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Jazz
JAZZ is a music genre that originated in African American
African American
communities of New Orleans
New Orleans
, United States
United States
, in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, and developed from roots in blues and ragtime . Since the 1920s Jazz Age
Jazz Age
, jazz has become recognized as a major form of musical expression. It then emerged in the form of independent traditional and popular musical styles, all linked by the common bonds of African American and European American musical parentage with a performance orientation. Jazz
Jazz
is characterized by swing and blue notes , call and response vocals , polyrhythms and improvisation . Jazz
Jazz
has roots in West African cultural and musical expression , and in African-American music traditions including blues and ragtime , as well as European military band music
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Horn (instrument)
PLUCKED * Appalachian dulcimer
Appalachian dulcimer
(United States) * Autoharp
Autoharp
* Baglama
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Keyboards
A KEYBOARD INSTRUMENT is a musical instrument played using a keyboard , a row of levers which are pressed by the fingers. The most common of these are the piano , organ , and various electronic keyboards , including synthesizers and digital pianos . Other keyboard instruments include celestas , which are struck idiophones operated by a keyboard, and carillons , which are usually housed in bell towers or belfries of churches or municipal buildings. Today, the term keyboard often refers to keyboard-style synthesizers . Under the fingers of a sensitive performer, the keyboard may also be used to control dynamics , phrasing , shading, articulation , and other elements of expression—depending on the design and inherent capabilities of the instrument. Another important use of the word keyboard is in historical musicology, where it means an instrument whose identity cannot be firmly established
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Bass (instrument)
BASS (/ˈbeɪs/ BAYSS ) describes musical instruments that produce tones in the low-pitched range C4- C2. They belong to different families of instruments and can cover a wide range of musical roles. Since producing low pitches usually requires a long air column or string, the string and wind bass instruments are usually the largest instruments in their families or instrument classes. As seen in the musical instrument classification article, categorizing instruments can be difficult. For example, some instruments fall into more than one category. The cello is considered a tenor instrument in some orchestral settings, but in a string quartet it is the bass instrument
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Humppa
HUMPPA is a type of music from Finland
Finland
. It is related to jazz and very fast foxtrot , played two beats to a bar (2 4 or 2 2). Typical speed is about 220 to 260 beats per minute. Humppa
Humppa
is also the name of a few social dances danced to humppa music. All dances involve bounce that follows the strong bass of the music. In Finnish language
Finnish language
, the word humppa can also be used for all social dancing . The name humppa was invented by Antero Alpola for a radio show in the 1950s. He picked it up from German Oktoberfest
Oktoberfest
where the locals used the word to describe the playing of the band. The band probably used a tuba , as the sound of tuba on the first beat is like hump, the second beat coming as a pa
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American March Music
AMERICAN MARCH MUSIC is march music written and/or performed in the United States. CONTENTS* 1 History * 1.1 Marches and the military band * 1.2 Marches and the concert band * 1.3 Marches and the circus * 1.4 Marches and the marching band * 2 John Philip Sousa
John Philip Sousa
revolution * 3 Common march composers in the United States * 4 Famous marches * 5 Musicality and the march music form * 5.1 Meter * 5.2 Tempo
Tempo
* 5.3 Key * 5.4 March music form * 5.4.1 Military march form * 5.4.2 "Regimental" march form * 5.4.3 Other forms and styles * 5.5 Phrasing * 5.6 Chords and harmonic progression * 6 Difficulty * 7 Instrumentation * 7.1 Assignments and roles of instrument sections * 8 Media * 9 References * 10 External links HISTORYThe true "march music era " existed from 1850 to 1940s as it slowly became shadowed by the coming of jazz
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Folk Music
FOLK MUSIC includes both traditional music and the genre that evolved from it during the 20th century folk revival . The term originated in the 19th century, but is often applied to music older than that. Some types of folk music are also called world music . TRADITIONAL FOLK MUSIC has been defined in several ways: as music transmitted orally , music with unknown composers, or music performed by custom over a long period of time. It has been contrasted with commercial and classical styles . Starting in the mid-20th century, a new form of popular folk music evolved from traditional folk music. This process and period is called the (second) folk revival and reached a zenith in the 1960s. This form of music is sometimes called contemporary folk music or folk revival music to distinguish it from earlier folk forms
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Kwela
KWELA is a pennywhistle -based street music from southern Africa with jazzy underpinnings and a distinctive, skiffle -like beat. It evolved from the marabi sound and brought South African music to international prominence in the 1950s. The music has its roots in southern Africa but later adaptations of this and many other African folk idioms have permeated Western music (listen to the albums A Swingin\' Safari by the Bert Kaempfert Orchestra (1962) and Graceland by Paul Simon
Paul Simon
(1986)), giving modern South African music, particularly jazz , much of its distinctive sound and lilting swagger. One reason for the use of the pennywhistle is that it is cheap and portable, but it also lends itself as a solo or an ensemble instrument
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Mambo (music)
MAMBO is a musical genre and dance style that developed originally in Cuba
Cuba
. The word "mambo", similarly to other Afroamerican musical denominations as conga, milonga, bomba, tumba, timba, samba, semba, bamba, bamboula, tambo, tango, cumbé, cumbia and candombe, denotes an African origin, particularly from Congo , due to the presence of certain characteristic combinations of sounds, such as mb, ng and nd, which belong to the Niger-Congo linguistic complex. In modern Swahili language , the word "mambo" corresponds to the English word "things" The Oxford Online Dictionary gives "mambo" as Haitian-Creole from Yoruba meaning "voodoo priestess"
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Manila Sound
MANILA SOUND is a musical genre in the Philippines
Philippines
that began in the early 1970s in Manila
Manila
, flourished and peaked in the mid to late 1970s, and waned in popularity by the early 1980s. It is often considered the "bright side" of the Martial Law era and has influenced all modern genres in the country by being the forerunner to OPM . CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Artists * 3 Record labels * 4 Cover versions * 5 Resurgence * 6 New Manila
Manila
Sound and New OPM * 7 Description * 8 References HISTORY Manila
Manila
Sound is typified and was popularized by the pop rock band Hotdog with its many hit singles: "Ikaw Ang Miss Universe Ng Buhay Ko" ("You Are the Miss Universe Of My Life"), "Panaginip" ("Dream"), "Langit Na Naman" ("Heaven Once Again"), "O Lumapit Ka" ("Oh, Come Closer"), "Bitin Sa Iyo" ("Left Hanging Over You"), and "Dying to Tell You", among others
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Spiritual (music)
SPIRITUALS (or NEGRO SPIRITUALS) are generally Christian songs that were created by African slaves in the United States. Spirituals were originally an oral tradition that imparted Christian values while also describing the hardships of slavery. Although spirituals were originally unaccompanied monophonic (unison) songs, they are best known today in harmonized choral arrangements. This historic group of uniquely American songs is now recognized as a distinct genre of music
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Dansband
DANSBAND ("dance band") or DANSEBAND (Norwegian and Danish) is a Swedish term for a band that plays DANSBANDSMUSIK ("dance band music"). Dansbandsmusik is often danced to in pairs . Jitterbug and foxtrot music are often included in this category. The music is primarily inspired by swing , schlager , country , jazz , and rock . The main influence for rock-oriented bands is the rock music of the 1950s and 1960s. The terms dansband and dansbandsmusik were coined around 1970, when Swedish popular music developed a signature style. The genre developed primarily in Sweden
Sweden
, but has spread to neighbouring countries Norway , Denmark
Denmark
and the Swedish speaking regions of Finland
Finland

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Singing
SINGING is the act of producing musical sounds with the voice and augments regular speech by the use of sustained tonality , rhythm , and a variety of vocal techniques. A person who sings is called a SINGER or VOCALIST. Singers perform music (arias , recitatives , songs , etc.) that can be sung with or without accompaniment by musical instruments . Singing
Singing
is often done in an ensemble of musicians, such as a choir of singers or a band of instrumentalists. Singers may perform as soloists, or accompanied by anything from a single instrument (as in art song or some jazz styles) up to a symphony orchestra or big band . Different singing styles include art music such as opera and Chinese opera , Hindustani music , and religious music styles such as gospel , traditional music styles, world music , jazz , blues , gazal and popular music styles such as pop , rock , electronic dance music , and filmi
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Classical Music
CLASSICAL MUSIC is art music produced or rooted in the traditions of Western music , including both liturgical (religious) and secular music. While a more accurate term is also used to refer to the period from 1750 to 1820 (the Classical period ), this article is about the broad span of time from roughly the 11th century to the present day, which includes the Classical period and various other periods. The central norms of this tradition became codified between 1550 and 1900, which is known as the common-practice period
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Bluegrass Music
BLUEGRASS MUSIC is a form of American roots music , and a related genre of country music . Influenced by the music of Appalachia , bluegrass has mixed roots in Irish , Scottish and English traditional music, and was also later influenced by the music of African-Americans
African-Americans
through incorporation of jazz elements. Settlers from Britain and Ireland arrived in Appalachia during the 18th century, and brought with them the musical traditions of their homelands. These traditions consisted primarily of English and Scottish ballads —which were essentially unaccompanied narrative—and dance music, such as Irish reels , which were accompanied by a fiddle. Many older bluegrass songs come directly from the British Isles
British Isles

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Afrobeat
AFROBEAT is a music genre which developed in the 1970s out of a combination of West African musical styles , such as highlife and yoruba , with American funk and jazz , with a focus on chanted vocals and percussion . The genre features chants , call-and-response vocals, and complex, interacting rhythms. A key figure in its development is Nigerian multi-instrumentalist and bandleader Fela Kuti
Fela Kuti
who popularised the style both within and outside Nigeria
Nigeria
. It was partially borne out of an attempt to distinguish Kuti's music from the "soul music " of American artists such as James Brown . CONTENTS * 1 Origins * 2 Instrumentation * 3 Influence * 4 Notable afrobeat musicians * 5 Afrobeats * 5.1 Influence * 5.2 Notable afrobeats musicians * 6 See also * 7 References * 8 External links ORIGINS Afrobeat
Afrobeat
originated from Fuji, heavy Nigerian drumbeats, and Ghanaian highlife
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