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Japan
Japan
Japan
(Japanese: 日本, Nippon [ɲippoꜜɴ] (listen) or Nihon [ɲihoꜜɴ] (listen); formally 日本国, Nippon-koku or Nihon-koku, lit. 'State of Japan') is an island country in East Asia. Located in the Pacific Ocean, it lies off the eastern coast of the Asian continent
Asian continent
and stretches from the Sea of Okhotsk
Sea of Okhotsk
in the north to the East China Sea
East China Sea
and the Philippine Sea
Philippine Sea
in the south. The kanji that make up Japan's name mean 'sun origin', and it is often called the "Land of the Rising Sun". Japan
Japan
is the world's 4th largest island country and encompasses about 6,852 islands
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Ethnic Groups
An ethnic group, or an ethnicity, is a category of people who identify with each other based on similarities such as common ancestry, language, society, culture or nation.[1][2] Ethnicity is usually an inherited status based on the society in which one lives. Membership of an ethnic group tends to be defined by a shared cultural heritage, ancestry, origin myth, history, homeland, language or dialect, symbolic systems such as religion, mythology and ritual, cuisine, dressing style, art, and physical appearance. Ethnic groups, derived from the same historical founder population, often continue to speak related languages and share a similar gene pool
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Geographic Coordinate System
A geographic coordinate system is a coordinate system that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols.[note 1] The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position; alternatively, a geographic position may be expressed in a combined three-dimensional Cartesian vector. A common choice of coordinates is latitude, longitude and elevation.[1] To specify a location on a plane requires a map projection.[2]Contents1 History 2 Geodetic datum 3 Horizontal coordinates3.1 Latitude
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Lower House
A lower house is one of two chambers of a bicameral legislature, the other chamber being the upper house.[1] Despite its official position "below" the upper house, in many legislatures worldwide, the lower house has come to wield more power. The lower house typically is the larger of the two chambers, i.e. its members are more numerous
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Demonym
A demonym (/ˈdɛmənɪm/; from Greek δῆμος, dêmos, "people, tribe" and όνομα, ónoma, "name") or gentilic (from Latin gentilis, "of a clan, or gens")[1] is a word that identifies residents or natives of a particular place and is usually derived from the name of the place.[2] Examples of demonyms include Cochabambino, for a person from the city of Cochabamba; American for a person from the country called the United States
United States
of America; and Swahili, for a person of the Swahili coast. Demonyms do not always clearly distinguish place of origin or ethnicity from place of residence or citizenship, and many demonyms overlap with the ethnonym for the ethnically dominant group of a region. Thus a Thai may be any resident or citizen of Thailand
Thailand
of any ethnic group, or more narrowly a member of the Thai people. Conversely, some groups of people may be associated with multiple demonyms
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Nippon (other)
Nippon (Hiragana: にっぽん) is a reading of kanji 日本 that refers to Japan. Nippon is more formal and rarer than Nihon (にほん), an alternative reading
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National Language
A national language is a language (or language variant, e.g. dialect) that has some connection—de facto or de jure—with people and the territory they occupy. There is little consistency in the use of this term. One or more languages spoken as first languages in the territory of a country may be referred to informally or designated in legislation as national languages of the country. National or national languages are mentioned in over 150 world constitutions.[1][dead link] C.M.B
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Parliamentary System
A parliamentary system is a system of democratic governance of a state where the executive branch derives its democratic legitimacy from its ability to command the confidence of the legislative branch, typically a parliament, and is also held accountable to that parliament. In a parliamentary system, the head of state is usually a different person from the head of government
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Upper House
An upper house is one of two chambers of a bicameral legislature (or one of three chambers of a tricameral legislature), the other chamber being the lower house.[1] The house formally designated as the upper house is usually smaller and often has more restricted power than the lower house
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Constitutional Monarchy
A constitutional monarchy is a form of monarchy in which the sovereign exercises authority in accordance with a written or unwritten constitution.[1] Constitutional monarchy
Constitutional monarchy
differs from absolute monarchy (in which a monarch holds absolute power) in that constitutional monarchs are bound to exercise their powers and authorities within the limits prescribed within an established legal framework
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Shinto Sects And Schools
Shinto
Shinto
(神道, shintō), the folk religion of Japan, developed a diversity of schools and sects, outbranching from the original Koshintō
Koshintō
(ancient Shintō) since Buddhism
Buddhism
was introduced into Japan in the sixth century.[1]Contents1 Early period schools and groups 2 Shintō-inspired religions2.1 Sect
Sect
Shinto 2.2 Shintō-derived new religions3 Other sects and schools 4 Notes 5 ReferencesEarly period schools and groups[edit] The main Shinto
Shinto
schools with traditions traceable to early periods, according to authoritative published records are:Bukka Shintō These were the various forms of Shintō developed by Buddhist thinkers, also known as Bukke Shintō. These doctrines combine Buddhist elements with Shintō elements (Shinbutsu shūgō).Goryū Shintō Goryū refers to the Buddhist Dharma
Dharma
lineage
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Unitary State
A unitary state is a state governed as a single power in which the central government is ultimately supreme. The central government may create (or abolish) administrative divisions (sub-national units).[1] Such units exercise only the powers that the central government chooses to delegate. Although political power may be delegated through devolution to regional or local governments by statute, the central government may abrogate the acts of devolved governments or curtail (or expand) their powers. A large majority of the world's states (165 of the 193 UN member states) have a unitary system of government.[2] Unitary states stand in contrast with federations, also known as federal states. In federations, the sub-national governments share powers with the central government as equal actors through a written constitution, to which the consent of both is required to make amendments
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Japan (other)
Japan
Japan
is an island country in East Asia. Japan
Japan
may also refer to:Contents1 Places 2 Lacquerware 3 Plants 4 Literature 5 Film 6 Music6.1 Albums 6.2 Songs7 See alsoPlaces[edit]Empire of Japan, former po
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National Foundation Day
National Foundation Day (建国記念の日, Kenkoku Kinen no Hi) is a national holiday in Japan
Japan
celebrated annually on February 11, celebrating the foundation of Japan
Japan
and the accession of its first emperor, Emperor Jimmu
Emperor Jimmu
at Kashihara gū on 11 February 660 BC.[1]Contents1 History 2 Current practice 3 See also 4 Notes 5 ReferencesHistory[edit] The origin of National Foundation Day is New Year's Day
New Year's Day
in the traditional lunisolar calendar
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Miyako Language
The Miyakoan language
Miyakoan language
(宮古口/ミャークフツ Myaakufutsu [mjaːkufutss̩] or 島口/スマフツ Sumafutsu) is a language spoken in the Miyako Islands, located southwest of Okinawa. The combined population of the islands is about 52,000 (as of 2011). Miyako is a Southern Ryukyuan language, most closely related to Yaeyama. The number of competent native speakers is not known; as a consequence of Japanese language
Japanese language
policy which refers to the language as the Miyako dialect (宮古方言, Miyako hōgen), reflected in the education system, people below the age of 60[timeframe?] tend to not use the language except in songs and rituals, and the younger generation mostly uses Japanese as their first language
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Tokunoshima Language
The Tokunoshima
Tokunoshima
language (シマグチ(島口) Shimaguchi or シマユミィタ Shimayumiita), also Toku-No-Shima, is a dialect cluster spoken on Tokunoshima, Kagoshima Prefecture
Kagoshima Prefecture
of southwestern Japan. It is part of the Amami–Okinawan languages, which are part of the Japonic languages.Contents1 Dialects 2 Folk terminology 3 Phonology3.1 Consonants 3.2 Vowels 3.3 Correspondences to Standard Japanese4 Resources 5 References 6 LinkDialects[edit] Okamura (2007) posits two divisions of Tokunoshima: Kametsu–Amagi in the north and Isen in the south.[3] Kametsu is the traditional politico-cultural center of the island. It has been a center of distributions of new lexical traits, some of which were not confined in Tokunoshima
Tokunoshima
Town but spread to Amagi Town in the northeast and, less frequently, to Isen
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