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Jewish Holidays
JEWISH HOLIDAYS, also known as JEWISH FESTIVALS or _YAMIM TOVIM_ (ימים טובים, "Good Days", or singular יום טוב _YOM TOV_, in transliterated Hebrew ), are holidays observed in Judaism and by Jews
Jews
throughout the Hebrew calendarand include religious, cultural and national elements, derived from three sources: Biblical _mitzvot _ ("commandments"); rabbinic mandates ; Jewish history
Jewish history
and the history of the State of Israel
Israel
. Jewish holidays
Jewish holidays
occur on the same dates every year in the Hebrew calendar, but the dates vary in the Gregorian . This is because the Hebrew calendaris a lunisolar calendar (_i.e._, based on the cycles of both the sun and moon), whereas the Gregorian is a solar calendar
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Gregorian Calendar
The GREGORIAN CALENDAR is internationally the most widely used civil calendar . It is named after Pope Gregory XIII , who introduced it in October 1582. The calendar was a refinement to the Julian calendar involving a 0.002% correction in the length of the year . The motivation for the reform was to stop the drift of the calendar with respect to the equinoxes and solstices—particularly the northern vernal equinox , which helps set the date for Easter . Transition to the Gregorian calendar would restore the holiday to the time of the year in which it was celebrated when introduced by the early Church. The reform was adopted initially by the Catholic countries of Europe
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Jewish And Israeli Holidays 2000–2050
This is an almanac -like listing of major JEWISH HOLIDAYS FROM 2000 TO 2050. All Jewish holidays
Jewish holidays
begin at sundown on the evening before the date shown. On holidays marked "*", Jews are not permitted to work . Because the Hebrew calendar
Hebrew calendar
is governed by precise mathematical rules and no longer relies at all on observation, it is possible to state what day the holidays will fall on for any date in the foreseeable future
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Shabbat
SHABBAT (/ʃəˈbɑːt/ ; Hebrew : שַׁבָּת‎‎ , "rest" or "cessation") or SHABBOS ( , Yiddish : שבת‎) or THE SABBATH is Judaism
Judaism
's day of rest and seventh day of the week , on which religious Jews
Jews
and certain Christians (such as Seventh Day Adventists and Seventh Day Baptists) remember the Biblical creation of the heavens and the earth in six days and the Exodus of the Hebrews, and look forward to a future Messianic Age
Messianic Age
. Shabbat
Shabbat
observance entails refraining from work activities , often with great rigor , and engaging in restful activities to honor the day. Judaism's traditional position is that unbroken seventh-day Shabbat
Shabbat
originated among the Jewish people, as their first and most sacred institution, though some suggest other origins
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Jacob's Ladder
JACOB\'S LADDER (Hebrew: Sulam Yaakov סולם יעקב) is the colloquial name for a connection between the earth and heaven that the biblical Patriarch
Patriarch
Jacob
Jacob
dreams about during his flight from his brother Esau , as described in the Book of Genesis . The significance of the dream has been somewhat debated, but most interpretations agree that it identified Jacob
Jacob
with the obligations and inheritance of the ethnic people chosen by God, as understood in Abrahamic religions
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Circa
CIRCA (from Latin , meaning 'around, about'), usually abbreviated C., CA or CA. (also CIRC. or CCA.), means "approximately" in several European languages including English, usually in reference to a date. _Circa_ is widely used in genealogy and historical writing when the dates of events are not accurately known. When used in date ranges, _circa_ is applied before each approximate date, while dates without _circa_ immediately preceding them are generally assumed to be known with certainty. Circa should only be used for dates that have occurred in the past. For example: * 1732–1799 or 1732–99: both years are known precisely. * c. 1732 – 1799: only the end year is known accurately; the start year is approximate. * 1732 – c. 1799: only the start year is known accurately; the end year is approximate. * c. 1732 – c. 1799: both years are approximate.SEE ALSO * Floruit REFERENCES * ^ "circa". Dictionary.com
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William Blake
WILLIAM BLAKE (28 November 1757 – 12 August 1827) was an English poet, painter, and printmaker. Largely unrecognised during his lifetime, Blake
Blake
is now considered a seminal figure in the history of the poetry and visual arts of the Romantic Age . His so-called prophetic works were said by 20th century critic Northrop Frye
Northrop Frye
to form "what is in proportion to its merits the least read body of poetry in the English language". His visual artistry led 21st-century critic Jonathan Jones to proclaim him "far and away the greatest artist Britain has ever produced". In 2002, Blake
Blake
was placed at number 38 in the BBC's poll of the 100 Greatest Britons
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British Museum
6,820,686 (2015) * Ranked 1st nationally * Ranked 5th globally CHAIRMAN Sir Richard Lambert DIRECTOR Hartwig Fischer PUBLIC TRANSIT ACCESS Goodge Street ; Holborn ; Tottenham Court Road ; Russell Square ; WEBSITE britishmuseum.org AREA 807,000 sq ft (75,000 m2) in 94 Galleries The centre of the museum was redeveloped in 2001 to become the Great Court , surrounding the original Reading Room . The BRITISH MUSEUM is dedicated to human history , art and culture , and is located in the Bloomsbury
Bloomsbury
area of London
London
. Its permanent collection, numbering some 8 million works, is among the largest and most comprehensive in existence and originates from all continents, illustrating and documenting the story of human culture from its beginnings to the present
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Judaism
JUDAISM (from Latin : _Iudaismus_, derived from Greek Ἰουδαϊσμός, originally from Hebrew יהודה‎, _Yehudah_, "Judah "; in Hebrew: יהדות‎, _Yahadut_, the distinctive characteristics of the Judean ethnos ) is an ancient monotheistic Abrahamic religion , with the Torah as its foundational text (part of the larger text known as the Tanakh or the Hebrew Bible ), and supplemental oral tradition represented by later texts such as the Midrash and the Talmud . It encompasses the religion , philosophy , culture and way of life of the Jewish people . Judaism is considered by religious Jews to be the expression of the covenantal relationship that God established with the Children of Israel . With between 14.5 and 17.4 million adherents worldwide, Judaism is the tenth-largest religion in the world
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Jewish Eschatology
— Events — * Death * Resurrection
Resurrection
* Last Judgement Jewish * Messianism * * Book of Daniel * Kabbalah Taoist * Li Hong
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Grammatical Number
In linguistics, GRAMMATICAL NUMBER is a grammatical category of nouns, pronouns, and adjective and verb agreement that expresses count distinctions (such as "one", "two", or "three or more"). In many languages, including English , the number categories are singular and plural . Some languages also have a dual , trial , quadral and paucal number or other arrangements. The count distinctions typically, but not always, correspond to the actual count of the referents of the marked noun or pronoun. The word "number" is also used in linguistics to describe the distinction between certain grammatical aspects that indicate the number of times an event occurs, such as the semelfactive aspect, the iterative aspect, etc. For that use of the term, see "Grammatical aspect "
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Romanization Of Hebrew
Hebrew uses the Hebrew alphabet with optional vowel points . The ROMANIZATION OF HEBREW is the use of the Latin alphabet to transliterate Hebrew words. For example, the Hebrew name spelled יִשְׂרָאֵל‎ ("Israel") in the Hebrew alphabet can be romanized as _YISRAEL_ or _YIśRāʼēL_ in the Latin alphabet. Romanization includes any use of the Latin alphabet to transliterate Hebrew words. Usually it is to identify a Hebrew word in a non-Hebrew language that uses the Latin alphabet, such as German, Spanish, Turkish, and so on. Transliteration uses an alphabet to represent the letters and sounds of a word spelled in another alphabet, whereas transcription uses an alphabet to represent the sounds only. Romanization can do both. To go the other way, that is from English to Hebrew, see Hebraization of English
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Hebrew Language
HEBREW (/ˈhiːbruː/ ; עִבְרִית‎, _Ivrit_ ( listen ) or ( listen )) is a Northwest Semitic language native to Israel , spoken by over 9 million people worldwide. Historically, it is regarded as the language of the Israelites and their ancestors, although the language was not referred to by the name Hebrew in the Tanakh . The earliest examples of written Paleo- Hebrew date from the 10th century BCE. Hebrew belongs to the West Semitic branch of the Afroasiatic language family. Hebrew is the only living Canaanite language left, and the only truly successful example of a revived dead language . Hebrew had ceased to be an everyday spoken language somewhere between 200 and 400 CE, declining since the aftermath of the Bar Kokhba revolt
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Jews
The JEWS (/dʒuːz/ ; Hebrew : יְהוּדִים‎ ISO 259-3 _Yhudim_, Israeli pronunciation ), also known as the JEWISH PEOPLE, are an ethnoreligious group and nation originating from the Israelites , or Hebrews , of the Ancient Near East . Jewish ethnicity , nationhood and religion are strongly interrelated, as Judaism is the traditional faith of the Jewish nation, while its observance varies from strict observance to complete nonobservance. Jews originated as a national and religious group in the Middle East during the second millennium BCE, in the part of the Levant known as the Land of Israel . The Merneptah Stele appears to confirm the existence of a people of Israel somewhere in Canaan as far back as the 13th century BCE (Late Bronze Age)
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Hebrew Calendar
The HEBREW or JEWISH CALENDAR (הַלּוּחַ הָעִבְרִי‎, Ha-Luah ha-Ivri) is a lunisolar calendar used today predominantly for Jewish religious observances. It determines the dates for Jewish holidays
Jewish holidays
and the appropriate public reading of Torah portions , yahrzeits (dates to commemorate the death of a relative), and daily Psalm
Psalm
readings, among many ceremonial uses. In Israel
Israel
, it is used for religious purposes, provides a time frame for agriculture and is an official calendar for civil purposes, although the latter usage has been steadily declining in favor of the Gregorian calendar . The present Hebrew calendar
Hebrew calendar
is the product of evolution, including a Babylonian influence
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Hebrew Bible
Outline of Bible-related topics _ Bible
Bible
book Bible
Bible
portal * v * t * e Page from an 11th-century Aramaic Targum
Targum
_ manuscript of the Hebrew Bible. HEBREW BIBLE or HEBREW SCRIPTURES ( Latin
Latin
: _Biblia Hebraica_) is the term used by biblical scholars to refer to the _ Tanakh _ (Hebrew : תנ"ך‎‎; Latin
Latin
: _Thanach_), the canonical collection of Jewish texts, which is the common textual source of several canonical editions of the Christian
Christian
Old Testament
Old Testament
. They are composed mainly in