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Israeli Air Force
The ISRAELI AIR FORCE (IAF; Hebrew : זְרוֹעַ הָאֲוִיר וְהֶחָלָל‎, _Zroa HaAvir VeHahalal_, "Air and Space Arm", commonly known as חֵיל הָאֲוִיר‎, _Kheil HaAvir_, "Air Corps") operates as the aerial warfare branch of the Israel Defense Forces . It was founded on May 28, 1948, shortly after the Israeli Declaration of Independence . As of May 2012 Aluf Amir Eshel serves as the Air Force Commander. The Israeli Air Force formed on May 28, 1948, using commandeered or donated civilian aircraft and obsolete and surplus World War II combat-aircraft. Eventually, more aircraft were procured, including Boeing B-17s , Bristol Beaufighters , de Havilland Mosquitoes and P-51D Mustangs . The Israeli Air Force played an important part in Operation _Kadesh_ , Israel's part in the 1956 Suez Crisis , dropping paratroopers at the Mitla Pass
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Israel
Coordinates : 31°N 35°E / 31°N 35°E / 31; 35 State of Israel * מְדִינַת יִשְׂרָאֵל (Hebrew ) * دَوْلَة إِسْرَائِيل (Arabic ) Flag Emblem ANTHEM: " Hatikvah " (Hebrew for "The Hope") Capital and largest city Jerusalem _(internationally unrecognized )_ 31°47′N 35°13′E / 31.783°N 35.217°E / 31.783; 35.217 OFFICIAL LANGUAGES * Hebrew * Arabic ETHNIC GROUPS (2016) * 74.8% Jewish * 20.8% Arab * 4.4% other RELIGION * 74.8% Jewish * 17.6% Muslim * 2% Christian * 1.6%
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Air Force
An AIR FORCE, also known in some countries as an AIR ARMY, is in the broadest sense, the national military branch that primarily conducts aerial warfare . More specifically, it is the branch of a nation 's armed services that is responsible for aerial warfare as distinct from an army , navy , or a marine corps . Typically, air forces are responsible for gaining control of the air , carrying out strategic and tactical bombing missions, and providing support to land and naval forces . The term "air force" may also refer to a tactical air force or numbered air force , which is an operational formation either within a national air force or comprising several air components from allied nations. Air forces typically consist of a combination of fighters , bombers , helicopters , transport planes and other aircraft. Many air forces are also responsible for operations of the military space , intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBM), and communications equipment
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Aerial Warfare
AERIAL WARFARE is the battlespace use of military aircraft and other flying machines in warfare . Aerial warfare includes bombers attacking enemy installations or a concentration of enemy troops or strategic targets ; fighter aircraft battling for control of airspace ; attack aircraft engaging in close air support against ground targets; naval aviation flying against sea and nearby land targets; gliders , helicopters and other aircraft to carry airborne forces such as paratroopers ; aerial refueling tankers to extend operation time or range; and military transport aircraft to move cargo and personnel
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Israel Defense Forces
The ISRAEL DEFENSE FORCES (IDF; Hebrew : צְבָא הַהֲגָנָה לְיִשְׂרָאֵל‎ _ Tsva ha-Hagana le-Yisra\'el_ , _lit._ "The Army of Defense for Israel"; Arabic : جيش الدفاع الإسرائيلي‎‎), commonly known in Israel by the Hebrew acronym _Tzahal_ (צה״ל‎), are the military forces of the State of Israel . They consist of the ground forces , air force , and navy . It is the sole military wing of the Israeli security forces , and has no civilian jurisdiction within Israel. The IDF is headed by its Chief of General Staff , the _Ramatkal_, subordinate to the Defense Minister of Israel ; Lieutenant general (_ Rav Aluf _) Gadi Eizenkot has served as Chief of Staff since 2015
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HaKirya
HAKIRYA, or THE KIRYA (Hebrew : הַקִּרְיָה‎, lit. The Campus), is an area in central Tel Aviv
Tel Aviv
, containing the Tel-Aviv District government center and the major Israel Defense Forces
Israel Defense Forces
base, CAMP RABIN (Hebrew : מַחֲנֶה רַבִּין‎, Mahaneh Rabin), named for Yitzhak Rabin . It was one of the first IDF bases and has served as the IDF headquarters since its founding in 1948. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Geography and structures * 3 References * 3.1 Bibliography * 4 External links HISTORYMuch of the Kirya today is located on the lands of Sarona , a Templer settlement founded in the 19th Century. Sarona was an agricultural colony, and kept this nature despite the expansion of Tel Aviv
Tel Aviv
and attempts by the city to buy some of Sarona's lands
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Aluf
_ALUF_ (Hebrew : אלוף‎, lit. "champion") is the term used in the Israel Defense Forces (IDF) for officers who in other countries would have the rank of general , air marshal , or admiral . In addition to the _aluf_ rank itself, there are four other ranks which are derivatives of the word. Together, they constitute the five highest ranks in the IDF. Aside from being a military rank, "Aluf" is used is a civilian context, particularly of sport , meaning "champion". ETYMOLOGYThe term _aluf_ comes from the Bible (אַלּוּף‎ _’allūp̄_): the Edomites used it as a rank of nobility, while the later books of the Tanakh use it to describe Israelite captains as well, e.g. Zachariah 9:7, 12:5-6, and later, for example Psalms 55:13, where it is used as a general term for teacher. It comes from a Semitic root meaning "thousand", making an _’allūp̄_ the one who commands a thousand people
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Amir Eshel
Aluf AMIR ESHEL (Hebrew : אמיר אשל‎‎; born 1959) is a former Israeli general who served as commander of the Israeli Air Force . A Major General since 2008, Eshel is a former head of the IDF Planning Directorate . He succeeded Ido Nehoshtan as commander of the Israeli Air Force
Israeli Air Force
on May 10, 2012 and was succeeded by Amikam Norkin on August 10, 2017. BIOGRAPHYBorn in 1959, Eshel was drafted into the IDF in 1977. After graduating from the IAF Flight Academy as a fighter pilot in 1979, Eshel flew the A-4 Skyhawk , first out of Etzion and then from Ramon . He also flew the Skyhawk during the 1982 Lebanon War
1982 Lebanon War
. After serving with the flight academy as a combat instructor, Eshel went on to fly the F-16 out of Ramat David Airbase
Ramat David Airbase
. Between 1993 and 1995 Eshel commanded 201 Squadron at Tel Nof
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Attack Aircraft
An ATTACK AIRCRAFT, STRIKE AIRCRAFT, or ATTACK BOMBER, is a tactical military aircraft that has a primary role of carrying out airstrikes with greater precision than bombers , and is prepared to encounter strong low-level air defenses while pressing the attack. This class of aircraft is designed mostly for close air support and naval air-to-surface missions, overlapping the tactical bomber mission. Designs dedicated to non-naval roles are often known as GROUND-ATTACK AIRCRAFT. Fighter aircraft often carry out the attack role, although they would not be considered attack aircraft _per se_, although fighter-bomber conversions of those same aircraft would be considered part of the class. Strike fighters , which have effectively replaced the fighter-bomber and light bomber concepts, also differ little from the broad concept of an attack aircraft. The dedicated attack aircraft as a separate class existed primarily during and after World War II
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Boeing F-15E Strike Eagle
The MCDONNELL DOUGLAS (now BOEING) F-15E STRIKE EAGLE is an American all-weather multirole strike fighter derived from the McDonnell Douglas F-15 Eagle . The F-15E was designed in the 1980s for long-range, high speed interdiction without relying on escort or electronic-warfare aircraft . United States Air Force (USAF) F-15E Strike Eagles can be distinguished from other U.S. Eagle variants by darker aircraft camouflage and conformal fuel tanks mounted along the engine intake ramps . The Strike Eagle has been deployed for military operations in Iraq, Afghanistan, Syria, and Libya, among others. During these operations the F-15E has carried out deep strikes against high-value targets , combat air patrols , and provided close air support for coalition troops. It has also been exported to several countries
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Fighter Aircraft
A FIGHTER AIRCRAFT is a military aircraft designed primarily for air-to-air combat against other aircraft, as opposed to bombers and attack aircraft , whose main mission is to attack ground targets. The hallmarks of a fighter are its speed, maneuverability, and small size relative to other combat aircraft. Many fighters have secondary ground-attack capabilities, and some are designed as dual-purpose fighter-bombers ; often aircraft that do not fulfill the standard definition are called fighters. This may be for political or national security reasons, for advertising purposes, or other reasons. A fighter's main purpose is to establish air superiority over a battlefield. Since World War I , achieving and maintaining air superiority has been considered essential for victory in conventional warfare
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McDonnell Douglas F-15 Eagle
The MCDONNELL DOUGLAS F-15 EAGLE is an American twin-engine , all-weather tactical fighter aircraft designed by McDonnell Douglas (now Boeing ) to gain and maintain air supremacy in aerial combat. Following reviews of proposals, the United States Air Force selected McDonnell Douglas' design in 1967 to meet the service's need for a dedicated air superiority fighter. The Eagle first flew in July 1972, and entered service in 1976. It is among the most successful modern fighters, with over 100 victories and no losses in aerial combat, with the majority of the kills scored by the Israeli Air Force . The Eagle has been exported to Israel, Japan, and Saudi Arabia. The F-15 was originally envisioned as a pure air superiority aircraft. Its design included a secondary ground-attack capability that was largely unused
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General Dynamics F-16 Fighting Falcon
The GENERAL DYNAMICS F-16
F-16
FIGHTING FALCON is a single-engine supersonic multirole fighter aircraft originally developed by General Dynamics (now Lockheed Martin
Lockheed Martin
) for the United States
United States
Air Force (USAF). Designed as an air superiority day fighter , it evolved into a successful all-weather multirole aircraft. Over 4,500 aircraft have been built since production was approved in 1976. Although no longer being purchased by the U.S. Air Force, improved versions are still being built for export customers. In 1993, General Dynamics
General Dynamics
sold its aircraft manufacturing business to the Lockheed Corporation
Lockheed Corporation
, which in turn became part of Lockheed Martin
Lockheed Martin
after a 1995 merger with Martin Marietta
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Lockheed Martin F-35 Lightning II
The LOCKHEED MARTIN F-35 LIGHTNING II is a family of single-seat, single-engine, all-weather stealth multirole fighters . The fifth-generation combat aircraft is designed to perform ground attack and air defense missions. It has three main models: the F-35A conventional takeoff and landing (CTOL) variant, the F-35B short take-off and vertical-landing (STOVL) variant, and the F-35C carrier-based Catapult Assisted Take-Off But Arrested Recovery (CATOBAR) variant. On 31 July 2015, the United States
United States
Marines declared ready for deployment the first squadron of F-35B fighters after intensive testing. On 2 August 2016, the U.S. Air Force declared its first squadron of F-35A fighters combat-ready. The F-35 descends from the X-35 , the winning design of the Joint Strike Fighter (JSF) program. An aerospace industry team led by Lockheed Martin designed and manufactures it
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Patrol Aircraft
A MARITIME PATROL AIRCRAFT (MPA), also known as a PATROL AIRCRAFT, MARITIME RECONNAISSANCE AIRCRAFT , or by the older American term PATROL BOMBER, is a fixed-wing aircraft designed to operate for long durations over water in maritime patrol roles — in particular anti-submarine warfare (ASW), anti-ship warfare (AShW), and search and rescue (SAR). CONTENTS* 1 History * 1.1 World War I * 1.2 World War II * 1.3 Post– World War II * 2 Armament and countermeasures * 3 Sensors * 4 Examples * 5 Notes * 6 References HISTORY SS class airship WORLD WAR IThe first aircraft that would now be identified as maritime patrol aircraft were flown by the Royal Naval Air Service and the French Aéronautique Maritime during World War I , primarily on anti-submarine patrols
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Eurocopter Panther
The EUROCOPTER (now AIRBUS HELICOPTERS) AS565 PANTHER is the military version of the Eurocopter AS365 Dauphin medium-weight multi-purpose twin-engine helicopter . The Panther is used for a wide range of military roles, including combat assault, fire support, anti-submarine warfare, anti-surface warfare, search and rescue, and medical evacuation (MEDEVAC). CONTENTS * 1 Development * 2 Design * 3 Operational history * 3.1 Potential operators * 4 Variants * 5 Operators * 6 Specifications (AS365 MB Panther) * 7 See also * 8 References * 8.1 Citations * 8.2 Bibliography * 9 External links DEVELOPMENT THIS SECTION NEEDS EXPANSION. You can help by adding to it . (December 2015) During the 1980s, French aerospace firm Aerospatiale decided to develop a purpose-built military version of their popular Eurocopter AS365 Dauphin
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