HOME TheInfoList.com
Providing Lists of Related Topics to Help You Find Great Stuff
[::MainTopicLength::#1500] [::ListTopicLength::#1000] [::ListLength::#15] [::ListAdRepeat::#3]

picture info

Karma In Jainism
KARMA is the basic principle within an overarching psycho-cosmology in Jainism
Jainism
. Human moral actions form the basis of the transmigration of the soul (_jīva _). The soul is constrained to a cycle of rebirth, trapped within the temporal world (_saṃsāra _), until it finally achieves liberation (_mokṣa _). Liberation is achieved by following a path of purification. Jains believe that karma is a physical substance that is everywhere in the universe. Karma
Karma
particles are attracted to the soul by the actions of that soul. Karma
Karma
particles are attracted when we do, think, or say things, when we kill something, when we lie, when we steal and so on
[...More...]

"Karma In Jainism" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Karma (other)
KARMA in several Eastern religions is the concept of "action" or "deed", understood as that which causes the entire cycle of cause and effect
[...More...]

"Karma (other)" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Talk
TALK may refer to: * Conversation , interactive communication between two or more people * Speech , the production of a spoken language * Interaction , face to face conversations * Compulsive talking , beyond the bounds of what is considered to be a socially acceptable amount of talking * Communication<
[...More...]

"Talk" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Jainism
JAINISM (/ˈdʒeɪnɪzəm/ or /ˈdʒaɪnɪzəm/ ), traditionally known as JAIN DHARMA, is an ancient Indian religion . Jainism followers are called "Jains", a word derived from the Sanskrit word _jina _ (victor) and connoting the path of victory in crossing over life's stream of rebirths through an ethical and spiritual life. Jains trace their history through a succession of twenty-four victorious saviors and teachers known as _Tirthankaras _, with the first being Rishabhanatha , who is believed to have lived millions of years ago, and twenty-fourth being the Mahavira around 500 BCE. Jains believe that Jainism is an eternal _dharma _ with the Tirthankaras guiding every cycle of the Jain cosmology. The main religious premises of Jainism are _ahimsa _ ("non-violence"), _anekantavada _ ("many-sidedness"), _aparigraha _ ("non-attachment") and _asceticism _
[...More...]

"Jainism" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Bhaktamara Stotra
BHAKTAMARA STOTRA is a famous Jain
Jain
Sanskrit
Sanskrit
prayer. It was composed by Acharya Manatunga
Manatunga
(seventh century CE). The name Bhaktamara comes from a combination of two sanskrit names, "Bhakta" (Devotee) and "Amar" (Immortal). The prayer praises _ Rishabhanatha
Rishabhanatha
_(adinath) , the first _Tirthankara _ of Jainism. There are forty-eight verses in total. The last verse gives the name of the author _Manatunga_. CONTENTS * 1 Overview * 2 Legend * 3 History * 4 Verses * 5 Art * 6 References * 7 Sources OVERVIEW Illustrative of Rishabhanatha, Folio Bhaktamara Stotra
Stotra
Bhaktamar verses have been recited as a stotra (prayer), and sung as a stavan (hymn ), somewhat interchangeably
[...More...]

"Bhaktamara Stotra" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Micchami Dukkadam
MICCHāMI DUKKAḍAṃ (मिच्छामि दुक्कडम्) is an ancient Indian phrase, which is translated from Prakrit
Prakrit
to literally mean "may all the evil that has been done be fruitless." It is commonly used to seek forgiveness and to mean, "If I have offended you in any way, knowingly or unknowingly, in thought, word or deed, then I seek your forgiveness." It is used widely in the Jain religion on the last day ( Samvatsari or Kshamavani ) of Paryushana
Paryushana
, the most important annual holy event of the Jain calendar. As a matter of ritual, Jains greet their friends and relatives on this last day with Micchāmi Dukkaḍaṃ, seeking their forgiveness. No private quarrel or dispute should be carried beyond this time. The importance of forgiveness in Jainism
Jainism
may be compared to the importance of forgiveness in other religions
[...More...]

"Micchami Dukkadam" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Namokar Mantra
ṆAMōKāRA MANTRA is the most significant mantra in Jainism
Jainism
. This is the first prayer recited by the Jains while meditating . The mantra is also variously referred to as the _Pancha Namaskāra Mantra_, _Navakāra Mantra_ or _Namaskāra Mantra_. While reciting this mantra, the devotee bows with respect to the _Panch Parameshti_ (the Supreme Five): * _Arihant _— Those who have destroyed the four inimical _karmas _ * _ Siddha _ — The liberated souls * _Acharyas _ — The spiritual leaders or Preceptors * _Upadhayaya_ — Preceptor of less advanced ascetics * _Sādhu_ — The monks or sages in the worldThere is no mention of any particular names of the gods or any specific person. The prayer is done towards the guṇa (the good qualities) of the gods, teachers and the saints
[...More...]

"Namokar Mantra" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Jai Jinendra
JAI JINENDRA! ( Sanskrit
Sanskrit
: जय जिनेन्द्र Jaya Jinēndra) is a common greeting used by the Jains . The phrase means "Honor to the Supreme _Jinas_ (Tirthankaras )" The reverential greeting is a combination of two sanskrit words: _Jai_ and _Jinendra_ The word, _Jai_ is used to praise somebody. In Jai Jinendra, it is used to praise the qualities of the _Jinas_ (conquerors). The word _Jinendra_ is a compound-word derived from the word _Jina_, referring to a human being who has conquered all inner passions and possess Kevala Gyan(pure infinite knowledge), and the word "Indra," which means chief or lord. SEE ALSO * God in Jainism
Jainism
* Mahavira
Mahavira
NOTES * ^ _A_ _B_ Rankin 2013 , p. 37. * ^ Sangave 2001 , p. 16. * ^ Sangave 2001 , p. 164.REFERENCES * Rankin, Aidan (2013), "Chapter 1
[...More...]

"Jai Jinendra" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Anekantavada
ANEKāNTAVāDA ( Sanskrit
Sanskrit
: अनेकान्तवाद, "many-sidedness") refers to the Jain doctrine about metaphysical truths that emerged in ancient India
India
. It states that the ultimate truth and reality is complex, has multiple aspects. Anekantavada
Anekantavada
has also been interpreted to mean non-absolutism, "intellectual Ahimsa", religious pluralism, as well as a rejection of fanaticism that leads to terror attacks and mass violence. According to Jainism
Jainism
, no single, specific statement can describe the nature of existence and the absolute truth . This knowledge (_Kevala Jnana _), it adds, is comprehended only by the Arihants . Other beings and their statements about absolute truth are incomplete, and at best a partial truth
[...More...]

"Anekantavada" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Jain Cosmology
JAIN COSMOLOGY is the description of the shape and functioning of the Universe
Universe
(_loka_) and its constituents (such as living beings, matter, space, time etc.) according to Jainism
Jainism
. Jain cosmology
Jain cosmology
considers the universe, as an uncreated entity, existing since infinity, having neither beginning nor end. Jain texts describe the shape of the universe as similar to a man standing with legs apart and arm resting on his waist. This Universe, according to Jainism, is broad at the top, narrow at the middle and once again becomes broad at the bottom
[...More...]

"Jain Cosmology" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Ahimsa In Jainism
_AHIMSā_ (_Ahiṃsā_) in Jainism
Jainism
is a fundamental principle forming the cornerstone of its ethics and doctrine. The term _ahimsa _ means nonviolence , non-injury or absence of desire to harm any life forms. Vegetarianism and other nonviolent practices and rituals of Jains flow from the principle of _ahimsa_. The Jain
Jain
concept of _ahimsa_ is very different from the concept of nonviolence found in other philosophies. Violence is usually associated with causing harm to others. But according to the Jain philosophy , violence refers primarily to injuring one's own self – behaviour which inhibits the soul's own ability to attain _moksha _ (liberation from the cycle of births and deaths)
[...More...]

"Ahimsa In Jainism" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Dharma (Jainism)
Jain texts assign a wide range of meaning to the Sanskrit DHARMA or Prakrit DHAMMA. It is often translated as “religion” and as such, Jainism is called Jain Dharma by its adherents. In Jainism, the word Dharma is used to refer the following: * Religion * Dharma as a dravya (substance or a reality) (the principle of motion) * The true nature of a thing * Ten virtues like forgiveness, etc. also called ten forms of DharmaCONTENTS* 1 Religion * 1.1 Ahimsa as Dharma * 1.2 Dharma bhāvanā * 1.3 Conduct * 2 The nature of a substance * 3 Dharma substance * 4 Samyaktva - Rationality of perception, knowledge and conduct * 5 Ten Virtues as Dharma * 6 References * 7 Sources RELIGIONUsage of the word dharma in reference to the religion
[...More...]

"Dharma (Jainism)" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Moksha (Jainism)
Sanskrit MOKSHA or Prakrit MOKKHA means liberation or salvation. It is a blissful state of existence of a soul, completely free from the karmic bondage, free from saṃsāra , the cycle of birth and death. A liberated soul is said to have attained its true and pristine nature of infinite bliss, infinite knowledge and infinite perception. Such a soul is called siddha and is revered in Jainism . In Jainism , it is the highest and the noblest objective that a soul should strive to achieve. In fact, it is the only objective that a person should have; other objectives are contrary to the true nature of soul. With the right view, knowledge and efforts all souls can attain this state. That is why Jainism is also known as mokṣamārga or the "path to liberation"
[...More...]

"Moksha (Jainism)" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Kevala Jnana
KEVALA JñāNA means omniscience in Jainism
Jainism
and is roughly translated as absolute knowledge or supreme knowledge. _Kevala jnana_ is believed to be an intrinsic quality of all souls. This quality is masked by karmic particles that surround the soul. Every soul has the potential to obtain omniscience by shedding off these karmic particles. Jain scriptures speak of twelve stages through which the soul achieves this goal. A soul who has attained kevala jnana is called a _kevalin_ (केवलिन्). According to the Jains, only kevalins can comprehend objects in all aspects and manifestations; others are only capable of partial knowledge. The views of two sects of Jainism, Digambara and Śvētāmbara Jains differ on the subject of _kevalins_. According to Digambaras, a kevalin does not experience hunger or thirst, whereas according to Svetambaras, a _kevalin_ has normal human needs and he travels and preaches too
[...More...]

"Kevala Jnana" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Dravya
DRAVYA (Hindi : द्रव्य) is a term used to refer a substance. According to the Jain philosophy , the universe is made up of six eternal substances: sentient beings or souls (_jīva_), non-sentient substance or matter (_pudgala _), principle of motion (_dharma _), the principle of rest (_adharma _), space (_ākāśa _) and time (_kāla_). The latter five are united as the _ajiva_ (the non-living). As per the Sanskrit
Sanskrit
etymology, _dravya_ means substances or entity, but it may also mean real or fundamental categories. Jain philosophers distinguish a substance from a body, or thing, by declaring the former as a simple element or reality while the latter as a compound of one or more substances or atoms. They claim that there can be a partial or total destruction of a body or thing, but no substance can ever be destroyed
[...More...]

"Dravya" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Tattva (Jainism)
Jain philosophy explains that seven TATTVA (truths or fundamental principles) constitute reality. These are: — * jīva - the soul which is characterized by consciousness * ajīva- the non-soul * āsrava (influx)- inflow of auspicious and evil karmic matter into the soul. * bandha (bondage)- mutual intermingling of the soul and karmas. * samvara (stoppage)- obstruction of the inflow of karmic matter into the soul. * nirjara (gradual dissociation)- separation or falling-off of part of karmic matter from the soul. * mokṣha (liberation)- complete annihilation of all karmic matter (bound with any particular soul).The knowledge of these reals is said to be essential for the liberation of the soul
[...More...]

"Tattva (Jainism)" on: