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Israeli Legislative Election, 1996
Shimon Peres Labor Party ELECTED PRIME MINISTER Benjamin Netanyahu Likud GENERAL ELECTIONS were held in Israel on 29 May 1996. For the first time the Prime Minister was elected on a separate ballot from the remaining members of the Knesset . The 1996 elections resulted in a surprise victory for Netanyahu by a margin of 29,457 votes, less than 1% of the total number of votes cast, and much smaller than the number of spoiled votes. This came after the initial exit polls had predicted a Peres win, spawning the phrase "went to sleep with Peres, woke up with Netanyahu." This election was Peres's fourth and last election defeat. CONTENTS* 1 Background * 1.1 Peace process * 1.2 Assassination of Yitzhak Rabin * 1.3 Palestinian terror campaign between February–March 1996 * 1.4 The ongoing South Lebanon conflict * 2 Campaign * 3 Results * 3.1 Prime Minister * 3.2 Knesset * 4 Reactions * 5 Political aftermath * 5.1 The 14th Knesset * 6 References * 7 External links BACKGROUND THIS SECTION NEEDS EXPANSION
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Israel
Coordinates : 31°N 35°E / 31°N 35°E / 31; 35 State of Israel * מְדִינַת יִשְׂרָאֵל (Hebrew ) * دَوْلَة إِسْرَائِيل (Arabic ) Flag Emblem ANTHEM: " Hatikvah " (Hebrew for "The Hope") Capital and largest city Jerusalem _(internationally unrecognized )_ 31°47′N 35°13′E / 31.783°N 35.217°E / 31.783; 35.217 OFFICIAL LANGUAGES * Hebrew * Arabic ETHNIC GROUPS (2016) * 74.8% Jewish * 20.8% Arab * 4.4% other RELIGION * 74.8% Jewish * 17.6% Muslim * 2% Christian * 1.6% Druze * 4% other DEMONYM Israeli GOVERNMENT Unitary parliamentary constitutional republic • PRESIDENT Reuven Rivlin • PRIME MINISTER
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Israeli Legislative Election, 1992
ELECTIONS FOR THE 13TH KNESSET were held in Israel on 23 June 1992. The election resulted in the formation of a Labor government, led by Yitzhak Rabin , helped by the failure of several small right wing parties to pass the electoral threshold . Voter turnout was 77.4%. CONTENTS * 1 Results * 2 Thirteenth Knesset * 3 References * 4 External links RESULTS The Labor Party chairman Yitzhak Rabin . After winning the 1992 elections, Rabin managed to form the first Labor-led government in 15 years, supported by a coalition with Meretz , a left-wing party, and Shas , a Mizrahi ultra-orthodox religious party
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Israeli General Election, 1999
Benjamin Netanyahu Likud ELECTED PRIME MINISTER Ehud Barak One Israel
Israel
EARLY GENERAL ELECTIONS for both the Prime Minister and the Knesset were held in Israel
Israel
on 17 May 1999 following a vote of no confidence in the government; the incumbent Likud Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu , ran for re-election. This election was only the second time in Israeli history an election had been held for the Prime Minister's post in addition to elections for the Knesset . The first such election, in 1996 had been an extremely tight contest between Likud 's Benjamin Netanyahu on the right, and Labor 's Shimon Peres
Shimon Peres
on the left; the right had won by less than one percent (about 29,000 votes). Ehud Barak, promising to storm the citadels of peace regarding negotiations with the Palestinians and withdraw from Lebanon by July 2000, won the election in a landslide victory
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Benjamin Netanyahu
BENJAMIN "BIBI" NETANYAHU (Hebrew : בִּנְיָמִין "בִּיבִּי" נְתַנְיָהוּ‎ (help ·info ); born 21 October 1949) is the current Prime Minister of Israel
Prime Minister of Israel
. Netanyahu also currently serves as a member of the Knesset
Knesset
and Chairman of the Likud party. Born in Tel Aviv
Tel Aviv
to secular Jewish parents, Netanyahu is the first Israeli prime minister born in Israel
Israel
after the establishment of the state . Netanyahu joined the Israel
Israel
Defense Forces shortly after the Six-Day War in 1967, and became a team leader in the Sayeret Matkal special forces unit. Netanyahu took part in many missions, including Operation Inferno (1968), Operation Gift (1968) and Operation Isotope (1972), during which he was shot in the shoulder. Netanyahu fought on the front lines in the War of Attrition and the Yom Kippur War
Yom Kippur War
in 1973, taking part in special forces raids along the Suez Canal
Suez Canal
, and then leading a commando assault deep into Syrian territory. Netanyahu achieved the rank of captain before being discharged. After graduating from MIT
MIT
with Bachelor of Science (SB) and Master of Science (SM) degrees, Netanyahu was recruited as an economic consultant for the Boston Consulting Group
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Shimon Peres
SHIMON PERES (/ʃɪˈmoʊn ˈpɛrɛz/ ; Hebrew : שמעון פרס‎‎, listen (help ·info ); born SZYMON PERSKI; August 2, 1923 – September 28, 2016) was an Israeli politician who served both as ninth President of Israel
President of Israel
, (2007 to 2014) and Prime Minister of Israel
Israel
, as well as Interim Prime Minister . He was a member of twelve cabinets in a political career spanning 70 years. Peres was elected to the Knesset in November 1959 and, except for a three-month-long hiatus in early 2006, was in office continuously until 2007, when he became President, being in that role for another seven years. At the time of his retirement in 2014, he was the world's oldest head of state. He was considered the last link to Israel's founding generation. From a young age, he was renowned for his oratorical brilliance, and was chosen as a protégé by David Ben Gurion
David Ben Gurion
, Israel's founding father. He began his political career in the late 1940s, holding several diplomatic and military positions during and directly after the 1948 Arab–Israeli War
1948 Arab–Israeli War
. His first high-level government position was as Deputy Director-General of Defense in 1952 which he attained at the age of 28, and Director-General from 1953 until 1959
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Likud
LIKUD (Hebrew : הַלִּיכּוּד‎, translit. _HaLikud_, lit. _The Consolidation_), officially the LIKUD–NATIONAL LIBERAL MOVEMENT, is a center-right to right-wing political party in Israel . A secular party, it was founded in 1973 by Menachem Begin and Ariel Sharon in an alliance with several right-wing and liberal parties. Likud's landslide victory in the 1977 elections was a major turning point in the country's political history, marking the first time the left had lost power. In addition, it was the first time in Israel that a right-wing party won the plurality of the votes. However, after ruling the country for most of the 1980s, the party lost the Knesset election in 1992. Nevertheless, Likud's candidate Benjamin Netanyahu did win the vote for Prime Minister in 1996 and was given the task of forming a government after the 1996 elections . Netanyahu's government fell apart after a vote of no confidence, which led to elections being called in 1999 and Likud losing power to the One Israel coalition led by Ehud Barak . In 2001, Likud's Ariel Sharon , who replaced Netanyahu following the 1999 election, defeated Barak in an election called by the Prime Minister following his resignation. After the party recorded a convincing win in the 2003 elections , Likud saw a major split in 2005 when Sharon left to form the Kadima party
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Israeli Labor Party
The ISRAELI LABOR PARTY (Hebrew : מִפְלֶגֶת הָעֲבוֹדָה הַיִּשְׂרְאֵלִית‎, translit. Mifleget HaAvoda HaYisrelit (help ·info )), commonly known as HAAVODA (Hebrew : הָעֲבוֹדָה‎), is a social democratic and Zionist political party in Israel
Israel
. The Israeli Labor Party was established in 1968 by a merger of Mapai , Ahdut HaAvoda and Rafi . Until 1977, all Israeli Prime Ministers were affiliated with the Labor movement. The current party leader (since July 2017) is Avi Gabbay . The Labor Party is associated with supporting the Israeli–Palestinian peace process , pragmatic foreign affairs policies and social democratic economic policies. The party is a member of the Socialist International
Socialist International
and Progressive Alliance , and is an observer member of the Party of European Socialists
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Prime Minister Of Israel
The PRIME MINISTER OF ISRAEL (Hebrew : רֹאשׁ הַמֶּמְשָׁלָה‎, _Rosh HaMemshala_, _lit._ Head of the Government, Hebrew acronym : רה״מ‎; Arabic : رئيس الحكومة‎‎, _Ra'īs al-Ḥukūma_) is the head of the Israeli government and the most powerful figure in Israeli politics. Although the President of Israel is the country's head of state, his powers are largely ceremonial; the prime minister holds most of the real power. The official residence of the prime minister, _Beit Rosh Hamemshala _ is in Jerusalem . The current prime minister is Benjamin Netanyahu of Likud , the ninth person to hold the position (excluding caretakers). Following an election, the president nominates a member of the Knesset to become prime minister after asking party leaders whom they support for the position. The nominee then presents a government platform and must receive a vote of confidence in order to become prime minister. In practice, the prime minister is usually the leader of the largest party in the governing coalition. Between 1996 and 2001, the prime minister was directly elected, separately from the Knesset
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Knesset
GOVERNMENT (66) * Likud (30) * Kulanu (10) * The Jewish Home (8) * Shas (7) * UTJ (6) * Yisrael Beiteinu (5)OPPOSITION (54) * Zionist Union (24) * _ Labor (19)_* _ Hatnuah (5)_ * _ Green Movement (1)_* Joint List (13) * _ Hadash (5)_ * _ Balad (3)_ * _ Ra\'am (3)_ * _ Ta\'al (2)_ * Yesh Atid (11) * Meretz (5) * Independent (1 ) ELECTIONS VOTING SYSTEM Party-list proportional representation D\'Hondt method LAST ELECTION 17 March 2015 NEXT ELECTION 2019 or earlier MEETING PLACE Knesset, Jerusalem
Jerusalem
, Israel
Israel
WEBSITE www.knesset.gov.ilThe KNESSET (Hebrew : הַכְּנֶסֶת‎ (_ listen ); lit. the gathering_ or _assembly_; Arabic : الكنيست‎‎ _al-K(e)neset_) is the unicameral national legislature of Israel
Israel
. As the legislative branch of the Israeli government , the Knesset
Knesset
passes all laws, elects the President and Prime Minister (although the latter is ceremonially appointed by the President), approves the cabinet , and supervises the work of the government. In addition, the Knesset elects the State Comptroller
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Oslo Accords
The OSLO ACCORDS are a set of agreements between the Government of Israel
Israel
and the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO): the Oslo
Oslo
I Accord , signed in Washington, D.C., in 1993; and the Oslo
Oslo
II Accord , signed in Taba, Egypt
Egypt
, in 1995. The Oslo
Oslo
Accords marked the start of the OSLO PROCESS, a peace process aimed at achieving a peace treaty based on United Nations
United Nations
Security Council Resolutions 242 and 338 , and at fulfilling the "right of the Palestinian people to self-determination." The Oslo
Oslo
process started after secret negotiations in Oslo
Oslo
, resulting in the recognition by the PLO of the State of Israel
Israel
and the recognition by Israel
Israel
of the PLO as the representative of the Palestinian people and as a partner in negotiations. The Oslo
Oslo
Accords created a Palestinian Authority tasked with limited self-governance of parts of the West Bank
West Bank
and Gaza Strip
Gaza Strip
; and acknowledged the PLO as Israel's partner in permanent-status negotiations about remaining questions
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Israel–Jordan Treaty Of Peace
The ISRAEL–JORDAN PEACE TREATY or in full "TREATY OF PEACE BETWEEN THE STATE OF ISRAEL AND THE HASHEMITE KINGDOM OF JORDAN" (Hebrew : הסכם השלום בין ישראל לירדן‎‎; transliterated : Heskem Ha-Shalom beyn Yisra'el Le-Yarden) (Arabic : معاهدة السلام الأردنية الإسرائيلية‎‎; Arabic transliteration : Mu'ahadat as-Salaam al-'Urdunniyah al-Isra'yliyah, sometimes referred to as Wadi Araba Treaty) was signed in 1994. The signing ceremony took place at the southern border crossing of Arabah on 26 October 1994. Jordan
Jordan
was the second Arab
Arab
country, after Egypt
Egypt
, to sign a peace accord with Israel. The treaty settled relations between the two countries , adjusted land and water disputes, and provided for broad cooperation in tourism and trade. It included a pledge that neither Jordan
Jordan
nor Israel
Israel
would allow its territory to become a staging ground for military strikes by a third country
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Bill Clinton
PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES * Presidency * Timeline -------------------------FIRST TERM * 1992 Campaign * Election * 1st inauguration * NAFTA * Health Security Act * 1994 midterm elections * Economic policy * Travelgate * Whitewater * AmeriCorps * Dayton Agreement -------------------------SECOND TERM * 1996 Campaign * Election * 2nd inauguration * Operation Infinite Reach * Bombing of Yugoslavia * Balanced Budget * Monica Lewinsky scandal * Impeachment * One America Initiative * Pardon controversy ------------------------- Policies * Economic * Gun Control * Environmental * Foreign *
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Yasser Arafat
MOHAMMED YASSER ABDEL RAHMAN ABDEL RAOUF ARAFAT AL-QUDWA (/ˈærəˌfæt, ˈɑːrəˌfɑːt/ ; Arabic : محمد ياسر عبد الرحمن عبد الرؤوف عرفات‎‎‎; 24 August 1929 – 11 November 2004), popularly known as YASSER ARAFAT (Arabic : ياسر عرفات‎‎ , _Yāsir `Arafāt_) or by his kunya ABU AMMAR (Arabic : أبو عمار‎‎ , _'Abū `Ammār_), was a Palestinian political leader. He was Chairman of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) from 1969 to 2004 and President of the Palestinian National Authority (PNA) from 1994 to 2004. Ideologically an Arab
Arab
nationalist , he was a founding member of the Fatah
Fatah
political party, which he led from 1959 until 2004. Arafat was born to Palestinian parents in Cairo
Cairo
, Egypt, where he spent most of his youth and studied at the University of King Fuad I . While a student, he embraced Arab
Arab
nationalist and anti-Zionist ideas. Opposed to the 1948 creation of the State of Israel
Israel
, he fought alongside the Muslim Brotherhood during the 1948 Arab–Israeli War . Returning to Cairo, he served as president of the General Union of Palestinian Students from 1952 to 1956
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Palestine Liberation Organization
The PALESTINE LIBERATION ORGANIZATION (PLO) (Arabic : منظمة التحرير الفلسطينية‎‎; _ Munaẓẓamat at-Taḥrīr al-Filasṭīniyyah_ (help ·info )) is an organization founded in 1964 with the purpose of the "liberation of Palestine" through armed struggle, with much of its violence aimed at Israeli civilians. It is recognized as the "sole legitimate representative of the Palestinian people " by over 100 states with which it holds diplomatic relations, and has enjoyed observer status at the United Nations since 1974. The PLO was considered by the United States and Israel to be a terrorist organization until the Madrid Conference in 1991. In 1993, the PLO recognized Israel's right to exist in peace, accepted UN Security Council resolutions 242 and 338 , and rejected "violence and terrorism"; in response, Israel officially recognized the PLO as the representative of the Palestinian people
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