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Joe R. Lansdale
JOE RICHARD LANSDALE (born October 28, 1951) is an American writer , author, martial arts expert , and martial arts instructor . CONTENTS * 1 Career * 2 Personal life * 3 Film and television * 4 Awards * 5 Bibliography * 5.1 Original screenplays (TV) * 6 Adaptations * 7 See also * 8 References * 9 External links CAREERLansdale has written novels and stories in many genres, including Western , horror , science fiction, mystery , and suspense. He has also written for comics as well as Batman: The Animated Series . He has written 45 novels and published 30 short story collections along with many chapbooks and comic book adaptations. Several of his novels have been adapted to film. Frequent features of Lansdale's writing are usually deeply ironic, strange or absurd situations or characters, such as Elvis Presley and John F. Kennedy battling a soul-sucking Egyptian mummy in a nursing home (the plot of his Bram Stoker Award -nominated novella, Bubba Ho-Tep , which was made into a movie by Don Coscarelli ). He is the winner of the British Fantasy Award , the American Horror Award, the Edgar Award , and ten Bram Stoker Awards
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East Texas
EAST TEXAS is a distinct cultural, geographic and ecological area in the U.S. state of Texas
Texas
. Railroad map of Texas, east of the 100th meridian (circa 1884) According to the Handbook of Texas
Texas
, the East Texas
Texas
area "may be separated from the rest of Texas
Texas
roughly by a line extending from the Red River in north central Lamar County southwestward to east central Limestone County and then southeastward towards eastern Galveston Bay", though most sources separate the Gulf Coast area into a separate region. Another popular, somewhat simpler, definition defines East Texas
Texas
as the region between the Trinity River , north and east of Houston
Houston
, (or sometimes Interstate 45 , when defining generously) as the western border, the Louisiana
Louisiana
border as the eastern border, the Oklahoma border as the northern border, and extending as far south as Lufkin, Texas
Texas
. The East Texas
Texas
Regions includes Tyler , Longview , Marshall , Palestine , Jacksonville , Mount Pleasant , and Nacogdoches
Nacogdoches
. Most of the region consists of the Piney Woods ecoregion , and East Texas
Texas
can sometimes be reduced to include only the Piney Woods
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Gladewater
GLADEWATER is a city in Gregg and Upshur counties in the U.S. state of Texas
Texas
. The population was 6,441 at the 2010 census. U.S. Route 80 traverses the city. The town is probably most famous as a base during Elvis Presley
Elvis Presley
's early career, and also as the town in which Johnny Cash
Johnny Cash
wrote "I Walk the Line ". In the early 20th century, Gladewater was an oil boom town. Gladewater is known as the " Antique
Antique
Capital of East Texas" with its Main Street downtown antique district. CONTENTS * 1 Geography * 2 History * 3 Demographics * 4 Education * 5 Notable people * 6 In popular culture * 7 Climate * 8 References * 9 External links GEOGRAPHYIt is located in western Gregg County and southern Upshur County at 32°32′34″N 94°56′49″W / 32.54278°N 94.94694°W / 32.54278; -94.94694 (32.542666, -94.946950), primarily within Gregg County. U.S. Route 80 leads east 12 miles (19 km) to Longview and west 10 miles (16 km) to Big Sandy . U.S. Route 271 crosses US 80 in the center of Gladewater, leading north 14 miles (23 km) to Gilmer and southwest 25 miles (40 km) to Tyler
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Texas
TEXAS (/ˈtɛksəs/ , locally /ˈtɛksᵻz/ ; Spanish : _ Texas or Tejas_ ) is the second largest state in the United States by both area and population . Geographically located in the South Central region of the country, Texas shares borders with the U.S. states of Louisiana to the east, Arkansas to the northeast, Oklahoma to the north, New Mexico to the west, and the Mexican states of Chihuahua , Coahuila , Nuevo León , and Tamaulipas to the southwest, while the Gulf of Mexico is to the southeast. Houston is the most populous city in Texas and the fourth largest in the U.S., while San Antonio is the second most populous in the state and seventh largest in the U.S. Dallas– Fort Worth and Greater Houston are the fourth and fifth largest metropolitan statistical areas in the country, respectively. Other major cities include Austin , the second most populous state capital in the U.S., and El Paso . Texas is nicknamed "The Lone Star State" to signify its former status as an independent republic, and as a reminder of the state's struggle for independence from Mexico . The "Lone Star" can be found on the Texas state flag and on the Texan state seal
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Writer
A WRITER is a person who uses written words in various styles and techniques to communicate their ideas. Writers produce various forms of literary art and creative writing such as novels, short stories, poetry, plays, screenplays, and essays as well as various reports and news articles that may be of interest to the public. Writers' texts are published across a range of media. Skilled writers who are able to use language to express ideas well often contribute significantly to the cultural content of a society. The word is also used elsewhere in the arts – such as songwriter – but as a standalone term, "writer" normally refers to the creation of written language. Some writers work from an oral tradition . Writers can produce material across a number of genres, fictional or non-fictional. Other writers use multiple media – for example, graphics or illustration – to enhance the communication of their ideas. Another recent demand has been created by civil and government readers for the work of non-fictional technical writers, whose skills create understandable, interpretive documents of a practical or scientific nature. Some writers may use images (drawing, painting, graphics) or multimedia to augment their writing. In rare instances, creative writers are able to communicate their ideas via music as well as words
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Author
An AUTHOR is narrowly defined as the originator of any written work and can thus also be described as a writer (with any distinction primarily being an implication that an is a writer of one or more major works, such as books or plays). More broadly defined, an author is "the person who originated or gave existence to anything" and whose authorship determines responsibility for what was created. The more specific phrase PUBLISHED AUTHOR refers to an author (especially but not necessarily of books) whose work has been independently accepted for publication by a reputable publisher , versus a self-publishing author or an unpublished one. CONTENTS * 1 Legal significance of authorship * 2 Philosophical views of the nature of authorship * 3 Relationship with publisher * 4 Relationship with editor * 5 Compensation * 6 See also * 7 References LEGAL SIGNIFICANCE OF AUTHORSHIP A copyright certificate certifying the authorship for a proof of the Fermat theorem , issued by the State Department of Intellectual Property of Ukraine . Typically, the first owner of a copyright is the person who created the work i.e. the author. But, what if more than one person created the work? Then, a case of joint authorship can be made provided some criteria are met. In the copyright laws of various jurisdictions, there is a necessity for little flexibility regarding what constitutes authorship
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Martial Arts
MARTIAL ARTS are codified systems and traditions of combat practices, which are practiced for a number of reasons: as self-defense , military and law enforcement applications, mental and spiritual development; as well as entertainment and the preservation of a nation's intangible cultural heritage . Although the term _martial art_ has become associated with the fighting arts of eastern Asia
Asia
, it originally referred to the combat systems of Europe
Europe
as early as the 1550s. The term is derived from Latin , and means "arts of Mars ", the Roman god of war. Some authors have argued that FIGHTING ARTS or FIGHTING SYSTEMS would be more appropriate on the basis that many martial arts were never "martial" in the sense of being used or created by professional warriors. The martial art of boxing was practiced in the ancient Thera
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Horror Fiction
HORROR is a genre of fiction which is intended to, or has the capacity to frighten, scare, disgust, or startle its readers or viewers by inducing feelings of horror and terror . Literary historian J. A. Cuddon has defined the horror story as "a piece of fiction in prose of variable length... which shocks or even frightens the reader, or perhaps induces a feeling of repulsion or loathing". It creates an eerie and frightening atmosphere. Horror is frequently supernatural, though it can be non-supernatural. Often the central menace of a work of horror fiction can be interpreted as a metaphor for the larger fears of a society. CONTENTS* 1 History * 1.1 Horror in Ancient Greece and Rome * 1.2 Horror in the Medieval Era * 1.3 Gothic horror in the 18th century * 1.4 Horror in the 19th century * 1.5 Horror in the 20th century * 1.6 Contemporary horror fiction * 2 Characteristics * 3 Scholarship and criticism * 4 Awards and associations * 5 Alternate terms * 6 See also * 7 References * 8 Further reading * 9 External links HISTORYHORROR IN ANCIENT GREECE AND ROME Athenodorus The genre of horror has ancient origins with roots in folklore and religious traditions, focusing on death, the afterlife, evil, the demonic and the principle of the thing embodied in the person. These were manifested in stories of beings such as witchcraft , vampires , werewolves and ghosts
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Mystery Fiction
MYSTERY FICTION is a genre of fiction usually involving a mysterious death or a crime to be solved. In a closed circle of suspects, each suspect must have a credible motive and a reasonable opportunity for committing the crime. The central character must be a detective who eventually solves the mystery by logical deduction from facts fairly presented to the reader. Sometimes mystery books are nonfictional . "Mystery fiction" can be detective stories in which the emphasis is on the puzzle or suspense element and its logical solution such as a whodunit . Mystery fiction
Mystery fiction
can be contrasted with hardboiled detective stories, which focus on action and gritty realism. Mystery fiction
Mystery fiction
may involve a supernatural mystery where the solution does not have to be logical, and even no crime involved. This usage was common in the pulp magazines of the 1930s and 1940s, where titles such as _Dime Mystery_, _Thrilling Mystery_ and _Spicy Mystery_ offered what at the time were described as "weird menace " stories—supernatural horror in the vein of _ Grand Guignol _. This contrasted with parallel titles of the same names which contained conventional hardboiled crime fiction. The first use of "mystery" in this sense was by _Dime Mystery_, which started out as an ordinary crime fiction magazine but switched to "weird menace" during the latter part of 1933
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Western Fiction
WESTERN FICTION is a genre of literature set in the American Old West frontier and typically set from the late eighteenth to the late nineteenth century. Well-known writers of Western fiction
Western fiction
include Zane Grey from the early 20th century and Louis L\'Amour from the mid 20th century. The genre peaked around the early 1960s, largely due to the popularity of televised Westerns such as Bonanza
Bonanza
. Readership began to drop off in the mid- to late 1970s and has reached a new low in the 2000s. Most bookstores, outside of a few west American states, only carry a small number of Western fiction
Western fiction
books. CONTENTS* 1 History * 1.1 Pre-1850s * 1.2 1850s–1900 * 1.3 1900s–1930s * 1.4 1940s–1960s * 1.4.1 Western comics * 1.5 1970s and 1980s * 1.6 1990s and 2000s * 2 Organizations * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 Bibliography * 6 External links HISTORYPRE-1850SThe predecessor of the western in American literature
American literature
emerged early with tales of the frontier . The most famous of the early 19th century frontier novels were James Fenimore Cooper
James Fenimore Cooper
's five novels comprising the Leatherstocking Tales . Cooper's novels were largely set in what was at the time the American frontier : the Appalachian Mountains and areas west of there
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Adventure Fiction
ADVENTURE FICTION is fiction that usually presents danger, or gives the reader a sense of excitement. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 For children * 3 See also * 4 Notes HISTORYIn the Introduction to the _Encyclopedia of Adventure Fiction_, Critic Don D'Ammassa defines the genre as follows: .. An adventure is an event or series of events that happens outside the course of the protagonist's ordinary life, usually accompanied by danger, often by physical action. Adventure stories almost always move quickly, and the pace of the plot is at least as important as characterization, setting and other elements of a creative work. D'Ammassa argues that adventure stories make the element of danger the focus; hence he argues that Charles Dickens ' novel _A Tale of Two Cities _ is an adventure novel because the protagonists are in constant danger of being imprisoned or killed, whereas Dickens' _Great Expectations _ is not because "Pip's encounter with the convict is an adventure, but that scene is only a device to advance the main plot, which is not truly an adventure." Adventure has been a common theme since the earliest days of written fiction. Indeed, the standard plot of Medieval romances was a series of adventures. Following a plot framework as old as Heliodorus , and so durable as to be still alive in Hollywood movies , a hero would undergo a first set of adventures before he met his lady
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Crime Fiction
CRIME FICTION is the literary genre that fictionalises crimes , their detection, criminals, and their motives . It is usually distinguished from mainstream fiction and other genres such as historical fiction or science fiction , but the boundaries are indistinct. Crime
Crime
fiction has multiple subgenres , including detective fiction (such as the whodunit ), courtroom drama , hard-boiled fiction and legal thrillers . Suspense and mystery are key elements that are nearly ubiquitous to the genre. CONTENTS * 1 History of crime fiction * 2 Categories * 2.1 Pseudonymous authors * 3 Availability of crime novels * 3.1 Quality and availability * 3.2 Classics and bestsellers * 3.3 Forgotten classics * 3.4 Revival of past classics * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links HISTORY OF CRIME FICTION Main article: History of crime fiction The earliest known crime fiction is Thomas Skinner Sturr's anonymous Richmond, or stories in the life of a Bow Street officer (1827); the earliest full-length short-story in the genre is The Rector of Veilbye by the Danish author Steen Steensen Blicher
Steen Steensen Blicher
, published in 1829. Better known are the earlier dark works of Edgar Allan Poe (e.g., "The Murders in the Rue Morgue " (1841), " The Mystery of Marie Roget " (1842), and " The Purloined Letter
The Purloined Letter
" (1844))
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Splatterpunk
SPLATTERPUNK was a movement within horror fiction in the 1980s, distinguished by its graphic, often gory, depiction of violence and "hyperintensive horror with no limits." The term was coined in 1986 by David J. Schow
David J. Schow
at the Twelfth World Fantasy Convention in Providence, Rhode Island . Splatterpunk is regarded as a revolt against the "traditional, meekly suggestive horror story". Splatterpunk has been defined as a "literary genre characterised by graphically described scenes of an extremely gory nature." Michael Shea 's short fiction "The Autopsy" (1980) has been described as a "proto-splatterpunk" story. Splatterpunk provoked considerable controversy among horror writers. Robert Bloch criticised the movement, stating "there is a distinction to be made between that which inspires terror and that which inspires nausea". William F. Nolan and Charles L. Grant
Charles L. Grant
also censured the movement. However, critics R.S. Hadji and Philip Nutman praised the movement, the latter stating splatterpunk was a "survivalist " literature that "reflects the moral chaos of our times". Though the term gained some prominence in the 1980s and 1990s, and, as a movement, attracted a cult following, the term "splatterpunk" has since been replaced by other synonymous terms for the genre
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American Literature
AMERICAN LITERATURE is the literature written or produced in the area of the United States
United States
and its preceding colonies . For more specific discussions of poetry and theater, see Poetry of the United States
United States
and Theater in the United States
United States
. During its early history, America was a series of British colonies on the eastern coast of the present-day United States. Therefore, its literary tradition begins as linked to the broader tradition of English literature . However, unique American characteristics and the breadth of its production usually now cause it to be considered a separate path and tradition. The New England colonies were the center of early American literature. The revolutionary period contained political writings by Samuel Adams
Samuel Adams
, Benjamin Franklin
Benjamin Franklin
and Thomas Paine
Thomas Paine
. In the post-war period, Thomas Jefferson
Thomas Jefferson
's United States
United States
Declaration of Independence solidified his status as a key American writer. It was in the late 18th and early 19th centuries that the nation's first novels were published
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Comics
COMICS is a medium used to express ideas by images, often combined with text or other visual information. Comics frequently takes the form of juxtaposed sequences of panels of images. Often textual devices such as speech balloons , captions, and onomatopoeia indicate dialogue, narration, sound effects, or other information. Size and arrangement of panels contribute to narrative pacing. Cartooning and similar forms of illustration are the most common image-making means in comics; _fumetti _ is a form which uses photographic images. Common forms of comics include comic strips , editorial and gag cartoons , and comic books . Since the late 20th century, bound volumes such as graphic novels , comic albums , and _tankōbon _ have become increasingly common, and online webcomics have proliferated in the 21st century. The history of comics has followed different paths in different cultures. Scholars have posited a pre-history as far back as the Lascaux cave paintings . By the mid-20th century, comics flourished particularly in the United States, western Europe (especially in France and Belgium ), and Japan. The history of European comics is often traced to Rodolphe Töpffer 's cartoon strips of the 1830s, and became popular following the success in the 1930s of strips and books such as _ The Adventures of Tintin _
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Batman
BATMAN is a fictional superhero appearing in American comic books published by DC Comics . The character was created by artist Bob Kane and writer Bill Finger , and first appeared in _ Detective Comics _ #27 (1939). Originally named the "Bat-Man", the character is also referred to by such epithets as the Caped Crusader, the Dark Knight , and the World's Greatest Detective. Batman's secret identity is BRUCE WAYNE, a wealthy American playboy , philanthropist , and owner of Wayne Enterprises . After witnessing the murder of his parents Dr. Thomas Wayne and Martha Wayne as a child, he swore vengeance against criminals, an oath tempered by a sense of justice. Bruce Wayne
Bruce Wayne
trains himself physically and intellectually and crafts a bat-inspired persona to fight crime. Batman
Batman
operates in the fictional Gotham City
Gotham City
with assistance from various supporting characters, including his butler Alfred , police commissioner Gordon , and vigilante allies such as Robin
Robin
. Unlike most superheroes, Batman
Batman
does not possess any superpowers ; rather, he relies on his genius intellect, physical prowess, martial arts abilities, detective skills, science and technology, vast wealth, intimidation, and indomitable will
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