is a list of countries and dependent territories by population. It includes sovereign states, inhabited dependent territories and, in some cases, constituent countries of sovereign states, with inclusion within the list being primarily based on the ISO standard ISO 3166-1. For instance, the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
is considered as a single entity while the constituent countries of the Kingdom of the Netherlands
Kingdom of the Netherlands
are considered separately. In addition, this list includes certain states with limited recognition not found in ISO 3166-1. The population figures do not reflect the practice of countries that report significantly different populations of citizens domestically and overall
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Portuguese Dinheiro
The dinheiro was the currency of Portugal
Portugal
from around the late 12th century until approximately 1502. For accounting purposes, twelve dinheiros equalled one soldo and twenty soldos equal one libra. The basis of the monetary system was that of the Roman Empire (denarii, solidi, librae). The first Portuguese coins were issued by the first king, Afonso I. Some time after 1179, he ordered the issue of coins in denominations of half a dinheiro (called a mealha) and one dinheiro.[1] They were copied from the Spanish dinero and were consequently minted in billon. These circulated alongside E$L Byzantine siliquae and Moorish dirhem and dinar. Around 1200, Sancho I also introduced the gold morabitino (cf. Spanish maravedí), worth 15 soldos. A century later, in the reign of King Denis, the silver tornês was introduced, worth 5½ soldos. In 1380, King Ferdinand I introduced several new coins
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East Timor
East Timor
Timor
(/-ˈtiːmɔːr/ (listen)) or Timor-Leste (/tiˈmɔːr ˈlɛʃteɪ/; Tetum: Timór Lorosa'e), officially the Democratic Republic
Republic
of Timor-Leste[11] (Portuguese: República Democrática de Timor-Leste,[12] Tetum: Repúblika Demokrátika Timór-Leste),[13] is a country in Maritime Southeast Asia.[14] It comprises the eastern half of the island of Timor, the nearby islands of Atauro and Jaco, and Oecusse, an exclave on the northwestern side of the island surrounded by Indonesian West Timor. Australia
Australia
is the country's southern neighbour, separated by the Timor
Timor
Sea
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List Of Prime Ministers Of Portugal
The Prime Minister of the Portuguese Republic (Portuguese: Primeiro-Ministro da República Portuguesa) is the head of the country's Government. He/she coordinates the actions of all ministers, represents the Government
Government
as a whole, reports his actions and is accountable to the Assembly of the Republic, and keeps the President of the Republic informed. There is no limit to the number of mandates as Prime Minister. He/she is appointed by the President of the Republic, after the legislative elections and after an audience with every leader of a party represented at the Assembly
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Equatorial Guinea
Fang Bube Combe Pidgin English Annobonese, Igbo[4][5]Ethnic groups (1994[6])81.7% Fang 6.5% Bubi 3.6% Ndowe 1.6% Annobon 1.1% Bujeba (Kwasio) 5.4% Igbo and othersaDemonymEquatorial Guinean EquatoguineanGovernmentUnitary dominant-party presidential republic (de jure) Unitary one-party state under totalitarian dictatorship (de facto)[7]• PresidentTeodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo• Prime MinisterFrancisco Pascual Obama Asue• First Vice PresidentTeodoro Nguema Obiang MangueLegislature Parliament• Upper houseSenate• Lower houseChamber of DeputiesIndependence• from Spain12 October 1968Area• Total28,050 km2 (10,830 sq mi) (141st)• Water (%)negligiblePopulation• 2016 estimate1,221,490[8]• 2015 c
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French Guiana
French Guiana
French Guiana
(pronounced /ɡiːˈɑːnə/ or /ɡiːˈænə/, French: Guyane française; French pronunciation: ​[ɡɥijan fʁɑ̃sɛz]), officially called Guiana (French: Guyane), is an overseas department and region of France, on the north Atlantic coast of South America
South America
in the Guyanas. It borders Brazil
Brazil
to the east and south and Suriname
Suriname
to the west. Its 83,534 km2 (32,253 sq mi) area has a very low population density of only 3.4 inhabitants per square kilometre (8.8/sq mi), with half of its 281,612 inhabitants in 2018 living in the metropolitan area of Cayenne, its capital
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France
France
France
(French: [fʁɑ̃s]), officially the French Republic (French: République française [ʁepyblik fʁɑ̃sɛz]), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France
France
in western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan area of France
France
extends from the Mediterranean Sea
Mediterranean Sea
to the English Channel
English Channel
and the North Sea, and from the Rhine
Rhine
to the Atlantic Ocean. The overseas territories include French Guiana
French Guiana
in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans
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Ghana
Coordinates: 7°49′N 1°03′W / 7.817°N 1.050°W / 7.817; -1.050 Republic
Republic
of GhanaFlagCoat of armsMotto: "Freedom and Justice"Anthem: God Bless Our Homeland Ghana[1]Capital and largest city Accra 5°33′N 0°12′W / 5.550°N 0.200°W / 5.550; -0.200Official languages English[2][3]National languagesAsante Twi, Akuapem Twi, Bono, Dagaare, Dagbani, Dangme, Ewe, Ga, Gonja, Kasem, Fante, Nzema, Wasa, Talensi, Frafra, Hausa, Ghanaian Sign LanguageEthnic groups (2010[3][4])47.
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Guinea-Bissau
Guinea- Bissau
Bissau
(/ˈɡɪni bɪˈsaʊ/ ( listen)), officially the Republic
Republic
of Guinea- Bissau
Bissau
(Portuguese: República da Guiné-Bissau [ʁeˈpublikɐ dɐ ɡiˈnɛ biˈsaw]), is a sovereign state in West Africa. It covers 36,125 square kilometres (13,948 sq mi) with an estimated population of 1,815,698.[2] Guinea- Bissau
Bissau
was once part of the kingdom of Gabu, as well as part of the Mali
Mali
Empire. Parts of this kingdom persisted until the 18th century, while a few others were under some rule by the Portuguese Empire since the 16th century. In the 19th century, it was colonized as Portuguese Guinea. Upon independence, declared in 1973 and recognised in 1974, the name of its capital, Bissau, was added to the country's name to prevent confusion with Guinea
Guinea
(formerly French Guinea)
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