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Juan Caramuel Y Lobkowitz Juan Caramuel y Lobkowitz Juan Caramuel y Lobkowitz (Juan Caramuel de Lobkowitz, May 23, 1606 in Madrid Madrid — September 7 or 8, 1682 in Vigevano) was a Spanish Catholic scholastic philosopher, ecclesiastic, mathematician and writer.Contents1 Life 2 Works 3 Printed Works 4 Note 5 See also 6 References 7 Further reading 8 External linksLife[edit] He was a precocious child, early delving into serious problems in mathematics and even publishing astronomical tables in his tenth year. After receiving a superficial education at college, where his unusual ability brought rapid advancement, this prodigy turned his attention to the Asiatic languages, especially Chinese [...More...]  "Juan Caramuel Y Lobkowitz" on: Wikipedia Yahoo 

University Of St Andrews University University of St Andrews St Mary's College School of Medicine St Leonard's College & [...More...]  "University Of St Andrews" on: Wikipedia Yahoo 

Combinatorics Combinatorics Combinatorics is an area of mathematics primarily concerned with counting, both as a means and an end in obtaining results, and certain properties of finite structures. It is closely related to many other areas of mathematics and has many applications ranging from logic to statistical physics, from evolutionary biology to computer science, etc. To fully understand the scope of combinatorics requires a great deal of further amplification, the details of which are not universally agreed upon.[1] According to H. J [...More...]  "Combinatorics" on: Wikipedia Yahoo 

Archbishop Of Prague The following is a list of bishops and archbishops of Prague. The bishopric of Prague was established in 973, and elevated to an archbishopric on 30 April 1344. The current Roman Catholic Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Prague is the continual successor of the bishopric established in 973 (with a 140year sede vacante in the Hussite Hussite era). In addition, the city also has an Orthodox archeparchy (archbishopric), Greek Catholic exarchate and the Prague diocese and patriarchate of the Czechoslovak Hussite Hussite Church seat in Prague.An aerial view of St. Vitus Cathedral [...More...]  "Archbishop Of Prague" on: Wikipedia Yahoo 

Yeoman A yeoman /ˈjoʊmən/ was a member of a social class in late medieval to early modern England. In early recorded uses, a yeoman was an attendant in a noble household; hence titles such as " Yeoman Yeoman of the Chamber", " Yeoman Yeoman of the Crown", " Yeoman Yeoman Usher", "King's Yeoman", Yeomen Warders, Yeomen of the Guard. The later sense of yeoman as "a commoner who cultivates his own land" is recorded from the 15th century; in military context, yeoman was the rank of the third order of "fighting men", below knights and squires, but above knaves. A specialized meaning in naval terminology, "petty officer in charge of supplies", arose in the 1660s.Contents1 Etymology 2 History 3 United States3.1 U.S. Navy U.S. Navy and U.S. Coast Guard4 Other references4.1 In popular culture 4.2 Other5 See also 6 Notes 7 Further reading 8 External linksEtymology[edit] The term is first recorded c [...More...]  "Yeoman" on: Wikipedia Yahoo 

JeanNoël Paquot JeanNoël Paquot (1722–1803) was a Belgian theologian, historian, Hebrew scholar and bibliographer. Life[edit] Paquot was born in Florennes in 1722. In 1738 he enrolled at the University of Louvain, graduating Licentiate of Theology in 1751.[1] From 1755 to 1771 he taught Hebrew at the Collegium Trilingue in Leuven, where he was also librarian. He was stripped of his position after a criminal trial. In subsequent years he lived in Brussels and Gembloux. In 1782 he was stripped of his pension as court historiographer to Empress Maria Theresa, for having denied that the Austrian government had a historical claim to SaintHubert. On 1 February 1769 he was elected to the Société littéraire de Bruxelles, a precursor of the Royal Academy of Science, Letters and Fine Arts of Belgium.[2] In 1787 he moved to Liège to collaborate on an abortive project to found a university there [...More...]  "JeanNoël Paquot" on: Wikipedia Yahoo 

Leuven Leuven Leuven (Dutch: [ˈløːvə(n)] ( listen)) or Louvain (French: Louvain, pronounced [luvɛ̃]; German: Löwen) is the capital of the province of Flemish Brabant Flemish Brabant in Belgium. It is located about 25 kilometres (16 miles) east of Brussels. The municipality itself comprises the historic city and the former neighbouring municipalities of Heverlee, KesselLo, a part of KorbeekLo, Wilsele and Wijgmaal [...More...]  "Leuven" on: Wikipedia Yahoo 

Blaise Pascal Blaise Pascal Blaise Pascal (/pæˈskæl, pɑːˈskɑːl/;[3] French: [blɛz paskal]; 19 June 1623 – 19 August 1662) was a French mathematician, physicist, inventor, writer and Catholic theologian. He was a child prodigy who was educated by his father, a tax collector in Rouen. Pascal's earliest work was in the natural and applied sciences where he made important contributions to the study of fluids, and clarified the concepts of pressure and vacuum by generalising the work of Evangelista Torricelli. Pascal also wrote in defence of the scientific method. In 1642, while still a teenager, he started some pioneering work on calculating machines [...More...]  "Blaise Pascal" on: Wikipedia Yahoo 

Lettres Provinciales The Lettres provinciales (Provincial letters) are a series of eighteen letters written by French philosopher and theologian Blaise Pascal under the pseudonym Louis de Montalte. Written in the midst of the formulary controversy between the Jansenists and the Jesuits, they are a defense of the Jansenist Jansenist Antoine Arnauld Antoine Arnauld from PortRoyaldesChamps, a friend of Pascal who in 1656 was condemned by the Faculté de Théologie at the Sorbonne in Paris Paris for views that were claimed to be heretical. The First letter is dated January 23, 1656 and the Eighteenth March 24, 1657.[1] A fragmentary Nineteenth letter is frequently included with the other eighteen. In these letters, Pascal humorously attacked casuistry, a rhetorical method often used by Jesuit Jesuit theologians, and accused Jesuits of moral laxity [...More...]  "Lettres Provinciales" on: Wikipedia Yahoo 

Alphonsus Liguori Saint Alphonsus Liguori Alphonsus Liguori CSsR (1696–1787), sometimes called Alphonsus Maria Liguori, was an Italian Catholic bishop, spiritual writer, composer, musician, artist, poet, lawyer, scholastic philosopher, and theologian. He founded the Congregation of the Most Holy Redeemer Congregation of the Most Holy Redeemer (the Redemptorists). In 1762 he was appointed Bishop of Sant'Agata dei Goti. A prolific writer, he published nine editions of his Moral Theology Theology in his lifetime, in addition to other devotional and ascetic works and letters. Among his best known works are The Glories of Mary and The Way of the Cross, the latter still used in parishes during Lenten devotions. He was canonized in 1839 by Pope Gregory XVI Pope Gregory XVI and proclaimed a Doctor of the Church by Pope Pius IX Pope Pius IX in 1871 [...More...]  "Alphonsus Liguori" on: Wikipedia Yahoo 

Probability Related concepts and fundamentals:Agnosticism Epistemology Presupposition Probabilityv t e Probability Probability is the measure of the likelihood that an event will occur.[1] See glossary of probability and statistics. Probability Probability is quantified as a number between 0 and 1, where, loosely speaking,[2] 0 indicates impossibility and 1 indicates certainty.[3][4] The higher the probability of an event, the more likely it is that the event will occur [...More...]  "Probability" on: Wikipedia Yahoo 

Benedictine Order The Order of Saint Benedict Order of Saint Benedict (OSB; Latin: Ordo Sancti Benedicti), also known – in reference to the colour of its members' habits – as the Black Monks, is a Catholic religious order Catholic religious order of independent monastic communities that observe the Rule of Saint Benedict. Each community (monastery, priory or abbey) within the order maintains its own autonomy, while the order itself represents their mutual interests [...More...]  "Benedictine Order" on: Wikipedia Yahoo 

Huygens Huygens (also Huijgens, Huigens, Huijgen/Huygen, or Huigen) is a Dutch patronymic surname, meaning "son of Hugo". Most references to "Huygens" are to the polymath Christiaan Huygens [...More...]  "Huygens" on: Wikipedia Yahoo 

Logarithm In mathematics, the logarithm is the inverse operation to exponentiation, just as division is the inverse of multiplication. That means the logarithm of a number is the exponent to which another fixed number, the base, must be raised to produce that number. In the most simple case the logarithm counts repeated multiplication of the same factor; e.g., since 1000 = 10 × 10 × 10 = 103, the "logarithm to base 10" of 1000 is 3. More generally, exponentiation allows any positive real number to be raised to any real power, always producing a positive result, so the logarithm can be calculated for any two positive real numbers b and x where b is not equal to 1. The logarithm of x to base b, denoted logb (x) (or logb x when no confusion is possible), is the unique real number y such that by = x. For example, log2 64 = 6, as 64 = 26. The logarithm to base 10 (that is b = 10) is called the common logarithm and has many applications in science and engineering [...More...]  "Logarithm" on: Wikipedia Yahoo 

Cologarithm In mathematics, the baseb cologarithm,[1] sometimes shortened to colog,[1] of a number is the baseb logarithm of the reciprocal of the number. It is equal to the negative baseb logarithm of the number. colog b ( x ) = log b ( 1 x ) = log b ( 1 ) − log b ( x ) = − log b ( x ) displaystyle operatorname colog _ b (x)=log _ b left( frac 1 x right)=log _ b (1)log _ b (x)=log _ b (x) [1]In chemistry, a decimal cologarithm is indicated by the letter p [...More...]  "Cologarithm" on: Wikipedia Yahoo 

Public Domain The legal term public domain refers to works whose exclusive intellectual property rights have expired,[1] have been forfeited,[2] have been expressly waived, or are inapplicable.[3] For example, the works of Shakespeare Shakespeare and Beethoven, and most early silent films are in the public domain either by virtue of their having been created before copyright existed, or by their copyright term having expired.[1] Some works are not covered by copyright, and are therefore in the public domain—among them the formulae of Newtonian physics, cooking recipes,[4] and all computer software creat [...More...]  "Public Domain" on: Wikipedia Yahoo 