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Israeli Legislative Election, 1992
ELECTIONS FOR THE 13TH KNESSET were held in Israel
Israel
on 23 June 1992. The election resulted in the formation of a Labor government, led by Yitzhak Rabin , helped by the failure of several small right wing parties to pass the electoral threshold . Voter turnout was 77.4%. CONTENTS * 1 Results * 2 Thirteenth Knesset * 3 References * 4 External links RESULTS The Labor Party chairman Yitzhak Rabin . After winning the 1992 elections, Rabin managed to form the first Labor-led government in 15 years, supported by a coalition with Meretz , a left-wing party, and Shas
Shas
, a Mizrahi ultra-orthodox religious party
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Shas
SHAS (Hebrew : ש״ס‎, an acronym for שומרי ספרד‎ Shomrei Sfarad, lit., "(Religious) Guardians of the Sephardim") is an ultra-Orthodox religious political party in Israel. Founded in 1984 under the leadership of Rabbi
Rabbi
Ovadia Yosef , a former Israeli Sephardi chief rabbi , who remained its spiritual leader until his death in October 2013, it primarily represents the interests of Haredi Sephardic and Mizrahi
Mizrahi
Jews. Originally a small ethnic political group, Shas
Shas
is currently Israel's seventh-largest party in the Knesset
Knesset
. Since 1984, it has almost always formed a part of the governing coalition, whether the ruling party was Labor or Likud . As of 2015, Shas
Shas
members currently sit with Likud in the government
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United Torah Judaism
UNITED TORAH JUDAISM (Hebrew : יַהֲדוּת הַתּוֹרָה הַמְאוּחֶדֶת‎, Transliterated : Yahadut HaTora HaMeuhedet; UTJ) is an alliance of Degel HaTorah and Agudat Israel
Israel
, two small Israeli Haredi
Haredi
(Ultra-Orthodox) political parties in the Knesset
Knesset
. It was first formed in 1992. The two parties have not always agreed with each other about policy matters. However, over the years, they have co-operated and united as a voting bloc in order to win the maximum number of seats in the Knesset
Knesset
, since many extra votes can be wasted if election thresholds are not attained under Israel's proportional representation parliamentary system. When UTJ joined Ariel Sharon
Ariel Sharon
's coalition in 2004, it split into its two constituent factions of Degel HaTorah and Agudat Israel
Israel

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Agudat Yisrael
AGUDAT YISRAEL (Hebrew : אגודת ישראל‎, lit. Union of Israel, also transliterated Agudath Israel, or Agudas Yisroel) began as a political party representing ultra-Orthodox Jews in Poland, originating in the Agudath Israel movement in Upper Silesia
Upper Silesia
. It later became the Party of the Haredi population of Israel
Israel
. It was the umbrella party for many, though not all, Haredi Jews in Israel
Israel
until the 1980s, as it had been during the British Mandate of Palestine . Since the 1980s, it has become a predominately Hasidic party, though it often combines with the Degel Ha Torah
Torah
non-Hasidic Haredi party for elections and coalition-forming. When so combined, they are known together as United Torah
Torah
Judasim
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National Religious Party
The NATIONAL RELIGIOUS PARTY (Hebrew : מִפְלָגָה דָּתִית לְאֻומִּית‎, Miflaga Datit Leumit, commonly known in Israel
Israel
by its Hebrew acronym Mafdal, (מפד"ל‎) was a political party in Israel
Israel
representing the religious Zionist movement. Formed in 1956, at the time of its dissolution in 2008, it was the second-oldest surviving party in the country after Agudat Yisrael , and was part of every government coalition until 1992. Traditionally a practical centrist party, in its later years, it drifted to the right, becoming increasingly associated with Israeli settlers , and towards the end of its existence, it was part of a political alliance with the strongly right-wing National Union . The 2006 elections saw the party slump to just three seats, the worst electoral performance in its history
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Oslo Accords
The OSLO ACCORDS are a set of agreements between the Government of Israel
Israel
and the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO): the Oslo
Oslo
I Accord , signed in Washington, D.C., in 1993; and the Oslo
Oslo
II Accord , signed in Taba, Egypt
Egypt
, in 1995
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Yasser Arafat
MOHAMMED YASSER ABDEL RAHMAN ABDEL RAOUF ARAFAT AL-QUDWA (/ˈærəˌfæt, ˈɑːrəˌfɑːt/ ; Arabic : محمد ياسر عبد الرحمن عبد الرؤوف عرفات‎‎‎; 24 August 1929 – 11 November 2004), popularly known as YASSER ARAFAT (Arabic : ياسر عرفات‎‎ , _Yāsir `Arafāt_) or by his kunya ABU AMMAR (Arabic : أبو عمار‎‎ , _'Abū `Ammār_), was a Palestinian political leader. He was Chairman of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) from 1969 to 2004 and President of the Palestinian National Authority (PNA) from 1994 to 2004. Ideologically an Arab
Arab
nationalist , he was a founding member of the Fatah
Fatah
political party, which he led from 1959 until 2004
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Yamin Yisrael
YAMIN YISRAEL (Hebrew : ימין ישראל‎‎, lit. Right Israel) was a minor right-wing political party in Israel
Israel
. CONTENTS * 1 Background * 2 Ideology * 3 References * 4 External links BACKGROUNDThe party was founded on 24 July 1995 when Shaul Gutman broke away from Moledet . It ran in the 1996 elections , but failed to cross the electoral threshold of 1.5% and did not win a seat. In the 2003 elections the party ran a joint list with Herut – The National Movement . Although together the parties won 36,202 votes (1.1%), they were 8,000 short of the threshold. For the 2006 elections the party ran alongside Baruch Marzel
Baruch Marzel
's Jewish National Front
Jewish National Front
, winning 28,824 votes (0.79%) and again failing to cross the threshold. The party did not run in the 2009 elections
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Moshe Levinger
MOSHE LEVINGER (Hebrew : משה לוינגר‎‎‎; 1935 – May 16, 2015) was an Israeli Religious Zionist activist and an Orthodox Rabbi
Rabbi
who, since 1967, had been a leading figure in the movement to settle Jews in the territories occupied by Israel during the 1967 Six-Day War
Six-Day War
. He is especially known for leading Jewish settlement in Hebron
Hebron
in 1968, and for being one of the principals of the now defunct settler movement Gush Emunim
Gush Emunim
, founded in 1974, among whose ranks he assumed legendary status. Levinger was reportedly involved in violent acts against Palestinians
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Women's Party (Israel)
The WOMEN\'S PARTY (Hebrew : מפלגת הנשים‎‎, Mifleget HaNashim) was a minor political party in Israel
Israel
. BACKGROUNDThe party was established prior to the 1977 elections , with the founders including Israeli-American Marcia Freedman . Freedman had been an MK for Ratz in the eighth Knesset , but had broken away with Aryeh Eliav to form the Independent Socialist Faction . Whilst the ISP chose to merge with several other small left-wing parties (Meri , Moked and some Black Panthers ) to form the Left Camp of Israel
Israel
, Freedman decided to set up a new feminist party to fight the election. However, the new party won only 5,674 votes and failed to cross the electoral threshold of 1%, subsequently disappearing. Freedman turned her attentions to charity, helping to found the women's centre Kol HaIsha (Voice of the Woman) in 1979, and returned to the United States in 1981
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Da (political Party)
The MOVEMENT FOR DEMOCRACY AND ALIYAH (Hebrew : התנועה לדמוקרטיה ועלייה‎‎, HaTnu'a LeDemokratia VeAliya), commonly known as DA (Hebrew : דה‎‎; Russian : ДА, lit. Yes), was a minor Israeli political party founded by immigrants from the former Soviet Union
Soviet Union
in the early 1990s. HISTORYThe party was established in 1992 and sought to have the well-known refusenik Natan Sharansky
Natan Sharansky
head its list. After several changes of heart, Sharansky turned the offer down. Led by Yuli Kosharovsky , in the elections that year the party won 11,697 votes (0.4% of the total, and around 5% of the immigrant vote), and failed to cross the electoral threshold of 1.5%. Most Russian immigrants voted for the Israeli Labor Party
Israeli Labor Party

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Progressive List For Peace
The PROGRESSIVE LIST FOR PEACE (Hebrew : הרשימה המתקדמת לשלום‎‎, HaReshima HaMitkademet LeShalom, Arabic : قائمة التقدمية للسلام‎‎) was a left-wing political party in Israel . The party was formed from an alliance of both Arab
Arab
and Jewish left-wing activists. CONTENTS* 1 History * 1.1 Attempted banning * 1.2 Adam Keller Court Martial * 1.3 Decline * 2 Historical Perspective * 3 References HISTORYThe party was formed in 1984 by a merger of the Jewish Alternativa movement, the Nazareth
Nazareth
-based Progressive Movement, as well as other individuals. It contested the 1984 Knesset elections , winning two seats, taken by Mohammed Miari and Mattityahu Peled
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Tehiya
TEHIYA (Hebrew : תחיה‎‎, Revival), originally known as BANAI (Hebrew: בנא"י, an acronym for Land of Israel
Israel
Loyalists' Alliance (Hebrew: ברית נאמני ארץ ישראל)), then TEHIYA-BNAI (Hebrew: תחייה-בנא"י), was an ultranationalist political party in Israel
Israel
. The party existed from 1979 until 1992. In the eyes of many, Tehiya
Tehiya
was identified with Geula Cohen , who founded the party and headed it throughout its existence
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New Liberal Party (Israel)
The NEW LIBERAL PARTY (Hebrew : מפלגה ליברלית חדשה‎‎, Miflaga Libralit Hadasha) was a political party in Israel
Israel
in the early 1990s. BACKGROUNDThe party was formed on 15 March 1990 during the twelfth Knesset by five MKs who had broken away from Likud
Likud
. Originally known as the PARTY FOR THE ADVANCEMENT OF THE ZIONIST IDEA, all five MKs were former members of the original Liberal Party , which had merged into Likud
Likud
in 1988. Despite breaking away from his party, the new faction joined Yitzhak Shamir 's government, with Yitzhak Moda\'i appointed Minister of Finance . On 18 June 1990 Avraham Sharir returned to Likud, as did Yosef Goldberg on 4 December that year. In March 1992, shortly before the elections that year , the party renamed itself the New Liberal Party
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Geulat Yisrael
GEULAT ISRAEL (Hebrew : גאולת ישראל‎‎, Salvation of Israel) was a short-lived Haredi political party in Israel
Israel
in the early 1990s. BACKGROUNDThe party was established on 25 December 1990 when Eliezer Mizrahi broke away from Agudat Yisrael
Agudat Yisrael
. Despite leaving the party, Mizrahi remained Deputy Minister of Health . The party participated in the 1992 elections , where it won 12,851 votes (0.5%). However, this was not enough to cross the electoral threshold of 1.5% and Mizrahi lost his seat
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