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Israeli Legislative Election, 2015
Early ELECTIONS FOR THE TWENTIETH KNESSET were held in Israel
Israel
on 17 March 2015. Disagreements within the governing coalition , particularly over the budget and a "Jewish state" proposal , led to the dissolution of the government in December 2014. The Labor Party and Hatnuah formed a coalition, called Zionist Union , with the hope of defeating the Likud party, which had led the previous governing coalition along with Yisrael Beiteinu , Yesh Atid
Yesh Atid
, The Jewish Home and Hatnuah . The incumbent Prime Minister , Benjamin Netanyahu of Likud , declared victory in the election with Likud picking up the highest number of votes. President Reuven Rivlin granted Netanyahu an extension until 6 May 2015 to build a coalition when one had not been finalized in the first four weeks of negotiations. He formed a coalition government within two hours of the midnight May 6 deadline. His Likud party formed the coalition with the Jewish Home , United Torah Judaism
United Torah Judaism
, Kulanu
Kulanu
, and Shas
Shas
, with the bare minimum 61 seats. Yisrael Beiteinu later joined the coalition in May 2016
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Israel
Coordinates : 31°N 35°E / 31°N 35°E / 31; 35 State of Israel * מְדִינַת יִשְׂרָאֵל (Hebrew ) * دَوْلَة إِسْرَائِيل (Arabic ) Flag Emblem ANTHEM: " Hatikvah " (Hebrew for "The Hope") Capital and largest city Jerusalem _(internationally unrecognized )_ 31°47′N 35°13′E / 31.783°N 35.217°E / 31.783; 35.217 OFFICIAL LANGUAGES * Hebrew * Arabic ETHNIC GROUPS (2016) * 74.8% Jewish * 20.8% Arab * 4.4% other RELIGION * 74.8% Jewish * 17.6% Muslim * 2% Christian * 1.6% Druze * 4% other DEMONYM Israeli GOVERNMENT Unitary parliamentary constitutional republic • PRESIDENT Reuven Rivlin • PRIME MINISTER
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Israeli Legislative Election, 2013
Early ELECTIONS FOR THE NINETEENTH KNESSET were held in Israel
Israel
on 22 January 2013. Public debate over the Tal Law had nearly led to early elections in 2012, but they were aborted at the last moment after Kadima briefly joined the government. The elections were later called in early October 2012 after failure to agree on the budget for the 2013 fiscal year. The elections saw the Likud Yisrael Beiteinu alliance emerge as the largest faction in the Knesset, winning 31 of the 120 seats. Likud leader Benjamin Netanyahu formed the country's thirty-third government after establishing a coalition with Yesh Atid
Yesh Atid
, the Jewish Home and Hatnuah , which between them held 68 seats
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Next Israeli Legislative Election
ELECTIONS FOR THE TWENTY-FIRST KNESSET must be held by 5 November 2019; they could happen before that date if the government chooses to hold early elections. CONTENTS * 1 Electoral system * 2 Primary elections * 3 Opinion polls * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links ELECTORAL SYSTEM Further information: Elections in Israel
Israel
The 120 seats in the Knesset are elected by proportional representation in a single nationwide constituency. The electoral threshold for the election is 3.25%. In almost all cases, this is equivalent to a minimum party size of four seats, but on rare occasions a party can end up with three. PRIMARY ELECTIONS See also: List of political parties in Israel
Israel
The Likud, Labor and Jewish Home parties have systems in which the leadership and most candidates are elected in inner-party primary elections. * The Jewish Home held its leadership primaries on April 27, 2017. Naftali Bennett won with 80.3% of the vote, Yonatan Branski received 12.2%, and Yitzhak Zagha received 7.47%. OPINION POLLS Main article: Opinion polling for the next Israeli legislative election SEE ALSO * Thirty-fifth government of Israel
Israel
REFERENCES * ^ "Weekend Perspective: The undecided factors of the next election". Knesset Jeremy. 10 April 2016. Retrieved 13 April 2016
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Likud
LIKUD (Hebrew : הַלִּיכּוּד‎, translit. _HaLikud_, lit. _The Consolidation_), officially the LIKUD–NATIONAL LIBERAL MOVEMENT, is a center-right to right-wing political party in Israel . A secular party, it was founded in 1973 by Menachem Begin and Ariel Sharon in an alliance with several right-wing and liberal parties. Likud's landslide victory in the 1977 elections was a major turning point in the country's political history, marking the first time the left had lost power. In addition, it was the first time in Israel that a right-wing party won the plurality of the votes. However, after ruling the country for most of the 1980s, the party lost the Knesset election in 1992. Nevertheless, Likud's candidate Benjamin Netanyahu did win the vote for Prime Minister in 1996 and was given the task of forming a government after the 1996 elections . Netanyahu's government fell apart after a vote of no confidence, which led to elections being called in 1999 and Likud losing power to the One Israel coalition led by Ehud Barak . In 2001, Likud's Ariel Sharon , who replaced Netanyahu following the 1999 election, defeated Barak in an election called by the Prime Minister following his resignation. After the party recorded a convincing win in the 2003 elections , Likud saw a major split in 2005 when Sharon left to form the Kadima party
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Benjamin Netanyahu
BENJAMIN "BIBI" NETANYAHU (Hebrew : בִּנְיָמִין "בִּיבִּי" נְתַנְיָהוּ‎ (help ·info ); born 21 October 1949) is the current Prime Minister of Israel
Prime Minister of Israel
. Netanyahu also currently serves as a member of the Knesset
Knesset
and Chairman of the Likud party. Born in Tel Aviv
Tel Aviv
to secular Jewish parents, Netanyahu is the first Israeli prime minister born in Israel
Israel
after the establishment of the state . Netanyahu joined the Israel
Israel
Defense Forces shortly after the Six-Day War in 1967, and became a team leader in the Sayeret Matkal special forces unit. Netanyahu took part in many missions, including Operation Inferno (1968), Operation Gift (1968) and Operation Isotope (1972), during which he was shot in the shoulder. Netanyahu fought on the front lines in the War of Attrition and the Yom Kippur War
Yom Kippur War
in 1973, taking part in special forces raids along the Suez Canal
Suez Canal
, and then leading a commando assault deep into Syrian territory. Netanyahu achieved the rank of captain before being discharged. After graduating from MIT
MIT
with Bachelor of Science (SB) and Master of Science (SM) degrees, Netanyahu was recruited as an economic consultant for the Boston Consulting Group
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Zionist Union
The ZIONIST UNION (Hebrew : המחנה הציוני‎‎, translit. _HaMaḥaneh HaTziyoni_, lit. _the Zionist Camp_) is a center-left political alliance in Israel . It was established in December 2014 by the Israeli Labor Party , Hatnuah and Green Movement to create a joint electoral list to contest the 20th Knesset elections with the hope of unseating Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu . CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Ideology and platform * 2.1 Main issues * 2.2 Other positions * 3 2015 election * 3.1 List of Knesset members * 3.2 Results * 4 References * 5 External links HISTORYThe Labor Party and Hatnuah agreed on 10 December 2014 to form a joint ticket. The list was established to create a large electoral list for the centre-left bloc, in the hope that it will lead the 34th government. Hatnuah leader Tzipi Livni has said that other parties will also be part of the alliance. Livni and Labor leader Isaac Herzog initially said that if the alliance were to win enough seats to lead the next government, they would rotate in the post of Prime Minister, with Herzog serving for the first half of the Knesset's four-year term and Livni for the second half, though Livni announced on 16 March 2015 that only Herzog would serve as prime minister. Manuel Trajtenberg , number 11 on the list, was the list's candidate for finance minister
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Isaac Herzog
ISAAC BOUGIE HERZOG (Hebrew : יצחק "בוז׳י" הרצוג‎; born 22 September 1960), is an Israeli politician and lawyer. Since 2003 , Herzog has been a member of the Knesset and has held various ministerial posts, including Minister of Welfare and Social Services (2007–11). He is chairman of the Labor Party and has been the opposition leader in the outgoing 19th Knesset . He contested the 2015 legislative election as head of the Zionist Union joint electoral list of Labor and Hatnuah . CONTENTS * 1 Biography * 2 Political career * 2.1 Opposition leader * 3 References * 4 External links BIOGRAPHYIsaac (also spelled as Yitzhak) Herzog, aka "Bougie," is the son of General Chaim Herzog , who served two terms as the Sixth President of Israel from 1983 to 1993, and Aura Ambache , founder of the Council for a Beautiful Israel . His paternal grandfather, Rabbi Yitzhak HaLevi Herzog , was the first Chief Rabbi of Ireland from 1922 to 1935 and Ashkenazi Chief Rabbi of Israel from 1936 to 1959. Herzog's father was born in Ireland and his mother was born in Egypt; their families were of Eastern European Jewish descent (from Poland, Russia , and Lithuania). He has two brothers and a sister. Herzog was born in Tel Aviv
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Joint List
The JOINT LIST (Hebrew : הרשימה המשותפת‎, HaReshima HaMeshutefet; Arabic : القائمة المشتركة‎‎, al-Qa'imah al-Mushtarakah) is a political alliance of four Arab-dominated parties in Israel
Israel
Hadash , the United Arab List , Balad , and Ta\'al . They are the third largest faction in the 20th Knesset . CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Politics and ideology * 2.1 2015 elections * 3 References HISTORY Ayman Odeh (on the right) and Shady Haliya activists of The Joint List
Joint List
during the 2015 elections The Joint List
Joint List
at the consultations process at President Reuven Rivlin 's official resident, after the 2015 elections The Joint List
Joint List
was formed in the build-up to the 2015 elections as an alliance of Balad , Hadash , Ta\'al and the United Arab List (the southern branch of the Islamic Movement ). The northern branch of the Islamic Movement denounced the entire electoral project. The agreement between the parties was signed on 22 January, marking the first time the major Arab parties had run as a single list
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Ayman Odeh
AYMAN ODEH (Arabic : أيمن عودة‎‎, Hebrew : איימן עודה‎; born 1 January 1975) is an Israeli-Arab
Israeli-Arab
lawyer and politician. He is a member of the Knesset , and head of the Joint List , a political alliance of four Arab-dominated parties - Hadash, Balad , the United Arab List , and Ta\'al . CONTENTS * 1 Biography * 2 Political career * 3 Award and recognition * 4 Views and opinions * 5 Shin Bet interrogations * 6 Life threats * 7 References * 8 External links BIOGRAPHY Ayman Odeh
Ayman Odeh
was born in 1975, and raised in Haifa
Haifa
, within the Kababir neighbourhood. He was the only Muslim student in his Christian school, but now describes himself as having transcended the confines of religion and ethnicity. He identifies as a socialist. Odeh is married to Nardine Aseli, a physician, and has three children. POLITICAL CAREEROdeh joined Hadash, and represented it on Haifa
Haifa
City Council between 1998 and 2005, before becoming the party's secretary-general in 2006. He was placed 75th on the party's list for the 2009 elections , in which Hadash won four seats. He won sixth place on the party's list for the 2013 Knesset elections , but failed to enter the Knesset, as the party again won four seats
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Yesh Atid
YESH ATID (Hebrew : יֵשׁ עָתִיד‎, lit. There is a Future) is a political party founded by former journalist Yair Lapid in 2012 that seeks to represent what it considers the center of Israeli society : the secular middle class . It focuses primarily on civic, socioeconomic, and governance issues, including government reform and ending military draft exemptions for the ultra-Orthodox. In 2013, Yesh Atid placed second in the general election , winning 19 seats in the 120-seat Knesset , far more than polls had predicted it would win. It then entered into a coalition led by Benjamin Netanyahu 's Likud . In the 2015 election , the party refused to back Netanyahu and joined the opposition after suffering a significant setback in the polls. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 19th Knesset * 3 20th Knesset * 3.1 Run-up to the 2015 election * 3.2 Aftermath * 4 Party list for the 2013 election * 5 Party list for the 2015 election * 6 Platform * 6.1 Other positions * 7 Election results * 8 See also * 9 References * 10 External links HISTORY In January 2012 TV anchor Yair Lapid announced that he was leaving his journalism career in order to enter politics
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Yair Lapid
YAIR LAPID (Hebrew : יאיר לפיד‎‎, born 5 November 1963) is an Israeli politician, former Finance Minister and former journalist who is the Chairman of the Yesh Atid
Yesh Atid
Party. He served as the Israeli Minister of Finance between 2013 and 2014. Prior to his entry into politics in 2012, he was a journalist, author, TV presenter and news anchor . The centrist Yesh Atid
Yesh Atid
Party, which he founded, became the second largest party in the Knesset by winning 19 seats in its first election in 2013. The greater than anticipated results contributed to Lapid's reputation as a leading moderate. In March 2013, following his coalition agreement with Likud , Lapid was appointed as the Israeli Minister of Finance . In May 2013, Lapid ranked first on the list of the "Most Influential Jews in the World" by The Jerusalem Post. CONTENTS* 1 Biography * 1.1 Education * 2 Journalism and media career * 3 Political career * 3.1 Views on the Israeli-Palestinian conflict * 3.2 Haredim * 4 Published works * 5 Honors * 6 References * 7 External links BIOGRAPHYYair Lapid, born in Tel Aviv , is the son of journalist and politician Yosef "Tommy" Lapid and author Shulamit (Giladi) Lapid . He has a sister, Merav, who is a clinical psychologist. Another sister, Michal, died in a car accident in 1984
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Kulanu
KULANU (Hebrew : כולנו‎, lit. All of Us), also transliterated KOOLANU, is a centrist political party in Israel
Israel
led by Moshe Kahlon that focuses on economic and cost-of-living issues. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 2015 candidate list * 3 Politics and ideology * 3.1 Economic policy * 3.2 Foreign policy * 3.3 Other issues * 4 20th Knesset * 5 References * 6 External links HISTORYThe party was established on 27 November 2014 following months of speculation that Moshe Kahlon
Moshe Kahlon
would form a new party after he took a break from politics in 2013. Opinion polls in the summer of 2014 had suggested that a new party formed by Kahlon could win 5–8 seats in the Knesset . The official party organization forms listed as founders of the party: Kahlon; Orna Angel , architect and former Ehud Barak adviser and Labor Party official; and Avi Gabbay , former Bezeq director-general. Although the party was initially nameless, on 10 December, it was announced that it would be called Kulanu. In the week following its establishment, initial opinion polls put the new party at 10–13 seats. Polls also projected that should Kulanu
Kulanu
join a list with Yesh Atid, they could win 24 seats in the Twentieth Knesset , the most of any list
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Moshe Kahlon
MOSHE KAHLON (Hebrew : משה כחלון‎, born 19 November 1960) is an Israeli politician who served as a member of the Knesset for Likud and as Minister of Communications and Minister of Welfare & Social Services . He heads the Kulanu party, which he established in November 2014. In 2015 he was the Minister of Finance in the Netanyahu IV cabinet . He is known for championing socioeconomic issues like the eradication of poverty and income inequality . CONTENTS * 1 Biography * 2 Political career * 3 References * 4 External links BIOGRAPHY Moshe Kahlon was born in the Givat Olga neighborhood of Hadera . He was the fifth of seven children born to Libyan Jewish parents who had immigrated from Tripoli . His father worked in construction. He served in the Israel Defense Forces from 1978 to 1986, in the Ordnance Corps . After completing his army service he started a business of importing car appliances . He later studied political science and general studies at the University of Haifa , receiving a Bachelor\'s degree before going on to gain a Bachelor of Laws from the Netanya Academic College . He also studied in 2013 at the advanced management program at Harvard University . POLITICAL CAREERKahlon was first elected to the Knesset in the 2003 elections , and was appointed Deputy Speaker of the Knesset
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The Jewish Home
THE JEWISH HOME (Hebrew : הַבַּיִת הַיְהוּדִי‎, _HABAYIT HAYEHUDI_) is an Orthodox Jewish , religious Zionist political party in Israel , formed as the successor party to the National Religious Party . It was originally formed by a merger of the National Religious Party , Moledet , and Tkuma in November 2008. However, after its top representative was placed 17th on the new party's list, Moledet broke away from the party, and instead ran on a joint list with Hatikva called the National Union . Tkuma also rejoined the National Union whereas the Ahi faction have joined Likud . For the 19th Knesset Elections , The Jewish Home and Tkuma parties merged their lists under the leadership of the chairman of The Jewish Home; Naftali Bennett , Uri Bank, and his Moledet party supported the merger. The other National Union members formed the Otzma LeYisrael party. The party has ministers in the cabinet of Israel . CONTENTS* 1 History * 1.1 Leaders * 2 Ideology * 3 Knesset members * 4 References * 5 External links HISTORY Ayelet Shaked The National Religious Party and the National Union originally allied in order to run a joint list for the 2006 elections
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