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Khaleda Zia
Begum
Begum
Khaleda Zia
Khaleda Zia
(IPA: kʰaled̪a dʒia; née Majumder, born 1945) is a Bangladeshi
Bangladeshi
politician who was the Prime Minister of Bangladesh
Prime Minister of Bangladesh
from 1991 to 1996 and again from 2001 to 2006. When she took office in 1991, she was the first woman in the country's history and second in the Muslim world (after Benazir Bhutto) to head a democratic government as prime minister. Zia was the First Lady of Bangladesh during the presidency of her husband Ziaur Rahman. She is the chairperson and leader of the Bangladesh Nationalist Party
Bangladesh Nationalist Party
(BNP) which was founded by Rahman in the late 1970s. After a military coup in 1982, led by Army Chief General H M Ershad, Zia helped lead the continuing movement for democracy until the fall of military dictator Ershad in 1990
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Caretaker Government
A caretaker government is a government that rules on a temporary basis, due to the loss of election or a pending transition of power.Contents1 Definition 2 Caretaker governments associated with elections 3 Caretaker governments associated with wars or new regimes 4 Caretakers4.1 List of caretaker individuals4.1.1 Heads of state 4.1.2 Heads of government5 See also 6 ReferencesDefinition[edit] Caretaker governments may be put in place when a government in a parliamentary system is defeated in a motion of no confidence, or in the case when the house to which the government is responsible is dissolved, to be in place for an interim period until an election is held and a new government is formed
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Forbes Magazine's List Of The World's 100 Most Powerful Women
Since 2004, Forbes
Forbes
has compiled a list of the 100 most powerful women in the world. It is edited by notable Forbes
Forbes
journalists, including Moira Forbes, and is based on visibility and economic impact. German Chancellor Angela Merkel
Angela Merkel
has remained at the top spot since 2006, with the brief exception of 2010 where she was temporarily supplanted by the then U.S. First Lady
U.S

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IPA
The International
International
Phonetic Alphabet
Alphabet
(IPA) is an alphabetic system of phonetic notation based primarily on the Latin alphabet
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Bangladeshi
Bangladeshis
Bangladeshis
(Bengali: বাংলাদেশী[24] [ˈbaŋlad̪eʃi]) are the citizens of Bangladesh. The country is named after the historical region of Bengal, of which it constitutes the largest and easternmost part. Bangladeshi citizenship was formed in 1971, when the permanent residents of the former East Pakistan
East Pakistan
were transformed into citizens of a new republic.[25] Bangladesh
Bangladesh
is the world's eighth most populous nation. Vast majority of Bangladeshis
Bangladeshis
are ethnolingustically Indo-Aryan people
Indo-Aryan people
who speak Bengali–Assamese languages native to the region and follow the Islamic religion, by far the largest of them being Bengalis
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List Of Muslim Majority Countries
The terms Muslim
Muslim
world and Islamic world commonly refer to the unified Islamic community (Ummah), consisting of all those who adhere to the religion of Islam,[1] or to societies where Islam
Islam
is practiced.[2][3] In a modern geopolitical sense, these terms refer to countries where Islam
Islam
is widespread, although there are no agreed criteria for inclusion.[4][3] Some scholars and commentators have criticised the term 'Muslim/Islamic world' and its derivative terms 'Muslim/Islamic country' as "simplistic" and "binary", since no state has a religiously homogeneous population (e.g. Egypt's citizens are c
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British Raj
Indian languagesGovernment ColonyMonarch of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
and Emperor/Empressa •  1858–1901 Victoria •  1901–1910 Edward VII •  1910–1936 George V •  1936 Edward VIII •  1936–1947 George VI Viceroy
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Bengal Presidency
The Bengal
Bengal
Presidency was once the largest subdivision (presidency) of British India, with its seat in Calcutta
Calcutta
(now Kolkata). It was primarily centred in the Bengal
Bengal
region. At its territorial peak in the 19th century, the presidency extended from the present-day Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan
Pakistan
in the west to Burma, Singapore
Singapore
and Penang
Penang
in the east. The Governor of Bengal
Bengal
was concurrently the Viceroy of India
India
for many years. Most of the presidency's territories were eventually incorporated into other British Indian provinces and crown colonies
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Sheikh Fazilatunnesa Mujib
Sheikh Fazilatunnesa Mujib (8 August 1930[2][3] – 15 August 1975[3][4]), was the wife of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, the first President of Bangladesh. She was assassinated with her husband and three sons.[5]Contents1 Early life 2 Renu's Visit in Dhaka 3 Assassination 4 Legacy 5 References 6 External linksEarly life[edit] She was born in Tungipara, Gopalganj in 1927.[6] Her nickname was Renu.[7] Her father and mother died when she was five years old. She was paternal cousin of her husband Sheikh Muzibur Rahman. When Begum Fazilatunnesa was only three and Sheikh Mujib was 13, their marriage had been fixed by elders in the family.[8] Renu was only 8 years old when she was married to her husband in 1938.[8][9] There was a 10 year difference between them
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Bangladeshi General Election, 1996
LegislatureJatiya Sangsad  (Parliament)Speaker: Shirin Sharmin Chaudhury Leader of the House: Sheikh Hasina Leader of the Opposition: Rowshan ErshadExecutivePrime Minister: Sheikh Hasina Cabinet: Hasina IIITaxation Agencies Civil Service Local governmentsJudiciarySupreme CourtAppellate Division High Court DivisionDistrict courts Metropolitan courts Chief Justice: Syed Mahmud Hossain Attorney General: Mahbubey AlamAdministrative geographyDivisions (bibhag) Districts (zilas) Sub-districts (upazilas) Village councils/cities and townsElectionsParliamentary constituencies Election commissionRecent elections: 2008 2014 NextPolitical partiesAwami League Nationalist PartyNational coalitionsGrand Alliance 18 Party AllianceForeign policyForeign relations Bengali Embassies Embassies in Bangladesh Bengali diasporaOther countries Atlasv
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Elections In Bangladesh
Elections in Bangladesh
Bangladesh
gives information on election and election results in Bangladesh. Bangladesh
Bangladesh
elects on national level a legislature with one house or chamber. The unicameral Jatiyo Sangshad, meaning national parliament, has 350 members of which 300 members are directly elected through a national election for a five-year term in single-seat constituencies while 50 memberships are reserved for the women who are selected by the ruling party or coalition. The Prime Minister is the head of the government. The president who is the head of the state is elected by the National Parliament. The president of Bangladesh
Bangladesh
is a ceremonial post and he/she does not exercise any control over the running of the state. Bangladesh
Bangladesh
has an unofficial two-party system which has evolved over time since the election of 1991
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Abdus Sattar (president)
Abdus Sattar[1] (Bengali: আব্দুস সাত্তার; 1 March 1906[2] – 5 October 1985)[3] was a Bangladeshi statesman. A leader of the Bangladesh Nationalist Party
Bangladesh Nationalist Party
(BNP), he served as the 9th President of Bangladesh
President of Bangladesh
from 1981 to 1982, and earlier as the 2nd Vice President of Bangladesh. A jurist by profession, Sattar held numerous constitutional and political offices in British Bengal, East Pakistan and Bangladesh. He was a cabinet minister, supreme court judge, and chief election commissioner. Sattar was one of the few executive presidents in the country's history. Beset by health problems and old age, his short lived presidency was marked by growing political turmoil and interference from the military
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Incumbent
The incumbent is the current holder of a political office. This term is usually used in reference to elections, in which races can often be defined as being between an incumbent and non-incumbent(s). For example, in the Hungarian presidential election, 2017, János Áder was the incumbent, because he had been the president in the term before the term for which the election sought to determine the president
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Forbes
Forbes
Forbes
(/fɔːrbz/) is an American business magazine. Published bi-weekly, it features original articles on finance, industry, investing, and marketing topics. Forbes
Forbes
also reports on related subjects such as technology, communications, science, politics, and law. Its headquarters is located in Jersey City, New Jersey. Primary competitors in the national business magazine category include Fortune and Bloomberg Businessweek. The magazine is well known for its lists and rankings, including of the richest Americans (the Forbes
Forbes
400), of the world's top companies (the Forbes
Forbes
Global 2000), and The World's Billionaires
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British India
The Provinces of India, earlier Presidencies of British India
India
and still earlier, Presidency towns, were the administrative divisions of British governance in the subcontinent. Collectively, they were called British India. In one form or another, they existed between 1612 and 1947, conventionally divided into three historical periods:During 1612–1757, the East India Company
East India Company
set up "factories" (trading posts) in several locations, mostly in coastal India, with the consent of the Mughal emperors
Mughal emperors
or local rulers. Its rivals were the merchant trading companies of Holland and France. By the mid-18th century, three "Presidency towns": Madras, Bombay, and Calcutta
Calcutta
had grown in size. During the period of Company rule in India, 1757–1858, the Company gradually acquired sovereignty over large parts of India, now called "Presidencies"
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Constitution Of Bangladesh
The Constitution of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh
Bangladesh
is the constitutional document of Bangladesh. It was adopted on 16 December 1972. It provides the framework of the Bangladeshi
Bangladeshi
republic with a parliamentary government, fundamental human rights and freedoms, an independent judiciary, democratic local government and a national bureaucracy. The constitution includes references to socialism, Islam, secular democracy and the Bengali language. It commits Bangladesh
Bangladesh
to “contribute to international peace and co-operation in keeping with the progressive aspirations of mankind”. The constitution has several controversial elements like Article 70. Judicial precedent is enshrined in Bangladesh's constitution under Article 111, which makes Bangladesh
Bangladesh
an integral part of the common law world
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