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Kelaniya Raja Maha Vihara
The Kelaniya
Kelaniya
Raja Maha Vihara or Kelaniya
Kelaniya
Temple is a Buddhist
Buddhist
temple in Kelaniya, Sri Lanka, seven miles from Colombo. The Chief Incumbent (Chief Priest) is Venerable
Venerable
Professor
Professor
Kollupitiye Mahinda Sangharakkhitha Thera. Buddhists believe the temple to have been hallowed during the third and final visit of the Lord Buddha to Sri Lanka, eight years after gaining enlightenment. Its history would thus go back to before 500 BCE. The Mahawansa
Mahawansa
records that the original Stupa
Stupa
at Kelaniya
Kelaniya
enshrined a gem-studded throne on which the Buddha sat and preached. The temple flourished during the Kotte
Kotte
era but much of its land was confiscated during the Portuguese empire
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Gautama Buddha
Gautama Buddha[note 3] (c. 563/480 – c. 483/400 BCE), also known as Siddhārtha Gautama,[note 4] Shakyamuni Buddha,[4][note 5] or simply the Buddha, after the title of Buddha, was an ascetic (śramaṇa) and sage,[4] on whose teachings Buddhism
Buddhism
was founded.[5] He is believed to have lived and taught mostly in the eastern part of ancient India sometime between the 6th and 4th centuries BCE.[6][note 6] Gautama taught a Middle Way
Middle Way
between sensual indulgence and the severe asceticism found in the śramaṇa movement[7] common in his region. He later taught throughout other regions of eastern India
India
such as Magadha
Magadha
and Kosala.[6][8] Gautama is the primary figure in Buddhism
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Department Of Archaeology (Sri Lanka)
The Department of Archaeology (Sinhalese: පුරාවිද්‍යා දෙපාර්තමේන්තුව, translit. Purāvidyā Depārtamēntuva, Tamil: தொல்பொருளியல் திணைக்களம், translit. Tolporuḷiyal Tiṇaikkaḷam) is a non-ministerial government department in Sri Lanka responsible for managing the archaeological heritage.Contents1 History 2 Archaeological Commissioner 3 See also 4 References 5 External linksHistory[edit] On 7 July 1890 the Governor of Ceylon, Sir Arthur Gordon, appointed Harry Charles Purvis Bell
Harry Charles Purvis Bell
as the first Archaeological Commissioner and Head of the Archaeological Survey of Ceylon. The Survey consisted of the Commissioner, a European assistant commissioner, a native assistant, a clerk, and three draughtsmen
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Bodhisattva
In Buddhism, Bodhisattva
Bodhisattva
(/ˌboʊdiːˈsʌtvə/ BOH-dee-SUT-və)[1] is the Sanskrit
Sanskrit
term for anyone who has generated Bodhicitta, a spontane
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Jataka
The Jātaka tales (Sanskrit: जातक, birth history') are a voluminous body of literature native to India
India
concerning the previous births of Gautama Buddha
Gautama Buddha
in both human and animal form. The future Buddha may appear as a king, an outcast, a god, an elephant—but, in whatever form, he exhibits some virtue that the tale thereby inculcates.[1] Often, Jātaka tales include an extensive cast of characters who interact and get into various kinds of trouble - whereupon the Buddha character intervenes to resolve all the problems and bring about a happy ending. In Theravada
Theravada
Buddhism, the Jātakas are a textual division of the Pāli Canon, included in the Khuddaka Nikaya
Khuddaka Nikaya
of the Sutta Pitaka
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Dutch Empire
Light green: territories administered by or originating from territories administered by the Dutch East India
India
Company Dark green: territories administered by or originating from territories administered by the Dutch West India
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Portuguese Empire
The Portuguese Empire
Empire
(Portuguese: Império Português), also known as the Portuguese Overseas (Ultramar Português) or the Portuguese Colonial Empire
Empire
(Império Colonial Português), was one of the largest and longest-lived empires in world history and the first colonial empire of the Renaissance. It existed for almost six centuries from the capture of Ceuta
Ceuta
in 1415 to the handover of Portuguese Macau
Portuguese Macau
to China
China
in 1999. The first era of the Portuguese empire originated at the beginning of the Age of Discovery. Initiated by the Kingdom of Portugal, it would eventually expand across the globe
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Kotte
Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte
Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte
(commonly known as Kotte /ˈkoʊteɪ/) is the official capital of Sri Lanka.[1] Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte
Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte
is a satellite city and within the urban area of Sri Lanka's capital, Colombo.Contents1 History 2 Legislature 3 Municipal structure3.1 Zones4 Demographics 5 Infrastructure5.1 Transport 5.2 Health 5.3 Education6 Climate 7 Sports and recreation 8 Notable residents 9 See also 10 References 11 External linksHistory[edit]Map of Kotte (1557-1565)The village of Darugama lay at the confluence of two streams, the Diyawanna Oya
Diyawanna Oya
and the Kolonnawa
Kolonnawa
Oya. As Darugama was a naturally secure place, it was not easy for enemies to enter it
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Stupa
A stupa (Sanskrit: "heap") is a mound-like or hemispherical structure containing relics (śarīra - typically the remains of Buddhist monks or nuns) that is used as a place of meditation.[2] A related architectural term is a chaitya, which is a prayer hall or temple containing a stupa. In Buddhism, circumambulation or pradakhshina has been an important ritual and devotional practice since the earliest times, and stupas always have a pradakhshina path around them.Contents1 Description and history1.1 Notable stupas 1.2 Types of stupas2 Symbolism2.1 Five purified elements3 Construction3.1 Treasury 3.2 Tree of Life 3.3 Benefits4 Tibetan stupas4.1 Lotus Blossom Stupa 4.2 Enlightenment Stupa 4.3 Stupa
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Mahawansa
Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
portalBibliography Glossary Timelinev t eThe Mahavamsa
Mahavamsa
("Great Chronicle", Pali
Pali
Mahāvaṃsa) (5th century CE) is an epic poem written in the Pali
Pali
language of the ancient Kings of Sri Lanka.[1] It relates the history of Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
from its legendary beginnings up to the reign of Mahasena of Anuradhapura
Mahasena of Anuradhapura
(A.D. 302) covering the period between the arrival of Prince Vijaya
Prince Vijaya
from India
India
in 543 BCE to his reign (277–304 CE)
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Sri Lanka
Coordinates: 7°N 81°E / 7°N 81°E / 7; 81Democratic Socialist Republic
Republic
of Sri Lanka ශ්‍රී ලංකා ප්‍රජාතාන්ත්‍රික සමාජවාදී ජනරජය (Sinhalese) Srī Lankā prajātāntrika samājavādī janarajaya இலங்கை ஜனநாயக சோசலிச குடியரசு (Tamil) Ilaṅkai jaṉanāyaka sōsalisa kuṭiyarasuFlagEmblemAnthem: "Sri
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Special
Special
Special
or specials may refer to:Contents1 Music 2 Film and television 3 Other uses 4 See alsoMusic[edit] Special
Special
(album), a 1992
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Professor
Professor
Professor
(commonly abbreviated as Prof.)[1] is an academic rank at universities and other post-secondary education and research institutions in most countries
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Venerable
The Venerable
Venerable
is used as a style or epithet in several Christian churches
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Colombo
Colombo
Colombo
(/kəˈlʌmboʊ/; Sinhalese: කොළඹ Kolamba, pronounced [ˈkəlɐmbɞ]; Tamil: கொழும்பு, translit. Koḻumpu) is the commercial capital[3] and largest city of Sri Lanka. According to the Brookings Institution, Colombo metropolitan area has a population of 5.6 million,[4][5][6][7] and 752,993[2] in the city proper. It is the financial centre of the island and a popular tourist destination. It is located on the west coast of the island and adjacent to the Greater Colombo
Greater Colombo
area which includes Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte, the legislative capital of Sri Lanka and Dehiwala-Mount Lavinia. Colombo
Colombo
is often referred to as the capital since Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte
Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte
is within the urban area of, and a suburb of, Colombo
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Buddhist Temple
A Buddhist temple
Buddhist temple
is the place of worship for Buddhists, the followers of Buddhism. They include the structures called vihara, stupa, wat and pagoda in different regions and languages. Temples in Buddhism represent the pure land or pure environment of a Buddha. Traditional Buddhist temples are designed to inspire inner and outer peace.[1] Its structure and architecture varies from region to region. Usually, the temple consists not only of its buildings, but also the surrounding environment
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