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Kim Il Sung
Kim Il-sung
Kim Il-sung
or Kim Il Sung (/ˈkɪm ˈɪlˈsʌŋ, ˈsʊŋ/;[1] Chosŏn'gŭl: 김일성, Korean: [kimils͈ʌŋ]; born Kim Sŏng-ju (김성주); 15 April 1912 – 8 July 1994) was the leader of North Korea
North Korea
from its establishment in 1948 until his death in 1994.[2] He held the posts of Premier from 1948 to 1972 and President from 1972 to 1994. He was also the leader of the Workers' Party of Korea
Korea
(WPK) from 1949 to 1994 (titled chairman from 1949 to 1966 and general secretary after 1966). Coming to power after the end of Japanese rule in 1945, he authorized the invasion of South Korea
South Korea
in 1950, triggering a defense of South Korea
South Korea
by the United Nations
United Nations
led by the United States. Following the military stalemate in the Korean War, a cease-fire was signed on 27 July 1953
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Korean Name
A Korean name
Korean name
consists of a family name followed by a given name, as used by the Korean people
Korean people
in both South Korea
South Korea
and North Korea. In the Korean language, ireum or seongmyeong usually refers to the family name (seong) and given name (ireum in a narrow sense) together. Traditional Korean family names typically consist of only one syllable. There is no middle name in the English language sense. Many Koreans have their given names made of a generational name syllable and an individually distinct syllable, though this practice is declining in the younger generations. The generational name syllable is shared by siblings in North Korea, and by all members of the same generation of an extended family in South Korea. Married men and women usually keep their full personal names, and children inherit the father's family name. The family names are subdivided into bon-gwan (clans), i.e
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Kim Pyong-il
Kim Pyong-il
Kim Pyong-il
(Korean pronunciation: [kim.pʰjʌŋ.il]; born 10 August 1954) is the younger paternal half-brother of the former leader of North Korea, Kim Jong-il, and the only surviving son of former leader and president of North Korea
North Korea
Kim Il-sung.[1] He is the current ambassador of North Korea
North Korea
to the Czech Republic.Contents1 Family background and early life 2 Diplomatic career 3 Relations with Pyongyang 4 See also 5 References 6 External linksFamily background and early life[edit] Kim was born to Kim Il-sung
Kim Il-sung
and Kim Song-ae, Kim Il-sung's former secretary
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Korea Under Japanese Rule
Korea under Japanese rule
Korea under Japanese rule
began with the end of the short-lived Korean Empire in 1910 and ended at the conclusion of World War II
World War II
in 1945. Japanese rule of Korea was the outcome of a process that began with the Japan–Korea Treaty of 1876, whereby a complex coalition of the Meiji government, military, and business officials sought to integrate Korea both politically and economically into the Empire of Japan. A major stepping-stone towards the Japanese occupation of Korea was the Japan–Korea Treaty of 1905, in which the then- Korean Empire
Korean Empire
was declared a protectorate of Japan. The annexation of Korea by Japan
Japan
was set up in the Japan–Korea Treaty of 1910, which was never actually signed by the Korean Regent, Gojong.[6][7][8] Imperial Japanese rule over Korea ended in 1945, when U.S. and Soviet forces captured the peninsula
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Hyangsan County
Hyangsan County
Hyangsan County
is a kun, or county, in North P'yŏngan province, North Korea. It was established, following the division of Korea, from portions of Nyŏngbyŏn county. The area of Myohyangsan
Myohyangsan
mountain, which stands on the county's border, has been developed as a tourist destination. Accordingly, there are numerous tourism-related institutions in the Myohangsan area.Contents1 Geography 2 Administrative divisions 3 Economy 4 Transportation 5 See also 6 Notes 7 External linksGeography[edit] The Myohyangsan
Myohyangsan
and Pinandŏk ranges pass through Hyangsan. The terrain is primarily mountainous, with numerous peaks. The highest of these is Pirobong. There are also many streams, of which the chief are the Ch'ŏngch'ŏn and Kuryong Rivers. Some 77% of the county's area is occupied by forestland
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North Pyongan Province
North Pyongan
Pyongan
Province (Phyŏnganbukto; Korean pronunciation: [pʰjʌŋ.an.buk̚.t͈o], also spelled North P'yŏngan), written before 1925 in English as Yeng Byen[1][2]) is a province of North Korea. The province was formed in 1896 from the northern half of the former P'yŏng'an Province, remained a province of Korea
Korea
until 1945, then became a province of North Korea. Its capital is Sinŭiju. In 2002, Sinŭiju Special
Special
Administrative Region—near the city of Sinuiju—was established as a separately governed Special
Special
Administrative Region.[citation needed]Contents1 Geography 2 Administrative divisions2.1 Cities 2.2 Counties3 Gallery 4 ReferencesGeography[edit] The Yalu River
Yalu River
forms the northern border with China
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Myocardial Infarction
Myocardial infarction
Myocardial infarction
(MI), commonly known as a heart attack, occurs when blood flow decreases or stops to a part of the heart, causing damage to the heart muscle.[1] The most common symptom is chest pain or discomfort which may travel into the shoulder, arm, back, neck, or jaw.[1] Often it occurs in the center or left side of the chest and lasts for more than a few minutes.[1] The discomfort may occasionally feel like heartburn.[1] Other symptoms may include shortness of breath, nausea, feeling faint, a cold sweat, or feeling tired.[1] About 30% of people have atypical symptoms.[7] Women more ofte
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Communist Party Of China
The Communist Party of China
China
(CPC), often referred to as the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), is the founding and ruling political party of the People's Republic of China. The Communist Party is the sole governing party of China, permitting only eight other, subordinated parties to co-exist, those making up the United Front. It was founded in 1921, chiefly by Chen Duxiu and Li Dazhao. The party grew quickly and by 1949 it had driven the nationalist Kuomintang
Kuomintang
(KMT) government from mainland China
China
after the Chinese Civil War, thus leading to the establishment of the People's Republic of China
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Kim Song-ae
Kim Sŏng-ae (29 December 1924[1] – September 2014[2]) was a North Korean politician and the second wife of North Korean leader Kim Il-sung.Contents1 Biography 2 See also 3 Notes 4 ReferencesBiography[edit] Kim Song-ae originally worked as a secretary.[3] She married Kim Il-sung in 1952, following the death of Kim Il-sung's first wife in 1949, although due to the Korean War
Korean War
no formal ceremony was held. One source indicates Kim Il-sung
Kim Il-sung
had had an affair with her even before his first wife died. She gave birth to a daughter (Kim Kyong-jin, 1953) and two sons (Kim Pyong-il, 1955; Kim Yong-il, 1957). She later rose in political power
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Kim Man-il
Kim Man-il (Hangul: 김만일; Hanja: 金萬一; 1944–1947/8) was the second son and child of North Korean leader Kim Il-sung and his first wife, Kim Jong-suk. Biography[edit] Soviet records show that he was born Alexander Irsenovich Kim (Russian: Александр Ирсенович Ким) in 1944 in the Russian village of Vyatskoye. Inside his family, he was nicknamed Shura. Official North Korean biographies state that Shura and his older brother Kim Jong-il
Kim Jong-il
got along very well and played together.[1] Kim Man-il's death is shrouded in mystery
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Kim Kyong-hui
General Kim Kyong-hui
Kim Kyong-hui
(Hangul: 김경희; Hanja: 金敬姬; born 30 May 1946) is the aunt of current North Korean leader, Kim Jong-un. She is the daughter of the founding North Korean leader Kim Il-sung and the sister of the late leader Kim Jong-il
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Republic Of China (1912–1949)
The Republic
Republic
of China
China
was a sovereign state in East Asia, that occupied the territories of modern China, and for part of its history Mongolia
Mongolia
and Taiwan. It was founded in 1912, after the Qing dynasty, the last imperial dynasty, was overthrown in the Xinhai Revolution. The Republic's first president, Sun Yat-sen, served only briefly before handing over the position to Yuan Shikai, former leader of the Beiyang Army. His party, then led by Song Jiaoren, won the parliamentary election held in December 1912. Song was assassinated shortly after, and the Beiyang Army
Beiyang Army
led by Yuan Shikai
Yuan Shikai
maintained full control of the government in Beijing. Between late 1915 and early 1916, Yuan tried to reinstate the monarchy, before resigning after popular unrest
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Mangyongdae
Mangyongdae
Mangyongdae
or Man'gyŏngdae (Hangul: 만경대) is a hill and neighbourhood in Mangyongdae-guyok, Pyongyang, North Korea. Mangyongdae
Mangyongdae
was the birthplace of North Korean leade
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Soviet Union
The Soviet Union
Soviet Union
(Russian: Сове́тский Сою́з, tr. Sovétsky Soyúz, IPA: [sɐˈvʲɛt͡skʲɪj sɐˈjus] ( listen)), officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (Russian: Сою́з Сове́тских Социалисти́ческих Респу́блик, tr. Soyúz Sovétskikh Sotsialistícheskikh Respúblik, IPA: [sɐˈjus sɐˈvʲɛtskʲɪx sətsɨəlʲɪsˈtʲitɕɪskʲɪx rʲɪˈspublʲɪk] ( listen)), abbreviated as the USSR (Russian: СССР, tr. SSSR), was a socialist state in Eurasia
Eurasia
that existed from 1922 to 1991. Nominally a union of multiple national Soviet republics,[a] its government and economy were highly centralized. The country was a one-party state, governed by the Communist Party with Moscow
Moscow
as its capital in its largest republic, the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic
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Northeast Anti-Japanese United Army
Begun in 1931–37Mukden ManchuriaJiangqiao Nenjiang Bridge Jinzhou HarbinShanghai (1932) Pacification of Manchukuo Rehe Great Wall Inner MongoliaSuiyuanBegun in 1937–39Marco Polo Bridge Beiping–Tianjin Chahar Shanghai (1937)Sihang WarehouseBeiping–Hankou Railway Tianjin–Pukou Railway TaiyuanPingxingguan XinkouNanjing XuzhouTaierzhuangN.-E. HenanLanfengAmoy Chongqing WuhanWanjialingCantonHainanNanchang Suixian–ZaoyangSwatow1st Changsha S. GuangxiKunlun PassWinter OffensiveWest Suiyuan WuyuanBegun in 1940–42Zaoyang–Yichang Hundred Regiments N. Vietnam C. Hubei S.Henan W. Hebei Shanggao S.Shanxi 2nd Changsha 3rd Changsha Yunnan-Burma RoadTachiao Oktwin Toungoo YenangyaungZhejiang–Jiangxi Sichuan invasionBegun in 1943–45W.Hubei N.Burma-W.Yunnan Changde Ichi-GoC.Henan 4th Changsha Hengyang Guilin–LiuzhouMt. Song W. Henan–N
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Red Army
The Workers' and Peasants' Red Army
Army
(Russian: Рабоче-крестьянская Красная армия (РККА), Raboche-krest'yanskaya Krasnaya armiya (RKKA), frequently shortened in Russian to Красная aрмия (КА), Krasnaya armiya (KA), in English: Red Army, also in critical literature and folklore of that epoch – Red Horde,[1] Army
Army
of Work) was the army and the air force of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, and, after 1922, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. The army was established immediately after the 1917 October Revolution
October Revolution
(Red October or Bolshevik Revolution). The Bolsheviks
Bolsheviks
raised an army to oppose the military confederations (especially the various groups collectively known as the White Army) of their adversaries during the Russian Civil War
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