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Jazz Guitar
The term JAZZ GUITAR may refer to either a type of guitar or to the variety of guitar playing styles used in the various genres which are commonly termed "jazz ". The jazz-type guitar was born as a result of using electric amplification to increase the volume of conventional acoustic guitars. Conceived in the early 1930s, the electric guitar became a necessity as jazz musicians sought to amplify their sound to be heard over loud big bands . When guitarists in big bands only had acoustic guitars, all they could do was play chords ; they could not play solos because the acoustic guitar is not a loud instrument. Once guitarists switched from acoustic guitar to semi-acoustic guitar and began using guitar amplifiers , it made the guitar much easier to hear, which enabled guitarists to play guitar solos . Arguably, no other musical instrument had greater influence on how jazz evolved since the beginning of the twentieth century
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Jazz Guitarist
JAZZ GUITARISTS are guitar players (guitarists) who play jazz using an approach to chords, melodies, and improvised solo lines which is called jazz guitar playing. The guitar has fulfilled the roles of accompanist ("rhythm guitar ") and soloist in small and large ensembles and also as an unaccompanied solo instrument. In the 1930s, before guitar amplifiers were widely used, it was difficult for jazz guitarists playing acoustic instruments to be heard over drums, piano, or horn sections. As a result, jazz guitarists tended to act as accompanists, strumming chords as part of the rhythm section . After guitar amplifiers were developed in the 1930s, electric guitarists such as George Barnes and Charlie Christian
Charlie Christian
were able to project their solo sound over a jazz ensemble. The history of jazz guitar has been an integral part of the wide-ranging history of jazz
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Jazz Guitar (album)
JAZZ GUITAR is the debut album by jazz guitarist Jim Hall recorded in early 1957 for the Pacific Jazz
Jazz
label. CONTENTS * 1 Reception * 2 Track listing * 3 Personnel * 4 References RECEPTION PROFESSIONAL RATINGS REVIEW SCORES SOURCE RATING Allmusic The Allmusic review by Ken Dryden stated "a valuable introduction to the long, successful career of Jim Hall. The music sticks to familiar standards from the swing era and is often low key, much like the man himself"
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Gibson ES-175
The GIBSON ES-175 is an electric guitar manufactured by the Gibson Guitar Corporation , currently still in production. It is a 24 3⁄4" scale full hollow-body guitar with a trapeze tailpiece and Tune-O-Matic
Tune-O-Matic
bridge. It is one of the most famous jazz guitars in history. CONTENTS * 1 Features * 2 History * 3 Notable ES-175 users * 4 Variations * 4.1 ES-165 * 4.2 ES-295 * 5 References * 5.1 Other references * 6 External links FEATURESThe ES-175 is a single- or dual-pickup archtop electric guitar made by Gibson. Unlike Gibson's L5 and Super 400 guitars, the ES-175 has an all-laminate construction, which allows the cost of materials and construction to be kept down, as well as assisting in keeping feedback at higher volumes manageable
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Jazz
JAZZ is a music genre that originated in African American communities of New Orleans , United States , in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, and developed from roots in blues and ragtime . Since the 1920s Jazz Age , jazz has become recognized as a major form of musical expression. It then emerged in the form of independent traditional and popular musical styles, all linked by the common bonds of African American and European American musical parentage with a performance orientation. Jazz is characterized by swing and blue notes , call and response vocals , polyrhythms and improvisation . Jazz has roots in West African cultural and musical expression , and in African-American music traditions including blues and ragtime , as well as European military band music
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Guitar
The GUITAR is a musical instrument classified as a fretted string instrument with anywhere from four to 18 strings, usually having six. The sound is projected either acoustically, using a hollow wooden or plastic and wood box (for an acoustic guitar ), or through electrical amplifier and a speaker (for an electric guitar ). It is typically played by strumming or plucking the strings with the fingers, thumb or fingernails of the right hand or with a pick while fretting (or pressing against the frets ) the strings with the fingers of the left hand. The guitar is a type of chordophone , traditionally constructed from wood and strung with either gut, nylon or steel strings and distinguished from other chordophones by its construction and tuning. The modern guitar was preceded by the gittern , the vihuela , the four-course Renaissance guitar , and the five-course baroque guitar , all of which contributed to the development of the modern six-string instrument
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Guitar Amplifier
A GUITAR AMPLIFIER (or GUITAR AMP) is an electronic amplifier that strengthens the weak electrical signal from a pickup on an electric guitar , bass guitar , or acoustic guitar so that it can produce sound through one or more loudspeakers , which are typically housed in a wooden cabinet . A guitar amplifier may be a standalone wood or metal cabinet that contains only the power amplifier (and preamplifier ) circuits, requiring the use of a separate speaker cabinet–or it may be a "combo" amplifier, which contains both the amplifier and one or more speakers in a wooden cabinet. There is a wide range of sizes and power ratings for guitar amplifiers, from small, lightweight "practice amplifiers" with a single 8" speaker to heavy combo amps with four 10" speakers and a powerful amplifier, which are loud enough to use in a nightclub or bar performance
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Big Band
A BIG BAND is a type of musical ensemble associated with playing jazz or jazz-influenced popular music and which was popular during the Swing Era from the mid-1930s until the late 1940s. A big band typically consists of approximately 12 to 25 musicians and contains saxophones , trumpets , trombones , and a rhythm section . The terms JAZZ BAND, JAZZ ENSEMBLE, STAGE BAND, JAZZ ORCHESTRA, and DANCE BAND are also used to refer to this type of ensemble. This does not, however, mean that each one of these names is technically correct for naming a "big band" specifically. In contrast to smaller jazz combos, in which most of the music is improvised , or created spontaneously, music played by big bands is highly "arranged " in advance and written down as sheet music . The written arrangements are traditionally called "charts"
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Chord (music)
A CHORD, in music , is any harmonic set of pitches consisting of two or more (usually three or more) notes (also called "pitches") that are heard as if sounding simultaneously . (For many practical and theoretical purposes, arpeggios and broken chords, or sequences of chord tones , may also be considered as chords.) Chords and sequences of chords are frequently used in modern West African and Oceanic music, Western classical music, and Western popular music ; yet, they are absent from the music of many other parts of the world. In tonal Western classical music (music with a tonic key or "home key"), the most frequently encountered chords are triads, so called because they consist of three distinct notes: the root note, and Intervals of a third and a fifth above the root note. Other chords with more than three notes include added tone chords , extended chords and tone clusters , which are used in contemporary classical music , jazz and other genres
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Acoustic Guitar
An ACOUSTIC GUITAR is a guitar that produces sound acoustically—by transmitting the vibration of the strings to the air—as opposed to relying on electronic amplification (see electric guitar ). The sound waves from the strings of an acoustic guitar resonate through the guitar's body, creating sound. This typically involves the use of a sound board and a sound box to strengthen the vibrations of the strings. The main source of sound in an acoustic guitar is the string, which is plucked or strummed with the finger or with a pick . The string vibrates at a necessary frequency and also creates many harmonics at various different frequencies. The frequencies produced can depend on string length, mass, and tension. The string causes the soundboard and sound box to vibrate, and as these have their own resonances at certain frequencies, they amplify some string harmonics more strongly than others, hence affecting the timbre produced by the instrument
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Semi-acoustic Guitar
A SEMI-ACOUSTIC GUITAR or HOLLOW-BODY ELECTRIC is a type of electric guitar that originates from the 1930s. It has both a sound box and one or more electric pickups . This is not the same as an acoustic-electric guitar , which is an acoustic guitar with the addition of pickups or other means of amplification, added by either the manufacturer or the player. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Usage * 3 Variations * 4 Gallery * 5 Examples * 6 References HISTORYIn the 1930s guitar players and manufacturers were attempting to increase the overall volume of the guitar, which had a hard time competing in loudness with other instruments—especially in large orchestras and jazz bands. This led makers to try a series of designs that focused on amplifying a guitar electrically through a loudspeaker. In 1936, Gibson made their first production run of electric guitars. These guitars, known as ES-150s (Electric Spanish Series) were the first manufactured semi-acoustic guitars
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Guitar Solo
A GUITAR SOLO is a melodic passage, instrumental section , or entire piece of music written for a classical guitar , electric guitar or an acoustic guitar . In 20th and 21st century traditional music and popular music such as blues , swing , jazz , jazz fusion , rock and metal guitar solos often contain virtuoso techniques and varying degrees of improvisation . Guitar solos on classical guitar , which are typically written in musical notation , are also used in classical music forms such as chamber music and concertos . Guitar solos range from unaccompanied works for a single guitar to compositions with accompaniment from a few other instruments or a large ensemble. The accompaniment musicians for a guitar solo can range from a small ensemble such as a jazz quartet or a rock band , to a large ensemble such as an orchestra or big band
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Electric Guitar
An ELECTRIC GUITAR is a fretted stringed instrument with a neck and body that uses a pickup to convert the vibration of its strings into electrical signals. The vibration occurs when a guitarist strums , plucks or fingerpicks the strings. It is sensed by a pickup , most commonly by a magnetic pickup that uses the principle of direct electromagnetic induction . The signal generated by an electric guitar is too weak to drive a loudspeaker , so it is plugged into a guitar amplifier before being sent to a loudspeaker, which makes a sound loud enough to hear. The output of an electric guitar is an electric signal, and the signal can easily be altered by electronic circuits to add "color" to the sound or change the sound. Often the signal is modified using effects such as reverb and distortion and "overdrive" , with the growling sound of the latter being a key element of the sound of the electric guitar as it is used in blues and rock music
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Archtop Guitar
An ARCHTOP GUITAR is a hollow steel-stringed acoustic or semi-acoustic guitar with a full body and a distinctive arched top, whose sound is particularly popular with jazz , blues , rockabilly and psychobilly guitarists. Typically, an archtop guitar has: * 6 strings * An arched top and back, not a flat top and back * A hollow body * Moveable adjustable bridge * F-holes similar to members of the violin family * Rear mounted tailpiece , stoptail bridge or Bigsby tremolo * 14th-fret neck joinCONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Construction * 3 Various use of the term archtop * 4 Bass guitars
Bass guitars
* 5 Other variations * 6 See also * 7 References * 8 Bibliography * 9 External links HISTORY A 1918 "The Gibson" acoustic guitar, with a 13th fret neck join, circular soundhole and floating bridge. This was a transitional model with no f-holes and a much smaller body than the classic archtop
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F-holes
A SOUND HOLE is an opening in the upper sound board of a stringed musical instrument . The sound holes can have different shapes: * ROUND in flat-top guitars and traditional bowl-back mandolins ; * F-HOLES in instruments from the violin family , archtop mandolins and in archtop guitars ; * C-HOLES in violas da gamba ; * ROSETTES in lutes ; * D-HOLES in Bowed lyras Some instruments can have different styles (mandolins may have F-holes, round or oval holes). A round or oval hole or a rosette is usually a single one, under the strings. C-holes, D-holes and F-holes are usually made in pairs placed symmetrically on both sides of the strings. Most hollowbody and semi-hollow electric guitars also have F-holes. Though the purpose of sound holes is to help acoustic instruments project their sound more efficiently, the sound does not emanate solely (nor even mostly) from the location of the sound hole
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Bridge (instrument)
A BRIDGE is a device that supports the strings on a stringed musical instrument and transmits the vibration of those strings to another structural component of the instrument—typically a soundboard , such as the top of a guitar or violin—which transfers the sound to the surrounding air. CONTENTS * 1 Explanation * 2 Positioning * 3 Construction * 4 Bridge pin * 5 Operation * 6 Electric guitar bridges * 6.1 Vibrato
Vibrato
bridges * 6.1.1 Non-Locking Tremolo/ Vibrato
Vibrato
systems * 6.1.2 Locking Tremolo/ Vibrato
Vibrato
systems * 6.2 Non-Tremolo/ Vibrato
Vibrato
bridges * 7 See also * 8 References * 9 External links EXPLANATIONMost stringed instruments produce sound through the application of energy to the strings, which sets them into vibratory motion
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