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Israel Prize
The ISRAEL PRIZE (Hebrew : פרס ישראל‎) is an award handed out by the State of Israel
Israel
and is generally regarded as the state's highest cultural honor. It is presented annually, on Israeli Independence Day , in a state ceremony in Jerusalem
Jerusalem
, in the presence of the President , the Prime Minister , the Speaker of the Knesset (Israel's legislature), and the Supreme Court President. The prize was established in 1953 at the initiative of the Minister of Education Ben-Zion Dinor , who himself went on to win the prize in 1958 and 1973. CONTENTS * 1 Awarding the prize * 2 Recipients * 3 Controversy * 4 Venue * 5 In popular culture * 6 References * 7 External links AWARDING THE PRIZEThe prize is awarded in the following four areas, with the precise subfields changing from year to year in a cycle of 4 to 7 years, except for the last area, which is awarded annually: * the humanities, social sciences, and Jewish
Jewish
studies * the natural and exact sciences * culture, arts, communication and sports * lifetime achievement and exceptional contribution to the nation (since 1972)The recipients of the prize are Israeli citizens or organizations who have displayed excellence in their field(s), or have contributed strongly to Israeli culture
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Israel
Coordinates : 31°N 35°E / 31°N 35°E / 31; 35 State of Israel * מְדִינַת יִשְׂרָאֵל (Hebrew ) * دَوْلَة إِسْرَائِيل (Arabic ) Flag Emblem ANTHEM: " Hatikvah " (Hebrew for "The Hope") Capital and largest city Jerusalem _(internationally unrecognized )_ 31°47′N 35°13′E / 31.783°N 35.217°E / 31.783; 35.217 OFFICIAL LANGUAGES * Hebrew * Arabic ETHNIC GROUPS (2016) * 74.8% Jewish * 20.8% Arab * 4.4% other RELIGION * 74.8% Jewish * 17.6% Muslim * 2% Christian * 1.6% Druze * 4% other DEMONYM Israeli GOVERNMENT Unitary parliamentary constitutional republic • PRESIDENT Reuven Rivlin • PRIME MINISTER
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Hebrew Language
HEBREW (/ˈhiːbruː/ ; עִבְרִית‎, _Ivrit_ ( listen ) or ( listen )) is a Northwest Semitic language native to Israel , spoken by over 9 million people worldwide. Historically, it is regarded as the language of the Israelites and their ancestors, although the language was not referred to by the name Hebrew in the Tanakh . The earliest examples of written Paleo- Hebrew date from the 10th century BCE. Hebrew belongs to the West Semitic branch of the Afroasiatic language family. Hebrew is the only living Canaanite language left, and the only truly successful example of a revived dead language . Hebrew had ceased to be an everyday spoken language somewhere between 200 and 400 CE, declining since the aftermath of the Bar Kokhba revolt . Aramaic and to a lesser extent Greek were already in use as international languages, especially among elites and immigrants. It survived into the medieval period as the language of Jewish liturgy , rabbinic literature , intra- Jewish commerce, and poetry . Then, in the 19th century, it was revived as a spoken and literary language. It became the _lingua franca _ of Palestine's Jews, and subsequently of the State of Israel . According to Ethnologue , in 1998, it was the language of 5 million people worldwide
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State Of Israel
Coordinates : 31°N 35°E / 31°N 35°E / 31; 35 State of Israel * מְדִינַת יִשְׂרָאֵל (Hebrew ) * دَوْلَة إِسْرَائِيل (Arabic ) Flag Emblem ANTHEM: " Hatikvah " (Hebrew for "The Hope") Capital and largest city Jerusalem _(internationally unrecognized )_ 31°47′N 35°13′E / 31.783°N 35.217°E / 31.783; 35.217 OFFICIAL LANGUAGES * Hebrew * Arabic ETHNIC GROUPS (2016) * 74.8% Jewish * 20.8% Arab * 4.4% other RELIGION * 74.8% Jewish * 17.6% Muslim * 2% Christian * 1.6% Druze * 4% other DEMONYM Israeli GOVERNMENT Unitary parliamentary constitutional republic • PRESIDENT Reuven Rivlin • PRIME MINISTER
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Yom Ha'atzmaut
INDEPENDENCE DAY (Hebrew : יום העצמאות‎‎ Yom Ha'atzmaut, lit. "Day of Independence") is the national day of Israel , commemorating the Israeli Declaration of Independence in 1948. The day is marked by official and unofficial ceremonies and observances. Because Israel
Israel
declared independence on 14 May 1948, which corresponded with the Hebrew date 5 Iyar in that year, Yom Ha'atzmaut was originally celebrated on that date each year. To avoid religious problems, today it is celebrated either on 5 Iyar or on one of the preceding or following days; the day of the week it falls on being the decisive factor. Yom Hazikaron , the Israeli Fallen Soldiers and Victims of Terrorism Remembrance Day is always scheduled for the day preceding Independence Day. In the Hebrew calendar, days begin in the evening. The next occurrence of Yom Haatzmaut will take place on 18-19 April 2018. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Events * 2.1 Independence Day eve * 2.2 Independence Day * 2.3 Religious customs * 3 Timing * 4 Israeli Arab
Arab
reactions and The Nakba * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 External links HISTORYIndependence Day is founded on the declaration of the establishment of the State of Israel
Israel
by the Jewish leadership headed by future Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion on 14 May 1948
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Jerusalem
JERUSALEM (/dʒəˈruːsələm/ ; Hebrew : יְרוּשָׁלַיִם‎ _ Yerushalayim _ ; Arabic : القُدس‎‎ _ al-Quds _ ) is a city in the Middle East , located on a plateau in the Judaean Mountains between the Mediterranean and the Dead Sea . Israelis and Palestinians both claim Jerusalem as their capital, as the State of Israel maintains its primary governmental institutions there while the State of Palestine ultimately foresees the city as its seat of power; however, neither claim is widely recognized internationally. One of the oldest cities in the world , Jerusalem was named as _"Urusalima"_ on ancient Mesopotamian cuneiform tablets, probably meaning "City of Shalem " after a Canaanite deity, during the early Canaanite period (approximately 2400 BCE). During the Israelite period, significant construction activity in Jerusalem began in the 9th century BCE (Iron Age II), and in the 8th century the city developed into the religious and administrative center of the Kingdom of Judah . It is considered a holy city in the three major Abrahamic religions of Judaism , Christianity and Islam . During its long history, Jerusalem has been destroyed at least twice, besieged 23 times, attacked 52 times, and captured and recaptured 44 times
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President Of Israel
Coordinates : 31°46′11″N 35°12′51″E / 31.76972°N 35.21417°E / 31.76972; 35.21417 President of the State of Israel נשיא מדינת ישראל Presidential Standard Incumbent Reuven Rivlin
Reuven Rivlin
since 24 July 2014 STYLE His Excellency RESIDENCE Beit HaNassi APPOINTER Knesset
Knesset
TERM LENGTH Seven years, single term INAUGURAL HOLDER
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Prime Minister Of Israel
The PRIME MINISTER OF ISRAEL (Hebrew : רֹאשׁ הַמֶּמְשָׁלָה‎, _Rosh HaMemshala_, _lit._ Head of the Government, Hebrew acronym : רה״מ‎; Arabic : رئيس الحكومة‎‎, _Ra'īs al-Ḥukūma_) is the head of the Israeli government and the most powerful figure in Israeli politics. Although the President of Israel is the country's head of state, his powers are largely ceremonial; the prime minister holds most of the real power. The official residence of the prime minister, _Beit Rosh Hamemshala _ is in Jerusalem . The current prime minister is Benjamin Netanyahu of Likud , the ninth person to hold the position (excluding caretakers). Following an election, the president nominates a member of the Knesset to become prime minister after asking party leaders whom they support for the position. The nominee then presents a government platform and must receive a vote of confidence in order to become prime minister. In practice, the prime minister is usually the leader of the largest party in the governing coalition. Between 1996 and 2001, the prime minister was directly elected, separately from the Knesset
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List Of Knesset Speakers
The SPEAKER OF THE KNESSET (Hebrew : יושב ראש הכנסת‎‎, Yoshev Rosh HaKnesset, literaly: Chairman of the Knesset) is the presiding officer of the Knesset
Knesset
, the unicameral legislature of Israel
Israel
. The Speaker also acts as President of Israel when the President is incapacitated. The current speaker is Yuli-Yoel Edelstein . To date, Ahdut HaAvoda 's Nahum Nir
Nahum Nir
is the only Speaker not to have come from the ruling party, though in two cases ( Avraham Burg
Avraham Burg
and Reuven Rivlin
Reuven Rivlin
) the party of the speaker (One Israel
Israel
and Likud respectively) lost power during their term. The speaker is expected to be objective (ממלכתי Mamlachthi), but they might take part in debates from time to time, and they do vote. KNESSET SPEAKERS (1949–PRESENT) COLOUR KEY Mapai
Mapai
/ Ahdut HaAvoda / Alignment /Labor /One Israel
Israel
Likud
Likud
Kadima
Kadima
A total of sixteen people have served as Speaker of the Knesset, one of whom, Reuven Rivlin
Reuven Rivlin
, have served two non-consecutive terms
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Knesset
GOVERNMENT (66) * Likud (30) * Kulanu (10) * The Jewish Home (8) * Shas (7) * UTJ (6) * Yisrael Beiteinu (5)OPPOSITION (54) * Zionist Union (24) * _ Labor (19)_* _ Hatnuah (5)_ * _ Green Movement (1)_* Joint List (13) * _ Hadash (5)_ * _ Balad (3)_ * _ Ra\'am (3)_ * _ Ta\'al (2)_ * Yesh Atid (11) * Meretz (5) * Independent (1 ) ELECTIONS VOTING SYSTEM Party-list proportional representation D\'Hondt method LAST ELECTION 17 March 2015 NEXT ELECTION 2019 or earlier MEETING PLACE Knesset, Jerusalem
Jerusalem
, Israel
Israel
WEBSITE www.knesset.gov.ilThe KNESSET (Hebrew : הַכְּנֶסֶת‎ (_ listen ); lit. the gathering_ or _assembly_; Arabic : الكنيست‎‎ _al-K(e)neset_) is the unicameral national legislature of Israel
Israel
. As the legislative branch of the Israeli government , the Knesset
Knesset
passes all laws, elects the President and Prime Minister (although the latter is ceremonially appointed by the President), approves the cabinet , and supervises the work of the government. In addition, the Knesset elects the State Comptroller
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Supreme Court Of Israel
The SUPREME COURT (Hebrew : בית המשפט העליון‎‎, Beit HaMishpat HaElyon) is the highest court in Israel
Israel
. It has ultimate appellate jurisdiction over all other courts and, in some cases, original jurisdiction . The Supreme Court consists of 15 justices who are appointed by the Judicial Selection Committee . Once appointed, justices serve until retirement at the age of 70, unless they resign, or are removed from office. The current President (Chief Justice) of the Supreme Court is Esther Hayut . The Supreme Court is situated in Jerusalem
Jerusalem
's Givat Ram
Givat Ram
governmental campus. Its jurisdiction applies to all of Israel
Israel
and the Israeli-occupied territories . According to the principle of binding precedent (stare decisis ), a ruling of the Supreme Court is binding upon every other court, except itself. Over the years, the Supreme Court has ruled on numerous sensitive issues, some of which relate to the Israeli–Palestinian conflict
Israeli–Palestinian conflict
, the rights of Arab citizens and discrimination between Jewish groups in Israel
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Education Minister Of Israel
The Israeli MINISTRY OF EDUCATION (Hebrew : מִשְׂרָד הַחִנּוּךְ‎, translit. Misrad HaHinukh; Arabic : وزارة التربية والتعليم‎‎) is the branch of government charged with overseeing public education institutions in Israel. The department is headed by the Minister of Education, who is a member of the cabinet . The ministry has previously included culture and sport, although this is now covered by the Ministry of Culture and Sport . CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 List of ministers * 3 References * 4 External links HISTORY Ministry offices on Street of the Prophets in Jerusalem
Jerusalem
In the first decade of statehood, the education system was faced with the task of establishing a network of kindergartens and schools for a rapidly growing student population. In 1949, there were 80,000 elementary school students. By 1950, there were 120,000 - an increase of nearly 150 percent within the span of one year. Israel
Israel
also took over responsibility for the education of Arab schoolchildren. The first minister of education was Zalman Shazar , later president of the State of Israel. Since 2002, the Ministry of Education has awarded a National Education Award to five top localities in recognizing excellence in investing substantial resources in the educational system
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Ben-Zion Dinor
BEN-ZION DINUR (Hebrew : בן ציון דינור‎‎, born BEN-ZION DINABURG; 2 January 1884 – 8 July 1973) was a Zionist activist, educator, historian and Israeli politician. CONTENTS * 1 Biography * 2 Awards * 3 Published works * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links BIOGRAPHYDinaburg was born in 1884 in Khorol in the Russian Empire
Russian Empire
(now Poltava Oblast , Ukraine). He received his education in a Lithuanian yeshivot. He studied under Shimon Shkop
Shimon Shkop
in the Telz Yeshiva , and became interested in the Haskalah through Rosh Yeshiva Eliezer Gordon 's polemics. In 1898 he moved to the Slabodka yeshiva and in 1900 he traveled to Vilnius
Vilnius
and was certified a Rabbi
Rabbi
. He then went to Lyubavichi to witness the Chabad-Lubavitch branch of Hasidic Judaism . Between 1902 and 1911 he was engaged in Zionist activism and teaching, which at some point resulted in a brief arrest. In 1910 he married Bilhah Feingold, a teacher who had worked with him in a girls' trade school in Poltava . In 1911 he left his wife and son for two years to attend the Berlin University , where he studied under Michael Rostovtzeff and Eugen Täubler
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Israeli Culture
The roots of the CULTURE OF ISRAEL developed long before the foundation of the State of Israel in 1948, and reflect Jewish history in the diaspora , Jewish culture , the ideology of the Zionist movement that developed in the late 19th century, as well as the history and traditions of the Arab Israeli population and ethnic minorities that live in Israel, among them Druze , Circassians , Armenians and more. Tel Aviv
Tel Aviv
and Jerusalem
Jerusalem
are considered the main cultural hubs of Israel. The New York Times has described Tel Aviv
Tel Aviv
as the "capital of Mediterranean cool," Lonely Planet ranked it as a top ten city for nightlife, and National Geographic named it one of the top ten beach cities. With over 200 museums , Israel
Israel
has the highest number of museums per capita in the world, with millions of visitors annually. Major art museums operate in Tel Aviv
Tel Aviv
, Jerusalem
Jerusalem
, Haifa
Haifa
and Herzliya , as well as in many towns and Kibbutzim . The Israel Philharmonic
Israel Philharmonic
Orchestra plays at venues throughout the country and abroad, and almost every city has its own orchestra, many of the musicians hailing from the former Soviet Union
Soviet Union

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List Of Israel Prize Recipients
This is a complete LIST OF RECIPIENTS OF THE ISRAEL PRIZE from the inception of the Prize in 1953 through 2017. CONTENTS * 1 List * 2 See also * 3 Notes * 4 External links LISTFor each year, the recipients are, in most instances, listed in the order in which they appear on the official Israel Prize website. Note: The table can be sorted chronologically (default), alphabetically or by field using the icon. YEAR NAME FIELD COMMENTS 1953 Alon, Gedaliah ! Gedaliah Alon Jewish studies Posthumously awarded prize, three years after his death. First recipient of the prize for Jewish studies. 1953 Hazaz, Haim ! Haim Hazaz literature One of first two recipients of the prize for literature. 1953 Cohen, Ya'akov !Ya\'akov Cohen literature Also awarded the Israel Prize in 1958. One of first two recipients of the prize for literature. 1953 Feitelson-Schur, Dina ! Dina Feitelson-Schur education First female recipient of the Israel Prize. First recipient of the prize for education
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Shmuel Yosef Agnon
SHMUEL YOSEF AGNON ( Hebrew
Hebrew
: שמואל יוסף עגנון‎) (July 17, 1888 – February 17, 1970) was a Nobel Prize laureate writer and was one of the central figures of modern Hebrew
Hebrew
fiction . In Hebrew, he is known by the acronym SHAI AGNON (ש"י עגנון). In English, his works are published under the name S. Y. AGNON. Agnon was born in Polish Galicia , then part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire , and later immigrated to Mandatory Palestine , and died in Jerusalem
Jerusalem
, Israel
Israel
. His works deal with the conflict between the traditional Jewish life and language and the modern world . They also attempt to recapture the fading traditions of the European shtetl (village). In a wider context, he also contributed to broadening the characteristic conception of the narrator 's role in literature. Agnon shared the Nobel Prize with the