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John Henry Newman
JOHN HENRY NEWMAN, Cong. Orat. , (21 February 1801 – 11 August 1890) was an Anglican priest, poet and theologian and later a Catholic cardinal, who was an important and controversial figure in the religious history of England in the 19th century. He was known nationally by the mid-1830s. Originally an evangelical Oxford University academic and priest in the Church of England , Newman then became drawn to the high-church tradition of Anglicanism . He became known as a leader of, and an able polemicist for, the Oxford Movement , an influential and controversial grouping of Anglicans who wished to return to the Church of England many Catholic beliefs and liturgical rituals from before the English Reformation . In this the movement had some success
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John Neumann
JOHN NEPOMUCENE NEUMANN CSsR (Czech : Jan Nepomucký Neumann, German: Johann Nepomuk Neumann; March 28, 1811 – January 5, 1860) was a Catholic priest from Bohemia
Bohemia
. He immigrated to the United States in 1836, where he was ordained and later joined the Redemptorist
Redemptorist
order and became the fourth Bishop of Philadelphia (1852–1860). He is the first United States bishop (and to date the only male citizen) to be canonized. While Bishop of Philadelphia, Neumann founded the first Catholic diocesan school system in the United States. He is a Roman Catholic
Roman Catholic
saint, canonized in 1977
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John Newman (other)
JOHN NEWMAN may refer to: CONTENTS * 1 Politicians * 2 Religion * 3 Sports * 4 Others * 5 See also POLITICIANS * John Newman (fl.1571) , MP for St. Ives (UK Parliament constituency) * John Newman (Australian politician) (1946–1994), Australian politician, assassinated by a rival * John Newman (mayor) (c. 1829 – 1901), U.S
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Cardinal Newman (other)
CARDINAL NEWMAN can refer to: * John Henry Newman
John Henry Newman
, an Anglican and later Roman Catholic theologian and cardinal.Roman Catholic educational institutions named after the theologian include: Schools * Cardinal Newman Catholic School, Luton
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Beatification
BEATIFICATION (from Latin
Latin
_beatus_, "blessed" and _facere_, "to make") is a recognition accorded by the Catholic Church
Catholic Church
of a dead person's entrance into Heaven
Heaven
and capacity to intercede on behalf of individuals who pray in his or her name. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Practices under the Popes * 3 Cultus confirmation * 4 See also * 5 References * 5.1 Citations * 5.2 Sources * 6 External links HISTORYLocal bishops had the power of beatifying until 1634, when Pope Urban VIII , in the apostolic constitution _Cœlestis Jerusalem_ of 6 July, reserved the power of beatifying to the Holy See
Holy See

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Congregation Of The Oratory
The CONGREGATION OF THE ORATORY OF SAINT PHILIP NERI is a pontifical society of apostolic life of Catholic priests and lay-brothers who live together in a community bound together by no formal vows but only with the bond of charity. They are commonly referred to as ORATORIANS (Oratorian Fathers). This "Congregation of the Oratory" should not be confused with the French Oratory, a distinct congregation, the Society of the Oratory of Jesus (Société de l'Oratoire de Jésus), founded by Pierre de Bérulle
Pierre de Bérulle
in 1611 in Paris
Paris
. Founded in Rome
Rome
(then capital of the Papal States
Papal States
) in 1575 by St. Philip Neri
Philip Neri
, today it has spread around the world, with over 70 Oratories and some 500 priests. The post-nominal initials commonly used to identify members of the society are "C.O." (Congregatio Oratorii). The abbreviation "Cong
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Cardinal Deacon
A CARDINAL ( Latin
Latin
: Sanctae Romanae Ecclesiae cardinalis, literally Cardinal of the Holy Roman Church) is a senior ecclesiastical leader, considered a Prince of the Church
Prince of the Church
, and usually (now always for those created when still within the voting age-range) an ordained bishop of the Roman Catholic Church
Catholic Church
. The cardinals of the Church are collectively known as the College of Cardinals
College of Cardinals
. The duties of the cardinals include attending the meetings of the College and making themselves available individually or in groups to the Pope
Pope
as requested. Most have additional duties, such as leading a diocese or archdiocese or managing a department of the Roman Curia . A cardinal's primary duty is electing the bishop of Rome
Rome
when the see becomes vacant
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San Giorgio In Velabro
SAN GIORGIO IN VELABRO is a church in Rome
Rome
, Italy
Italy
, devoted to St. George . The church is located in the ancient Roman Velabrum
Velabrum
, near the Arch of Janus , in the rione of Ripa . Sited near the River Tiber , it is within a complex of Republican-era pagan temples associated with the port of Rome. The ancient Arcus Argentariorum is attached to the side of the church's façade. San Giorgio in Velabro
San Giorgio in Velabro
is the station church for the first Thursday in Lent
Lent
. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Cardinal-Deacons * 3 References * 4 Bibliography * 5 External links * 6 See also HISTORYThe first religious building attested in the place of the current basilica is a diaconia , funded by Pope Gregory the Great
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John Everett Millais
SIR JOHN EVERETT MILLAIS, 1ST BARONET, PRA (/ˈmɪleɪ/ ; 8 June 1829 – 13 August 1896) was an English painter and illustrator who was one of the founders of the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood . A child prodigy, at the age of eleven Millais became the youngest student to enter the Royal Academy Schools. The Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood was founded at his family home in London, at 83 Gower Street (now number 7). Millais became the most famous exponent of the style, his painting _ Christ in the House of His Parents _ (1850) generating considerable controversy. By the mid-1850s Millais was moving away from the Pre-Raphaelite style and developing a new and powerful form of realism in his art
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Tommaso Martinelli
TOMMASO MARIA MARTINELLI (4 February 1827 - 30 March 1888) was a Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church
Roman Catholic Church
who served as Prefect of the Congregation of Rites . Tommaso Martinelli was born in the parish of Sant'Anna, Lucca
Lucca
as the son of Cosma Martinelli and Maddalena Pardini. He was the brother of Cardinal Sebastiano Martinelli
Sebastiano Martinelli
. CONTENTS * 1 Education * 2 Priesthood * 3 Cardinalate * 4 Episcopate * 5 Death EDUCATIONHe entered the Order of Hermits of Saint Augustine ( Augustinians ) in Lucca
Lucca
in 1842 and was professed on 19 April 1844. PRIESTHOODHe was ordained on 22 December 1849 in Rome
Rome
. He was lecturer in the monastery and college of St Augustine, Rome
Rome
and served as regent of studies of the school in September 1855
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Francis Aidan Gasquet
FRANCIS AIDAN GASQUET, O.S.B. (born FRANCIS NEIL GASQUET, 5 October 1846 – 5 April 1929) was an English Benedictine monk and historical scholar. He was created Cardinal in 1914. CONTENTS * 1 Life * 2 As a historian * 3 Works * 3.1 Articles * 3.2 Miscellany * 4 Notes * 5 References * 6 External links LIFEGasquet was born in London. Educated at Downside School
Downside School
, he entered the Benedictines in 1865 at Belmont Priory . He moved to Downside Abbey
Downside Abbey
where he was professed and, on 19 December 1871, ordained a priest. From 1878 to 1885 he was prior of Downside Abbey, resigning because of ill health. Upon his recovery he became a member of the Pontifical Commission to study the validity of the Anglican ordinations (1896) leading to Apostolicae curae
Apostolicae curae
, to which his historical contribution was major
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Oxbridge Fellow
A FELLOW is a member of a group of people who work together in a fellowship pursuing mutual knowledge or practice. There are many different kinds of fellowships which are awarded for different reasons in academia and industry, often indicating an advanced level of scholarship
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Oriel College, Oxford
ORIEL COLLEGE is a constituent college of the University of Oxford in Oxford
Oxford
, England
England
. Located in Oriel Square , the college has the distinction of being the oldest royal foundation in Oxford
Oxford
(a title formerly claimed by University College , whose claim of being founded by King Alfred is no longer promoted). In recognition of this royal connection, the college has also been known as KING\'S COLLEGE and KING\'S HALL. The reigning monarch of the United Kingdom (since 1952, Elizabeth II
Elizabeth II
) is the official Visitor of the College. The original medieval foundation set up by Adam de Brome , under the patronage of Edward II , was called the House or Hall of the Blessed Mary at Oxford
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University Of Oxford
Coordinates : 51°45′40″N 1°15′12″W / 51.7611°N 1.2534°W / 51.7611; -1.2534 University of Oxford _ Coat of arms Latin : Universitas Oxoniensis_ MOTTO _Dominus Illuminatio Mea_ ( Latin ) MOTTO IN ENGLISH "The Lord is my Light " ESTABLISHED c. 1096 ENDOWMENT £ 5.069 billion (inc
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Provost (religion)
A PROVOST is a senior official in a number of Christian churches. CONTENTS * 1 Historical development * 2 Denmark, Norway, and Sweden * 3 Germany * 4 Anglican churches * 5 Roman Catholic Church * 6 Protestant Churches (General) * 7 Monasteries and Religious Houses * 8 Religious Orders * 9 References HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENTThe word praepositus ( Latin
Latin
: "set over", from praeponere, "to place in front") was originally applied to any ecclesiastical ruler or dignitary. It was soon more specifically applied to the immediate subordinate to the abbot of a monastery, or to the superior of a single cell , and it was defined as such in the Rule of St Benedict
Rule of St Benedict
. The dean (decanus) was a similarly ranked official. Chrodegang of Metz adopted this usage from the Benedictines when he introduced the monastic organization of canon-law colleges , especially cathedral capitular colleges
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Birmingham Oratory
The BIRMINGHAM ORATORY is an English Catholic religious community of the Congregation of the Oratory of St. Philip Neri
Philip Neri
, located in the Edgbaston
Edgbaston
area of Birmingham
Birmingham
. The community was founded in 1849 by the Blessed John Henry Newman
John Henry Newman
, C.O., the first house of that congregation in England. Part of the complex of the Oratory is the PARISH CHURCH OF THE IMMACULATE CONCEPTION , commonly referred to as the ORATORY CHURCH. It now also serves as the national shrine to Newman
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