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Johnjoe McFadden
JOHNJOE MCFADDEN (born 17 May 1956 in Donegal
Donegal
, Ireland ) is an Anglo-Irish scientist, academic and writer. He is Professor of Molecular Genetics
Genetics
at the University of Surrey , United Kingdom. CONTENTS * 1 Life * 2 Writing * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 External links LIFEMcFadden was born in Donegal, Ireland but raised in the UK . He holds joint British and Irish Nationality . He obtained his BSc in Biochemistry University of London
University of London
in 1977 and his PhD at Imperial College London in 1982. He went on to work on human genetic diseases and then infectious diseases , at St Mary\'s Hospital Medical School , London (1982–84) and St George\'s Hospital Medical School , London (1984–88) and then at the University of Surrey in Guildford
Guildford
, UK
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Ian McEwan
IAN RUSSELL MCEWAN CBE FRSA FRSL (born 21 June 1948) is an English novelist and screenwriter. In 2008, The Times
The Times
featured him on their list of "The 50 greatest British writers since 1945", and also in 2008 The Daily Telegraph
The Daily Telegraph
ranked him number 19 in their list of the "100 most powerful people in British culture ". McEwan began his career writing sparse, Gothic short stories. The Cement Garden (1978) and The Comfort of Strangers (1981) were his first two novels, and earned him the nickname "Ian Macabre". These were followed by three novels of some success in the 1980s and early 1990s. His work Enduring Love (1997) was adapted into a film . He won the Man Booker Prize
Man Booker Prize
with Amsterdam (1998)
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Philip Pullman
PHILIP PULLMAN CBE , FRSL (born 19 October 1946) is an English writer. He is the author of several best-selling books, most notably the fantasy trilogy His Dark Materials and the fictionalised biography of Jesus
Jesus
, The Good Man Jesus and the Scoundrel Christ . In 2008, The Times named Pullman one of the "50 greatest British writers since 1945". In a 2004 poll for the BBC
BBC
, Pullman was named the eleventh most influential person in British culture . The first book of Pullman's His Dark Materials trilogy, Northern Lights , won the 1995 Carnegie Medal from the Library Association , recognising the year's outstanding English-language children's book. For the 70th anniversary of the Medal it was named one of the top ten winning works by a panel, composing the ballot for a public election of the all-time favourite
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Steven Pinker
STEVEN ARTHUR PINKER (born September 18, 1954) is a Canadian-born American cognitive scientist , psychologist , linguist , and popular science author. He is Johnstone Family Professor in the Department of Psychology
Psychology
at Harvard University
Harvard University
, and is known for his advocacy of evolutionary psychology and the computational theory of mind . Pinker's academic specializations are visual cognition and psycholinguistics . His experimental subjects include mental imagery, shape recognition, visual attention, children's language development, regular and irregular phenomena in language, the neural bases of words and grammar , and the psychology of cooperation and communication, including euphemism , innuendo , emotional expression, and common knowledge. He has written two technical books that proposed a general theory of language acquisition and applied it to children's learning of verbs
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A.C. Grayling
ANTHONY CLIFFORD GRAYLING CBE (/ˈɡreɪlɪŋ/ ; born 3 April 1949), usually known as A. C. Grayling, is a philosopher and author. He was born in the British expatriate community in Zambia
Zambia
(formerly Northern Rhodesia ) and spent most of his childhood there and in Malawi
Malawi
. In 2011 he founded and became the first Master of New College of the Humanities , an independent undergraduate college in London. Until June 2011, he was Professor of Philosophy at Birkbeck, University of London , where he taught from 1991. He is also a supernumerary fellow of St Anne\'s College, Oxford
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Consciousness
CONSCIOUSNESS is the state or quality of awareness , or, of being aware of an external object or something within oneself. It has been defined variously in terms of sentience , awareness, qualia , subjectivity , the ability to experience or to feel , wakefulness , having a sense of selfhood or soul , the fact that there is something "that it is like" to "have" or "be" it, and the executive control system of the mind . In contemporary philosophy its definition is often hinted at via the logical possibility of its absence, the philosophical zombie , which is defined as a being whose behavior and function are identical to one's own yet there is "no-one in there" experiencing it. Despite the difficulty in definition, many philosophers believe that there is a broadly shared underlying intuition about what consciousness is
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Evolution
EVOLUTION is change in the heritable characteristics of biological populations over successive generations . Evolutionary processes give rise to biodiversity at every level of biological organisation , including the levels of species , individual organisms , and molecules . Repeated formation of new species (speciation ), change within species (anagenesis ), and loss of species (extinction ) throughout the evolutionary history of life on Earth are demonstrated by shared sets of morphological and biochemical traits, including shared DNA sequences . These shared traits are more similar among species that share a more recent common ancestor , and can be used to reconstruct a biological "tree of life " based on evolutionary relationships (phylogenetics ), using both existing species and fossils
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Donegal
DONEGAL or DONEGAL TOWN (/ˈdʌniɡɔːl/ or /ˈdʌnɪɡɔːl/ DUN-i-gawl ; Irish : Dún na nGall, meaning "fort of the foreigners") is a town in County Donegal
County Donegal
in Ulster
Ulster
, Ireland
Ireland
. The name was historically written in English as 'Dunnagall' or 'Dunagall'. Donegal gave its name to County Donegal, although Lifford is now the county town . From the 1470s until the very early 17th century, Donegal
Donegal
was the 'capital' of Tyrconnell
Tyrconnell
(Irish : Tír Chonaill), a Gaelic kingdom controlled by the O\'Donnell dynasty of the Northern Uí Néill
Northern Uí Néill
. Donegal
Donegal
sits at the mouth of the River Eske and Donegal Bay , which is overshadowed by the Blue Stack Mountains ('the Croaghs')
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Quantum Mechanics
QUANTUM MECHANICS (QM; also known as QUANTUM PHYSICS or QUANTUM THEORY), including quantum field theory , is a branch of physics which is the fundamental theory of nature at the small scales and energy levels of atoms and subatomic particles . Classical physics
Classical physics
(the physics existing before quantum mechanics) derives from quantum mechanics as an approximation valid only at large (macroscopic ) scales. Quantum mechanics
Quantum mechanics
differs from classical physics in that: energy , momentum and other quantities are often restricted to discrete values (quantization ), objects have characteristics of both particles and waves (i.e. wave-particle duality ), and there are limits to the precision with which quantities can be known (uncertainty principle )
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Jim Al-Khalili
JAMEEL SADIK "JIM" AL-KHALILI OBE
OBE
(Arabic : جميل صادق الخليلي‎‎; born 20 September 1962) is a British Iraqi theoretical physicist , author and broadcaster . He is currently Professor of Theoretical Physics
Physics
and Chair in the Public Engagement in Science at the University of Surrey
University of Surrey
. He has presented a number of science programmes on BBC
BBC
television and is a frequent commentator about science in other British media. In 2014, Al-Khalili was named as a RISE (Recognising Inspirational Scientists and Engineers) leader by the UK's Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC). He was President of the British Humanist Association between January 2013 and January 2016
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Genetically Modified Food
GENETICALLY MODIFIED FOODS or GM FOODS, also known as GENETICALLY ENGINEERED FOODS or BIOENGINEERED FOODS, are foods produced from organisms that have had changes introduced into their DNA using the methods of genetic engineering . Genetic engineering techniques allow for the introduction of new traits as well as greater control over traits than previous methods such as selective breeding and mutation breeding . Commercial sale of genetically modified foods began in 1994, when Calgene first marketed its unsuccessful Flavr Savr delayed-ripening tomato. Most food modifications have primarily focused on cash crops in high demand by farmers such as soybean , corn , canola , and cotton . Genetically modified crops have been engineered for resistance to pathogens and herbicides and for better nutrient profiles. GM livestock have been developed, although as of November 2013 none were on the market
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Special
SPECIAL or SPECIALS may refer to: CONTENTS * 1 Music * 2 Film and television * 3 Other uses * 4 See also MUSIC * Special (album) , a 1992 album by Vesta Williams * "Special" (Garbage song) , 1998 * "Special" (Mew song) , 2005 * "Special" (Stephen Lynch song) , 2000 * The Specials
The Specials
, a British band * "Special", a song by Violent Femmes on The Blind Leading the Naked * "Special", a song on
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International Standard Name Identifier
The INTERNATIONAL STANDARD NAME IDENTIFIER (ISNI) is an identifier for uniquely identifying the public identities of contributors to media content such as books, television programmes, and newspaper articles. Such an identifier consists of 16 digits. It can optionally be displayed as divided into four blocks. It was developed under the auspices of the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) as Draft International Standard 27729; the valid standard was published on 15 March 2012. The ISO technical committee 46, subcommittee 9 ( TC 46/SC 9 ) is responsible for the development of the standard. ISNI can be used to disambiguate names that might otherwise be confused, and links the data about names that are collected and used in all sectors of the media industries
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Système Universitaire De Documentation
The SYSTèME UNIVERSITAIRE DE DOCUMENTATION or SUDOC is a system used by the libraries of French universities and higher education establishments to identify, track and manage the documents in their possession. The catalog, which contains more than 10 million references, allows students and researcher to search for bibliographical and location information in over 3,400 documentation centers
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Bibliothèque Nationale De France
The BIBLIOTHèQUE NATIONALE DE FRANCE (BNF; French: ) is the National Library of France
France
, located in Paris
Paris
. It is the national repository of all that is published in France. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 New buildings * 3 Mission * 4 Manuscript
Manuscript
collection * 5 Digital library * 6 Popular culture * 7 See also * 8 References * 9 Further reading * 10 External links HISTORYThe National Library of France
France
traces its origin to the royal library founded at the Louvre Palace by Charles V in 1368. Charles had received a collection of manuscripts from his predecessor, John II , and transferred them to the Louvre
Louvre
from the Palais de la Cité
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