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Isla Margarita
MARGARITA ISLAND (Isla de Margarita, Spanish pronunciation: ) is the largest island in the Venezuelan state of Nueva Esparta , situated off the northeastern coast of the country, in the Caribbean Sea . The capital city of Nueva Esparta, La Asunción
La Asunción
, is located on the island. Primary industries are tourism, fishing and construction. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Geography * 2.1 Terrain * 2.2 Weather * 3 Municipalities * 4 Cities * 4.1 La Asunción
La Asunción
* 4.2 Pampatar * 4.3 Porlamar * 4.4 Juan Griego * 5 Tourism * 6 Population * 7 Religion * 8 Natural Heritage * 8.1 Las Tetas de María Guevara * 9 Crime * 10 See also * 11 References * 12 External links HISTORY 1840 map by Agustín Codazzi
Agustín Codazzi

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Margarita Island (other)
MARGARITA ISLAND, or similar spellings, may refer to: * Isla Margarita
Isla Margarita
, the main island of Nueva Esparta state, Venezuela * Margarita Island (Colombia) , an island in the Magdalena River, Colombia * Isla Santa Margarita, Magdalena Bay
Magdalena Bay
, Baja California Sur, Mexico * Margaret Island
Margaret Island
, or Margitsziget, in Budapest, Hungary * Margeret Island (Panama) This disambiguation page lists articles about distinct geographical locations with the same name. If an internal link led you here, you may wish to change the link to point directly to the intended article. Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Margarita_Island_(other) additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy .® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc
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Spanish Language
(see many more ) REGULATED BY Association of Spanish Language Academies ( Real Academia Española and 22 other national Spanish language academies) LANGUAGE CODES ISO 639-1 es ISO 639-2 spa ISO 639-3 spa GLOTTOLOG stan1288 LINGUASPHERE 51-AAA-b Spanish language in the world SPANISH (/ˈspænᵻʃ/ (_ listen ); español_ (help ·info )), also called CASTILIAN (/kæˈstɪliən/ (_ listen ), castellano_ (help ·info )), is a Romance language that originated in the Castile region of Spain and today has hundreds of millions of native speakers around the world. It is usually considered the world\'s second-most spoken native language , after Mandarin Chinese
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Caribbean Sea
The CARIBBEAN SEA (Spanish : _Mar Caribe_; French : _Mer des Caraïbes_ Dutch : _Caraïbische Zee_) is a sea of the Atlantic Ocean in the tropics of the Western Hemisphere. It is bounded by Mexico
Mexico
and Central America
Central America
to the west and south west, to the north by the Greater Antilles starting with Cuba
Cuba
, to the east by the Lesser Antilles
Antilles
, and to the south by the north coast of South America. The entire area of the Caribbean
Caribbean
Sea, the numerous islands of the West Indies
West Indies
, and adjacent coasts, are collectively known as the Caribbean
Caribbean
. The Caribbean
Caribbean
Sea
Sea
is one of the largest seas and has an area of about 2,754,000 km2 (1,063,000 sq mi)
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Nueva Esparta
NEW SPARTA STATE, in Spanish ESTADO NUEVA ESPARTA (IPA: ), is one of the 23 states of Venezuela
Venezuela
. It comprises Margarita Island , Coche , and the largely uninhabited Cubagua
Cubagua
. The state is the smallest one in area, and is located off the northeast Caribbean
Caribbean
coast of Venezuela. It is the only insular state of Venezuela
Venezuela
(not including the Federal Dependencies , a federal territory but not a state). The main island of Margarita has an area of 934 km2. Its capital city is La Asunción
La Asunción
, and the main urban center is Porlamar
Porlamar

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Porlamar
Coordinates : 10°57′N 63°51′W / 10.950°N 63.850°W / 10.950; -63.850 PORLAMAR Flag Porlamar
Porlamar
Coordinates: 10°57′N 63°51′W / 10.950°N 63.850°W / 10.950; -63.850 COUNTRY Venezuela
Venezuela
STATE Nueva Esparta
Nueva Esparta
COUNTIES Mariño DEMONYM Porlamarense GOVERNMENT • MAYOR Alfredo Díaz ELEVATION 10 m (32 ft) POPULATION (2011) • TOTAL 144,830 POSTAL CODED 6301 AREA CODE 295 WEBSITE Municipality of MariñoPORLAMAR is the largest city on Isla Margarita
Isla Margarita
, Nueva Esparta
Nueva Esparta
State in Venezuela
Venezuela
. Downtown Porlamar
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States Of Venezuela
VENEZUELA is a federation made up of twenty-three STATES (Spanish : estados), a CAPITAL DISTRICT (Spanish : Distrito Capital) and the FEDERAL DEPENDENCIES (Spanish : Dependencias Federales), which consist of a large number of islands and islets on the Caribbean Sea . Venezuela
Venezuela
also claims the Guayana Esequiba territory which comprises six districts in the independent nation of Guyana
Guyana
. The states and territories of Venezuela
Venezuela
are usually organized into regions (Spanish : regiones), although these regions are mostly geographical entities and count with no administrative entities
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La Asunción
LA ASUNCIóN (Spanish pronunciation: ) is a city in Venezuela
Venezuela
. The capital of Nueva Esparta
Nueva Esparta
state (made up of three islands ), it lies on the Isla Margarita
Isla Margarita
in the Caribbean Sea
Caribbean Sea
, off the South American mainland. It is 6 miles (10 km) inland from Porlamar
Porlamar
and is in a genuine colonial setting. It has an imposing backdrop of Santa Rosa Castle , also known as the Santa Rosa Fort, which was built to protect the city. The most important structures in the city are built around the Plaza Bolivar. The Catedral Nuestra Señora de La Asunción , dated to the 16th century, is one of the earliest churches in the country. According to the 2011 census, it has a population of 28,513 people. La Asunción
La Asunción
was founded in 1565 by Captain Pedro González Cervantes de Albornoz
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Agustín Codazzi
GIOVANNI BATTISTA AGOSTINO CODAZZI (alternatively known in Latin America as AGUSTíN CODAZZI; 12 July 1793 - 7 February 1859) was an Italo- Venezuelan soldier, scientist, geographer, cartographer, and governor of Barinas (1846-1847). He made his main investigations and cartographic work in Venezuela
Venezuela
and Colombia
Colombia
, thereby creating for both countries a complete set of maps and statistics after the tumultuous post-independence years from the Spanish Empire. CONTENTS * 1 Biography * 2 Works * 3 See also * 4 Notes * 5 External links BIOGRAPHYFamous geographer and cartographer born in Lugo, Ravenna(Italy), arrived in South America in the 1810s and fought under the corsair Aury, claiming the independence of Florida
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Christopher Columbus
CHRISTOPHER COLUMBUS (Italian : _Cristoforo Colombo_; c. 1451 – 20 May 1506) was an Italian explorer, navigator, and colonizer. Born in the Republic of Genoa
Genoa
, under the auspices of the Catholic Monarchs of Spain
Spain
he completed four voyages across the Atlantic Ocean. Those voyages and his efforts to establish settlements on the island of Hispaniola
Hispaniola
initiated the permanent European colonization of the New World . At a time when European kingdoms were beginning to establish new trade routes and colonies, motivated by imperialism and economic competition , Columbus proposed to reach the East Indies
East Indies
(South and Southeast Asia
Southeast Asia
) by sailing westward. This eventually received the support of the Spanish Crown, which saw a chance to enter the spice trade with Asia
Asia
through this new route
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Guaiqueries
The WAIKERí or GUAIQUERíES were an indigenous people of northern Venezuela
Venezuela
. They may have been related to the Warao people , or to the Arawaks or Cumanagotos . The Waikerí lived primarily on Venezuela's coastal islands of Isla Margarita
Isla Margarita
, Cubagua
Cubagua
and Coche , as well as in the nearby coastal areas of the mainland, such as the Araya Peninsula . According to Alexander von Humboldt
Alexander von Humboldt
, the Waikerí said that their language and that of the Warao were related. REFERENCES * ^ Humboldt, Alexander: Reise in die Äquinoctial-gegenden des Neuen Kontinents (1991). Insel Verlag. Primer Tomo. Pág. 229
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Margarita Province
MARGARITA PROVINCE (1525 - 1864) was one of the provinces of the Spanish Empire
Spanish Empire
, then one of the provinces of Gran Colombia , and later one of the Provinces of Venezuela
Provinces of Venezuela
. In Gran Colombia it belonged to the Orinoco Department which was created in 1824. With the creation of the States of Venezuela in 1864 it became Nueva Esparta
Nueva Esparta
. DIVISIONSThe Province was named for its most important part, Isla Margarita
Isla Margarita
. Capital: Asunción
Asunción

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Lope De Aguirre
LOPE DE AGUIRRE (8 November 1510 – 27 October 1561) was a Basque Spanish conquistador who was active in South America
South America
. Nicknamed El Loco ('the Madman'), he styled himself "Wrath of God, Prince of Freedom, King of Tierra Firme". Aguirre is best known for his final expedition down the Amazon river
Amazon river
in search of the mythical golden King El Dorado . In 1561 Aguirre sent a letter which defied the Spanish monarch Philip II by declaring an independent state of Peru. Aguirre's expedition ended with his death, and in the years since then he has been treated by historians as a symbol of cruelty and treachery in the early history of colonial Spanish America , and has become an antihero in literature, cinema and other arts
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Conquistador
_CONQUISTADORS_ /kɒŋˈkɪstəˌdɔːrz/ (from Portuguese or Spanish _conquistadores_ "conquerors"; Spanish pronunciation: , Portuguese pronunciation: , ) is a term used to refer to the soldiers and explorers of the Spanish Empire or the Portuguese Empire in a general sense. During the Age of Discovery , conquistadors sailed beyond Europe to the Americas, Oceania, Africa and Asia, conquering territory and opening trade routes
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Red Legs Greaves
"RED LEGS" GREAVES was a Scottish buccaneer active in the Caribbean and the