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Japan
Coordinates : 35°N 136°E / 35°N 136°E / 35; 136 Japan 日本国 Nippon-koku or Nihon-koku Flag Imperial Seal ANTHEM: * " Kimigayo " * 君が代 "His Imperial Majesty's Reign" GOVERNMENT SEAL OF JAPAN * * Go-Shichi no Kiri (五七桐) Area controlled by Japan
Japan
shown in green—claimed, but uncontrolled shown in light green Capital and largest city
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Ethnic Groups
An ETHNIC GROUP, or an ETHNICITY, is a category of people who identify with each other based on similarities such as common ancestry , language , society , culture or nation . Ethnicity is usually an inherited status based on the society in which one lives. Membership of an ethnic group tends to be defined by a shared cultural heritage , ancestry , origin myth , history , homeland , language or dialect , symbolic systems such as religion , mythology and ritual , cuisine , dressing style, art , and physical appearance . Ethnic groups, derived from the same historical founder population , often continue to speak related languages and share a similar gene pool . By way of language shift , acculturation , adoption and religious conversion , it is sometimes possible for individuals or groups to leave one ethnic group and become part of another (except for ethnic groups emphasizing racial purity as a key membership criterion)
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Geographic Coordinate System
A GEOGRAPHIC COORDINATE SYSTEM is a coordinate system used in geography that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols. The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position , and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position . A common choice of coordinates is latitude , longitude and elevation . To specify a location on a two-dimensional map requires a map projection
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Lower House
A LOWER HOUSE is one of two chambers of a bicameral legislature , the other chamber being the upper house . Inside the Australian House of Representatives Despite its official position "below" the upper house, in many legislatures worldwide, the lower house has come to wield more power. A legislature composed of only one house is described as unicameral
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Christianity
CHRISTIANITY is a universalising Abrahamic monotheistic religion based on the life , teachings , and miracles of Jesus
Jesus
of Nazareth
Nazareth
, known by Christians
Christians
as the Christ , or "Messiah", who is the focal point of the Christian
Christian
faiths . It is the world\'s largest religion , with over 2.4 billion followers, or 33% of the global population, known as Christians
Christians
. Christians
Christians
make up a majority of the population in 158 countries and territories . They believe that Jesus
Jesus
is the Son of God
God
and the savior of humanity whose coming as the Messiah
Messiah
(the Christ ) was prophesied in the Old Testament
Old Testament

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Demonym
A DEMONYM (/ˈdɛmənɪm/ ; δῆμος dẽmos "people, tribe", ὄόνομα ónoma "name") is a word that identifies residents or natives of a particular place, which is derived from the name of that particular place. It is a neologism (i.e., a recently minted term); previously GENTILIC was recorded in English dictionaries, e.g., the Oxford
Oxford
English Dictionary and Chambers Twentieth Century Dictionary. Examples of demonyms include a Swahili for a person of the Swahili coast , the colloquial Kiwi for a person from New Zealand
New Zealand
, and a Cochabambino for a person from the city of Cochabamba
Cochabamba
. Demonyms do not always clearly distinguish place of origin or ethnicity from place of residence or citizenship, and many demonyms overlap with the ethnonym for the ethnically dominant group of a region
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Nippon (other)
NIPPON (Hiragana: にっぽん) is a reading of kanji 日本 that refers to Japan
Japan
. NIPPON is more formal and rarer than Nihon (にほん), an alternative reading. For more information see Names of Japan
Japan
. NIPPON can also refer to: COMPANY NAMESAll of the following companies are based in Japan
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National Language
A NATIONAL LANGUAGE is a language (or language variant , e.g. dialect ) that has some connection—de facto or de jure —with people and the territory they occupy. There is little consistency in the use of this term. One or more languages spoken as first languages in the territory of a country may be referred to informally or designated in legislation as national languages of the country. National or official languages are mentioned in over 150 world constitutions. C.M.B
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Upper House
An UPPER HOUSE, sometimes called a senate , is one of two chambers of a bicameral legislature (or one of three chambers of a tricameral legislature ), the other chamber being the lower house . The house formally designated as the upper house is usually smaller and often has more restricted power than the lower house. Examples of upper houses in countries include the United Kingdom's House of Lords
House of Lords
, India's Rajya Sabha , Russia's Federation Council , Ireland's Seanad
Seanad
, Malaysia's Dewan Negara , Germany's Bundesrat and the United States Senate
Senate

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Constitutional Monarchy
A CONSTITUTIONAL MONARCHY is a form of monarchy in which the sovereign exercises their authorities in accordance with a written or unwritten constitution . Constitutional monarchy
Constitutional monarchy
differs from absolute monarchy (in which a monarch holds absolute power), in that constitutional monarchs are bound to exercise their powers and authorities within the limits prescribed within an established legal framework. Constitutional monarchies range from countries such as Morocco
Morocco
, where the constitution grants substantial discretionary powers to the sovereign, to countries such as Sweden
Sweden
or Denmark
Denmark
where the monarch retains very few formal authorities. A constitutional monarchy may refer to a system in which the monarch acts as a non-party political head of state under the constitution , whether written or unwritten
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Parliamentary System
A PARLIAMENTARY SYSTEM is a system of democratic governance of a state where the executive branch derives its democratic legitimacy from its ability to command the confidence of the legislative branch, typically a parliament , and is also held accountable to that parliament. In a parliamentary system, the head of state is usually a different person from the head of government . This is in contrast to a presidential system , where the head of state often is also the head of government and, most importantly, the executive branch does not derive its democratic legitimacy from the legislature
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Shinto Sects And Schools
Shinto
Shinto
(神道, shintō), the folk religion of Japan
Japan
, developed a diversity of schools and sects , outbranching from the original Koshintō (ancient Shintō) since Buddhism
Buddhism
was introduced into Japan in the sixth century. CONTENTS * 1 Early period schools and groups * 2 Shintō-inspired religions * 2.1 Sect
Sect
Shinto
Shinto
* 2.2 Shintō-derived new religions * 3 Other sects and schools * 4 Notes * 5 References EARLY PERIOD SCHOOLS AND GROUPSThe main Shinto
Shinto
schools with traditions traceable to early periods, according to authoritative published records are: Bukka Shintō These were the various forms of Shintō developed by Buddhist thinkers, also known as Bukke Shintō. These doctrines combine Buddhist elements with Shintō elements ( Shinbutsu shūgō )
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Unitary State
A UNITARY STATE is a state governed as a single power in which the central government is ultimately supreme and any administrative divisions (sub-national units) exercise only the powers that the central government chooses to delegate. The majority of states in the world have a unitary system of government. Of the 193 UN member states , 165 are governed as unitary states. In a unitary state, sub-national units are created and abolished (an example being the 22 mainland regions of France
France
being merged into 13), and their powers may be broadened and narrowed, by the central government. Although political power may be delegated through devolution to local governments by statute , the central government remains supreme; it may abrogate the acts of devolved governments or curtail their powers
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Ainu Language
HOKKAIDO AINU (/ˈaɪnuː/ ; Ainu: アイヌ・イタㇰ Aynu=itak; Japanese : アイヌ語 Ainu-go) is the sole survivor of the Ainu languages . It is spoken by members of the Ainu ethnic group on the northern Japanese island of Hokkaido
Hokkaido
. Until the 20th century, Ainu languages were also spoken throughout the southern half of the island of Sakhalin
Sakhalin
and by small numbers of people in the Kuril Islands
Kuril Islands
. There were at least 19 dialects of the Ainu languages. Only the Hokkaido
Hokkaido
variant survives, the last speaker of Sakhalin
Sakhalin
Ainu having died in 1994. Hokkaido
Hokkaido
Ainu is moribund , though attempts are being made to revive it. Ainu has no generally accepted genealogical relationship to any other language family
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National Foundation Day
NATIONAL FOUNDATION DAY (建国記念の日, Kenkoku Kinen no Hi) is a national holiday in Japan
Japan
celebrated annually on February 11, celebrating the foundation of Japan
Japan
and the accession of its first emperor, Emperor Jimmu at Kashihara gū on 11 February 660 BC. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Current practice * 3 See also * 4 Notes * 5 References HISTORYThe origin of National Foundation Day is New Year\'s Day in the traditional lunisolar calendar . On that day, the foundation of Japan by Emperor Jimmu was celebrated based on Nihonshoki , which states that Emperor Jimmu ascended to the throne on the first day of the first month
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