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Jamaica Defence Force
The Jamaica
Jamaica
Defence Force (JDF) is the combined military of Jamaica, consisting of an infantry Regiment and Reserve Corps, an Air Wing, a Coast Guard fleet and a supporting Engineering Unit.[1] The JDF is based upon the British military model, with similar organisation, training, weapons and traditions. Once chosen, officer candidates are sent to one of several British or Canadian basic officer courses depending upon the arm of service. Enlisted soldiers are given basic training at JDF Training Depot Newcastle. As on the British model, NCOs are given several levels of professional training as they rise up the ranks
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Armored Vehicles
Military vehicles are commonly armoured (or armored; see spelling differences) to withstand the impact of shrapnel, bullets, missiles or shells, protecting the personnel inside from enemy fire. Such vehicles include armoured fighting vehicles like tanks, aircraft and ships. Civilian vehicles may also be armoured. These vehicles include cars used by reporters, officials and others in conflict zones or where violent crime is common, and presidential limousines. Civilian armoured cars are also routinely used by security firms to carry money or valuables to reduce the risk of highway robbery or the hijacking of the cargo. Armour
Armour
may also be used in vehicles to protect from threats other than a deliberate attack. Some spacecraft are equipped with specialised armour to protect them against impacts from micrometeoroids or fragments of space junk
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Transport
Transport
Transport
or transportation is the movement of humans, animals and goods from one location to another. Modes of transport
Modes of transport
include air, land (rail and road), water, cable, pipeline and space. The field can be divided into infrastructure, vehicles and operations. Transport
Transport
is important because it enables trade between people, which is essential for the development of civilizations. Transport
Transport
infrastructure consists of the fixed installations including roads, railways, airways, waterways, canals and pipelines and terminals such as airports, railway stations, bus stations, warehouses, trucking terminals, refueling depots (including fueling docks and fuel stations) and seaports
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Belgium
Coordinates: 50°50′N 4°00′E / 50.833°N 4.000°E / 50.833; 4.000Kingdom of BelgiumKoninkrijk België  (Dutch) Royaume de Belgique  (French) Königreich Belgien  (German)FlagCoat of armsMotto: "Eendracht maakt macht" (Dutch) "L'union fait la force" (French) "Einigkeit macht stark" (German) "Unity makes Strength"Anthem: "La Brabançonne" "The Brabantian"Location of  Belgium  (dark green) – in Europe  (green & dark grey) – in the European Union  (green)Capital and largest city Brussels 50°51′N 4°21′E / 50.850°N 4.350°E / 50.850; 4.350Official languages Dutch French GermanEthnic groups see DemographicsReligion (2015[1])60.7% Christianity 32.0% No religion 5.2% Islam 2.1% Other religionsDemonym BelgianGovernment Federal parliamentary constitu
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Machine Gun
A machine gun is a fully automatic mounted or portable firearm designed to fire bullets in rapid succession from an ammunition belt or magazine, typically at a rate of 300 rounds per minute or higher. Not all fully automatic firearms are machine guns. Submachine guns, rifles, assault rifles, shotguns, pistols or cannons may be capable of fully automatic fire, but are not designed for sustained fire. As a class of military rapid-fire guns, machine guns are fully automatic weapons designed to be used as support weapons and generally used when attached to a mount- or fired from the ground on a bipod or tripod. Many (but not all) machine guns also use belt feeding and open bolt operation, features not normally found on rifles. By U.S
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M2 Machine Gun
The M2 Machine Gun or Browning .50 Caliber Machine Gun is a heavy machine gun designed toward the end of World War I
World War I
by John Browning. Its design is similar to Browning's earlier M1919 Browning machine gun, which was chambered for the .30-06
.30-06
cartridge. The M2 uses the much larger and much more powerful .50 BMG
.50 BMG
cartridge, which was developed alongside and takes its name from the gun itself (BMG standing for Browning Machine Gun). It has been referred to as "Ma Deuce",[13] in reference to its M2 nomenclature. The design has had many specific designations; the official designation for the current infantry type is Browning Machine Gun, Cal. .50, M2, HB, Flexible. It is effective against infantry, unarmored or lightly armored vehicles and boats, light fortifications and low-flying aircraft
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Heavy Machine Gun
The heavy machine gun or HMG is a class of machine gun implying greater characteristics than general purpose or medium machine guns. There are two generally recognized classes of weapons identified as heavy machine guns. The first is weapons from World War I
World War I
identified as "heavy" due to the weight and encumberment of the weapons themselves
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Grenade Launcher
A grenade launcher[1][2] is a weapon that fires a specially-designed large-caliber projectile, often with an explosive, smoke or gas warhead. Today, the term generally refers to a class of dedicated firearms firing unitary grenade cartridges. The most common type are man-portable, shoulder-fired weapons issued to individuals, although larger crew-served launchers are issued at higher levels of organisation by military forces.[3] Grenade launchers can either come in the form of standalone weapons (either single-shot or repeating) or attachments mounted to a parent firearm, usually a rifle
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Artillery
Artillery
Artillery
is a class of large military weapons built to fire munitions far beyond the range and power of infantry's small arms. Early artillery development focused on the ability to breach fortifications, and led to heavy, fairly immobile siege engines. As technology improved, lighter, more mobile field artillery developed for battlefield use. This development continues today; modern self-propelled artillery vehicles are highly mobile weapons of great versatility providing the largest share of an army's total firepower. In its earliest sense, the word artillery referred to any group of soldiers primarily armed with some form of manufactured weapon or armour. Since the introduction of gunpowder and cannon, the word "artillery" has largely meant cannon, and in contemporary usage, it usually refers to shell-firing guns, howitzers, mortars, rockets and guided missiles
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L16 81mm Mortar
The United Kingdom's L16 81mm mortar
L16 81mm mortar
is the standard mortar used by the British armed forces. It originated as a joint design by the UK and Canada. The version produced and used by Australia
Australia
is named the F2 81mm Mortar, whilst the version used by the U.S. armed forces is known as the M252. It was introduced in 1965/6, replacing the Ordnance ML 3 inch Mortar in UK service, where it is used by the Army, the Royal Marines
Royal Marines
and the RAF Regiment. In UK armoured/mechanised infantry battalions, the L16 mortar is mounted in an FV 432
FV 432
AFV (six[1] per battalion mortar platoon). British army light role infantry battalions and the Royal Marines
Royal Marines
may transport their mortars in BvS 10
BvS 10
vehicles (the replacement for the Bv 206)
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Mortar (weapon)
A mortar is an indirect fire device that launches projectiles at ranges from 70 meters to 14,000 meters. The mortar has traditionally been used as a weapon to propel explosive shells called mortar rounds in high-arcing ballistic trajectories. The weapon is typically muzzle-loading with a short, often smooth-bore barrel, generally less than 15 times its caliber. Modern mortars are light and easily portable. They can be used for close fire support with a variety of ammunition.Contents1 History1.1 Origins 1.2 Modern portable mortar 1.3 Largest mortars 1.4 Improvised mortars2 Function 3 Design3.1 Distinctive features of mortars 3.2 Spigot mortar 3.3 Gun-mortars4 Images 5 See also 6 References 7 External linksHistory[edit] Origins[edit] Mortars have been used for hundreds of years, originally in siege warfare. Many historians consider the first mortars to have been used at the 1453 siege of Constantinople by Mehmed the Conqueror
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2-inch Mortar
The ordnance SBML two-inch mortar, or more commonly, the "two-inch mortar", was a British mortar issued to the British Army and the Commonwealth armies, that saw use during the Second World War and later. It was more portable than larger mortars, and the two-inch (51mm) had greater range and firepower than rifle grenades. Licensed from a design by of Spain.Contents1 History 2 Specifications 3 Variations 4 Ammunition type (plus round weight and colour) 5 Modern variants5.1 Specifications6 ReferencesHistory[edit] The British Army had two types of mortars in service at the outbreak of the Second World War, one of which was a two-inch weapon for use with infantry platoons. The two-inch mortar had been developed during the 1930s after the British Army had inspected weapons of a similar calibre in service with other European countries, including the Spanish 50mm version by ECIA
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Land Rover
Land Rover
Land Rover
is a car brand that specialises in four-wheel-drive vehicles, owned by British multinational car manufacturer Jaguar Land Rover, which has been owned by India's Tata Motors
Tata Motors
since 2008.[4] The Land Rover
Land Rover
is regarded as a British icon, and was granted a Royal Warrant by King George VI
George VI
in 1951.[5][6] The Land Rover
Land Rover
name was originally used by the Rover Company
Rover Company
for the Land Rover
Land Rover
Series, launched in 1948
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M16 Rifle
The M16 rifle, officially designated Rifle, Caliber 5.56 mm, M16, is a United States
United States
military adaptation of the ArmaLite
ArmaLite
AR-15 rifle.[12][13][14][n 1] The original M16 was a selective fire 5.56mm rifle with a 20-round magazine. In 1964, the M16 entered U.S. military service and the following year was deployed for jungle warfare operations during the Vietnam
Vietnam
War.[1] In 1969, the M16A1 replaced the M14 rifle
M14 rifle
to become the U.S. military's standard service rifle.[17][18] The M16A1 improvements include a bolt-assist, chrome plated bore and a new 30-round magazine.[1] In 1983, the U.S. Marine Corps adopted the M16A2 rifle and the U.S. Army adopted it in 1986
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Patrol
A patrol is commonly a group of personnel, such as law enforcement officers or military personnel, that are assigned to monitor a specific geographic area. This is also often referred to as a beat. History Law enforcement
Law enforcement
has learned many things from the past on how to patrol effectively and efficiently. For example, the Kansas City Preventive Patrol
Patrol
Experiment found that no matter how big the police presence crime will not change.[1] In 1972, the Kansas City Police Department held an experiment to find how police presence effects the general public.[2] The Police department was sent out in 15 patrol beats around the city
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Toyota Land Cruiser
The Toyota
Toyota
Land Cruiser (Japanese: トヨタ ランドクルーザー, Toyota
Toyota
Rando-kurūzā) is a series of four-wheel drive vehicles produced by the Japanese car maker Toyota. It is Toyota's longest running series.[1] Production of the first generation Land Cruiser began in 1951 (90 units) as Toyota's version of a Jeep-like vehicle.[2][3] The Land Cruiser has been produced in convertible, hardtop, station wagon and cab chassis versions
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