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Islam
ISLAM (/ˈɪslɑːm/ ) is an Abrahamic monotheistic religion which professes that there is only one and incomparable God ( Allah ) and that Muhammad is the last messenger of God. It is the world\'s second-largest religion and the fastest-growing major religion in the world , with over 1.8 billion followers or 24.1% of the global population, known as Muslims . Muslims make up a majority of the population in 49 countries. Islam teaches that God is merciful , all-powerful , unique , and has guided mankind through prophets , revealed scriptures and natural signs . The primary scriptures of Islam are the Quran , viewed by Muslims as the verbatim word of God, and the teachings and normative example (called the _sunnah _, composed of accounts called _hadith _) of Muhammad (c. 570–8 June 632 CE)
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History Of Islam
The HISTORY OF ISLAM concerns the political, economic, social, and cultural developments of the Islamic civilization . Despite concerns about the reliability of early sources, most historians (non-Muslims) believe that Islam
Islam
originated in Mecca
Mecca
and Medina
Medina
at the start of the 7th century. Muslims however believe that it did not start with Muhammad
Muhammad
, but that it was the original faith of others whom they regard as Prophets , such as Jesus , David , Moses , Abraham , Noah and Adam . In 610 CE , Muhammad
Muhammad
began receiving what Muslims consider to be divine revelations. Muhammad's message won over a handful of followers and was met with increasing opposition from notables of Mecca
Mecca

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Islam (other)
ISLAM is a major world religion. ISLAM may also refer to: * Islam
Islam
(name) , surname or male given nameFILM AND TV PROGRAM * Islam: Empire of Faith , 2000 TV documentary series * Islam: The Untold Story , 2012 documentary film * Islam: What the West Needs to Know , 2006 documentary filmBOOK * Islam: A Short History , 2000 book by Karen Armstrong * Islam: Beliefs and Observances , book by Caesar E. Farah * Islam: Beliefs and Teachings , book by Ghulam Sarwar * Islam: Past, Present and Future , 2007 book by Hans Küng * Islam: The Straight Path , 1988 book by John L
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Iman (concept)
IMAN (إِيمَان ʾīmān, lit. faith or belief) in Islamic theology denotes a believer's faith in the metaphysical aspects of Islam
Islam
. Its most simple definition is the belief in the six articles of faith , known as arkān al-īmān. The term iman has been delineated in both the Quran
Quran
and the Hadith of Gabriel . According to the Quran, iman must be accompanied by righteous deeds and the two together are necessary for entry into Paradise . In the Hadith of Gabriel, iman in addition to Islam
Islam
and ihsan form the three dimensions of the Islamic religion. There exists a debate both within and outside Islam
Islam
on the link between faith and reason in religion, and the relative importance of either. Several scholars contend that faith and reason spring from the same source and hence must be harmonious
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Tawhid
TAWHID (Arabic : توحيد‎‎ _tawḥīd_, meaning "oneness "; also romanized as _tawheed_, _touheed_ or _tevhid_ ) is the indivisible oneness concept of monotheism in Islam
Islam
. Tawhid
Tawhid
is the religion's most fundamental concept and holds that God
God
is One (_Al-ʾAḥad_) and Single (_Al-Wāḥid_). Because of the "principle of Tawhid
Tawhid
the Islamic belief in God
God
is considered Unitarian ." Tawhid
Tawhid
constitutes the foremost article of the Muslim profession of faith . The first part of the shahada (the Islamic declaration of faith ) is the declaration of belief in the oneness of God. To attribute divinity to a created entity, known as _shirk _, is an unpardonable sin according to the Qur'an. Muslims believe that the entirety of the Islamic teaching rests on the principle of Tawhid
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God In Islam
In Islamic theology , GOD (Arabic : الله‎, translit. _Allāh _‎, contraction of Arabic : الْإِلٰه‏‎, translit. _al-ʾilāh_‎, literally "the god ") is the all-powerful and all-knowing creator, sustainer, ordainer and judge of everything in existence. Islam emphasizes that God is strictly singular (_tawḥīd  _): unique (_wāḥid _), inherently One (_aḥad _), also all-merciful and omnipotent. According to Islamic teachings, beyond the Throne and according to the Quran , "No vision can grasp him, but His grasp is over all vision: He is above all comprehension, yet is acquainted with all things." The Surat 112 Al-'Ikhlās (The Sincerity) says: "He is God, One. God, the Eternal Refuge. He neither begets nor is born, Nor is there to Him any equivalent." In Islam, there are 99 known names of God (_al-asmāʼ al-ḥusná_ lit
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Prophets And Messengers In Islam
PROPHETS IN ISLAM ( Arabic
Arabic
: الأنبياء في الإسلام‎‎) include "messengers" (_rasul_, pl. _rusul_), bringers of a divine revelation via an angel (Arabic: ملائكة, malāʾikah ); and "prophets " (_nabī_, pl. _anbiyāʼ_), lawbringers that Muslims believe were sent by God to every people, bringing God's message in a language they can understand. Belief in Islamic prophets is one of the six articles of the Islamic faith , and specifically mentioned in the Quran
Quran
. Muslims believe the first prophet was also the first human being, Adam
Adam
(Adem ). Many of the revelations delivered by the 48 prophets in Judaism and many prophets of Christianity are mentioned as such in the Quran
Quran
but usually in slightly different forms. For example, the Jewish Elisha
Elisha
is called Alyasa , Job is Ayyub , Jesus
Jesus
is Isa , etc
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Islamic Holy Books
ISLAMIC HOLY BOOKS are the texts which Muslims believe were authored by God via various prophets throughout humanity's history. All these books, in Muslim belief, promulgated the code and laws that God ordained for those people. Muslims believe the Quran to be the final revelation of God to man, and a completion and confirmation of previous scriptures. Despite the primacy that Muslims place upon the Quran as God's final word, Islam speaks of respecting all the previous scriptures, and belief in all the revealed books is an article of faith in Islam. Among the books considered to be revealed, the four mentioned by name in the Quran are the Tawrat revealed to Musa , the Zabur revealed to Dawud , the Injil revealed to Jesus , and the Quran revealed to Muhammad
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Islamic View Of Angels
Belief in ANGELS (Arabic : ملائكة‎‎ _malāʾikah_; singular: ملاك or مَلَكْ _malāk_) is one of the six Articles of Faith in Islam . They are regarded as celestial beings who, unlike men, are not endowed with ability to make decisions and instead perform different tasks of God . The imagination of angels in Islam developed from the Quran and was influenced by pre islamic religions like Judaism , Zoroastrianism and probably even some gnostic beliefs, expanded by tafsir (exegesis) and the hadith literature . CONTENTS * 1 Concept of angels * 2 Individual angels * 2.1 Archangels * 2.2 Other angels and angel groups * 3 Distinction between Angels and Jinn * 4 Meaning of angels in mysticism * 4.1 Ibn Arabi cosmology * 5 See also * 6 Notes CONCEPT OF ANGELSAngels take the role of intermediaries performing different tasks of God
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Predestination In Islam
SUNNI THEOLOGICAL TRADITIONS * Ilm al- Kalam
Kalam
* Ash\'ari * Maturidi * Traditionalist Shi\'a 2 TWELVER * PRINCIPLES * Tawhid * Adalah
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Islamic Eschatology
— _Events_ — * Death * Resurrection * Last Judgement Jewish * Messianism * * Book of Daniel * Kabbalah Taoist * Li Hong Zoroastrian * Frashokereti * Saoshyant Inter-religious * * End times * Apocalypticism * 2012 phenomenon * * Millenarianism * Last Judgment * Resurrection of the dead * * Gog and Magog * Messianic Age * v * t * e ISLAMIC ESCHATOLOGY is the branch of Islamic theology concerning the end of history, known more formally as YAWM AL-QIYāMAH (Arabic : يوم القيامة‎‎, IPA: , "the Day of Resurrection") or _YAWM AD-DīN _ (يوم الدين, Arabic pronunciation: , "the Day of Judgment")
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Five Pillars Of Islam
SUNNI THEOLOGICAL TRADITIONS * Ilm al- Kalam * Ash\'ari * Maturidi * Traditionalist Shi\'a 2 TWELVER * PRINCIPLES * Tawhid * Adalah * Prophecy * Imamah * Qiyamah * PRACTICES * Salah *
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Shahada
SUNNI THEOLOGICAL TRADITIONS * Ilm al- Kalam
Kalam
* Ash\'ari * Maturidi * Traditionalist Shi\'a 2 TWELVER * PRINCIPLES * Tawhid

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Salah
SUNNI THEOLOGICAL TRADITIONS * Ilm al- Kalam
Kalam
* Ash\'ari * Maturidi * Traditionalist Shi\'a 2 TWELVER * PRINCIPLES * Tawhid * Adalah
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Fasting In Islam
SUNNI THEOLOGICAL TRADITIONS * Ilm al- Kalam * Ash\'ari * Maturidi * Traditionalist Shi\'a 2 TWELVER * PRINCIPLES * Tawhid * Adalah * Prophecy * Imamah * Qiyamah * PRACTICES * Salah *
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Zakat
SUNNI THEOLOGICAL TRADITIONS * Ilm al- Kalam
Kalam
* Ash\'ari * Maturidi * Traditionalist Shi\'a 2 TWELVER * PRINCIPLES * Tawhid *