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Jules Marcou
JULES MARCOU (April 20, 1824 – April 17, 1898) was a French , Swiss and American geologist . BIOGRAPHYHe was born at Salins , in the département of Jura , in France
France
. He was educated at Besançon
Besançon
and at the Collège Saint Louis, Paris
Paris
. After completing his studies, he made several excursions through Switzerland
Switzerland
to recover his health. These trips led him to devote himself to natural science. During these trips, he met Jules Thurmann (1804-1855), who in turn introduced him to Louis Agassiz
Louis Agassiz
. In 1845, he worked with Thurmann on a geological survey of the Jura mountains . He was appointed assistant in the mineralogical department of the Sorbonne
Sorbonne
in 1846, and also classified its collection of fossils
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Wheeler Survey
The WHEELER SURVEY was a survey of a portion of the United States lying west of the 100th meridian . It comprised multiple expeditions, and was supervised by First Lieutenant (later Captain) George Montague Wheeler . The survey team included Lieutenant (later Brigadier General ) Montgomery M. Macomb . Wheeler led early expeditions from 1869 to 1871 in the west, and in 1872 the US Congress
US Congress
authorized an ambitious plan to map the portion of the United States
United States
west of the 100th meridian at a scale of 8 miles to the inch. This plan necessitated what became known as the Wheeler Survey. The survey's main goal was to make topographic maps of the southwestern United States
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Museum Of Comparative Zoology
The MUSEUM OF COMPARATIVE ZOOLOGY, full name "The Louis Agassiz Museum of Comparative Zoology", often abbreviated simply to "MCZ", is the zoology museum located on the grounds of Harvard University
Harvard University
in Cambridge, Massachusetts
Cambridge, Massachusetts
. It is one of three natural history research museums at Harvard whose public face is the Harvard Museum of Natural History . Harvard MCZ's collections consist of some 21 million specimens, of which several thousand are on rotating display at the public museum. The current director of the Museum of Comparative Zoology
Zoology
is James Hanken , the Louis Agassiz Professor of Zoology
Zoology
at Harvard University. Many of the exhibits in the public museum have not only zoological interest but also historical significance
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Southern California
SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA (colloquially known as SOCAL) is a geographic and cultural region that generally comprises California
California
's 10 southernmost counties . The region is traditionally described as eight counties, based on demographics and economic ties: Imperial , Los Angeles
Los Angeles
, Orange , Riverside , San Bernardino
San Bernardino
, San Diego
San Diego
, Santa Barbara , and Ventura . The more extensive 10-county definition, which includes Kern and San Luis Obispo counties, is also used and is based on historical political divisions. The 8-county and 10-county definitions are not used for the greater SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA MEGAREGION, one of the 11 megaregions of the United States
United States

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Mount Auburn Cemetery
MOUNT AUBURN CEMETERY is the first rural cemetery in the United States , located on the line between Cambridge and Watertown in Middlesex County , Massachusetts
Massachusetts
, 4 miles (6.4 km ) west of Boston, Massachusetts. With classical monuments set in a rolling landscaped terrain, it marked a distinct break with Colonial-era burying grounds and church-affiliated graveyards . The appearance of this type of landscape coincides with the rising popularity of the term "cemetery", derived from the Greek for "a sleeping place." This language and outlook eclipsed the previous harsh view of death and the afterlife embodied by old graveyards and church burial plots. The 174-acre (70 ha ) cemetery is important both for its historical aspects and for its role as an arboretum . It is Watertown’s largest contiguous open space and extends into Cambridge to the east, adjacent to the Cambridge City Cemetery and Sand Banks Cemetery
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Daniel Coit Gilman
DANIEL COIT GILMAN (/ˈɡɪlmən/ ; July 6, 1831 – October 13, 1908) was an American educator and academic. Gilman was instrumental in founding the Sheffield Scientific School at Yale College , and subsequently served as the third president of the University of California , as the first president of Johns Hopkins University
Johns Hopkins University
, and as founding president of the Carnegie Institution . He was also co-founder of the Russell Trust Association , which administers the business affairs of Yale's Skull and Bones society
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Zürich
ZüRICH or ZURICH (/ˈzjʊərᵻx, -ᵻk/ ) is the largest city in Switzerland
Switzerland
and the capital of the canton of Zürich
Zürich
. It is located in north-central Switzerland
Switzerland
at the northwestern tip of Lake Zürich . The municipality has approximately 400,028 inhabitants, the urban agglomeration 1.315 million and the Zürich metropolitan area 1.83 million. Zürich
Zürich
is a hub for railways, roads, and air traffic. Both Zürich Airport and railway station are the largest and busiest in the country. Permanently settled for about 2000 years, Zürich
Zürich
was founded by the Romans , who, in 15 BC, called it Turicum . However, early settlements have been found dating back more than 6400 years ago
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Palaeontology
PALEONTOLOGY or PALAEONTOLOGY ( /ˌpeɪliɒnˈtɒlədʒi/ , /ˌpeɪliənˈtɒlədʒi/ or /ˌpæliɒnˈtɒlədʒi/ , /ˌpæliənˈtɒlədʒi/ ) is the scientific study of life that existed prior to, and sometimes including, the start of the Holocene Epoch (roughly 11,700 years before present ). It includes the study of fossils to determine organisms' evolution and interactions with each other and their environments (their paleoecology ). Paleontological observations have been documented as far back as the 5th century BC. The science became established in the 18th century as a result of Georges Cuvier
Georges Cuvier
's work on comparative anatomy , and developed rapidly in the 19th century. The term itself originates from Greek παλαιός, palaios, i.e. "old, ancient", ὄν, on (gen. ontos), i.e. "being, creature" and λόγος, logos, i.e. "speech, thought, study"
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Canada
Coordinates : 60°N 95°W / 60°N 95°W / 60; -95 CANADA Flag MOTTO: A Mari Usque Ad Mare (Latin ) (English: "From Sea to Sea") ANTHEM: " O Canada
O Canada
"------------------------- ROYAL ANTHEM : " God Save the Queen
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Stratigraphy
STRATIGRAPHY is a branch of geology concerned with the study of rock layers (strata ) and layering (stratification). It is primarily used in the study of sedimentary and layered volcanic rocks . Stratigraphy has two related subfields: lithologic stratigraphy or lithostratigraphy , and biologic stratigraphy or biostratigraphy
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Mississippi River
The MISSISSIPPI RIVER is the chief river of the second-largest drainage system on the North American continent, second only to the Hudson Bay
Hudson Bay
drainage system. Flowing entirely in the United States (although its drainage basin reaches into Canada), it rises in northern Minnesota
Minnesota
and meanders slowly southwards for 2,320 miles (3,730 km) to the Mississippi
Mississippi
River
River
Delta at the Gulf of Mexico
Gulf of Mexico
. With its many tributaries , the Mississippi's watershed drains all or parts of 31 U.S. states and 2 Canadian provinces between the Rocky and Appalachian Mountains
Appalachian Mountains
. The Mississippi
Mississippi
ranks as the fourth-longest and fifteenth-largest river in the world by discharge
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Pacific Ocean
The PACIFIC OCEAN is the largest and deepest of Earth
Earth
's oceanic divisions. It extends from the Arctic Ocean
Arctic Ocean
in the north to the Southern Ocean (or, depending on definition, to Antarctica
Antarctica
) in the south and is bounded by Asia
Asia
and Australia
Australia
in the west and the Americas
Americas
in the east. At 165,250,000 square kilometers (63,800,000 square miles) in area (as defined with an Antarctic
Antarctic
southern border), this largest division of the World Ocean —and, in turn, the hydrosphere —covers about 46% of Earth's water surface and about one-third of its total surface area, making it larger than all of Earth's land area combined
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New International Encyclopedia
The NEW INTERNATIONAL ENCYCLOPEDIA was an American encyclopedia first published in 1902 by Dodd, Mead and Company . It descended from the International Cyclopaedia (1884) and was updated in 1906, 1914 and 1926. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Features * 3 Contributors and office editors * 4 References * 5 External links HISTORYThe New International Encyclopedia
New International Encyclopedia
was the successor of the International Cyclopaedia (1884). Initially, the International Cyclopaedia was largely a reprint of Alden's Library of Universal Knowledge, which was a reprint of the British Chambers\'s Encyclopaedia with American additions (including many biographical entries for Americans). The local Cyclopaedia was much improved by editors Harry Thurston Peck and Selim Peabody
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Public Domain
The legal term PUBLIC DOMAIN refers to works whose exclusive intellectual property rights have expired, have been forfeited, have been expressly waived, or are inapplicable. For example, the works of Shakespeare
Shakespeare
and Beethoven , and most of the early silent films , are all now in the public domain by either being created before copyrights existed or by their copyright term expiring. Examples for works not covered by copyright which are therefore in the public domain, are the formulae of Newtonian physics , cooking recipes , and all software before 1974. Examples for works actively dedicated into public domain by their authors are reference implementations of cryptographic algorithms , NIH 's ImageJ , and the CIA
CIA
's World Factbook
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International Standard Name Identifier
The INTERNATIONAL STANDARD NAME IDENTIFIER (ISNI) is an identifier for uniquely identifying the public identities of contributors to media content such as books, television programmes, and newspaper articles. Such an identifier consists of 16 digits. It can optionally be displayed as divided into four blocks. It was developed under the auspices of the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) as Draft International Standard 27729; the valid standard was published on 15 March 2012. The ISO technical committee 46, subcommittee 9 ( TC 46/SC 9 ) is responsible for the development of the standard. ISNI can be used to disambiguate names that might otherwise be confused, and links the data about names that are collected and used in all sectors of the media industries
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Library Of Congress Control Number
The LIBRARY OF CONGRESS CONTROL NUMBER (LCCN) is a serially based system of numbering cataloging records in the Library of Congress
Library of Congress
in the United States. It has nothing to do with the contents of any book, and should not be confused with Library of Congress
Library of Congress
Classification . CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Format * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 External links HISTORYThe LCCN numbering system has been in use since 1898, at which time the acronym LCCN originally stood for Library of Congress
Library of Congress
Card Number. It has also been called the Library of Congress
Library of Congress
Catalog Card Number, among other names. The Library of Congress
Library of Congress
prepared cards of bibliographic information for their library catalog and would sell duplicate sets of the cards to other libraries for use in their catalogs
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