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János Bolyai János Bolyai János Bolyai (Hungarian: [ˈjaːnoʃ ˈboːjɒi]; 15 December 1802 – 27 January 1860) or Johann Bolyai,[2] was a Hungarian mathematician, one of the founders of non Euclidean geometry Euclidean geometry — a geometry that differs from Euclidean geometry Euclidean geometry in its definition of parallel lines [...More...]  "János Bolyai" on: Wikipedia Yahoo Parouse 

Notices Of The American Mathematical Society Notices of the American Mathematical Society American Mathematical Society (often abbreviated as Notices Amer. Math. Soc.) is the membership journal of the American Mathematical Society (AMS), published monthly except for the combined June/July issue. The first volume appeared in 1953. Each issue of the magazine since January 1995 is available in its entirety on the journal web site. Articles are peerreviewed by an editorial board of mathematical experts. Since 2016, the editorinchief is Frank Morgan. The cover regularly features mathematical visualizations. The Notices is the world's most widely read mathematical journal.[1] As the membership journal of the American Mathematical Society, the Notices is sent to the approximately 30,000 AMS members worldwide, onethird of whom reside outside the United States. By publishing highlevel exposition, the Notices provides opportunities for mathematicians to find out what is going on in the field [...More...]  "Notices Of The American Mathematical Society" on: Wikipedia Yahoo Parouse 

Analytical Mechanics In theoretical physics and mathematical physics, analytical mechanics, or theoretical mechanics is a collection of closely related alternative formulations of classical mechanics. It was developed by many scientists and mathematicians during the 18th century and onward, after Newtonian mechanics. Since Newtonian mechanics Newtonian mechanics considers vector quantities of motion, particularly accelerations, momenta, forces, of the constituents of the system, an alternative name for the mechanics governed by Newton's laws Newton's laws and Euler's laws is vectorial mechanics. By contrast, analytical mechanics uses scalar properties of motion representing the system as a whole—usually its total kinetic energy and potential energy—not Newton's vectorial forces of individual particles.[1] A scalar is a quantity, whereas a vector is represented by quantity and direction [...More...]  "Analytical Mechanics" on: Wikipedia Yahoo Parouse 

Theresian Military Academy The Theresian Military Academy Theresian Military Academy (German: Theresianische Militärakademie, TherMilAk) is a military academy in Austria, where the Austrian Armed Forces Austrian Armed Forces train their officers [...More...]  "Theresian Military Academy" on: Wikipedia Yahoo Parouse 

Vienna Vienna Vienna (/viˈɛnə/ ( listen);[9][10] German: Wien, pronounced [viːn] ( listen)) is the capital and largest city of Austria Austria and one of the nine states of Austria. Vienna Vienna is Austria's primary city, with a population of about 1.8 million[1] (2.6 million within the metropolitan area,[4] nearly one third of Austria's population), and its cultural, economic, and political centre. It is the 7thlargest city by population within city limits in the European Union [...More...]  "Vienna" on: Wikipedia Yahoo Parouse 

Euclid Euclid Euclid (/ˈjuːklɪd/; Greek: Εὐκλείδης Eukleidēs [eu̯.klěː.dɛːs]; fl. 300 BC), sometimes given the name Euclid Euclid of Alexandria[1] to distinguish him from Euclides of Megara, was a Greek mathematician, often referred to as the "founder of geometry"[1] or the "father of geometry". He was active in Alexandria Alexandria during the reign of Ptolemy I (323–283 BC). His Elements is one of the most influential works in the history of mathematics, serving as the main textbook for teaching mathematics (especially geometry) from the time of its publication until the late 19th or early 20th century.[2][3][4] In the Elements, Euclid Euclid deduced the theorems of what is now called Euclidean geometry Euclidean geometry from a small set of axioms [...More...]  "Euclid" on: Wikipedia Yahoo Parouse 

Budapest Budapest Budapest (Hungarian: [ˈbudɒpɛʃt] ( listen))[11] is the capital and the most populous city of Hungary, and one of the largest cities in the European Union.[12][13][14] With an estimated 2016 population of 1,759,407 distributed over a land area of about 525 square kilometres (203 square miles), Budapest [...More...]  "Budapest" on: Wikipedia Yahoo Parouse 

Personal Name A personal name or full name is the set of names by which an individual is known and that can be recited as a wordgroup, with the understanding that, taken together, they all relate to that one individual. In many cultures, the term is synonymous with the birth name or legal name of the individual. The academic study of personal names is called anthroponymy. In Western culture, nearly all individuals possess at least one given name (also known as a first name, forename, or Christian name), together with a surname (also known as a last name or family name)—respectively, the Thomas and Jefferson in Thomas Jefferson—the latter to indicate that the individual belongs to a family, a tribe, or a clan [...More...]  "Personal Name" on: Wikipedia Yahoo Parouse 

Minor Planet A minor planet is an astronomical object in direct orbit around the Sun Sun (or more broadly, any star with a planetary system) that is neither a planet nor exclusively classified as a comet.[a] Before 2006 the International Astronomical Union International Astronomical Union (IAU) officially used the term minor planet, but during that year's meeting it reclassified minor planets and comets into dwarf planets and small Solar System Solar System bodies (SSSBs).[1] Minor planets can be dwarf planets, asteroids, trojans, centaurs, Kuiper belt Kuiper belt objects, and other transNeptunian objects.[2] As of 2018, the orbits of 757,626 minor planets were archived at the Minor Planet Center, 516,386 of which had received permanent numbers (for the complete list, see index).[3] The first minor planet to be discovered was Ceres in 1801 [...More...]  "Minor Planet" on: Wikipedia Yahoo Parouse 

Moon The Moon The Moon is an astronomical body that orbits planet Earth, being Earth's only permanent natural satellite. It is the fifthlargest natural satellite in the Solar System, and the largest among planetary satellites relative to the size of the planet that it orbits (its primary). Following Jupiter's satellite Io, the Moon Moon is the seconddensest satellite in the Solar System Solar System among those whose densities are known. The Moon The Moon is thought to have formed about 4.51 billion years ago, not long after Earth [...More...]  "Moon" on: Wikipedia Yahoo Parouse 

Complex Numbers A complex number is a number that can be expressed in the form a + bi, where a and b are real numbers, and i is a solution of the equation x2 = −1, which is called an imaginary number because there is no real number that satisfies this equation. For the complex number a + bi, a is called the real part, and b is called the imaginary part. Despite the historical nomenclature "imaginary", complex numbers are regarded in the mathematical sciences as just as "real" as the real numbers, and are fundamental in many aspects of the scientific description of the natural world.[1][2] The complex number system can be defined as the algebraic extension of the ordinary real numbers by an imaginary number i.[3] This means that complex numbers can be added, subtracted, and multiplied, as polynomials in the variable i, with the rule i2 = −1 imposed. Furthermore, complex numbers can also be divided by nonzero complex numbers [...More...]  "Complex Numbers" on: Wikipedia Yahoo Parouse 

Real Numbers In mathematics, a real number is a value that represents a quantity along a line. The adjective real in this context was introduced in the 17th century by René Descartes, who distinguished between real and imaginary roots of polynomials. The real numbers include all the rational numbers, such as the integer −5 and the fraction 4/3, and all the irrational numbers, such as √2 (1.41421356..., the square root of 2, an irrational algebraic number). Included within the irrationals are the transcendental numbers, such as π (3.14159265...). Real numbers can be thought of as points on an infinitely long line called the number line or real line, where the points corresponding to integers are equally spaced. Any real number can be determined by a possibly infinite decimal representation, such as that of 8.632, where each consecutive digit is measured in units one tenth the size of the previous one [...More...]  "Real Numbers" on: Wikipedia Yahoo Parouse 

TelekiBolyai Library The Teleki Library Teleki Library (Hungarian: Teleki Téka, Romanian: Biblioteca TelekiBolyai), also known as TelekiBolyai Library and Bibliotheca Telekiana, is a historic public library and current museum in TârguMureş, Romania. One of the richest Transylvanian collections of cultural artefacts, it was founded by the Hungarian Count Sámuel Teleki in 1802, at the time when Transylvania Transylvania was part of the Habsburg Monarchy, and has been open to the reading public ever since. It was among the first institutions of its kind in the Habsburgruled Kingdom of Hungary. It houses over 200,000 volumes, of which many are rarities, constituting a comprehensive scientific database [...More...]  "TelekiBolyai Library" on: Wikipedia Yahoo Parouse 

Hyperpolyglot Polyglotism or polyglottism[1] is the ability to master, or the state of having mastered, multiple languages. The word is a synonym of multilingualism, but in recent usage polyglot is sometimes used to refer to a person who learns multiple languages as an avocation.[2][3] The term "hyperpolyglot" was coined in 2008 by linguist Richard Hudson to describe individuals who speak–to some degree–dozens of languages.[4] Multilingualism, including multilingual societies as well as individuals who speak more than one language, is common. Individual polyglots or hyperpolyglots speak, study, or use large numbers of languages [...More...]  "Hyperpolyglot" on: Wikipedia Yahoo Parouse 

Language Language Language is a system that consists of the development, acquisition, maintenance and use of complex systems of communication, particularly the human ability to do so; and a language is any specific example of such a system. The scientific study of language is called linguistics. Questions concerning the philosophy of language, such as whether words can represent experience, have been debated at least since Gorgias Gorgias and Plato Plato in ancient Greece. Thinkers such as Rousseau Rousseau have argued that language originated from emotions while others like Kant have held that it originated from rational and logical thought. 20thcentury philosophers such as Wittgenstein argued that philosophy is really the study of language. Major figures in linguistics include Ferdinand de Saussure and Noam Chomsky. Estimates of the number of human languages in the world vary between 5,000 and 7,000 [...More...]  "Language" on: Wikipedia Yahoo Parouse 