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Key (lock)
A key is a device that is used to operate a lock (such as to lock or unlock it). A typical key is a small piece of metal consisting of two parts: the bit or blade, which slides into the keyway of the lock and distinguishes between different keys, and the bow, which is left protruding so that torque can be applied by the user. A key is usually intended to operate one specific lock or a small number of locks that are keyed alike, so each lock requires a unique key. The key serves as a security token for access to the locked area; only persons having the correct key can open the lock and gain access. Keys provide an inexpensive, though imperfect, method of access control for access to physical properties like buildings, vehicles and cupboards or cabinets. As such, keys are an essential feature of modern living, and are common around the world
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Automobile
A car (or automobile) is a wheeled motor vehicle used for transportation. Most definitions of car say they run primarily on roads, seat one to eight people, have four tires, and mainly transport people rather than goods.[2][3] Cars came into global use during the 20th century, and developed economies depend on them. The year 1886 is regarded as the birth year of the modern car when German inventor Karl Benz
Karl Benz
patented his Benz Patent-Motorwagen. Cars became widely available in the early 20th century. One of the first cars accessible to the masses was the 1908 Model T, an American car manufactured by the Ford
Ford
Motor Company. Cars were rapidly adopted in the US, where they replaced animal-drawn carriages and carts, but took much longer to be accepted in Western Europe and other parts of the world. Cars have controls for driving, parking, passenger comfort, and a variety of lights
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Cylinder (geometry)
A cylinder (from Greek κύλινδρος – kulindros, "roller, tumbler"[1]), has traditionally been a three-dimensional solid, one of the most basic of curvilinear geometric shapes. It is the idealized version of a solid physical tin can having lids on top and bottom. This traditional view is still used in elementary treatments of geometry, but the advanced mathematical viewpoint has shifted to the infinite curvilinear surface and this is how a cylinder is now defined in various modern branches of geometry and topology. The shift in the basic meaning (solid versus surface) has created some ambiguity with terminology. It is generally hoped that context makes the meaning clear
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Yale (company)
Yale is a lock manufacturer owned by Assa Abloy. It is associated with the pin tumbler lock, which is often known as the Yale lock.Contents1 History 2 See also 3 References 4 External linksHistory[edit] The business was founded as the Yale Lock Manufacturing Co. in Stamford, Connecticut, in 1868 by Linus Yale, Jr., the inventor of the pin tumbler lock, and Henry R. Towne.[1]Yale & Towne Manufacturing Co, 1897.[2]The name was later changed to Yale & Towne.[1] Yale registered 8 patents with the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office between 1843 to 1857 about his pin tumbler safe lock, safe lock, bank lock, vault and safe door bolt and padlock.[1] In the twentieth century, the company expanded worldwide through purchases, acquisitions and joint ventures with other companies in the industry, and employed more than 12,000 people
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Piccadilly
Piccadilly
Piccadilly
(/ˌpɪkəˈdɪli/) is a road in the City of Westminster, London to the south of Mayfair, between Hyde Park Corner
Hyde Park Corner
in the west and Piccadilly Circus
Piccadilly Circus
in the east. It is part of the A4 road that connects central London to Hammersmith, Earl's Court, Heathrow Airport and the M4 motorway
M4 motorway
westward. St James's
St James's
is to the south of the eastern section, while the western section is built up only on the northern side. Piccadilly
Piccadilly
is just under 1 mile (1.6 km) in length, and is one of the widest and straightest streets in central London. The street has been a main thoroughfare since at least medieval times, and in the Middle Ages
Middle Ages
was known as "the road to Reading" or "the way from Colnbrook"
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Great Exhibition
The Great Exhibition
The Great Exhibition
of the Works of Industry
Industry
of All Nations or The Great Exhibition, sometimes referred to as the Crystal Palace Exhibition in reference to the temporary structure in which it was held, was an international exhibition that took place in Hyde Park, London, from 1 May to 15 October 1851. It was the first in a series of World's Fairs, exhibitions of culture and industry that became popular in the 19th century, and it was a much anticipated event. The Great Exhibition was organized by Henry Cole
Henry Cole
and Prince Albert, husband of the reigning monarch, Queen Victoria. It was attended by famous people of the time, including Charles Darwin, Samuel Colt, members of the Orléanist
Orléanist
Royal Family and the writers Charlotte Brontë, Charles Dickens, Lewis Carroll, George Eliot
George Eliot
and Alfred Tennyson
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Alfred Charles Hobbs
Alfred Charles Hobbs
Alfred Charles Hobbs
(October 7, 1812 – November 6, 1891) was an American locksmith and inventor. He was born in Boston, Massachusetts,[3] in 1812; his father was a carpenter.[4] He married Charlotte F. Nye (1815-?) of Sandwich, Massachusetts, in 1835 and had four children: Charlotte Hobbs, Alfred J. Hobbs (1843-?), Mary H. Hobbs, and Arthur Hobbs. Both of his parents were born in England.[5]Contents1 Life 2 Publications 3 Patents 4 See also 5 References 6 Bibliography 7 External linksLife[edit]"Rogues are very keen in their profession, and know already much more than we can teach them." Alfred Charles Hobbs
Alfred Charles Hobbs
in 1853 when questioned on the wisdom of publishing the weaknesses of existing locks.[6]Hobbs went to London as a representative of the New York company of Day & Newell, which was exhibiting at the Great Exhibition
Great Exhibition
of 1851
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Linus Yale, Sr.
Linus Yale Sr. (27 April 1797 – 8 August 1858) was an American inventor and manufacturer of locks.Contents1 Biography 2 References 3 Sources 4 See alsoBiography[edit]This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (June 2008)Yale was born in Middletown, Connecticut, and later moved with his parents to Salisbury, New York. He married Chlotilda Hopson, September 27, 1815, and they had four children. In 1857 the village of Newport (village), New York incorporated and Yale was elected its first president.[1] Yale opened a lock shop in the early 1840s in the village of Newport, New York, specializing in bank locks. In 1850 his son, Linus Yale Jr.
Linus Yale Jr.
joined him at the lock shop and began working on improving his father’s pin tumbler lock. Patents by Linus Yale Sr. from the United States
United States
Patent and Trademark Office:[2]20 Jan. 1830 U.S
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Pin
A pin is a device used for fastening objects or material together. Pins often have two components: a long body and sharp tip made of steel, or occasionally copper or brass, and a larger head often made of plastic. The sharpened body penetrates the material, while the larger head provides a driving surface. It is formed by drawing out a thin wire, sharpening the tip, and adding a head. Nails are related, but are typically larger. In machines and engineering, pins are commonly used as pivots, hinges, shafts, jigs, and fixtures to locate or hold parts.Contents1 Sewing
Sewing
and fashion pins 2 Straight pins 3 General purpose pins 4 Steel
Steel
pins without heads 5 Mechanical fasteners 6 Notes 7 References Sewing
Sewing
and fashion pins[edit] The development of the pin closely paralleled that of its perforated counterpart, the needle
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Linus Yale, Jr.
Linus Yale Jr.
Linus Yale Jr.
(April 4, 1821 – December 25, 1868) was an American mechanical engineer, manufacturer, and co-founder of the Yale Lock Manufacturing Company. He is best known for his inventions of locks, especially the cylinder lock. His basic lock design is still widely distributed today, and constitute a majority of personal locks and safes.Contents1 Biography1.1 Youth and family 1.2 Career 1.3 Death and Legacy2 Work2.1 Portrait painting 2.2 Locks and mechanisms 2.3 Inventions2.3.1 Listing of patents 2.3.2 Yale Bank Lock 2.3.3 Other locks2.4 Yale Manufacturing Company3 Reception 4 References 5 Further reading 6 External linksBiography[edit] Youth and family[edit] Linus Yale Jr.
Linus Yale Jr.
was born in Salisbury, New York. Yale’s father, Linus Yale Sr
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CAM
A cam is a rotating or sliding piece in a mechanical linkage used especially in transforming rotary motion into linear motion.[1][2] It is often a part of a rotating wheel (e.g. an eccentric wheel) or shaft (e.g. a cylinder with an irregular shape) that strikes a lever at one or more points on its circular path
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Charles Chubb (businessman)
Charles Chubb (1779 – 1845) was an English lock and safe manufacturer. Life[edit] Born in Fordingbridge, Hampshire, he trained as a blacksmith who started a hardware business at Winchester
Winchester
then moved to Portsea, Portsmouth. Here he improved on the "detector" lock, originally patented in 1818 by his brother, Jeremiah Chubb.[1] He soon moved to London
London
and then to Wolverhampton, where he employed 200 workers. In 1835, he patented a process intended to render safes burglar-proof and fireproof, and subsequently established a large safe-factory in London. He died on 16 May 1845, and was succeeded in the business by his son, John Chubb (1816–1872), who patented various improvements in the products of the firm and largely increased its output
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Argentina
Coordinates: 34°S 64°W / 34°S 64°W / -34; -64Argentine Republic[A] República Argentina  (Spanish)FlagCoat of armsMotto: "En unión y libertad" ("In Unity and Freedom")Anthem: Himno Nacional Argentino ("Argentine National Anthem")Sol de Mayo[2] (Sun of May)Location of  Argentina  (dark green) in South America  (grey)Capital and largest city Buenos Aires 34°36′S 58°23′W / 34.600°S 58.383°W / -34.600; -58.383Official languages NoneNational language Spanish[a]Regional languagesGuarani in Corrientes;[3] Qom, Mocoví and Wichí in Chaco[4]Religion77.1% Roman Catholicism 10.8% Protestant 10.1% Non-religious 2.6% Other[5]DemonymArgentine Argentinian Argentinean (uncommon)Government Federal presidential constitutional republic• PresidentMauricio Macri•
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United Kingdom
The United Kingdom
United Kingdom
of Great Britain
Great Britain
and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
(UK or U.K.)[15] or Britain,[note 11] is a sovereign country located off the north­western coast of the European mainland. The United Kingdom includes the island of Great Britain, the north­eastern part of the island of Ireland, and many smaller islands.[16] Northern Ireland
Ireland
is the only part of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
that shares a land border with another sovereign state, the Republic of Ireland
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Scandinavia
Scandinavia[a] (/ˌskændɪˈneɪviə/ SKAN-dih-NAY-vee-ə) is a region in Northern Europe, characterized by common ethnocultural North Germanic heritage and mutually intelligible North Germanic languages.[2] The term Scandinavia
Scandinavia
in local usage covers the three kingdoms of Denmark, Norway, and Sweden, but in English usage, it also sometimes refers to the Scandinavian Peninsula
Scandinavian Peninsula
or to the broader region which includes Finland
Finland
and Iceland.[1] This broader region is usually known locally as the Nordic countries.[3] The remote Norwegian islands of Svalbard
Svalbard
and Jan Mayen
Jan Mayen
are usually not seen as a part of Scandinavia, nor is Greenland, a constituent country within the Kingdom of Denmark
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Vending Machine
A vending machine is an automated machine that provides items such as snacks, beverages, alcohol, cigarettes and lottery tickets to consumers after money, a credit card, or specially designed card is inserted into the machine.[1] The first modern vending machines were developed in England
England
in the early 1880s and dispensed postcards. Vending machines exist in many countries, and in more recent times, specialized vending machines that provide less common products compared to traditional vending machine items have been created and provided to consumers.Contents1 Histo
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