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John By
Lieutenant-Colonel JOHN BY (7 August 1779 – 1 February 1836) was an English military engineer, best remembered for supervising the construction of the Rideau Canal
Rideau Canal
and founding Bytown in the process, which would become the Canadian capital of Ottawa
Ottawa
. CONTENTS* 1 Life and career * 1.1 Family * 2 Legacy * 3 Sundial * 3.1 Plaques * 4 References * 5 External links LIFE AND CAREERBy was born in Lambeth
Lambeth
, Surrey, the second of three sons of George By, of the London Customs House, and Mary Bryan. By studied at the Royal Military Academy . He entered Officer Training in the army when he was 18 years old. He was commissioned in the Royal Artillery
Royal Artillery
on 1 August 1799 but transferred to the Royal Engineers
Royal Engineers
on 20 December the same year
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Lambeth
LAMBETH (/ˈlæmbəθ/ ) is a district in Central London , England, located in the London Borough of Lambeth . It is situated 1 mile (1.6 km) south of Charing Cross . The population of Lambeth was 23,937 in 2011. The area experienced some slight growth in the medieval period as part of the manor of Lambeth Palace . By the Victorian era the area had seen significant development as London expanded, with dense industrial, commercial and residential buildings located adjacent to one another. The changes brought by World War II altered much of the fabric of Lambeth. Subsequent development in the late 20th century and early 21st century has seen an increase in the number of high-rise buildings. The area is home to the International Maritime Organization
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Frant
FRANT is a village and civil parish in the Wealden District of East Sussex , England, on the Kentish border about three miles (5 km) south of Tunbridge Wells . When the iron industry was at its height, much of the village was owned by ironmasters. Smuggling occurred here in the 17th and 18th centuries; and one of the turnpike roads (now the A267) came through here at that time. Frant
Frant
church is dedicated to St Alban ; and there is a church school. St Alban's Frant
Frant
was a major surveying point for the Anglo-French Survey (1784–1790) calculating the precise distance and relationship between the Paris Observatory and the Royal Greenwich Observatory , undertaken by General William Roy
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Royal Military Academy, Woolwich
The ROYAL MILITARY ACADEMY (RMA) at Woolwich
Woolwich
, in south-east London
London
, was a British Army military academy for the training of commissioned officers of the Royal Artillery and Royal Engineers . It later also trained officers of the Royal Corps of Signals and other technical corps . RMA Woolwich
Woolwich
was commonly known as "The Shop" because its first building was a converted workshop of the Woolwich
Woolwich
Arsenal
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Rideau Canal
The RIDEAU CANAL, also known unofficially as the RIDEAU WATERWAY, connects the capital city of Ottawa
Ottawa
, Ontario
Ontario
, Canada
Canada
to Lake Ontario and the Saint Lawrence River
Saint Lawrence River
. It is 202 kilometres in length. The name Rideau, French for "curtain," is derived from the curtain-like appearance of the Rideau River
Rideau River
's twin waterfalls where they join the Ottawa
Ottawa
River. The canal system uses sections of two rivers, the Rideau and the Cataraqui , as well as several lakes. The Rideau Canal is operated by Parks Canada . The canal was opened in 1832 as a precaution in case of war with the United States. It remains in use today primarily for pleasure boating, with most of its original structures intact, operated by Parks Canada. The locks on the system open for navigation in mid-May and close in mid-October
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Quebec City
QUEBEC CITY (pronounced /kwᵻˈbɛk/ (_ listen ) or /kəˈbɛk/ ; French : Québec_ (_ listen )); French : Ville de Québec_), officially QUéBEC, is the capital city of the Canadian province of Quebec . The city had a population estimate of 531,902 on July 2016, (an increase of 3.0% from 2011) and the metropolitan area had a population of 800,296 on July 2016, (an increase of 4.3% from 2011) making it Canada's seventh-largest metropolitan area and Quebec's second-largest city after Montreal . The narrowing of the Saint Lawrence River proximate to the city's promontory, Cap-Diamant (Cape Diamond), and Lévis , on the opposite bank, provided the name given to the city, _Kébec_, an Algonquin word meaning "where the river narrows"
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Bytown
BYTOWN is the former name of Ottawa, Ontario , Canada
Canada
's capital city. It was founded on September 26, 1826, incorporated as a town on January 1, 1850, and superseded by the incorporation of the City of Ottawa
Ottawa
on January 1, 1855. The founding was marked by a sod turning, and a letter from Governor General Dalhousie which authorized Lieutenant Colonel John By
John By
to divide up the town into lots. Bytown came about as a result of the construction of the Rideau Canal
Rideau Canal
and grew largely due to the Ottawa
Ottawa
River timber trade . Bytown's first mayor was John Scott , elected in 1847
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Ottawa
OTTAWA (/ˈɒtəwə/ ( listen ) or /-wɑː/ ; French pronunciation: ​ ) is the capital city of Canada . It stands on the south bank of the Ottawa River in the eastern portion of southern Ontario . Ottawa borders Gatineau , Quebec ; the two form the core of the Ottawa– Gatineau census metropolitan area (CMA) and the National Capital Region (NCR). As of 2016 Ottawa has a city population of 934,243 and a metropolitan population of 1,323,783 making it the fourth-largest city and the fifth-largest CMA in Canada. Founded in 1826 as Bytown , and incorporated as "Ottawa" in 1855, the city has evolved into the political and technological centre of Canada
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Royal Artillery
The ROYAL REGIMENT OF ARTILLERY, commonly referred to as the ROYAL ARTILLERY (RA) and colloquially known as _'the Gunners',_ is the artillery arm of the British Army . The Royal Regiment of Artillery comprises thirteen Regular Army Regiments, King\'s Troop Royal Horse Artillery and five Army Reserve Regiments
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Royal Engineers
The CORPS OF ROYAL ENGINEERS, usually just called the ROYAL ENGINEERS (RE), and commonly known as the _Sappers _, is one of the corps of the British Army . It is highly regarded throughout the military , and especially the Army. It provides military engineering and other technical support to the British Armed Forces and is headed by the Chief Royal Engineer . The Regimental Headquarters and the Royal School of Military Engineering are in Chatham in Kent, England. The corps is divided into several regiments, barracked at various places in the United Kingdom and around the world. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Significant constructions * 2.1 British Columbia * 2.2 Royal Albert Hall * 2.3 Indian infrastructure * 2.4 Rideau Canal * 2.5 Dover\'s Western Heights * 2.6 Pentonville Prison * 2.7 Boundary Commissions * 2.8 Abney Level * 2.9 H.M
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Saint Lawrence River
The SAINT LAWRENCE RIVER (French : _Fleuve Saint-Laurent_; Tuscarora : _Kahnawáʼkye_; Mohawk : _Kaniatarowanenneh_, meaning "big waterway") is a large river in the middle latitudes of North America
North America
. The Saint Lawrence River
River
flows in a roughly north-easterly direction, connecting the Great Lakes
Great Lakes
with the Atlantic Ocean
Atlantic Ocean
and forming the primary drainage outflow of the Great Lakes
Great Lakes
Basin . It traverses the Canadian provinces of Quebec
Quebec
and Ontario
Ontario
, and is part of the international boundary between Ontario, Canada, and the U.S. state of New York . This river also provides the basis of the commercial Saint Lawrence Seaway
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Napoleonic Wars
Overall Coalition victory Congress of Vienna * Fall of the First French Empire * Exile of Napoleon I to St
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Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke Of Wellington
Field Marshal ARTHUR WELLESLEY, 1ST DUKE OF WELLINGTON, KG , GCB , GCH , PC , FRS (1 May 1769 – 14 September 1852) was an Anglo-Irish soldier and statesman who was one of the leading military and political figures of 19th-century Britain . His defeat of Napoleon
Napoleon
at the Battle of Waterloo
Battle of Waterloo
in 1815 put him in the first rank of Britain's military heroes. Wellesley was born in Dublin
Dublin
, into the Protestant Ascendancy
Protestant Ascendancy
in Ireland
Ireland
. He was commissioned as an ensign in the British Army in 1787, serving in Ireland
Ireland
as aide-de-camp to two successive Lords Lieutenant of Ireland
Ireland
. He was also elected as a Member of Parliament in the Irish House of Commons
Irish House of Commons

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Ottawa River
The OTTAWA RIVER (French : _Rivière des Outaouais_, Algonquin : _Kitchissippi_), is a river in the Canadian provinces of Ontario
Ontario
and Quebec
Quebec
. For most of its length, it defines the border between these two provinces. It is a major tributary of the St. Lawrence River
St. Lawrence River
. CONTENTS * 1 Geography * 2 Geology * 3 History * 4 Power generation * 4.1 Hydroelectric installations * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 External links GEOGRAPHYThe river rises at Lake Capimitchigama, in the Laurentian Mountains of central Quebec, and flows west to Lake Timiskaming
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Major's Hill Park
MAJOR\'S HILL PARK is a park in downtown Ottawa
Ottawa
, Ontario. The park stands above the Rideau Canal
Rideau Canal
at the point where it enters the Ottawa River . Across the canal to the west are the parliament buildings , to the north of the park is the National Gallery of Canada , and to the east are the United States embassy and the Byward Market
Byward Market
. To the south is the Chateau Laurier
Chateau Laurier
hotel, built on land that was once part of the park. Anishinaabe
Anishinaabe
Scout by Hamilton MacCarthy The neighbourhood surrounding the park was once home to those who constructed the canal. In particular, the area that is now the park was the official residence of the Superintending Engineer of the Rideau Canal, Lieutenant-Colonel John By
John By
until he returned to England in 1832
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Joseph-Émile Brunet
JOSEPH-ÉMILE BRUNET (1893–1977) was a Canadian