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Jorma Panula
JORMA PANULA (born 10 August 1930 in Kauhajoki ) is a Finnish conductor, composer, and teacher of conducting. He has mentored many notable Finnish conductors, such as Esa-Pekka Salonen , Mikko Franck
Mikko Franck
, Sakari Oramo , Jukka-Pekka Saraste
Jukka-Pekka Saraste
, and Osmo Vänskä . CAREERPanula studied church music and conducting at the Sibelius Academy. His teachers included Leo Funtek , Dean Dixon
Dean Dixon
, Albert Wolff and Franco Ferrara . Apart from conducting, he has composed a wide variety of music. His operas Jaakko Ilkka and the River Opera established a new genre called "performance opera", which fused music, visual art and the art of daily life. Panula's other compositions include musicals , church music, a violin concerto, jazz capriccio and numerous pieces of vocal music
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Kauhajoki
KAUHAJOKI (literally “Scoop River
River
”) is a town and municipality of Finland
Finland
. The city is unilingually Finnish . It is located in the province of Western Finland
Finland
and is part of the Southern Ostrobothnia region . The population of Kauhajoki
Kauhajoki
is 13,860 (31 March 2016) and the municipality covers an area of 1,299.10 km2 (501.59 sq mi) of which 16.46 km2 (6.36 sq mi) is inland water (1 January 2016). The population density is 10.67/km2 (27.6/sq mi). CONTENTS* 1 History * 1.1 2008 vocational college shooting * 2 Sports * 3 References * 4 External links HISTORYPermanent settlement in the Kauhajoki
Kauhajoki
area began in the 16th century and in 1584 chapel was built in Kauhajoki. During the Winter War
Winter War
between 1939–1940, Kauhajoki
Kauhajoki
hosted the Finnish parliament
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Finland
FINLAND (/ˈfɪnlənd/ (_ listen ); Finnish : Suomi_ (_ listen ); Swedish : Finland_ ), officially the REPUBLIC OF FINLAND, is a sovereign state in Northern Europe . A peninsula with the Gulf of Finland to the south and the Gulf of Bothnia to the west, the country has land borders with Sweden to the northwest, Norway to the north, and Russia to the east. Estonia is south of the country across the Gulf of Finland. Finland is a Nordic country situated in the geographical region of Fennoscandia , which also includes Scandinavia . Finland's population is 5.5 million (2014), and the majority of the population is concentrated in the southern region. 88.7% of the population is Finnish people who speak Finnish , a Uralic language unrelated to the Scandinavian languages; the second major group are the Finland-Swedes (5.3%)
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Esa-Pekka Salonen
ESA-PEKKA SALONEN ( pronunciation (help ·info ): ; born June 30, 1958) is a Finnish orchestral conductor and composer . He is currently Principal Conductor and Artistic Advisor of the Philharmonia Orchestra in London
London
, Conductor Laureate of the Los Angeles Philharmonic
Los Angeles Philharmonic
, Composer-In-Residence at the New York Philharmonic , Artistic Director and cofounder of the Baltic Sea Festival, and Artist in Association at the Finnish National Opera
Finnish National Opera
and Ballet
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Mikko Franck
MIKKO FRANCK (born 1 April 1979) is a Finnish conductor and violinist. Franck was born in Helsinki
Helsinki
, and began to play the violin at the age of 5. He continued violin studies at the Sibelius Academy in Helsinki, beginning in 1992. In 1995, Franck took an opportunity from the Junior Department at the Sibelius Academy, which was celebrating its anniversary, to conduct an orchestra offered to any student who wished to do so. After this occurred, Jorma Panula immediately enlisted him as a private student. Franck entered Panula's conducting class at the Sibelius Academy in the fall of 1996. He has said of Panula: "He gave me everything that can be taught about this profession. For instance, we used video as an aid in losing my unnecessary mannerisms." Franck ended his studies there in 1998 without receiving a diploma because his international career had already begun
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Sakari Oramo
SAKARI MARKUS ORAMO OBE
OBE
(born October 26, 1965) is a Finnish conductor . Since 2013 he has been the Chief Conductor of the BBC Symphony Orchestra . BIOGRAPHY AND CAREEROramo was born in Helsinki
Helsinki
, and started his career as a violinist and concertmaster of the Finnish Radio Symphony Orchestra . In 1989, he enrolled in Jorma Panula
Jorma Panula
's conducting class at the Sibelius Academy . In 1993, just one year after completing the course, he stood in for a sick conductor with the Finnish Radio Symphony Orchestra. This success led to his appointment as Co-Principal Conductor. Oramo has also worked with Finland's Avanti! ensemble. Oramo became principal guest conductor of the Ostrobothnian Chamber Orchestra in 1995, and one of its principal conductors in 2009. In 2013, he became the orchestra's artistic director
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Jukka-Pekka Saraste
JUKKA-PEKKA SARASTE (born April 22, 1956, Lahti
Lahti
) is a Finnish conductor and violinist. Saraste was trained as a violinist. He later studied conducting at the Sibelius Academy with Jorma Panula in the same class as Esa-Pekka Salonen and Osmo Vänskä . Before becoming a conductor, Saraste was co-principal second violinist and later an associate to Leif Segerstam , with the Finnish Radio Symphony Orchestra (RSO). In 1983, Esa-Pekka Salonen and Saraste co-founded the Avanti! Chamber Orchestra, which specialises in performances of contemporary music. In 2000, Saraste also founded the Ekenäs Summer Concerts-Festival with the Finnish Chamber Orchestra, and he is currently the artistic advisor to both Festival and Orchestra. Saraste has directed the Finnish Chamber orchestra on several tours, including tours in the United States and China
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Osmo Vänskä
OSMO ANTERO VäNSKä (born 28 February 1953) is a Finnish conductor , clarinetist and composer . He started his musical career as an orchestral clarinetist with the Turku Philharmonic (1971–76). He then became the principal clarinet of the Helsinki Philharmonic from 1977 to 1982. During this time, he started to study conducting with Jorma Panula
Jorma Panula
at the Sibelius Academy , where his classmates included Esa-Pekka Salonen and Jukka-Pekka Saraste . In 1982, he won the International Besançon Competition for Young Conductors . Vänskä became principal guest conductor of the Lahti Symphony Orchestra in 1985, and chief conductor in 1988. He concluded his tenure with the Lahti Symphony Orchestra in 2008 and is now the orchestra's Conductor Laureate. His complete set of Sibelius symphonies with the Lahti Symphony Orchestra , also on the BIS label, has garnered widespread acclaim
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Leo Funtek
LEO FUNTEK (August 21, 1885 — January 13, 1965) was a Slovenian violinist , conductor and arranger. He is best known for work as a music professor and for his 1922 arrangement of Modest Mussorgsky
Modest Mussorgsky
's piano suite Pictures at an Exhibition . Funtek was born in Ljubljana
Ljubljana
, Slovenia
Slovenia
. He received his musical education at the Leipzig Conservatory (now the Felix Mendelssohn College of Music and Theatre ) and Leipzig University
Leipzig University
. Funtek spent most of his working life in Finland
Finland
, where he was conductor of the Finnish Opera . He was concertmaster with the Helsinki
Helsinki
Philharmonic Orchestra from 1906 to 1909, and then was orchestra director of the Viipuri orchestra from 1909 to 1910
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Dean Dixon
CHARLES DEAN DIXON (January 10, 1915 – November 3, 1976) was an American conductor. CONTENTS * 1 Career * 2 Personal life * 3 See also * 4 References CAREERDixon was born in the upper- Manhattan
Manhattan
neighborhood of Harlem
Harlem
in New York City to parents who had earlier migrated from the Caribbean
Caribbean
. He studied conducting with Albert Stoessel at the Juilliard School
Juilliard School
and Columbia University
Columbia University
. When early pursuits of conducting engagements were stifled because of racial bias (he was African American ), he formed his own orchestra and choral society in 1931. In 1941, he guest-conducted the NBC Symphony Orchestra , and the New York Philharmonic during its summer season. He later guest-conducted the Philadelphia Orchestra and Boston Symphony Orchestra
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Albert Wolff (conductor)
ALBERT LOUIS WOLFF (19 January 1884 – 20 February 1970) was a French conductor and composer of Dutch descent. Most of his career was spent in European venues, with the exception of two years that he spent as a conductor at the Metropolitan Opera and a few years in Buenos Aires
Buenos Aires
during the Second World War. He is most known for holding the position of principal conductor with the Opéra-Comique
Opéra-Comique
in Paris for several years. He was married to the French mezzo-soprano Simone Ballard
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Franco Ferrara
FRANCO FERRARA ( Palermo
Palermo
, 4 July 1911 – Florence
Florence
, 6 September 1985) was an Italian conductor . After obtaining diplomas in piano , violin , organ and musical composition at the Conservatory of Bologna
Bologna
, Ferrara began his career as violin player in Bologna, in Rome and in Florence, with the Orchestra of Maggio Musicale Fiorentino (1933 – 1940). Encouraged to take on conducting, he debuted in 1938 in Florence
Florence
beginning a brilliant career. In 1948, he retired from conducting in public concerts owing to poor health, but he kept conducting for records and he was engaged as a teacher at the Accademia Nazionale di Santa Cecilia in Rome. Ferrara was also present on 14 occasions at the Accademia Musicale Chigiana in Siena
Siena
, Italy. Between 1964 and 1985, he lectured on conducting
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Jaakko Ilkka
JAAKKO PENTINPOIKA ILKKA (1545, Ilmajoki – January 27, 1597) was a wealthy Finnish landowner and leader of a 16th century revolt by Finnish peasants against Swedish rule known as the Cudgel War . Ilkka's father Pentti was the second largest landowner in Ilmajoki, near Seinäjoki
Seinäjoki
, in northern Ostrobothnian Finland. After his father's death, Ilkka, an accomplished horse rider among his many other talents, took over the family business in 1585. He moved around the country doing land deals for some years. Ilkka was also the owner of a ship and visited Tallinn
Tallinn
and Stockholm
Stockholm
on it. He was twice married and had three sons. In 1595, the whole of Ostrobothnia was in revolt, with peasants refusing to pay crippling taxes owed to the Swedish crown that at the time ruled Finland. Ilkka led the peasants' resistance movement
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Musical Theatre
MUSICAL THEATRE is a form of theatrical performance that combines songs, spoken dialogue , acting, and dance. The story and emotional content of a musical – humor, pathos , love, anger – are communicated through the words, music, movement and technical aspects of the entertainment as an integrated whole. Although musical theatre overlaps with other theatrical forms like opera and dance, it may be distinguished by the equal importance given to the music as compared with the dialogue, movement and other elements. Since the early 20th century, musical theatre stage works have generally been called, simply, MUSICALS. Although music has been a part of dramatic presentations since ancient times, modern Western musical theatre emerged during the 19th century, with many structural elements established by the works of Gilbert and Sullivan in Britain and those of Harrigan and Hart in America
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Turku Philharmonic Orchestra
The TURKU PHILHARMONIC ORCHESTRA (Finnish: Turun Filharmoninen Orkesteri) is a Finnish orchestra based in Turku
Turku
, Finland
Finland
. The oldest orchestra in Finland, the Turku
Turku
Philharmonic is resident at the Turku Concert Hall , the first purpose-built concert hall in Finland, completed in 1952. The orchestra was founded in 1790 under the name Turun Soitannollinen Seura (Musical Society of Turku). In 1927, the municipality of Turku took ownership of the ensemble, with Tauno Hannikainen as the orchestra's first chief conductor under municipal management. The orchestra roster currently numbers 74 musicians. Since January 2012, the orchestra's principal conductor is Leif Segerstam . The orchestra's current resident composer is Mikko Heiniö . The orchestra released its first commercial recording in 1979. It has since recorded commercially for such labels as Ondine, Finlandia, and Naxos
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Helsinki Philharmonic Orchestra
The HELSINKI PHILHARMONIC ORCHESTRA (Finnish: Helsingin kaupunginorkesteri, Swedish: Helsingfors stadsorkester) is a Finnish orchestra based in Helsinki
Helsinki
. Its primary concert venue is the Helsinki
Helsinki
Music Centre . In 1882, with the backing of two wealthy businessmen, Robert Kajanus founded the orchestra as the HELSINKI ORCHESTRAL SOCIETY and served as its chief conductor for 50 years. It was the first permanent orchestra in the Nordic countries
Nordic countries
. In 1914, it merged with its rival ensemble, the Helsinki
Helsinki
Symphony Orchestra , and acquired its present name. Until 1962, it also served as the orchestra for the Finnish National Opera
Finnish National Opera
. Leif Segerstam was chief conductor of the orchestra from 1995 to 2007, and is now its chief conductor emeritus
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