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Kamet
Kamet
Kamet
(Hindi: कामेत) is the second highest mountain in the Garhwal region of Uttarakhand, after Nanda Devi. It lies in the Chamoli District
Chamoli District
of Uttarakhand. Its appearance resembles a giant pyramid topped by a flat summit area with two peaks.Contents1 Climbing 2 Neighboring and subsidiary peaks 3 Nomenclature 4 Partial timeline 5 Glaciers and rivers 6 High altitude research 7 See also 8 References 9 External linksClimbing[edit] Due to its position near the Tibetan Plateau, Kamet
Kamet
is remote and not as accessible as some Himalayan peaks. It also receives a great deal of wind from the Plateau. However, by modern standards, it is a relatively straightforward ascent for such a high mountain
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Ancient Egypt
Ancient Egypt
Egypt
was a civilization of ancient Northeastern Africa, concentrated along the lower reaches of the Nile
Nile
River in the place that is now the country Egypt
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Tom George Longstaff
Tom George Longstaff (15 January 1875 – 27 June 1964) was an English doctor, explorer and mountaineer, most famous for being the first person to climb a summit of over 7,000 metres in elevation, Trisul, in the India/Pakistann Himalaya
Himalaya
in 1907. He also made important explorations and climbs in Tibet, Nepal, the Karakoram, Spitsbergen, Greenland, and Baffin Island. He was president of the (British) Alpine Club from 1947 to 1949 and a founding member of The Alpine Ski Club in 1908.Contents1 Early life 2 War service 3 Mountaineer 4 ReferencesEarly life[edit] Longstaff was the eldest son of Lt-Col. Llewellyn W
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Hebrew
Hebrew (/ˈhiːbruː/; עִבְרִית, Ivrit [ʔivˈʁit] ( listen) or [ʕivˈɾit] ( listen)) is a Northwest Semitic language native to Israel, spoken by over 9 million people worldwide.[8][9] Historically, it is regarded as the language of the Israelites
Israelites
and their ancestors, although the language was not referred to by the name Hebrew in the Tanakh.[note 1] The earliest examples of written Paleo-Hebrew date from the 10th century BCE.[10] Hebrew belongs to the West Semitic branch of the Afroasiatic language family
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Ranikhet
Ranikhet
Ranikhet
is a hill station and cantonment town in Almora district
Almora district
in the Indian state of Uttarakhand
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United Kingdom
The United Kingdom
United Kingdom
of Great Britain
Great Britain
and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
(UK)[15] or Britain,[note 11] is a sovereign country located off the north-western coast of the European mainland. The United Kingdom
United Kingdom
includes the island of Great Britain, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland, and many smaller islands.[16] Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
is the only part of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
that shares a land border with another sovereign state, the Republic of Ireland
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Mount Everest
Mount Everest, known in Nepali as Sagarmāthā and in Tibetan as Chomolungma, is Earth's highest mountain above sea level, located in the Mahalangur Himal
Mahalangur Himal
sub-range of the Himalayas. The international border between China
China
( Tibet
Tibet
Autonomous Region) and Nepal
Nepal
(Province No. 1) runs across its summit point. The current official elevation of 8,848 m (29,029 ft), recognised by China
China
and Nepal, was established by a 1955 Indian survey and subsequently confirmed by a Chinese survey in 1975.[1] In 2005, China
China
remeasured the rock height of the mountain, with a result of 8844.43 m. There followed an argument between China
China
and Nepal
Nepal
as to whether the official height should be the rock height (8,844 m., China) or the snow height (8,848 m., Nepal)
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Gurla Mandhata
Gurla Mandhata, or Naimona'nyi or Memo Nani(Chinese: 納木那尼峰) is the highest peak of the Nalakankar Himal, a small subrange of the Himalaya. It lies in Burang County
Burang County
of the Ngari Prefecture
Ngari Prefecture
in the Tibet Autonomous Region
Tibet Autonomous Region
of China, near the northwest corner of Nepal. It is the 34th highest peak in the world (using a 500-metre prominence cutoff). It is also notable for being well within the Tibetan Plateau (most peaks of similar height - except notably Shishapangma, the world's 14th highest peak - lie nearer to or outside the edge of the Plateau) and relatively far away from other peaks of height greater than 7500 metres. It sits roughly across Lake Manasarowar
Lake Manasarowar
from the sacred peak of Mount Kailash
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British East India Company
The East India
India
Company (EIC), also known as the Honourable East India Company (HEIC) or the British East India
India
Company and informally as John Company,[1] was an English and later British joint-stock company,[2] that was formed to pursue trade with the "East Indies"[citation needed] (in present-day terms, Maritime Southeast Asia), but ended up trading mainly with Qing China
Qing China
and seizing control of large parts of the Indian subcontinent. Originally chartered as the "Governor and Company of Merchants of London trading into the East Indies", the company rose to account for half of the world's trade[citation needed], particularly in basic commodities including cotton, silk, indigo dye, salt, saltpetre, tea, and opium
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Survey Of India
The Survey of India
India
(Hindi: भारतीय सर्वेक्षण विभाग) is India's central engineering agency in charge of mapping and surveying.[1] Set up in 1767[2] to help consolidate the territories of the British East India Company, it is one of the oldest Engineering Departments of the Government of India. The Survey of India's distinguished history includes the handling of the mammoth Great Trigonometrical Survey under William Lambton
William Lambton
and George Everest
George Everest
and the discovery of Mt. Everest.[2] Its members are from Survey of India
India
Service cadre of Civil Services of India
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St. Niklaus
St. Niklaus
St. Niklaus
(French: Saint-Nicolas) is a village and a municipality in the Mattertal, part of the district of Visp
Visp
in the canton of Valais
Valais
in Switzerland.Contents1 History 2 Mountain-guide-dynasty[4] 3 Geography 4 Transport 5 Coat of arms 6 Demographics 7 Sights 8 Politics 9 Economy 10 Religion 11 Education 12 References 13 External linksHistory[edit] St. Niklaus
St. Niklaus
is first mentioned in 1233 as chousun. In 1272 it was mentioned as ecclesia Sancti Nicholai de Chouson, Gebreitun de Gazun, 1388 in villa sti nicolai de chosun, niu a fr Saint-Nicolas.[3] Mountain-guide-dynasty[4][edit]Josef Marie Lochmatter (1833-1882), his best friend Peter Knubel (1832-1919), his brother-in-law Alois Pollinger (1844-1910), and Josef Imboden (1840-1925), a cousin of Peter Knubel,were the founders of a well-known mountain-guide-dynasty
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Mountain
A mountain is a large landform that stretches above the surrounding land in a limited area, usually in the form of a peak. A mountain is generally steeper than a hill. Mountains are formed through tectonic forces or volcanism. These forces can locally raise the surface of the earth. Mountains erode slowly through the action of rivers, weather conditions, and glaciers. A few mountains are isolated summits, but most occur in huge mountain ranges. High elevations on mountains produce colder climates than at sea level
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Mesopotamia
Mesopotamia
Mesopotamia
is a historical region of Western Asia
Western Asia
situated within the Tigris– Euphrates
Euphrates
river system, in modern days roughly corresponding to most of Iraq, Kuwait, parts of Northern Saudi Arabia, the eastern parts of Syria, Southeastern Turkey, and regions along the Turkish–Syrian and Iran– Iraq
Iraq
borders.[1] The Sumerians and Akkadians
Akkadians
(including Assyrians and Babylonians) dominated Mesopotamia
Mesopotamia
from the beginning of written history (c. 3100 BC) to the fall of Babylon
Babylon
in 539 BC, when it was conquered by the Achaemenid Empire
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World War I
Allied victory Central Powers
Central Powers
victory on the Eastern Front nullified by defeat on the Western Front Fall of all continental empires in Europe
Europe
(including Germany, Russia, Turkey and Austria-
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Switzerland
Switzerland, officially the Swiss Confederation, is a sovereign state situated in the confluence of western, central, and southern Europe.[9][note 4] It is a federal republic composed of 26 cantons, with federal authorities seated in Bern.[1][2][note 1] Switzerland
Switzerland
is a landlocked country bordered by Italy
Italy
to the south, France
France
to the west, Germany
Germany
to the north, and Austria
Austria
and Liechtenstein
Liechtenstein
to the east. It is geographically divided between the Alps, the Swiss Plateau
Swiss Plateau
and the Jura, spanning a total area of 41,285 km2 (15,940 sq mi), and land area of 39,997 km2 (15,443 sq mi)
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Edmund Hillary
Sir Edmund Percival Hillary KG ONZ KBE OSN (20 July 1919 – 11 January 2008) was a New Zealand mountaineer, explorer, and philanthropist. On 29 May 1953, Hillary and Nepalese Sherpa mountaineer Tenzing Norgay
Tenzing Norgay
became the first climbers confirmed to have reached the summit of Mount Everest. They were part of the ninth British expedition to Everest, led by John Hunt. Hillary became interested in mountaineering while in secondary school. He made his first major climb in 1939, reaching the summit of Mount Ollivier. He served in the Royal New Zealand Air Force
Royal New Zealand Air Force
as a navigator during World War II. Prior to the Everest expedition, Hillary had been part of the British reconnaissance expedition to the mountain in 1951 as well as an unsuccessful attempt to climb Cho Oyu
Cho Oyu
in 1952
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