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Kingdom Of Italy (1861-1946)
The Kingdom of Italy
Italy
(Italian: Regno d'Italia) was a state which existed from 1861—when King Victor Emmanuel II
King Victor Emmanuel II
of Sardinia was proclaimed King of Italy—until 1946—when a constitutional referendum led civil discontent to abandon the monarchy and form the Italian Republic. The state was founded as a result of the unification of Italy
Italy
under the influence of the Kingdom of Sardinia, which can be considered its legal predecessor state. Italy
Italy
declared war on Austria in alliance with Prussia in 1866 and received the region of Veneto
Veneto
following their victory. Italian troops entered Rome
Rome
in 1870, ending more than one thousand years of Papal temporal power
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Kingdom Of Italy (other)
Kingdom of Italy
Kingdom of Italy
in a modern context usually refers to the predecessor state of modern Italy, 1861–1946. Kingdom of Italy
Kingdom of Italy
may also refer to:Odoacer's Kingdom (476–493)
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List Of Countries And Dependencies By Area
This is a list of the world's countries and their dependent territories by area, ranked by total area. Entries in this list, include, but are not limited to, those in the ISO standard 3166-1, which includes sovereign states and dependent territories
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Benito Mussolini
Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini
Mussolini
(/bəˈniːtoʊ mʊsəˈliːni, muːsə-/; Italian: [beˈnito mussoˈlini];[1] 29 July 1883 – 28 April 1945) was an Italian politician and journalist who was the leader of the National Fascist Party
National Fascist Party
(Partito Nazionale Fascista; PNF)
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Duce
Duce
Duce
(Italian pronunciation: [ˈduːtʃe], leader) is an Italian title, derived from the Latin word dux, and cognate with duke. National Fascist Party
National Fascist Party
leader Benito Mussolini
Benito Mussolini
was identified by Fascists as Il Duce
Duce
("The Leader") of the movement. In 1925 it became a reference to the dictatorial position of Sua Eccellenza Benito Mussolini, Capo del Governo, Duce
Duce
del Fascismo e Fondatore dell'Impero ("His Excellency
Excellency
Benito Mussolini, Head of Government, Leader of Fascism
Fascism
and Founder of the Empire").[1] Mussolini held this title together with that of President of the Council of Ministers: this was the constitutional position which entitled him to rule Italy
Italy
on behalf of the King of Italy
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Alcide De Gasperi
Alcide Amedeo Francesco De Gasperi (Italian pronunciation: [alˈtʃiːde de ˈɡasperi]; 3 April 1881 – 19 August 1954) was an Italian statesman who founded the Christian Democracy party.[1] From 1945 to 1953 he was the Prime Minister of Italy, leading eight successive coalition governments. De Gasperi was the last Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Italy, serving under both King Victor Emmanuel III
Victor Emmanuel III
and King Umberto II. His eight-year term in office remains a landmark of political longevity for a leader in modern Italian politics
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Italian Parliament
The Italian Parliament
Italian Parliament
(Italian: Parlamento Italiano) is the national parliament of the Italian Republic. The Parliament is the representative body of Italian citizens and is the successor to the Parliament of the Kingdom of Sardinia
Parliament of the Kingdom of Sardinia
(1848-1861) and the Parliament of the Kingdom of Italy
Italy
(1861-1946). It is a bicameral legislature with 945 elected members and a small number of unelected members (parlamentari)
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Senate Of The Kingdom Of Italy
The Senate of the Kingdom of Italy
Senate of the Kingdom of Italy
was the upper house of the bicameral parliament of the Kingdom of Italy, established on 17 March 1861 upon Italian unification
Italian unification
to replace the Subalpine Senate. It was suppressed on 7 November 1947 and replaced by the present-day Senate of the Republic
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Chamber Of Deputies (Kingdom Of Italy)
The Chamber of Deputies of the Kingdom of Italy
Kingdom of Italy
(Camera dei deputati del Regno d'Italia) was the main legislative body of the Kingdom of Italy descended from the lower house of the Kingdom of Sardinia, but supplemented with deputies from territories captured during the Second Italian War of Independence and the Expedition of the Thousand. Along with the Senate of the Kingdom of Italy, it formed the Italian Parliament from 1861 until 1939. Its electors were initially selected by wealth and then by literacy, before the introduction of universal suffrage for all men over 21 in 1919
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Italian Unification
Timeline Italy
Italy
portalv t e Italian unification
Italian unification
(Italian: Unità d'Italia [uniˈta ddiˈtaːlja]), or the Risorgimento
Risorgimento
([risordʒiˈmento], meaning "the Resurgence" or "revival"), was the political and social movement that consolidated different states of the Italian peninsula
Italian peninsula
into the single state of the Kingdom of Italy
Italy
in the 19th century
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March On Rome
National Fascist Party BlackshirtsCommanders and leaders Luigi Facta Antonio Salandra Benito Mussolini Emilio De Bono Italo Balbo Cesare Maria De Vecchi Michele BianchiPolitical supportLiberal and Socialist parties Military and the business classMilitary supportItalian Police and Armed Forces 30,000 MilitiamenThe March on Rome
Rome
(Italian: Marcia su Roma) was an organized mass demonstration in October 1922, which resulted in Benito Mussolini's National Fascist Party
National Fascist Party
(Partito Nazionale Fascista, or PNF) acceding to power in the Kingdom of Italy
Kingdom of Italy
(Regno d'Italia). In late October 1922, Fascist Party leaders planned an insurrection, to take place on 28 October. When fascist troops entered Rome, Prime Minister
Prime Minister
Luigi Facta wished to declare a state of siege, but this was overruled by the king
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25 Luglio
v t eThis article is about the fall of Fascism
Fascism
in the Kingdom of Italy
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Italian Institutional Referendum, 1946
An institutional referendum (referendum istituzionale, or referendum sulla forma istituzionale dello Stato, in Italian)[1][2][3] was held in Italy
Italy
on 2 June 1946,[4] a key event of Italian contemporary history. Until 1946, Italy
Italy
was a kingdom ruled by the House of Savoy, kings of Italy
Italy
since the Risorgimento
Risorgimento
and previously rulers of Savoy. However, Benito Mussolini, enjoying the support of the reigning monarch, imposed fascism after the 28 October 1922 March on Rome, eventually engaging Italy
Italy
in World War II
World War II
alongside Nazi Germany. In 1946, Italy
Italy
became a republic after the results of a popular referendum. Monarchists had suspicions of fraud, but were never able to prove these
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List Of Countries By Population
This is a list of countries and dependent territories by population. It includes sovereign states, inhabited dependent territories and, in some cases, constituent countries of sovereign states, with inclusion within the list being primarily based on the ISO standard ISO 3166-1. For instance, the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
is considered as a single entity while the constituent countries of the Kingdom of the Netherlands
Kingdom of the Netherlands
are considered separately. In addition, this list includes certain states with limited recognition not found in ISO 3166-1. The population figures do not reflect the practice of countries that report significantly different populations of citizens domestically and overall
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Prime Minister Of Italy
The President of the Council of Ministers of the Italian Republic[2] (Italian: Presidente del Consiglio dei ministri della Repubblica Italiana), commonly referred to in Italy
Italy
as Presidente del Consiglio and known in English as the Prime Minister of Italy, is the head of government of the Italian Republic. The office of Prime Minister is established by Articles 92 through to 96 of the Constitution of Italy. The Prime Minister is appointed by the President of the Republic after each general election and must have the confidence of the Parliament of Italy
Italy
to stay in office. Prior to the establishment of the Italian Republic, the position was called "President of the Council of Ministers of the Kingdom of Italy" (Presidente del Consiglio dei ministri del Regno d'Italia)
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Italian Lira
The lira (Italian: [ˈliːra]; plural lire [ˈliːre]) was the currency of Italy
Italy
between 1861 and 2002 and of the Albanian Kingdom between 1941 and 1943. Between 1999 and 2002, the Italian lira
Italian lira
was officially a national subunit of the euro. However, cash payments could be made in lira only, as euro coins or notes were not yet available. The lira was also the currency of the Napoleonic Kingdom of Italy
Italy
between 1807 and 1814. The term originates from the value of a pound weight (Latin: libra) of high purity silver and as such is a direct cognate of the British pound sterling; in some countries, such as Cyprus
Cyprus
and Malta, the words lira and pound were used as equivalents, before the euro was adopted in 2008 in the two countries. "L", sometimes in a double-crossed script form ("₤"), was the symbol most often used
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