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Jazz
JAZZ is a music genre that originated in African American communities of New Orleans , United States , in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, and developed from roots in blues and ragtime . Since the 1920s Jazz Age , jazz has become recognized as a major form of musical expression. It then emerged in the form of independent traditional and popular musical styles, all linked by the common bonds of African American and European American musical parentage with a performance orientation. Jazz is characterized by swing and blue notes , call and response vocals , polyrhythms and improvisation . Jazz has roots in West African cultural and musical expression , and in African-American music traditions including blues and ragtime , as well as European military band music
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Jazz (other)
JAZZ is a music genre, but may also refer to: CONTENTS * 1 Arts and entertainment * 2 Fictional characters * 3 Music * 4 People * 5 Products * 6 Other * 7 Similar terms ARTS AND ENTERTAINMENT * Jazz
Jazz
dance , dance style also known as jazz ballet * Jazz
Jazz
(TV series) , 200
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Louis Armstrong
LOUIS DANIEL ARMSTRONG (August 4, 1901 – July 6, 1971), nicknamed SATCHMO, SATCH or POPS, was an American trumpeter, composer, singer and occasional actor who was one of the most influential figures in jazz . His career spanned five decades, from the 1920s to the 1960s, and different eras in jazz. Coming to prominence in the 1920s as an "inventive" trumpet and cornet player, Armstrong was a foundational influence in jazz, shifting the focus of the music from collective improvisation to solo performance. With his instantly recognizable gravelly voice, Armstrong was also an influential singer, demonstrating great dexterity as an improviser, bending the lyrics and melody of a song for expressive purposes. He was also skilled at scat singing
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Blues
BLUES is a genre and musical form originated by African Americans in the Deep South of the United States around the end of the 19th century. The genre developed from roots in African musical traditions , African-American work songs , spirituals , and folk music . Blues incorporated spirituals , work songs , field hollers , shouts , chants , and rhymed simple narrative ballads . The blues form, ubiquitous in jazz , rhythm and blues and rock and roll , is characterized by the call-and-response pattern, the blues scale and specific chord progressions , of which the twelve-bar blues is the most common. Blue notes (or "worried notes"), usually thirds or fifths flattened in pitch , are also an essential part of the sound. Blues shuffles or walking bass reinforce the trance-like rhythm and form a repetitive effect known as the groove . Blues as a genre is also characterized by its lyrics, bass lines, and instrumentation
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Ragtime
RAGTIME – also spelled RAG-TIME or RAG TIME – is a musical style that enjoyed its peak popularity between 1895 and 1918. Its cardinal trait is its syncopated , or "ragged", rhythm. The style has its origins in African-American communities in cities such as St. Louis years before being published as popular sheet music for piano. Ernest Hogan (1865–1909) was a pioneer of ragtime and was the first composer to have his ragtime pieces (or "rags") published as sheet music, beginning with the song "LA Pas Ma LA," published in 1895. Hogan has also been credited for coining the term _ragtime_. The term is actually derived from his hometown "Shake Rag" in Bowling Green, Kentucky. Ben Harney , another Kentucky native, has often been credited for introducing the music to the mainstream public. His first ragtime composition, "You've Been a Good Old Wagon But You Done Broke" (written 1895, published 1896), helped popularize the style
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Spiritual (music)
SPIRITUALS (or NEGRO SPIRITUALS) are generally Christian songs that were created by African slaves in the United States. Spirituals were originally an oral tradition that imparted Christian values while also describing the hardships of slavery. Although spirituals were originally unaccompanied monophonic (unison) songs, they are best known today in harmonized choral arrangements. This historic group of uniquely American songs is now recognized as a distinct genre of music
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Folk Music
FOLK MUSIC includes both traditional music and the genre that evolved from it during the 20th century folk revival . The term originated in the 19th century, but is often applied to music older than that. Some types of folk music are also called world music . TRADITIONAL FOLK MUSIC has been defined in several ways: as music transmitted orally , music with unknown composers, or music performed by custom over a long period of time. It has been contrasted with commercial and classical styles . Starting in the mid-20th century, a new form of popular folk music evolved from traditional folk music. This process and period is called the (second) folk revival and reached a zenith in the 1960s. This form of music is sometimes called contemporary folk music or folk revival music to distinguish it from earlier folk forms
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American March Music
AMERICAN MARCH MUSIC is march music written and/or performed in the United States. CONTENTS* 1 History * 1.1 Marches and the military band * 1.2 Marches and the concert band * 1.3 Marches and the circus * 1.4 Marches and the marching band * 2 John Philip Sousa
John Philip Sousa
revolution * 3 Common march composers in the United States * 4 Famous marches * 5 Musicality and the march music form * 5.1 Meter * 5.2 Tempo
Tempo
* 5.3 Key * 5.4 March music form * 5.4.1 Military march form * 5.4.2 "Regimental" march form * 5.4.3 Other forms and styles * 5.5 Phrasing * 5.6 Chords and harmonic progression * 6 Difficulty * 7 Instrumentation * 7.1 Assignments and roles of instrument sections * 8 Media * 9 References * 10 External links HISTORYThe true "march music era " existed from 1850 to 1940s as it slowly became shadowed by the coming of jazz
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Classical Music
CLASSICAL MUSIC is art music produced or rooted in the traditions of Western music , including both liturgical (religious) and secular music. While a more accurate term is also used to refer to the period from 1750 to 1820 (the Classical period ), this article is about the broad span of time from roughly the 11th century to the present day, which includes the Classical period and various other periods. The central norms of this tradition became codified between 1550 and 1900, which is known as the common-practice period
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Horn (instrument)
PLUCKED * Appalachian dulcimer (United States) * Autoharp * Baglama
Baglama
or Saz (Turkey) * Bajo sexto
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Keyboards
A KEYBOARD INSTRUMENT is a musical instrument played using a keyboard , a row of levers which are pressed by the fingers. The most common of these are the piano , organ , and various electronic keyboards , including synthesizers and digital pianos . Other keyboard instruments include celestas , which are struck idiophones operated by a keyboard, and carillons , which are usually housed in bell towers or belfries of churches or municipal buildings. Today, the term keyboard often refers to keyboard-style synthesizers . Under the fingers of a sensitive performer, the keyboard may also be used to control dynamics , phrasing , shading, articulation , and other elements of expression—depending on the design and inherent capabilities of the instrument. Another important use of the word keyboard is in historical musicology, where it means an instrument whose identity cannot be firmly established
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Bass (instrument)
BASS (/ˈbeɪs/ BAYSS ) describes musical instruments that produce tones in the low-pitched range C4- C2. They belong to different families of instruments and can cover a wide range of musical roles. Since producing low pitches usually requires a long air column or string, the string and wind bass instruments are usually the largest instruments in their families or instrument classes. As seen in the musical instrument classification article, categorizing instruments can be difficult. For example, some instruments fall into more than one category. The cello is considered a tenor instrument in some orchestral settings, but in a string quartet it is the bass instrument
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Drums
A DRUM KIT — also called a DRUM SET, TRAP SET, or simply DRUMS — is a collection of drums and other percussion instruments , typically cymbals , which are set up on stands to be played by a single player, with drumsticks held in both hands, and the feet operating pedals that control the hi-hat cymbal and the beater for the bass drum . A drum kit consists of a mix of drums (categorized classically as membranophones , Hornbostel-Sachs high-level classification 2) and idiophones - most significantly cymbals , but can also include the woodblock and cowbell (classified as Hornbostel-Sachs high-level classification 1). In the 2000s, some kits also include electronic instruments ( Hornbostel-Sachs classification 53). Also, both hybrid (mixing acoustic instruments and electronic drums ) and entirely electronic kits are used
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Guitar
The GUITAR is a musical instrument classified as a fretted string instrument with anywhere from four to 18 strings, usually having six. The sound is projected either acoustically, using a hollow wooden or plastic and wood box (for an acoustic guitar ), or through electrical amplifier and a speaker (for an electric guitar ). It is typically played by strumming or plucking the strings with the fingers, thumb or fingernails of the right hand or with a pick while fretting (or pressing against the frets ) the strings with the fingers of the left hand. The guitar is a type of chordophone , traditionally constructed from wood and strung with either gut, nylon or steel strings and distinguished from other chordophones by its construction and tuning. The modern guitar was preceded by the gittern , the vihuela , the four-course Renaissance guitar , and the five-course baroque guitar , all of which contributed to the development of the modern six-string instrument
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Singing
SINGING is the act of producing musical sounds with the voice and augments regular speech by the use of sustained tonality , rhythm , and a variety of vocal techniques. A person who sings is called a SINGER or VOCALIST. Singers perform music (arias , recitatives , songs , etc.) that can be sung with or without accompaniment by musical instruments . Singing is often done in an ensemble of musicians, such as a choir of singers or a band of instrumentalists. Singers may perform as soloists, or accompanied by anything from a single instrument (as in art song or some jazz styles) up to a symphony orchestra or big band . Different singing styles include art music such as opera and Chinese opera , Hindustani music , and religious music styles such as gospel , traditional music styles, world music , jazz , blues , gazal and popular music styles such as pop , rock , electronic dance music , and filmi
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Avant-garde Jazz
AVANT-GARDE JAZZ (also known as AVANT-JAZZ) is a style of music and improvisation that combines avant-garde art music and composition with jazz . It originated in the 1950s and developed through the 1960s. Originally synonymous with free jazz , much avant-garde jazz was distinct from that style. CONTENTS* 1 History * 1.1 1950s * 1.2 1960s * 2 See also * 3 Notable avant-jazz musicians and groups * 4 Bibliography * 5 References HISTORY1950S Avant-garde jazz originated in the mid- to late 1950s among a group of improvisors who rejected the conventions of bebop and post bop in an effort to blur the division between the written and the spontaneous
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