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John McMurrich
JOHN MCMURRICH (February 3, 1804 – February 13, 1883) was a businessman and political figure in Canada West and later Ontario
Ontario
. He was born near Paisley , Scotland
Scotland
in 1804 and came to Upper Canada in 1833 to work in a York ( Toronto
Toronto
) dry goods business affiliated with a Glasgow
Glasgow
-based firm. He became a partner in 1837. McMurrich served on Toronto
Toronto
city council in 1860. He was elected to the Legislative Council of the Province of Canada in an 1862 by-election. He served on the Public School Board in Toronto
Toronto
for a number of years and was chairman from 1865 to 1867 and in 1870. In 1867, he was elected to the Legislative Assembly of Ontario
Ontario
for York North as a Liberal ; he was defeated in 1871. He was a member of the Toronto Board of Trade and served as president for a number of Toronto companies. He died in Toronto
Toronto
in 1883. His eldest son, William Barclay , was a mayor of Toronto. Another son, James Playfair , became a distinguished zoologist
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Member Of Provincial Parliament (Ontario)
"Member of Provincial Parliament" and the initialism "MPP" were formally adopted by the Legislature on April 7, 1938. Before the adoption of this resolution, members had no fixed designation. Before Confederation members of the Legislative Assembly of the Province of Canada had been known by various titles including MPP, MLA and MHA and this confusion persisted after 1867 with members of the Ontario legislature using the titles Members of the Legislative Assembly (MLAs) or Members of Provincial Parliament (MPPs) interchangeably. In 1938, Frederick Fraser Hunter , the Member for St. Patrick, introduced a private member\'s bill to designate members as Members of Parliament (MPs) arguing that the titles of MPP or MLA were confusing, inaccurate, and undignified. However, his original proposal failed to pass and as an alternative a resolution was adopted fixing the title as Members of Provincial Parliament (MPP). The text of the resolution passed by the House on that day is as follows: On motion of Mr. Hunter, seconded by Mr
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Alfred Boultbee
ALFRED BOULTBEE (March 5, 1828 – December 29, 1901) was an Ontario lawyer and political figure. He represented York North in the Legislative Assembly of Ontario
Ontario
from 1871 to 1874 and York East
York East
in the Canadian House of Commons as a Conservative member from 1878 to 1882. He was born in Hampshire , England
England
in 1829 and came to Ancaster Township in Upper Canada with his family in 1836. He articled in law with William Notman and was called to the bar in 1855. He began practice in Newmarket , but later joined Thomas McCulloch Fairbairn in a practice in Peterborough . After the death of Fairbairn in 1874, he moved his practice to Toronto
Toronto
. In 1857, he married Caroline Augusta, the daughter of George Hamilton . He served as reeve for Newmarket for a number of years. With others, Boultbee established the North York Sentinel and served as its editor for several years
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York North (Ontario Provincial Electoral District)
YORK NORTH was a provincial riding in Ontario
Ontario
, Canada
Canada
, that was represented in the Legislative Assembly of Ontario from 1867 to 2007. The provincial riding was known as YORK—MACKENZIE from 1995 to 1999. In 2007, the Ontario
Ontario
provincial electoral district was eliminated when it was matched to the redistributed ridings of the federal districts. Julia Munro , who held the York North seat, was re-elected in the new riding of York—Simcoe
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Paisley, Renfrewshire
PAISLEY (/ˈpeɪzli/ ; Scottish Gaelic : _Pàislig_ ) is the largest town in the historic county of Renfrewshire
Renfrewshire
in the west central Lowlands of Scotland
Scotland
and serves as the administrative centre for the Renfrewshire
Renfrewshire
council area . The town is situated on the northern edge of the Gleniffer Braes , straddling the banks of the White Cart Water , a tributary of the River Clyde
River Clyde
. The town, a former burgh , forms part of the contiguous Greater Glasgow
Glasgow
urban area; Glasgow
Glasgow
city centre is 7 miles (11 km) to the east. The town came to prominence with the establishment of Paisley Abbey
Abbey
in the 12th century, an important religious hub which formerly had control over the other churches in the local area. It is often cited as "Scotland's largest town", as it does not have city status. By the 19th century, Paisley had established itself as a centre of the weaving industry, giving its name to the Paisley shawl and the Paisley Pattern . The town's associations with political Radicalism were highlighted by its involvement in the Radical War of 1820, with striking weavers being instrumental in the protests. As of 1993, all of Paisley's mills had closed, although they are memorialised in the town's museums and civic history
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Scotland
SCOTLAND (/ˈskɒt.lənd/ ; Scots : ; Scottish Gaelic
Scottish Gaelic
: _ Alba
Alba
_ ( listen )) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
and covers the northern third of the island of Great Britain
Great Britain
. It shares a border with England
England
to the south, and is otherwise surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean
Atlantic Ocean
, with the North Sea
North Sea
to the east and the North Channel and Irish Sea to the south-west. In addition to the mainland, the country is made up of more than 790 islands, including the Northern Isles and the Hebrides
Hebrides
. The Kingdom of Scotland
Kingdom of Scotland
emerged as an independent sovereign state in the Early Middle Ages and continued to exist until 1707. By inheritance in 1603, James VI , King of Scots , became King of England and King of Ireland
Ireland
, thus forming a personal union of the three kingdoms . Scotland
Scotland
subsequently entered into a political union with the Kingdom of England
England
on 1 May 1707 to create the new Kingdom of Great Britain
Great Britain

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Toronto
TORONTO (/təˈrɒntoʊ/ ( listen ), locally /təˈrɒnoʊ/ ( listen )) is a Canadian city and the provincial capital of Ontario
Ontario
. With a city population of 2,731,571 and a metropolitan population of 5,928,040, it is the most populous city and metropolitan area in Canada. A global city , Toronto is a centre of business, finance, arts, and culture, and is recognized as one of the most multicultural cities in the world. Indigenous peoples have inhabited the area now known as Toronto for thousands of years, with the city itself sitting at the southern terminus of the ancient Toronto Carrying-Place Trail . Permanent European settlement began in the 1790s, after the broadly disputed Toronto Purchase of 1787, when the Mississaugas
Mississaugas
surrendered the area to the British Crown . The British established the town of York , and later designated it as the capital of Upper Canada
Canada
. During the War of 1812 , the town was the site of the Battle of York
Battle of York
and suffered heavy damage by U.S. troops . York was renamed and incorporated as the city of Toronto in 1834, and became the capital of the province of Ontario
Ontario
during Canadian Confederation
Canadian Confederation
in 1867
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Ontario
ONTARIO (/ɒnˈtɛərioʊ/ ( listen ); French pronunciation: ​ ), one of the 13 provinces and territories of Canada
Canada
, is located in east-central Canada
Canada
. It is Canada's most populous province accounting for nearly 40 percent of the country's population, and is the second-largest province in total area. Ontario
Ontario
is fourth-largest in total area when the territories of the Northwest Territories
Northwest Territories
and Nunavut
Nunavut
are included. It is home to the nation's capital city, Ottawa , and the nation's most populous city, Toronto
Toronto
. Ontario
Ontario
is bordered by the province of Manitoba
Manitoba
to the west, Hudson Bay and James Bay
James Bay
to the north, and Quebec
Quebec
to the east and northeast, and to the south by the U.S. states of (from west to east) Minnesota
Minnesota
, Michigan
Michigan
, Ohio
Ohio
, Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
and New York
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Ontario Liberal Party
The ONTARIO LIBERAL PARTY (French : _Parti libéral de l'Ontario_) is a provincial political party in the province of Ontario , Canada . It has formed the Government of Ontario since the provincial election of 2003 . The party is ideologically aligned with the Liberal Party of Canada but the two parties are organizationally independent and have separate, though overlapping, memberships. The party is led by Kathleen Wynne , who was sworn in as Premier of Ontario on February 11, 2013 after winning the Ontario Liberal leadership election on January 26, 2013. CONTENTS * 1 Origins * 2 Confederation * 3 Decline and opposition * 4 Mitch Hepburn * 5 Post-war boom and opposition * 6 The Peterson years * 7 Return to opposition * 8 Return to power * 9 Election results * 10 Leaders of the Ontario Liberal Party * 11 See also * 12 References * 13 External links ORIGINSThe Liberal Party of Ontario is descended from the Reform Party of Robert Baldwin and William Lyon Mackenzie , who argued for responsible government in the 1830s and 1840s against the conservative patrician rule of the Family Compact . The modern Liberals were founded by George Brown , who sought to rebuild the Reform Party after its collapse in 1854
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Canada West
The UNITED PROVINCE OF CANADA, or the PROVINCE OF CANADA, or the UNITED CANADAS was a British colony in North America
North America
from 1841 to 1867. Its formation reflected recommendations made by John Lambton, 1st Earl of Durham in the Report on the Affairs of British North America following the Rebellions of 1837–38 . The Act of Union 1840 , passed July 23, 1840, by the British Parliament and proclaimed by the Crown on February 10, 1841, merged the Colonies of Upper Canada and Lower Canada by abolishing their separate parliaments and replacing them with a single one with two houses, a Legislative Council as the upper chamber and the Legislative Assembly as the lower chamber. In the aftermath of the Rebellions of 1837–1838, unification of the two Canadas was driven by two factors. Firstly, Upper Canada was near bankruptcy because it lacked stable tax revenues, and needed the resources of the more populous Lower Canada to fund its internal transportation improvements. And secondly, unification was an attempt to swamp the French vote by giving each of the former provinces the same number of parliamentary seats, despite the larger population of Lower Canada. Although Durham's report had called for the Union of the Canadas and for responsible government (a government accountable to an independent local legislature), only the first was implemented
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Upper Canada
The PROVINCE OF UPPER CANADA (French : _province du Haut-Canada_) was a part of British Canada established in 1791 by the United Kingdom , in order to govern the central third of the lands in British North America and to accommodate Loyalist refugees of the United States after the American Revolution . The new province remained, for the next fifty years of growth and settlement, the colonial government of the territory. Upper Canada existed from 26 December 1791 to 10 February 1841 and generally comprised present-day Southern Ontario . The "upper" prefix in the name reflects its geographic position being closer to the headwaters of the Saint Lawrence River than that of Lower Canada (or present-day Quebec ) to the northeast. Upper Canada included all of modern-day Southern Ontario and all those areas of Northern Ontario in the _Pays d\'en Haut _ which had formed part of New France , essentially the watersheds of the Ottawa River or Lakes Huron and Superior , excluding any lands within the watershed of Hudson Bay
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Glasgow
GLASGOW (/ˈɡlɑːzɡoʊ, ˈɡlɑːs-, ˈɡlæz-, ˈɡlæs-/ ; Scots : _Glesga_ /ˈɡlezɡə/; Scottish Gaelic : _Glaschu_ ) is the largest city in Scotland , and third largest in the United Kingdom . Historically part of Lanarkshire , it is now one of the 32 council areas of Scotland . It is situated on the River Clyde in the country's West Central Lowlands . Inhabitants of the city are referred to as Glaswegians. Glasgow grew from a small rural settlement on the River Clyde to become the largest seaport in Britain. Expanding from the medieval bishopric and royal burgh , and the later establishment of the University of Glasgow in the 15th century, it became a major centre of the Scottish Enlightenment in the 18th century. From the 18th century the city also grew as one of Great Britain's main hubs of transatlantic trade with North America and the West Indies . With the onset of the Industrial Revolution , the population and economy of Glasgow and the surrounding region expanded rapidly to become one of the world's pre-eminent centres of chemicals, textiles and engineering; most notably in the shipbuilding and marine engineering industry, which produced many innovative and famous vessels
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Legislative Council Of The Province Of Canada
The LEGISLATIVE COUNCIL OF THE PROVINCE OF CANADA was the upper house for the Province of Canada , which consisted of the former provinces of Lower Canada , then known as Canada East and later the province of Quebec
Quebec
, and Upper Canada , then known as Canada West and later the province of Ontario
Ontario
. It was created by The Union Act of 1840. The first session of parliament began in Kingston in Canada West in 1841. It succeeded the Legislative Council of Lower Canada and Legislative Council of Upper Canada
Legislative Council of Upper Canada
. The 24 legislative councillors were originally appointed. In 1856, a bill was passed to replace the appointed members by election. Members were to be elected from 48 divisions, 24 in each of Canada East and Canada West. 12 members were elected every two years from 1856 to 1862. The British North America Act of 1867 divided the Province of Canada into the provinces of Ontario
Ontario
and Quebec, each with representation in the unelected Senate of Canada
Senate of Canada
. As a province, Ontario
Ontario
never created a Legislative Council; however, Quebec
Quebec
had its own Legislative Council until 1968
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Legislative Assembly Of Ontario
GOVERNMENT (57) * Liberal (57) OPPOSITION (29) * PC (29) OTHER PARTIES (21) * NDP (20) * Trillium (1) ELECTIONS LAST ELECTION June 12, 2014 NEXT ELECTION June 7, 2018 (scheduled) MEETING PLACE Ontario Legislative Building , Toronto , Ontario , Canada WEBSITE www.ontla.on.ca Legislative Assembly of Ontario The Ontario Legislature and Queen\'s Park The LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY OF ONTARIO is one of two components of the Legislature of Ontario (also known as the PARLIAMENT OF ONTARIO ), the other being the Queen of Canada in Right of Ontario , represented by the Lieutenant Governor of Ontario . The Legislative Assembly is the second largest Canadian provincial deliberative assembly by number of members after the National Assembly of Quebec . The Assembly meets at the Ontario Legislative Building at Queen\'s Park in the provincial capital of Toronto . The Legislative Assembly was established by the British North America Act, 1867 (later re-titled _Constitution Act, 1867_), which dissolved the Province of Canada into two new provinces, with the portion then called Canada West becoming Ontario
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William Barclay McMurrich
WILLIAM BARCLAY MCMURRICH (November 1, 1842 – September 6, 1908) was a Canadian lawyer and politician. He was the mayor of Toronto
Toronto
from 1881 to 1882. He was also a member of the Orange Order in Canada
Orange Order in Canada
. Born in Toronto
Toronto
, the son of John McMurrich
John McMurrich
and Janet Dixon, McMurrich was educated at Knox Academy and Upper Canada College
Upper Canada College
. He received a Bachelor of Arts degree in 1863 and a Master of Arts degree in 1864 from the University of Toronto
Toronto
. He then studied law and was called to the Bar in 1866. He was a practising lawyer. In 1868, he was elected a public school trustee for the St. Andrew's ward and served in this position for eight years. In 1879, he was elected to the Toronto
Toronto
City Council for the St. Patrick's Ward. In 1881, he was elected mayor of Toronto
Toronto
and re-elected in 1882. He did not run in 1883 instead was a candidate for the Canadian House of Commons in the riding of West Toronto
Toronto
in the 1882 federal election . He lost to James Beaty, Jr. He died while at a cottage on Lake Joseph in 1908 and was buried in Mount Pleasant Cemetery . REFERENCES * ^ George Maclean Rose (1886). A Cyclopedia of Canadian Biography: Being Chiefly Men of the Time
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J. Playfair McMurrich
JAMES PLAYFAIR MCMURRICH, FRSC (October 16, 1859 – February 9, 1939) was a Canadian zoologist and academic . Born in Toronto
Toronto
, the son of John McMurrich , McMurrich received a M.A. from the University of Toronto
Toronto
in 1881 and a Ph.D. from Johns Hopkins University in 1885. From 1881 to 1884, he was a Professor of biology and horticulture at Ontario Agricultural College
Ontario Agricultural College
in the University of Guelph
University of Guelph
. From 1892 to 1894, he taught at the University of Cincinnati . He was a Professor of Anatomy in homoeopathic department of the University of Michigan . From 1907 to 1930, he was Professor of anatomy at the University of Toronto. From 1922 to 1923, he was the president of the Royal Society of Canada . In 1922, he was the president of the American Association for the Advancement of Science . In 1933, he was the president of the History of Science Society . In 1939, he was awarded the Royal Society of Canada's Flavelle Medal . In 1882, he married Katie Moodie Vickers. SELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHY * A text-book of invertebrate morphology (1894) * Leonardo da Vinci: The Anatom