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Kerestinec Prison
Kerestinec prison is a former prison in Kerestinec, Croatia. It was located in the castle overlooking the village.[1] Early 20th century[edit]This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (December 2012) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)Before the outbreak of World War II, the government of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia built a prison near Kerestinec and used it to detain political prisoners, mainly Communists. In March 1941, at the eve of the Axis invasion, a large number of left-wing intellectuals from Zagreb were arrested and interned in Kerestinec. A few weeks later Yugoslavia collapsed and the prison was taken over by authorities of the newly formed Independent State of Croatia. Following German invasion of USSR, the Croatian Communist Party started a resistance movement that would later become known as Partisans
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Prison
A prison,[a] also known as a correctional facility, jail,[b] gaol (dated, British English), penitentiary (American English), detention center[c] (American English) or remand center[d] is a facility in which inmates are forcibly confined and denied a variety of freedoms under the authority of the state. Prisons are most commonly used within a criminal justice system: people charged with crimes may be imprisoned until they are brought to trial; those pleading or being found guilty of crimes at trial may be sentenced to a specified period of imprisonment. Besides their use for punishing crimes, jails and prisons are frequently used by authoritarian regimes against perceived opponents. In American English, prison and jail are often treated as having separate definitions. The term prison or penitentiary tends to describe institutions that incarcerate people for longer periods of time, such as many years, and are operated by the state or federal governments
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Maksimir
Maksimir
Maksimir
(pronounced [mǎksimiːr]) is one of the districts of Zagreb, Croatia, population 48,902 (2011 census).[1] Maksimir
Maksimir
stadium and Maksimir Park
Maksimir Park
are located in it. It was named for Bishop Maksimilijan Vrhovac. The urban center of the Maksimir
Maksimir
district is located around the Maksimirska street, which is an area of dense commercial and residential usage. It spans from the Kvaternik Square, located on the southwestern border of the district, to the intersection of Maksimirska, Bukovačka and Svetice streets, which leads to the entrances to both the Maksimir
Maksimir
park and the Maksimir
Maksimir
stadium. The southeastern part of the district is a lowland that includes the Maksimir stadium
Maksimir stadium
and a large residential area best known as Ravnice (lit
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Croatia
Coordinates: 45°10′N 15°30′E / 45.167°N 15.500°E / 45.167; 15.500 Republic
Republic
of Croatia Republika Hrvatska[a]FlagCoat of armsAnthem: "Lijepa naša domovino" "Our Beautiful Homeland"Location of  Croatia  (dark green) – in Europe  (green & dark grey) – in the European Union  (green)Capital and largest city Zagreb 45°48′N 16°0′E / 45.800°N 16.000°E / 45.800; 16.000Official languages CroatianRecognised national languages See Languages of Cro
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World War II
Allied victoryCollapse of Nazi Germany Fall of Japanese and Italian Empires Dissolution of the League of Nations Creation of the United Nations Emergence of the United States
United States
and the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
as superpowers Beginning of the Cold War
Cold War
(more...)ParticipantsAllied Powers Axis PowersCommanders and leadersMain Allied leaders Joseph Stalin Franklin D
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Kingdom Of Yugoslavia
The Kingdom of Yugoslavia
Kingdom of Yugoslavia
(Serbo-Croatian, Slovene: Kraljevina Jugoslavija, Краљевина Југославија;[4] Macedonian: Кралство Југославија) was a state in Southeast Europe and Central Europe, that existed during the interwar period (1918–1939) and first part of World War II
World War II
(1939–1941). It was formed in 1918 by the merger of the provisional State of Slovenes, Croats
Croats
and Serbs
Serbs
(itself formed from territories of the former Austro-Hungarian Empire) with the formerly independent Kingdom of Serbia
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Communists
In political and social sciences, communism (from Latin
Latin
communis, "common, universal")[1][2] is the philosophical, social, political, and economic ideology and movement whose ultimate goal is the establishment of the communist society, which is a socioeconomic order structured upon the common ownership of the means of production and the absence of social classes, money[3][4] and the state.[5][6] Communism
Communism
includes a variety of schools of thought, which broadly include Marxism
Marxism
and anarchism (anarcho-communism), as well as the political ideologies grouped around both. All of these share the analysis that the current order of society stems from its economic system, capitalism; that in this system there are two major social classes; that conflict between these two classes is the root of all problems in society; and that this situation will ultimately be resolved through a social revolution
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Independent State Of Croatia
The Independent State of Croatia
Croatia
(Croatian: Nezavisna Država Hrvatska, NDH; German: Unabhängiger Staat Kroatien; Italian: Stato Indipendente di Croazia) was a World War II
World War II
fascist puppet state of Germany[6][7][8] and Italy
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Operation Barbarossa
Frontline strength (initial)3.8 million personnel[1][2] 3,350–3,795 tanks[3][1][4][5] 3,030–3,072 other AFVs[6][7] 2,770–5,369 aircraft[3][8] 7,200–23,435 artillery pieces[1][3][5] 17,081 mortars[5]Frontline strength (initial)2.6–2.9 million personnel[9][10][11] 11,000 tanks[12][13] 7,133–9,100 military aircraft[14][15][16]Casualties and lossesTotal military casualties: 1,000,000+BreakdownCasualties of 1941:According to German Army medical reports (including Army Norway):[17]186,452 killed 40,157 missing 655,179 wounded in action[a] 8,000 evacuated sick2,827 aircraft destroyed[18] 2,735 tanks destroyed[4][19] 104 assault guns destroyed[4][19]Other involved country losses 114,000+ casualties (at least 39,000 dead or missing)[b] 8,700 casualties[c] 5,000+ casualties[d]Total military casualties: 4,973,820BreakdownCasualties of 1941:Based on Soviet archives:[21]
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Croatian Communist Party
League of Communists of Croatia (Serbo-Croatian: Savez komunista Hrvatske or SKH) was the Croatian branch of the League of Communists of Yugoslavia (SKJ). Until 1952, it was known as Communist Party of Croatia (Komunistička partija Hrvatske, KPH).Contents1 History1.1 Ethnic composition of the governments2 Party leaders2.1 Sources3 New Communist Party 4 See also 5 ReferencesHistory[edit] The party was formally founded in 1937 with Pavle Gregorić as its first general secretary. The reasons for KPJ to have its specifically Croatian branch were partly ideological, partly practical
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Resistance Movement
A resistance movement is an organized effort by some portion of the civil population of a country to resist the legally established government or an occupying power and to disrupt civil order and stability. It may seek to achieve its objectives through either the use of nonviolent resistance (sometimes called civil resistance), or the use of force, whether armed or unarmed. In many cases, as for example in Norway in the Second World War, a resistance movement may employ both violent and non-violent methods, usually operating under different organizations and acting in different phases or geographical areas within a country.[1] On the lawfulness of armed resistance movements in international law, there has been a dispute between states since at least 1899, when the first major codification of the laws of war in the form of a series of international treaties took place
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Partisans (Yugoslavia)
ChetniksAxis powers:  Nazi
Nazi
Germany  Italy  Hungary  Bulgaria (1941–44)  Independent State of Croatia Albania (1943–44) Axis puppet governments or protectorates: Government of National Salvation Italian governorate of Montenegro Albania (1941–43) Other Axis factions: Russian Protective Corps Slovene Home Guard Balli Kombëtar Sandžak
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Special
Special
Special
or specials may refer to:Contents1 Music 2 Film and television 3 Other uses 4 See alsoMusic[edit] Special
Special
(album), a 1992
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B92
RTV B92
B92
or simply B92, is a Serbian news station and television and radio broadcaster with national coverage headquartered in Belgrade, Serbia. Veran Matić
Veran Matić
is the CEO during its entire existence and one of the founders of RTV B92. Founded in 1989 as radio station, it was a rare outlet for Western news and information in FR Yugoslavia
FR Yugoslavia
under Slobodan Milošević, and was a force behind many demonstrations that took place in Belgrade during the turbulent 1990s. Due to this, RTV B92
B92
won the MTV
MTV
Free Your Mind award in 1998, and many other awards for journalism and fighting for human rights. RTV B92
B92
is the subject of the best-selling book This is Serbia
Serbia
Calling
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Večernji List
Večernji list
Večernji list
(also known as Večernjak, English: Evening paper) is a conservative Croatian daily newspaper published in Zagreb.Contents1 History and profile 2 Editions 3 References 4 External linksHistory and profile[edit] Večernji list
Večernji list
was started in Zagreb
Zagreb
in 1959.[2][3] Its ancestor Večernji vjesnik ("Evening Courier") appeared for the first time on 3 June 1957 in Zagreb
Zagreb
on 24 pages[4] but quickly merged with Narodni list (meaning "People's Paper" in English) to form what is today known as Večernji list. Večernji list
Večernji list
is considered a conservative newspaper
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Croatian Army
Croatian War of Independence:Battle of Vukovar, Battle of the Barracks, Operation Coast-91, Siege of Dubrovnik, Operation Maslenica, Operation Winter '94, Operation Orkan 91, Operation Otkos 10, Operation Flash, Operation Summer '95, Operation Storm,Bosnian War:Croat–Bosniak War, Operation Mistral 2,War in AfghanistanCommandersCurrent commander Brigadier general
Brigadier general
Siniša JurkovićNotable commanders
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