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Istiqlal Mosque, Jakarta
Istiqlal Mosque
Mosque
(Indonesian: Masjid Istiqlal, lit. 'Independence Mosque') in Jakarta, Indonesia
Indonesia
is the largest mosque in Southeast Asia and the third largest Sunni
Sunni
mosque in term of capacity.[1] This national mosque of Indonesia
Indonesia
was built to commemorate Indonesian independence and named "Istiqlal", an Arabic word for "independence". The mosque was opened to the public 22 February 1978. Within Jakarta, the mosque is positioned next to Merdeka Square and the Jakarta Cathedral.Contents1 History 2 Structure2.1 Gates 2.2 Dome 2.3 Interior 2.4 Minaret 2.5 Capacity3 Sound system and multimedia 4 Garden 5 Imams and Muezzins 6 Visitors 7 See also 8 References 9 External linksHistory[edit]Istiqlal mosque under construction
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Qibla
The Qibla
Qibla
(Arabic: قِـبْـلَـة‬‎, "Direction"), also transliterated as Qiblah, Qibleh, Kiblah, Kıble or Kibla, is the direction that should be faced when a Muslim
Muslim
prays during Ṣalāṫ (Arabic: صَـلَاة‎). It is fixed as the direction of the Kaaba in the Hejazi[2] city of Mecca. Most mosques contain a wall niche that indicates the Qiblah, which is known as a miḥrâb (Arabic: مِـحْـرَاب‎). Most multifaith prayer rooms will also contain a Qibla, although usually less standardized in appearance than one would find within a mosque.[3] Muslims
Muslims
all praying towards the same point is traditionally considered to symbolize the unity of the Ummah
Ummah
(Arabic: اُمَّـة‎, the community Muslims
Muslims
worldwide), under Sharī‘ah (Arabic: شَـرِيْـعَـة‎, Law of God)
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Netherlands
The Netherlands
The Netherlands
(/ˈnɛðərləndz/ ( listen); Dutch: Nederland [ˈneːdərˌlɑnt] ( listen)), also known informally as Holland, is a country in Western Europe
Europe
with a population of seventeen million
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Crescent And Star
The star and crescent is an iconographic symbol used in various historical contexts but most well known today as a symbol of the former Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Empire
and, by popular extension, the Islamic world. It develops in the iconography of the Hellenistic period
Hellenistic period
(4th–1st centuries BCE) in the Kingdom of Pontus, the Bosporan Kingdom
Bosporan Kingdom
and notably the city of Byzantium
Byzantium
by the 2nd century BCE. It is the conjoined representation of the crescent and a star, both of which constituent elements have a long prior history in the iconography of the Ancient Near East
Ancient Near East
as representing either Sun
Sun
and Moon
Moon
or Moon
Moon
and Morning Star (or their divine personifications)
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Allah
Allah
Allah
(/ˈælə, ˈɑːlə, əlˈlɑː/;[1][2] Arabic: الله‎, translit. Allāh, pronounced [ɑɫˈɫɑː(h)] ( listen)) is the Arabic word for God
God
in Abrahamic religions
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Wudu
Wuḍūʾ (Arabic: الوضوء‎ al-wuḍūʼ [wʊˈdˤuːʔ]) is the Islamic procedure for washing parts of the body, a type of ritual purification. Wudu
Wudu
involves washing the hands, mouth, nostrils, arms, head and feet with water and is an important part of ritual purity in Islam
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Seven Heavens
In religious or mythological cosmology, the seven heavens refer to the seven divisions of the Heaven, the abode of immortal beings, or the visible sky, the expanse containing the Sun, Moon
Moon
and the stars.[1] This concept dates back to ancient Mesopotamian religions and can be found in the Abrahamic religions
Abrahamic religions
such as Islam, Judaism
Judaism
and Christianity, a similar concept is also found in some Indian religions such as Hinduism.[2] Some of these traditions, including Jainism, also have a concept of seven earths or seven underworlds. The cross-cultural focus on the number seven may correspond to the seven classical planets: the Moon, Mercury, Venus, the Sun, Mars, Jupiter, and Saturn
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Indonesian National Revolution
Indonesian victoryDutch recognition of the United States of Indonesia
United States of Indonesia
in the Dutch-Indonesian Round Table ConferenceBelligerents IndonesiaPDRI TNI Japanese volunteers (from 1946)  Indian defectors (from 1946)  Netherlands
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Proclamation Of Indonesian Independence
The Proclamation of Indonesian Independence
Independence
(Indonesian: Proklamasi Kemerdekaan Indonesia, or simply Proklamasi) was read at 10.00 a.m. on Friday, 17 August 1945. The declaration marked the start of the diplomatic and armed resistance of the Indonesian National Revolution, fighting against the forces of the Netherlands
Netherlands
and pro-Dutch civilians, until the latter officially acknowledged Indonesia's independence in 1949
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Names Of God In Islam
According to tradition (hadith), there are at least 99 names of God
God
in Islam, known as the ʾasmāʾu llāhi l-ḥusnā (Arabic: أسماء الله الحسنى‎) "Beautiful Names of God" (also الأسماء الحسنى ʾasmāʾu l-ḥusnā "Beautiful Names").[1][2] According to 9th-century collections of hadith, the tradition of there being "99 names" is ṣahīh (صَحِيح - reliable), while the tradition of the actual list of 99 names as given by some collectors, in at least three different variants, is stated to be gharīb (غَرِيب - scarce, unreliable).[3] Most names in these lists are divine epithets taken from the text of the Quran, with a minority based in oral tradition or Sunnah
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Literal Translation
Literal translation, direct translation, or word-for-word translation is the rendering of text from one language to another one word at a time (Latin: "verbum pro verbo") with or without conveying the sense of the original whole. In translation studies, "literal translation" denotes technical translation of scientific, technical, technological or legal texts.[1] In translation theory, another term for "literal translation" is "metaphrase"; and for phrasal ("sense") translation — "paraphrase." When considered a bad practice of conveying word by word (lexeme to lexeme, or morpheme to lexeme) translation of non-technical type literal translations has the meaning of mistranslating idioms,[2] for example, or in the context of translating an analytic language to a synthetic language, it renders even the grammar unintelligible. The concept of literal translation may be viewed as an oxymoron (contradiction in terms), given that literal denotes something existing without interpretation, where
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Suharto
General of the Army (Ret.) H. Muhammad Suharto
Suharto
(also written Soeharto; Javanese: ꦯꦸꦲꦂꦠ;  pronunciation (help·info), or Muhammad Soeharto; Javanese: ꦩꦸꦲꦩ꧀ꦩꦢ꧀ꦯꦸꦲꦂꦠ ; 8 June 1921 – 27 January 2008) was an Indonesian military leader and politician who served as the second President of Indonesia, holding the office for 31 years from the ousting of Sukarno
Sukarno
in 1967
1967
until his resignation in 1998. Suharto
Suharto
was born in a small village, Kemusuk, in the Godean area near the city of Yogyakarta, during the Dutch colonial era.[2] He grew up in humble circumstances.[3] His Javanese Muslim parents divorced not long after his birth, and he lived with foster parents for much of his childhood
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Mohammad Hatta
Mohammad Hatta
Mohammad Hatta
( listen (help·info); 12 August 1902 – 14 March 1980) was Indonesia's first vice president, later also serving as the country's prime minister. Known as "The Proclamator", he and a number of Indonesians, including the first president of Indonesia, Sukarno, fought for the independence of Indonesia
Indonesia
from the Dutch. Hatta was born in Fort De Kock, West Sumatra, Dutch East Indies
Dutch East Indies
(now Indonesia)
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Hotel Indonesia
Hotel Indonesia
Indonesia
Kempinski
Kempinski
Jakarta, commonly abbreviated as HI, is one of the oldest and best known hotels in Indonesia. Located in Central Jakarta, it was one of the first 5-star hotels in the country and remains a major city landmark; its fame is often linked to the country's political pride. It is located by the famed Hotel Indonesia Roundabout, which gets its name from the hotel. Occupying 25,082 m2 (269,980 sq ft) of land, Hotel Indonesia
Indonesia
was designed by a Danish architect, Abel Sorensen, and his wife, Wendy Becker. The hotel was inaugurated on August 5, 1962 by Indonesia's first President, Sukarno
Sukarno
in preparation for the 1962 Asian Games
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Merdeka Palace
The Merdeka
Merdeka
Palace
Palace
(Indonesian: Istana Merdeka; also known in Indonesian as Istana Gambir and during the Dutch colonial times as Paleis te Koningsplein), is one of six presidential palaces in Indonesia. It is located on the north side of the Merdeka
Merdeka
Square in Central Jakarta, Indonesia
Indonesia
and is used as the official residence of the President of the Republic of Indonesia. The palace was a residence for the Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies during the colonial era
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Kraton (Indonesia)
Kraton or Keraton is the Javanese word for a royal palace. Its name is derived from ka-ratu-an which means the residence of ratu. Ratu
Ratu
is the traditional honorific title to refer the "ruler" (king or queen). In Java, the palace of a prince is called puro or dalem
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