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Kingdom Of France
La Parisienne (1830–1848) "The Parisian"The Kingdom of France
France
in 1789.Capital Paris
Paris
(987–1682) Versailles (1682–1789)
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Chamber Of Peers (France)
The Chamber of Peers (French: Chambre des Pairs) was the upper house of the French parliament
French parliament
from 1814 to 1848. History[edit] The Peerage of France
Peerage of France
was recreated by the Charter of 1814
Charter of 1814
at the same time as the Bourbon Restoration, albeit on a different basis from that of the ancien regime before 1789. A new Chamber of Peers was created which was similar to the British House of Lords, and it met at the Palais du Luxembourg. Like the House of Lords, the Chamber of Peers had a judicial function, being authorized to judge peers and other prominent people. As such, it judged Marshall Ney
Marshall Ney
to death. This new Chamber of Peers acted as the Upper House
Upper House
of the French parliament
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Alsatian Language
Alsatian (Alsatian and Alemannic German: Elsässerditsch (Alsatian German); Frankish: Elsässerdeitsch; French: Alsacien; German: Elsässisch or Elsässerdeutsch) is a Low Alemannic German
Alemannic German
dialect spoken in most of Alsace, a formerly disputed region in eastern France that has passed between French and German control five times since 1681. A dialect of Alsatian German is spoken in the United States by the so-called Swiss Amish, whose ancestors emigrated there in the middle of the 19th century
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François Guizot
François Pierre Guillaume Guizot (French: [fʁɑ̃swa pjɛʁ ɡijom ɡizo]; 4 October 1787 – 12 September 1874) was a French historian, orator, and statesman. Guizot was a dominant figure in French politics prior to the Revolution of 1848. A conservative liberal who opposed the attempt by King Charles X
Charles X
to usurp legislative power, he worked to sustain a constitutional monarchy following the July Revolution
July Revolution
of 1830. He then served the "citizen king" Louis Philippe, as Minister of Education, 1832–37, ambassador to London, Foreign Minister 1840–1847, and finally Prime Minister of France
Prime Minister of France
from 19 September 1847 to 23 February 1848. Guizot's influence was critical in expanding public education, which under his ministry saw the creation of primary schools in every French commune
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Capetian Dynasty
The Capetian dynasty
Capetian dynasty
(/kəˈpiːʃən/), also known as the House of France, is a dynasty of Frankish origin, founded by Hugh Capet. It is among the largest and oldest royal houses in Europe and the world, and consists of Hugh Capet's male-line descendants. The senior line ruled in France
France
as the House of Capet
House of Capet
from the election of Hugh Capet
Hugh Capet
in 987 until the death of Charles IV in 1328. That line was succeeded by cadet branches, the Houses of Valois and then Bourbon, which ruled until the French Revolution. The dynasty had a crucial role in the formation of the French state. Initially obeyed only in their own demesne, the Île-de-France, the Capetian kings slowly but steadily increased their power and influence until it grew to cover the entirety of their realm
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Philip II Of France
Philip II, known as Philip Augustus (French: Philippe Auguste; 21 August 1165 – 14 July 1223), was King of France
King of France
from 1180 to 1223, a member of the House of Capet
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Écu
The term écu (French pronunciation: ​[eky]) or crown[1] may refer to one of several French coins.[2] The first écu was a gold coin (the écu d'or) minted during the reign of Louis IX of France, in 1266. Écu
Écu
(from Latin
Latin
scutum) means shield, and the coin was so called because its design included a shield bearing a coat of arms. The word is related to scudo and escudo. The value of the écu varied considerably over time, and silver coins (known as écu d'argent) were also introduced.Contents1 History1.1 Origin 1.2 Development 1.3 Final form 1.4 French Revolution2 ReferencesHistory[edit] Origin[edit] When Louis IX took the throne, France
France
still used small silver deniers, which had circulated since the time of Charlemagne to the exclusion of larger silver or gold coins
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Chamber Of Deputies (France)
Chamber of Deputies (French: la Chambre des députés) was the name given to several parliamentary bodies in France
France
in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries:1814–1848 during the Bourbon Restoration
Bourbon Restoration
and the July Monarchy, the Chamber of Deputies was the Lower chamber
Lower chamber
of the French Parliament, elected by census suffrage. 1875–1940 during the French Third Republic, the Chamber of Deputies was the legislative assembly of the French Parliament, elected by universal suffrage
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Absolute Monarchy In France
Absolute monarchy
Absolute monarchy
in France slowly emerged in the 16th century and became firmly established during the 17th century. Absolute monarchy is a variation of the governmental form of monarchy in which all governmental power and responsibility emanates from and is centered in the monarch. In France, Louis XIV
Louis XIV
was the most famous exemplar of absolute monarchy, with his court central to French political and cultural life during his reign.Contents1 Introduction 2 Establishing absolute monarchy in France 3 Consequences 4 See also 5 ReferencesIntroduction[edit] The 16th century was strongly influenced by religious conflicts[1] developing out of the establishment of Lutheranism
Lutheranism
and permanent wars. However, France’s critical position turned out to be of a central meaning for the formation and theoretical justification of absolute monarchy
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Monarchy
A monarchy is a form of government in which a group, generally a family representing a dynasty (aristocracy), embodies the country's national identity and its head, the monarch, exercises the role of sovereignty. The actual power of the monarch may vary from purely symbolic (crowned republic), to partial and restricted (constitutional monarchy), to completely autocratic (absolute monarchy). Traditionally the monarch's post is inherited and lasts until death or abdication. In contrast, elective monarchies require the monarch to be elected.[1] Both types have further variations as there are widely divergent structures and traditions defining monarchy. For example, in some[which?] elected monarchies only pedigrees are taken into account for eligibility of the next ruler, whereas many hereditary monarchies impose requirements regarding the religion, age, gender, mental capacity, etc
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Feudalism
Feudalism
Feudalism
was a combination of legal and military customs in medieval Europe that flourished between the 9th and 15th centuries
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History Of Roman Catholicism In France
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.29 billion members worldwide.[4] As one of the oldest religious institutions in the world, it has played a prominent role in the history and development of Western civilisation.[5] Headed by the Bishop of Rome, known as the Pope, the church's doctrines are summarised in the Nicene Creed
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Constitutional Monarchy
A constitutional monarchy is a form of monarchy in which the sovereign exercise authority in accordance with a written or unwritten constitution.[1] Constitutional monarchy
Constitutional monarchy
differs from absolute monarchy (in which a monarch holds absolute power), in that constitutional monarchs are bound to exercise their powers and authorities within the limits prescribed within an established legal framework
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Basque Language
Basque (/bæsk/ or /bɑːsk/;[4] Basque: euskara, IPA: [eus̺ˈkaɾa]) is the language spoken in the Basque country. Linguistically, Basque is unrelated to the other languages of Europe and indeed, as a language isolate, to any other known living language. The Basques
Basques
are indigenous to, and primarily inhabit, the Basque Country, a region that straddles the westernmost Pyrenees
Pyrenees
in adjacent parts of northern Spain
Spain
and southwestern France
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Breton Language
50-ABB-b (varieties: 50-ABB-ba to -be)Regional distribution of Breton speakers (2004)This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode
Unicode
characters. For an introductory guide on IPA symbols, see Help:IPA.Breton (/ˈbrɛtən/; brezhoneg [bʁeˈzõːnɛk] ( listen)[5] or [brəhõˈnek] in Morbihan) is a Southwestern Brittonic Celtic language spoken in Brittany. Breton was brought from Great Britain
Great Britain
to Armorica
Armorica
by migrating Britons during the Early Middle Ages; it is thus an Insular Celtic language, and as such not closely related to the Continental Celtic Gaulish language which had been spoken in pre-Roman Gaul
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History Of French
French is a Romance language
Romance language
(meaning that it is descended primarily from Vulgar Latin) that evolved out of the Gallo-Romance
Gallo-Romance
spoken in northern France. The discussion of the history of a language is typically divided into "extern
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