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Iyasu V
Iyasu V[nb 1] (Ge'ez: ኢያሱ፭ኛ, the Ethiopian version of Joshua), also known as Lij Iyasu (Ge'ez: ልጅ ኢያሱ; 4 February 1895[nb 2] – 25 November 1935), was the designated but uncrowned Emperor of Ethiopia
Ethiopia
(1913–16). His baptismal name was Kifle Yaqob. Because he was never crowned emperor, he is usually referred to as Lij Iyasu, "Lij" meaning child, especially one born of royal blood.Contents1 Early life and ancestry 2 Becoming emperor2.1 Background 2.2 Regency3 Iyasu's reign 4 Iyasu's fall 5 Later years 6 Family 7 Evaluation 8 Honours8.1 National 8.2 Foreign9 Notes 10 References 11 External linksEarly life and ancestry[edit] Lij Iyasu was born in Wollo
Wollo
during the reign of Menelik II
Menelik II
of Ethiopia. His mother, Woizero Shoaregga, was the eldest daughter of Menelek
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Coronation
A coronation is the act of placement or bestowal of a crown upon a monarch's head. The term generally also refers not only to the physical crowning but to the whole ceremony wherein the act of crowning occurs, along with the presentation of other items of regalia, marking the formal investiture of a monarch with regal power. Aside from the crowning, a coronation ceremony may comprise many other rituals such as the taking of special vows by the monarch, the investing and presentation of regalia to the monarch, and acts of homage by the new ruler's subjects and the performance of other ritual deeds of special significance to the particular nation. Western-style coronations have often included anointing the monarch with holy oil, or chrism as it is often called; the anointing ritual's religious significance follows examples found in the Bible
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Shewa
Shewa
Shewa
(Ge'ez: ሸዋ, Šawā; Amharic: Šewā), formerly romanized as Shoa (Scioà in Italian[1]), is a historical region of Ethiopia, formerly an autonomous kingdom within the Ethiopian Empire. The modern Ethiopian capital Addis Ababa
Addis Ababa
is located at its center. The nucleus of Shewa
Shewa
is part of the mountainous plateau in what is currently the central area of Ethiopia, but prior to the Zemene Mesafint and after the loss of Bale with the invasion of Ahmed Al-Ghazi, Shewa
Shewa
was part of Ethiopia's southeasternmost frontier. Shewa
Shewa
was as defensible as any highland, and its government traced an administrative continuity with this earlier period despite the loss of neighboring lands to the Ethiopian Empire
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Regent
A regent (from the Latin
Latin
regens,[1] "[one] ruling"[2]) is "a person appointed to administer a state because the monarch is a minor, is absent or is incapacitated."[3] The rule of a regent or regents is called a regency. A regent or regency council may be formed ad hoc or in accordance with a constitutional rule. "Regent" is sometimes a formal title. If the regent is holding his position due to his position in the line of succession, the compound term prince regent is often used; if the regent of a minor is his mother, she is often referred to as "queen regent". If the formally appointed regent is unavailable or cannot serve on a temporary basis, a Regent
Regent
ad interim may be appointed to fill the gap. In a monarchy, a regent usually governs due to one of these reasons, but may also be elected to rule during the interregnum when the royal line has died out
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Plenipotentiary
The word plenipotentiary (from the Latin
Latin
plenus "full" and potens "powerful") has two meanings. As a noun, it refers to a person who has "full powers". In particular, the term commonly refers to a diplomat fully authorized to represent a government as a prerogative (e.g., ambassador). As an adjective, plenipotentiary refers to something—an edict, assignment, etc.—that confers "full powers".[1]Contents1 Diplomats 2 Administration2.1 Colonial era 2.2 Pre-World War II Europe 2.3 Nazi Germany 2.4 In Africa 2.5 Since 19452.5.1 South Africa 2.5.2 Russia3 Translation 4 See also 5 References 6 External linksDiplomats[edit] Before the era of rapid international transport or essentially instantaneous communication (such as telegraph in the mid-19th century and then radio), diplomatic mission chiefs were granted full (plenipotentiary) powers to represent their government in negotiations with their host nation
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Gojjam
Gojjam
Gojjam
(Amharic: ጎጃም gōjjām or Goǧǧam, originally ጐዛም gʷazzam, later ጐዣም gʷažžām, ጎዣም gōžžām) was a kingdom in the north-western part of Ethiopia, with its capital city at Debre Marqos. This region is distinctive for lying entirely within the bend of the Abbay River
Abbay River
from its outflow from Lake Tana
Lake Tana
to the Sudan. Gojjamis believe that they are the original people mentioned in the Bible as the river Guihon/ Gihon
Gihon
(Nile, or Niger[see: Giehun, Sierra Leone] ) encircling the land of Cush extending to the ancient kingdom of Meroe. At the fall of Meroe
Meroe
to the Axumite King Ezana (4th century AD)
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Tessema Nadew
Ras Bitwoded
Ras Bitwoded
Tessema Nadew
Tessema Nadew
(died 10 April 1911) was an Ethiopian military commander and official who on 28 October 1909 was proclaimed as Ethiopia's future Balemulu Enderase
Enderase
(Regent Plenipotentiary)[note 1] to Lij Iyasu, upon the latter's appointment as heir to the throne by Emperor Menelik II.[1][2] He died in 1911, predeceasing Menelik and thus never assuming that office. He previously served as governor of Illubabor Province, the campaign of re-conquest for which he had led, and fought in the Battle of Adwa.Contents1 Military and administrative career 2 Regency 3 Death 4 Notes 5 ReferencesMilitary and administrative career[edit] Ras Tessema Nadew
Tessema Nadew
led the re-conquest of the southern province of Illubabor in 1889
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Addis Ababa
Addis Ababa
Addis Ababa
(Amharic: አዲስ አበባ, Addis Abäba IPA: [adˈdis ˈabəba] ( listen), "new flower"; or Addis Abeba (the spelling used by the official Ethiopian Mapping Authority); Oromo: Finfinne, "natural spring"), is the capital and largest city of Ethiopia. It is the seat of the Ethiopian federal government. According to the 2007 population census, the city has a total population of 2,739,551 inhabitants.[2] As a chartered city (ras gez astedader), Addis Ababa
Addis Ababa
has the status of both a city and a state. It is where the African Union
African Union
is and its predecessor the OAU was based. It also hosts the headquarters of the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa
United Nations Economic Commission for Africa
(ECA) and numerous other continental and international organizations
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Coup D'état
A coup d'état (/ˌkuː deɪˈtɑː/ ( listen); French: [ku deta]), also known simply as a coup, a putsch (/pʊtʃ/), golpe de estado, or an overthrow, is a type of revolution, where the illegal and overt seizure of a state by the military or other elites within the state apparatus occurs.[1]Contents1 Terminology1.1 Etymology 1.2 Use of the phrase 1.3 Putsch 1.4 Pronunciamiento2 History 3 Types 4 Predictors 5 Coup-proofing 6 Democratization 7 Repression after failed coups, and counter-coups 8 International responses 9 In Popular Media 10 Current leaders who assumed power via coups d'état 11 See also 12 References 13 Further reading 14 Bibliography 15 External linksTerminology[edit] Etymology[edit] Coup is when a country or a team attempt at taking something that is not theirs. The phrase coup d'état is French, literally meaning a "stroke of state" or "blow against the state"
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Imperial Bodyguard
Second Italo-Abyssinian WarMaychewKorean WarPork Chop HillCommandersCeremonial chief Emperor of Ethiopia Kebur Zabagna
Kebur Zabagna
or Zebenya (Amharic: ክቡር ዘበኛ, translit. kəbur zãbãňňya, lit. 'honorable guard') was the Ethiopian Imperial Guard. Also known as the First Division, this unit served the dual purposes of providing security for the Emperor of Ethiopia, and being an elite infantry division. It was not, however, part of the organizational structure of the Ethiopian regular army as it was part of the Zebagna, the Addis Ababa
Addis Ababa
Guard
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Afar People
The Afar (Afar: Qafár), also known as the Danakil, Adali and Odali, are an ethnic group inhabiting the Horn of Africa. They primarily live in the Afar Region
Afar Region
of Ethiopia
Ethiopia
and in northern Djibouti, although some also inhabit the southern point of Eritrea
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Addis Alem, Shewa
Addis Alem (Amharic: አዲስ ዓለም, New World; also known as Ejerie) is a town in central Ethiopia. Located in the Mirab Shewa Zone of the Oromia Region, west of Addis Ababa, this town has a latitude and longitude of 9°2′N 38°24′E / 9.033°N 38.400°E / 9.033; 38.400 with an elevation of about 2360 meters above sea level. Based on figures from the Central Statistical Agency in 2005, this town has an estimated total population of 13,423 of whom 6,420 were males and 7,003 were females.[1] The 1994 census reported this town had a total population of 7,516 of whom 3,482 were males and 4,034 were females. It is the largest settlement in Ejerie woreda. Addis Alem is known for the Basilica Church of St Maryam
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Stroke
Stroke
Stroke
is a medical condition in which poor blood flow to the brain results in cell death.[4] There are two main types of stroke: ischemic, due to lack of blood flow, and hemorrhagic, due to bleeding.[4] They result in part of the brain not functioning properly.[4] Signs and symptoms of a stroke may include an inability to move or feel on one side of the body, problems understanding or speaking, feeling like the world is spinning, or loss of vision to one side.[1][2] Signs and symptoms often appear soon after the stroke has occurred.[2] If symptoms last less than one or two hours it is known as a trans
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Smallpox
Smallpox
Smallpox
was an infectious disease caused by one of two virus variants, Variola major and Variola minor.[7] The last naturally occurring case was diagnosed in October 1977 and the World Health Organization certified the global eradication of the disease in 1980.[10] The risk of death following contracting the disease was about 30%, with higher rates among babies.[6][11] Often those who survive have extensive scarring of their skin and some are left blind.[6] The initial symptoms of the disease include fever and vomiting.[5] This is then followed by formation of sores in
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Dysentery
Dysentery
Dysentery
is a type of gastroenteritis that results in diarrhea with blood.[1][2] Other symptoms may include fever, abdominal pain,[3] and a feeling of incomplete defecation. It is caused by several types of infections such as bacteria, viruses, parasitic worms, or protozoa. The mechanism is an inflammatory disorder of the intestine, especially of the colon.Contents1 Signs and symptoms 2 Mechanism2.1 Amoebic dysentery 2.2 Bacillary dysentery 2.3 Other bacterial diarrhea3 Diagnosis3.1 Physical exam 3.2 Stool and blood tests4 Treatment 5 Prognosis 6 Epidemiology 7 Society and culture7.1 Notable cases8 Research 9 See also 10 References 11 External linksSigns and symptoms[edit] The most common form of dysentery is bacillary dysentery, which is typically a mild illness, causing symptoms normally consisting of mild stomach pains and frequent passage of stool or diarrhea
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Abuna
Abun (in Europe erroneously known as Abuna, which is the status constructus form used when a name follows: Ge'ez አቡነ ’abuna/abune, 'our father'; Amharic and Tigrinya) is the honorific title used for any bishop of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church
Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church
as well as of the Eritrean Orthodox Tewahedo
Orthodox Tewahedo
Church. It was historically used solely for the head of the Coptic Orthodox Church
Coptic Orthodox Church
in Ethiopia during the more than 1000 years when the Coptic Patriarchate of Alexandria appointed only one bishop at a time to serve its Ethiopian flock. When referred to without a name following, it is Abun, and if a name follows, it becomes Abuna ..
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