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Israeli Legislative Election, 1996
Shimon Peres Labor Party ELECTED PRIME MINISTER Benjamin Netanyahu Likud GENERAL ELECTIONS were held in Israel
Israel
on 29 May 1996. For the first time the Prime Minister was elected on a separate ballot from the remaining members of the Knesset . The 1996 elections resulted in a surprise victory for Netanyahu by a margin of 29,457 votes, less than 1% of the total number of votes cast, and much smaller than the number of spoiled votes. This came after the initial exit polls had predicted a Peres win, spawning the phrase "went to sleep with Peres, woke up with Netanyahu." This election was Peres's fourth and last election defeat
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Joseph Gutnick
JOSEPH ISAAC GUTNICK (DIAMOND JOE) (born June 1952) (Hebrew : יוסף יצחק הכהן גוטניק‎‎) is an Australian businessman and mining industry entrepreneur. He is also an ordained rabbi and is well known for his philanthropy in the Jewish world. In July 2016 Gutnick declared bankruptcy. CONTENTS * 1 Business holdings * 2 Bankruptcy * 3 Personal life * 4 Philanthropy * 5 Gutnick v Dow Jones * 6 References BUSINESS HOLDINGSAmong Gutnick's business holdings: * Legend International Holdings. A mining company focused on phosphate exploration in Queensland, Australia. Gutnick is the President and CEO. * Centaur mining went into receivership during 2001. Gutnick was the President and CEO. * Top End Minerals. Executive Chairman. CEO. * Quantum Resources Ltd. Chairman. Managing Director
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Hamas
HAMAS (Arabic : حماس‎‎ _Ḥamās_, an acronym of حركة المقاومة الاسلامية _Ḥarakat al-Muqāwamah al-ʾIslāmiyyah_ Islamic Resistance Movement) is a Palestinian Sunni -Islamic fundamentalist organization. It has a social service wing, Dawah
Dawah
, and a military wing, the Izz ad-Din al-Qassam Brigades . It has been the _de facto_ governing authority of the Gaza Strip
Gaza Strip
since its takeover of that area in 2007. During this period it fought several wars with Israel
Israel
. It is regarded, either in whole or in part, as a terrorist organization by several countries and international organizations , most notably by Israel
Israel
, the United States and the European Union
European Union

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Jerusalem Bus 18 Massacres
The JAFFA ROAD BUS BOMBINGS were attacks on two No. 18 buses in Jerusalem
Jerusalem
, Israel, in 1996. Hamas
Hamas
suicide bombers killed 45 people in the attacks, which were masterminded by Mohammed Deif , using explosives prepared by Adnan Awul. These two bombings, within a few days of each other, occurred during a Hamas
Hamas
offensive launched after the killing of Yahya Ayyash
Yahya Ayyash
, included the French Hill neighborhood attack, a suicide bombing in Ashkelon
Ashkelon
and a terrorist attack near Dizengoff centre in Tel Aviv
Tel Aviv

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Ashkelon
ASHKELON (/æʃkɛloʊn/ also spelled ASHQELON and ASCALON; Hebrew : אַשְׁקְלוֹן ‎ Hebrew pronunciation: ; Arabic : عَسْقَلَان‎‎ ʿAsqalān) is a coastal city in the Southern District of Israel
Israel
on the Mediterranean coast, 50 kilometres (31 mi) south of Tel Aviv
Tel Aviv
, and 13 kilometres (8.1 mi) north of the border with the Gaza Strip
Gaza Strip
. The ancient seaport of Ashkelon
Ashkelon
dates back to the Neolithic
Neolithic
Age . In the course of its history, it has been ruled by the Ancient Egyptians , the Canaanites , the Philistines
Philistines
, the Assyrians , the Babylonians , the Greeks , the Phoenicians , the Hasmoneans
Hasmoneans
, the Romans , the Persians , the Arabs
Arabs
and the Crusaders , until it was destroyed by the Mamluks in 1270
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Australia
Coordinates : 25°S 133°E / 25°S 133°E / -25; 133 Commonwealth of Australia Flag Coat of arms ANTHEM: " Advance Australia Fair " CAPITAL Canberra 35°18′29″S 149°07′28″E / 35.30806°S 149.12444°E / -35.30806; 149.12444 LARGEST CITY Sydney NATIONAL LANGUAGE English RELIGION * 52.1% Christianity * 30.1% No religion * 9.6% Not stated or unclear * 2.6%
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Operation Grapes Of Wrath
INTERNATIONAL INCIDENTS * TWA Flight 847
TWA Flight 847
(1985) * Buenos Aires Embassy (1992) * AMIA (1994) * AC Flight 901 (1994) * London Embassy (1994) OPERATION GRAPES OF WRATH (Hebrew : מבצע ענבי זעם‎‎) is the Israeli Defense Forces code-name (referred to as APRIL WAR by Hezbollah) for a sixteen-day campaign against Lebanon
Lebanon
in 1996 in an attempt to end shelling of Northern Israel
Israel
by Hezbollah . Israel conducted more than 1,100 air raids and extensive shelling (some 25,000 shells). 639 Hezbollah cross-border rocket attacks targeted northern Israel, particularly the town of Kiryat Shemona ( HRW 1997). Hezbollah forces also participated in numerous engagements with Israeli and South Lebanon
Lebanon
Army forces
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Jaffa Road Bus Bombings
The JAFFA ROAD BUS BOMBINGS were attacks on two No. 18 buses in Jerusalem
Jerusalem
, Israel, in 1996. Hamas
Hamas
suicide bombers killed 45 people in the attacks, which were masterminded by Mohammed Deif , using explosives prepared by Adnan Awul. These two bombings, within a few days of each other, occurred during a Hamas
Hamas
offensive launched after the killing of Yahya Ayyash , included the French Hill neighborhood attack, a suicide bombing in Ashkelon
Ashkelon
and a terrorist attack near Dizengoff centre in Tel Aviv
Tel Aviv

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Dizengoff Center Suicide Bombing
The DIZENGOFF CENTER SUICIDE BOMBING (also PURIM MASSACRE) was a Palestinian terrorist attack on March 4, 1996 on the eve of the Jewish holiday of Purim . The suicide bomber blew himself up outside Dizengoff Center
Dizengoff Center
in downtown Tel Aviv , killing 13 Israelis and wounding 130 more. The attack was the fourth suicide bombing in Israel in nine days, bringing the death toll during that span to over 60. CONTENTS* 1 The attack * 1.1 Fatalities * 2 References * 3 External links THE ATTACK Memorial to victims of the Dizengoff Center
Dizengoff Center
suicide bombing The suicide bomber detonated just before 4 pm (GMT +2) outside the Dizengoff Center, the largest shopping mall in Tel Aviv. That day the center was particularly crowded for the eve of Purim. Many in the crowd were children dressed in costume for the holiday
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Israel
Coordinates : 31°N 35°E / 31°N 35°E / 31; 35 State of Israel * מְדִינַת יִשְׂרָאֵל (Hebrew ) * دَوْلَة إِسْرَائِيل (Arabic ) Flag Emblem ANTHEM: " Hatikvah " (Hebrew for "The Hope") Capital and largest city Jerusalem _(internationally unrecognized )_ 31°47′N 35°13′E / 31.783°N 35.217°E / 31.783; 35.217 OFFICIAL LANGUAGES * Hebrew * Arabic ETHNIC GROUPS (2016) * 74.8% Jewish * 20.8% Arab * 4.4% other RELIGION * 74.8% Jewish * 17.6% Muslim * 2% Christian * 1.6%
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Dizengoff Center
DIZENGOFF CENTER (Hebrew : דיזנגוף סנטר‎‎) is a shopping mall at the intersection of Dizengoff Street
Dizengoff Street
and King George Street in Tel Aviv
Tel Aviv
. The mall is named for Meir Dizengoff , the first mayor of Tel Aviv. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Overview * 3 Gallery * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links HISTORYDizengoff Center, designed by Israeli architect Yitzhak Yashar, was Israel's first mall. The center was built on the site of the Nordiya neighborhood. Construction began in 1972, and the first store opened five years later in 1977. The rest of the mall was finished in 1983. On March 4, 1996, during the Jewish holiday of Purim
Purim
, the Dizengoff Center suicide bombing outside Dizengoff Center
Dizengoff Center
killed 13 people, many of them youngsters in costume
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Haredi Judaism
HAREDI JUDAISM (Hebrew : חֲרֵדִי‎ _Ḥaredi_, IPA: ; also spelled _Charedi_, plural _Charedim_) is a broad spectrum of groups within Orthodox Judaism , all characterized by a rejection of modern secular culture. Its members are often referred to as STRICTLY ORTHODOX or ULTRA-ORTHODOX in English. The term "ultra-Orthodox", however, is considered pejorative by many of its adherents. Haredim regard themselves as the most religiously authentic group of Jews, although this claim is contested by other streams. Haredi Judaism coalesced in response to the sweeping changes brought upon the Jews in the modern era: emancipation, enlightenment, the _ Haskalah _ movement derived from enlightenment, acculturation, secularization, religious reform in all its forms from mild to extreme, the rise of the Jewish national movements , etc
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Shas
SHAS (Hebrew : ש״ס‎, an acronym for שומרי ספרד‎ Shomrei Sfarad, lit., "(Religious) Guardians of the Sephardim") is an ultra-Orthodox religious political party in Israel. Founded in 1984 under the leadership of Rabbi
Rabbi
Ovadia Yosef , a former Israeli Sephardi chief rabbi , who remained its spiritual leader until his death in October 2013, it primarily represents the interests of Haredi Sephardic and Mizrahi
Mizrahi
Jews. Originally a small ethnic political group, Shas
Shas
is currently Israel's seventh-largest party in the Knesset
Knesset
. Since 1984, it has almost always formed a part of the governing coalition, whether the ruling party was Labor or Likud . As of 2015, Shas
Shas
members currently sit with Likud in the government
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National Religious Party
The NATIONAL RELIGIOUS PARTY (Hebrew : מִפְלָגָה דָּתִית לְאֻומִּית‎, Miflaga Datit Leumit, commonly known in Israel
Israel
by its Hebrew acronym Mafdal, (מפד"ל‎) was a political party in Israel
Israel
representing the religious Zionist movement. Formed in 1956, at the time of its dissolution in 2008, it was the second-oldest surviving party in the country after Agudat Yisrael , and was part of every government coalition until 1992. Traditionally a practical centrist party, in its later years, it drifted to the right, becoming increasingly associated with Israeli settlers , and towards the end of its existence, it was part of a political alliance with the strongly right-wing National Union . The 2006 elections saw the party slump to just three seats, the worst electoral performance in its history
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Balad (political Party)
BALAD (Hebrew : בָּלַ"ד‎, an acronym for Brit Le'umit Demokratit (Hebrew : בְּרִית לְאֻמִּית דֵּמוֹקְרָטִית‎, lit. National Democratic Assembly; Arabic : التجمع الوطني الديمقراطي‎, translit. at-Tajamuʿ al-Waṭanī ad-Dīmuqrāṭī or بلد, lit. Country or Nation) is an Israeli Arab
Israeli Arab
political party in Israel
Israel
led by Jamal Zahalka . It is sometimes called the "National Democratic Alliance"
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United Torah Judaism
UNITED TORAH JUDAISM (Hebrew : יַהֲדוּת הַתּוֹרָה הַמְאוּחֶדֶת‎, Transliterated : Yahadut HaTora HaMeuhedet; UTJ) is an alliance of Degel HaTorah and Agudat Israel
Israel
, two small Israeli Haredi
Haredi
(Ultra-Orthodox) political parties in the Knesset
Knesset
. It was first formed in 1992. The two parties have not always agreed with each other about policy matters. However, over the years, they have co-operated and united as a voting bloc in order to win the maximum number of seats in the Knesset
Knesset
, since many extra votes can be wasted if election thresholds are not attained under Israel's proportional representation parliamentary system. When UTJ joined Ariel Sharon
Ariel Sharon
's coalition in 2004, it split into its two constituent factions of Degel HaTorah and Agudat Israel
Israel

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