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Japanese Rock Garden
The JAPANESE ROCK GARDEN (枯山水, karesansui) or "dry landscape" garden, often called a ZEN GARDEN, creates a miniature stylized landscape through carefully composed arrangements of rocks, water features, moss, pruned trees and bushes, and uses gravel or sand that is raked to represent ripples in water. A zen garden is usually relatively small, surrounded by a wall, and is usually meant to be seen while seated from a single viewpoint outside the garden, such as the porch of the hojo, the residence of the chief monk of the temple or monastery. Classical zen gardens were created at temples of Zen Buddhism in Kyoto
Kyoto
during the Muromachi period
Muromachi period
. They were intended to imitate the intimate essence of nature, not its actual appearance, and to serve as an aid to meditation about the true meaning of life
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Edo Period
The EDO PERIOD (江戸時代, Edo jidai) or TOKUGAWA PERIOD (徳川時代, Tokugawa jidai) is the period between 1603 and 1868 in the history of Japan
Japan
, when Japanese society was under the rule of the Tokugawa shogunate and the country's 300 regional daimyō . The period was characterized by economic growth, strict social order, isolationist foreign policies, a stable population, "no more wars", and popular enjoyment of arts and culture. The shogunate was officially established in Edo on March 24, 1603, by Tokugawa Ieyasu
Tokugawa Ieyasu
. The period came to an end with the Meiji Restoration on May 3, 1868, after the fall of Edo
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Shitennō-ji
Coordinates : 34°39′14.04″N 135°30′59.22″E / 34.6539000°N 135.5164500°E / 34.6539000; 135.5164500 SHITENNō-JI (Japanese : 四天王寺; also Arahaka-ji, Nanba-ji, or Mitsu-ji) is a Buddhist
Buddhist
temple in Ōsaka , Japan
Japan
. It is sometimes regarded as the first Buddhist
Buddhist
and oldest officially administered temple in Japan, although the temple buildings have been rebuilt over the centuries. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Description * 3 Access * 4 Images * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 External links HISTORY Prince Shōtoku
Prince Shōtoku
invited three Korean Baekje
Baekje
carpenters, and they constructed this temple in 593
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Hyogo
HYōGO PREFECTURE (兵庫県, Hyōgo-ken) is a prefecture of Japan located in the Kansai region
Kansai region
on Honshu
Honshu
island. The capital is Kobe
Kobe

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Japan
Coordinates : 35°N 136°E / 35°N 136°E / 35; 136 Japan 日本国 Nippon-koku or Nihon-koku Flag Imperial Seal ANTHEM: * " Kimigayo " * 君が代 "His Imperial Majesty's Reign" GOVERNMENT SEAL OF JAPAN * * Go-Shichi no Kiri (五七桐) Area controlled by Japan
Japan
shown in green—claimed, but uncontrolled shown in light green Capital and largest city
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Ōtomo Sōrin
ŌTOMO SōRIN (大友 宗麟, January 31, 1530 – June 11, 1587), also known as FUJIWARA NO YOSHISHIGE (藤原 義鎮) and ŌTOMO YOSHISHIGE (大友 義鎮), was a Japanese feudal lord (daimyō ) of the Ōtomo clan , one of the few to have converted to Roman Catholicism ( Christianity
Christianity
). The eldest son of Ōtomo Yoshiaki , he inherited the Funai Domain , on Kyūshū, Japan's southernmost main island, from his father. He is perhaps most significant for having appealed to Toyotomi Hideyoshi
Toyotomi Hideyoshi
to intervene in Kyūshū against the Shimazu clan
Shimazu clan
, thus spurring Hideyoshi's Kyūshū Campaign
Kyūshū Campaign
of 1587
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Muromachi Period
The MUROMACHI PERIOD (室町時代, Muromachi jidai, also known as the MUROMACHI ERA, the ASHIKAGA ERA, or the ASHIKAGA PERIOD) is a division of Japanese history running from approximately 1336 to 1573. The period marks the governance of the Muromachi or Ashikaga shogunate (Muromachi bakufu or Ashikaga bakufu), which was officially established in 1338 by the first Muromachi shōgun , Ashikaga Takauji , two years after the brief Kenmu Restoration (1333–36) of imperial rule was brought to a close. The period ended in 1573 when the 15th and last shogun of this line, Ashikaga Yoshiaki , was driven out of the capital in Kyoto
Kyoto
by Oda Nobunaga
Oda Nobunaga
. From a cultural perspective, the period can be divided into the Kitayama and Higashiyama periods (later 15th – early 16th centuries)
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Ginkaku-ji
GINKAKU-JI (銀閣寺, lit. "Temple of the Silver Pavilion"), officially named JISHō-JI (慈照寺, lit. "Temple of Shining Mercy"), is a Zen
Zen
temple in the Sakyo ward of Kyoto
Kyoto
, Japan
Japan
. It is one of the constructions that represents the Higashiyama Culture of the Muromachi period
Muromachi period
. HISTORY Ashikaga Yoshimasa
Ashikaga Yoshimasa
initiated plans for creating a retirement villa and gardens as early as 1460; and after his death, Yoshimasa would arrange for this property to become a Zen
Zen
temple. The temple is today associated with the Shokoku-ji branch of Rinzai
Rinzai
Zen. The two-storied Kannon-den (観音殿, Kannon hall), is the main temple structure. Its construction began February 21, 1482 (Bummei 14 , 4th day of the 2nd month)
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Mount Fuji
MOUNT FUJI (富士山, Fujisan, IPA: ( listen )), located on Honshu Island , is the highest mountain in Japan
Japan
at 3,776.24 m (12,389 ft). An active stratovolcano that last erupted in 1707–08, Mount Fuji lies about 100 kilometres (60 mi) south-west of Tokyo
Tokyo
, and can be seen from there on a clear day. Mount Fuji's exceptionally symmetrical cone, which is snow-capped for about 5 months a year, is a well-known symbol of Japan
Japan
and it is frequently depicted in art and photographs, as well as visited by sightseers and climbers. Mount Fuji
Mount Fuji
is one of Japan
Japan
's " Three Holy Mountains " (三霊山, Sanreizan) along with Mount Tate and Mount Haku . It is also a Special Place of Scenic Beauty and one of Japan's Historic Sites . It was added to the World Heritage List as a Cultural Site on June 22, 2013
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Sesshū Tōyō
SESSHū TōYō (Japanese : 雪舟 等楊; ODA TōYō since 1431, also known as Tōyō, Unkoku, or Bikeisai;1420 – 26 August 1506) was the most prominent Japanese master of ink and wash painting from the middle Muromachi period
Muromachi period
. He was born into the samurai Oda family (小田家), then brought up and educated to become a Rinzai
Rinzai
Zen Buddhist priest. However, early in life he displayed a talent for visual arts, and eventually became one of the greatest Japanese artists of his time, widely revered throughout Japan
Japan
and China. Sesshū studied under Tenshō Shūbun and was influenced by Chinese Song dynasty
Song dynasty
landscape painting. In 1468–69, he undertook a voyage to Ming China
China
, where too he was quickly recognized as an outstanding painter
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Myōshin-ji
MYōSHIN-JI (妙心寺, Myōshin-ji) is a temple complex in Kyoto
Kyoto
, Japan
Japan
, and head temple of the associated branch of Rinzai Zen Buddhism
Buddhism
. The Myōshin-ji
Myōshin-ji
school is by far the largest school in Rinzai Zen, approximately as big as the other thirteen branches combined: it contains within it about 3,500 temples throughout Japan, together with a handful overseas, of the approximately six thousand total Rinzai temples, and also has nineteen associated monasteries , of the total of forty monasteries and one nunnery
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Igneous
IGNEOUS ROCK (derived from the Latin
Latin
word ignis meaning fire), or MAGMATIC ROCK, is one of the three main rock types , the others being sedimentary and metamorphic . Igneous rock
Igneous rock
is formed through the cooling and solidification of magma or lava . The magma can be derived from partial melts of existing rocks in either a planet 's mantle or crust . Typically, the melting is caused by one or more of three processes: an increase in temperature , a decrease in pressure , or a change in composition. Solidification into rock occurs either below the surface as intrusive rocks or on the surface as extrusive rocks. Igneous rock
Igneous rock
may form with crystallization to form granular, crystalline rocks, or without crystallization to form natural glasses
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Subconscious
In psychology , the SUBCONSCIOUS is the part of consciousness that is not currently in focal awareness. The word "subconscious" represents an anglicized version of the French subconscient as coined by the psychologist Pierre Janet
Pierre Janet
(1859-1947), who argued that underneath the layers of critical-thought functions of the conscious mind lay a powerful awareness that he called the subconscious mind. CONTENTS * 1 The subconscious and psychology * 2 The subconscious and psychoanalysis * 3 The subconscious and Analytical psychology * 4 "New Age" and other modalities targeting the subconscious * 5 See also * 6 Notes and references * 7 External links THE SUBCONSCIOUS AND PSYCHOLOGYIn the strict psychological sense, the adjective is defined as "operating or existing outside of consciousness "
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Garden Spa
A SPA is a location where mineral-rich spring water (and sometimes seawater ) is used to give medicinal baths. Spa towns or spa resorts (including hot springs resorts) typically offer various health treatments, which are also known as balneotherapy . The belief in the curative powers of mineral waters goes back to prehistoric times. Such practices have been popular worldwide, but are especially widespread in Europe and Japan. Day spas are also quite popular, and offer various personal care treatments
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Higashiyama Bunka
The HIGASHIYAMA PERIOD (東山時代), also known as the period of "Higashiyama Culture" or HIGASHIYAMA BUNKA (東山文化), is a segment of Japanese culture originated and promoted in the 15th century by shōgun Ashikaga Yoshimasa
Ashikaga Yoshimasa
, after he retired to his villa in the eastern hills (Higashiyama) of Kyoto
Kyoto
. CONTENTS * 1 Outline * 2 History * 3 Typical work * 3.1 Architecture * 3.2 Calligraphy and painting * 4 See also * 5 Notes * 6 References OUTLINEBased largely on the ideals and aesthetics of Zen Buddhism
Zen Buddhism
and the concept of wabi-sabi (beauty in simplicity), Higashiyama Bunka centered on the development of chadō (Japanese tea ceremony), ikebana (flower arranging), Noh
Noh
drama, and sumi-e ink painting. Much of what is commonly seen today as traditional Japanese culture originated or developed in this period
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Tree
In botany , a TREE is a perennial plant with an elongated stem, or trunk , supporting branches and leaves in most species. In some usages, the definition of a tree may be narrower, including only woody plants with secondary growth , plants that are usable as lumber or plants above a specified height. Trees are not a taxonomic group but include a variety of plant species that have independently evolved a woody trunk and branches as a way to tower above other plants to compete for sunlight. In looser senses, the taller palms , the tree ferns , bananas and bamboos are also trees. Trees tend to be long-lived, some reaching several thousand years old. The tallest known tree, a coast redwood named Hyperion , stands 115.6 m (379 ft) high. Trees have been in existence for 370 million years. It is estimated that there are just over 3 trillion mature trees in the world. A tree typically has many secondary branches supported clear of the ground by the trunk
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