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Isla Margarita
MARGARITA ISLAND (Isla de Margarita, Spanish pronunciation: ) is the largest island in the Venezuelan state of Nueva Esparta
Nueva Esparta
, situated off the northeastern coast of the country, in the Caribbean Sea . The capital city of Nueva Esparta, La Asunción
La Asunción
, is located on the island. Primary industries are tourism, fishing and construction. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Geography * 2.1 Terrain * 2.2 Weather * 3 Municipalities * 4 Cities * 4.1 La Asunción
La Asunción
* 4.2 Pampatar
Pampatar
* 4.3 Porlamar
Porlamar
* 4.4 Juan Griego * 5 Tourism * 6 Population * 7 Religion * 8 Natural Heritage * 8.1 Las Tetas de María Guevara * 9 Crime * 10 See also * 11 References * 12 External links HISTORY 1840 map by Agustín Codazzi
Agustín Codazzi
. Christopher Columbus
Christopher Columbus
was the first European to arrive on Margarita Island in 1498. The local natives were the Guaiqueries people. The coast of the island was abundant in pearls, which represented almost a third of all New World tribute to the Spanish Crown. Margarita Island was fortified against the increasing threat of pirate attacks, and some fortifications remain today. It was the center of Spanish colonial MARGARITA PROVINCE , established in 1525
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Margarita Island (other)
MARGARITA ISLAND, or similar spellings, may refer to: * Isla Margarita
Isla Margarita
, the main island of Nueva Esparta state, Venezuela * Margarita Island (Colombia) , an island in the Magdalena River, Colombia * Isla Santa Margarita, Magdalena Bay
Magdalena Bay
, Baja California Sur, Mexico * Margaret Island
Margaret Island
, or Margitsziget, in Budapest, Hungary * Margeret Island (Panama) This disambiguation page lists articles about distinct geographical locations with the same name. If an internal link led you here, you may wish to change the link to point directly to the intended article. Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Margarita_Island_(other) additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy .® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc
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Spanish Language
(see many more ) REGULATED BY Association of Spanish Language Academies ( Real Academia Española and 22 other national Spanish language academies) LANGUAGE CODES ISO 639-1 es ISO 639-2 spa ISO 639-3 spa GLOTTOLOG stan1288 LINGUASPHERE 51-AAA-b Spanish language in the world SPANISH (/ˈspænᵻʃ/ (_ listen ); español_ (help ·info )), also called CASTILIAN (/kæˈstɪliən/ (_ listen ), castellano_ (help ·info )), is a Romance language that originated in the Castile region of Spain and today has hundreds of millions of native speakers around the world. It is usually considered the world\'s second-most spoken native language , after Mandarin Chinese . Spanish is a part of the Ibero-Romance group of languages , which evolved from several dialects of Vulgar Latin in Iberia after the collapse of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century
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Caribbean Sea
The CARIBBEAN SEA (Spanish : _Mar Caribe_; French : _Mer des Caraïbes_ Dutch : _Caraïbische Zee_) is a sea of the Atlantic Ocean in the tropics of the Western Hemisphere. It is bounded by Mexico
Mexico
and Central America
Central America
to the west and south west, to the north by the Greater Antilles starting with Cuba
Cuba
, to the east by the Lesser Antilles
Antilles
, and to the south by the north coast of South America. The entire area of the Caribbean
Caribbean
Sea, the numerous islands of the West Indies
West Indies
, and adjacent coasts, are collectively known as the Caribbean
Caribbean
. The Caribbean
Caribbean
Sea
Sea
is one of the largest seas and has an area of about 2,754,000 km2 (1,063,000 sq mi). The sea's deepest point is the Cayman Trough , between the Cayman Islands and Jamaica, at 7,686 m (25,220 ft) below sea level . The Caribbean
Caribbean
coastline has many gulfs and bays: the Gulf of Gonâve , Gulf of Venezuela , Gulf of Darién , Golfo de los Mosquitos , Gulf of Paria and Gulf of Honduras . A popular and tropical Caribbean
Caribbean
portrait: the island of San Andrés
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Nueva Esparta
NEW SPARTA STATE, in Spanish ESTADO NUEVA ESPARTA (IPA: ), is one of the 23 states of Venezuela
Venezuela
. It comprises Margarita Island , Coche , and the largely uninhabited Cubagua . The state is the smallest one in area, and is located off the northeast Caribbean
Caribbean
coast of Venezuela. It is the only insular state of Venezuela
Venezuela
(not including the Federal Dependencies , a federal territory but not a state). The main island of Margarita has an area of 934 km2. Its capital city is La Asunción , and the main urban center is Porlamar . CONTENTS * 1 Etymology * 2 History * 3 Geography * 3.1 Municipalities * 4 Population * 4.1 Race and ethnicity * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 External links ETYMOLOGYIts name comes from the heroism shown by its inhabitants during the Venezuelan War of Independence
Venezuelan War of Independence
, deemed similar to that of the Spartan soldiers of Ancient Greece . HISTORY Playa el Agua, Margarita Island . Founded in 1525, the Province of Margarita was the oldest of those that in 1777 formed the Post of Captain-General of Venezuela
Venezuela

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Porlamar
Coordinates : 10°57′N 63°51′W / 10.950°N 63.850°W / 10.950; -63.850 PORLAMAR Flag Porlamar
Porlamar
Coordinates: 10°57′N 63°51′W / 10.950°N 63.850°W / 10.950; -63.850 COUNTRY Venezuela
Venezuela
STATE Nueva Esparta
Nueva Esparta
COUNTIES Mariño DEMONYM Porlamarense GOVERNMENT • MAYOR Alfredo Díaz ELEVATION 10 m (32 ft) POPULATION (2011) • TOTAL 144,830 POSTAL CODED 6301 AREA CODE 295 WEBSITE Municipality of MariñoPORLAMAR is the largest city on Isla Margarita , Nueva Esparta
Nueva Esparta
State in Venezuela
Venezuela
. Downtown Porlamar. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Demographics * 3 Economy * 4 Transportation * 5 Climate * 6 Twin cities * 7 References * 8 External links HISTORYThe city was founded as Puerto de la Mar (now Porlamar) on the southeast coast in 1536, less than 40 years after Christopher Columbus first sailed through. In 1680 the Council of the Indies
Council of the Indies
ordered Margarita born Juan Fermín de Huidobro to build a fortress with four bastions and a watchtower known as San Carlos Borromeo. Porlamar
Porlamar
was a quiet fishing village until the arrival of air travel
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States Of Venezuela
VENEZUELA is a federation made up of twenty-three STATES (Spanish : estados), a CAPITAL DISTRICT (Spanish : Distrito Capital) and the FEDERAL DEPENDENCIES (Spanish : Dependencias Federales), which consist of a large number of islands and islets on the Caribbean Sea . Venezuela
Venezuela
also claims the Guayana Esequiba territory which comprises six districts in the independent nation of Guyana
Guyana
. The states and territories of Venezuela
Venezuela
are usually organized into regions (Spanish : regiones), although these regions are mostly geographical entities and count with no administrative entities. CONTENTS * 1 Historical states * 2 Regions * 3 States * 4 Special
Special
status areas * 5 State name etymologies * 6 See also * 7 External links HISTORICAL STATESPrior to the Federal War of (1859–1863), the country was divided into provinces rather than states (see Provinces of Venezuela
Venezuela
). The victorious forces were supposed to grant more autonomy to the individual states, but this was not implemented. From 1863 to the early 1900s there were numerous territorial changes, including the merger and splitting of states, but from then until the 1990s the states were left unchanged. States that existed during this time included Guzmán Blanco State (1873–1889)
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La Asunción
LA ASUNCIóN (Spanish pronunciation: ) is a city in Venezuela
Venezuela
. The capital of Nueva Esparta
Nueva Esparta
state (made up of three islands ), it lies on the Isla Margarita in the Caribbean Sea , off the South American mainland. It is 6 miles (10 km) inland from Porlamar
Porlamar
and is in a genuine colonial setting. It has an imposing backdrop of Santa Rosa Castle , also known as the Santa Rosa Fort, which was built to protect the city. The most important structures in the city are built around the Plaza Bolivar. The Catedral Nuestra Señora de La Asunción , dated to the 16th century, is one of the earliest churches in the country. According to the 2011 census, it has a population of 28,513 people. La Asunción
La Asunción
was founded in 1565 by Captain Pedro González Cervantes de Albornoz. It is situated in a fertile valley surrounded by green hills, right in the center of eastern Margarita, where a fresher climate exist. It is the seat of the regional government
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Agustín Codazzi
GIOVANNI BATTISTA AGOSTINO CODAZZI (alternatively known in Latin America as AGUSTíN CODAZZI; 12 July 1793 - 7 February 1859) was an Italo- Venezuelan soldier, scientist, geographer, cartographer, and governor of Barinas (1846-1847). He made his main investigations and cartographic work in Venezuela
Venezuela
and Colombia
Colombia
, thereby creating for both countries a complete set of maps and statistics after the tumultuous post-independence years from the Spanish Empire. CONTENTS * 1 Biography * 2 Works * 3 See also * 4 Notes * 5 External links BIOGRAPHYFamous geographer and cartographer born in Lugo, Ravenna(Italy), arrived in South America in the 1810s and fought under the corsair Aury, claiming the independence of Florida. Attracted to the ideals of southamerican freedom, after obtaining the friendship of Bolivar and other generals, enrolled in the "Libertador" Army, where -thanks to his military expertice obtained in Italian academies- behaved as excellent artillery official (colonel)
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Christopher Columbus
CHRISTOPHER COLUMBUS (Italian : _Cristoforo Colombo_; c. 1451 – 20 May 1506) was an Italian explorer, navigator, and colonizer. Born in the Republic of Genoa
Genoa
, under the auspices of the Catholic Monarchs of Spain
Spain
he completed four voyages across the Atlantic Ocean. Those voyages and his efforts to establish settlements on the island of Hispaniola
Hispaniola
initiated the permanent European colonization of the New World . At a time when European kingdoms were beginning to establish new trade routes and colonies, motivated by imperialism and economic competition , Columbus proposed to reach the East Indies
East Indies
(South and Southeast Asia
Southeast Asia
) by sailing westward. This eventually received the support of the Spanish Crown, which saw a chance to enter the spice trade with Asia
Asia
through this new route. During his first voyage in 1492, he reached the New World instead of arriving at Japan
Japan
as he had intended, landing on an island in the Bahamas archipelago that he named "San Salvador". Over the course of three more voyages, he visited the Greater and Lesser Antilles , as well as the Caribbean coast of Venezuela
Venezuela
and Central America
Central America
, claiming all of it for the Crown of Castile
Crown of Castile

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Guaiqueries
The WAIKERí or GUAIQUERíES were an indigenous people of northern Venezuela
Venezuela
. They may have been related to the Warao people
Warao people
, or to the Arawaks or Cumanagotos . The Waikerí lived primarily on Venezuela's coastal islands of Isla Margarita
Isla Margarita
, Cubagua and Coche , as well as in the nearby coastal areas of the mainland, such as the Araya Peninsula . According to Alexander von Humboldt
Alexander von Humboldt
, the Waikerí said that their language and that of the Warao were related. REFERENCES * ^ Humboldt, Alexander: Reise in die Äquinoctial-gegenden des Neuen Kontinents (1991). Insel Verlag. Primer Tomo. Pág. 229
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Margarita Province
MARGARITA PROVINCE (1525 - 1864) was one of the provinces of the Spanish Empire
Spanish Empire
, then one of the provinces of Gran Colombia , and later one of the Provinces of Venezuela
Provinces of Venezuela
. In Gran Colombia it belonged to the Orinoco Department which was created in 1824. With the creation of the States of Venezuela
States of Venezuela
in 1864 it became Nueva Esparta
Nueva Esparta
. DIVISIONSThe Province was named for its most important part, Isla Margarita
Isla Margarita
. Capital: Asunción . Cantons: * Asunción Canton * Norte Canton (seat: Santa Ana del Norte ).GOVERNORSA partial list of governors: TERM GOVERNOR NOTES AND SOURCES 1595 Francisco Gutiérrez Flores 1619-1626 Andrés Rodríguez Villegas Governor and captain-general 1626-1630 Garcia Álvarez de Figueroa 1630-1638 Juan de Eulate Governor from 1630 to 1638 before retiring to Spain. 1638-1642 Juan Luis de Camarena Governor from 18 February 1638 until 1642. Died in office. 1643-1649 Francisco de Santillán y Argote Governor from 13 April 1643 to 23 March 1649
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Lope De Aguirre
LOPE DE AGUIRRE (8 November 1510 – 27 October 1561) was a Basque Spanish conquistador who was active in South America
South America
. Nicknamed El Loco ('the Madman'), he styled himself "Wrath of God, Prince of Freedom, King of Tierra Firme". Aguirre is best known for his final expedition down the Amazon river
Amazon river
in search of the mythical golden King El Dorado . In 1561 Aguirre sent a letter which defied the Spanish monarch Philip II by declaring an independent state of Peru. Aguirre's expedition ended with his death, and in the years since then he has been treated by historians as a symbol of cruelty and treachery in the early history of colonial Spanish America , and has become an antihero in literature, cinema and other arts. CONTENTS * 1 In Spain
Spain
* 2 In the New World * 2.1 Search for El Dorado * 3 Popular culture * 4 References * 5 Bibliography * 6 External links IN SPAINAguirre was born around 1510 in the Araotz Valley (a valley and hamlet belonging to Oñati
Oñati
), close to Arantzazu in the province of Gipuzkoa
Gipuzkoa
, in the Basque Country of northern Spain
Spain
. He was the son of a nobleman, possibly from a family of court clerks
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Conquistador
_CONQUISTADORS_ /kɒŋˈkɪstəˌdɔːrz/ (from Portuguese or Spanish _conquistadores_ "conquerors"; Spanish pronunciation: , Portuguese pronunciation: , ) is a term used to refer to the soldiers and explorers of the Spanish Empire or the Portuguese Empire in a general sense. During the Age of Discovery , conquistadors sailed beyond Europe to the Americas, Oceania, Africa and Asia, conquering territory and opening trade routes
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Red Legs Greaves
"RED LEGS" GREAVES was a Scottish buccaneer active in the Caribbean and the West Indies
West Indies
during the 1670s. His nickname came from the term Redlegs used to refer to the class of poor whites that lived on colonial Barbados. Although considered a successful pirate during his career, most notably his raid of Margarita island in the mid-1670s, he is best known for his escape from Port Royal
Port Royal
prison during an earthquake June 7, 1692. CONTENTS * 1 Early life * 2 Piratical career * 3 Captain Greaves * 4 Capture and escape * 5 In popular culture * 6 References * 7 Further reading * 8 External links EARLY LIFEBorn in Barbados
Barbados
, Greaves' parents had been tried for treason for their participation during the Wars of the Three Kingdoms and sold into slavery, as were many Royalists and Covenanters in Scotland. He is thought to have been born in 1649. Born a short time after his parents' arrival in Barbados, Greaves became the servant of a kindly master. However, his parents and master died a short time after another, and the orphaned boy was sold to another man who was claimed to have been violent and to have often beaten Greaves as a teenager
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Pearl
A PEARL is a hard object produced within the soft tissue (specifically the mantle ) of a living shelled mollusk or another animal, such as a conulariid . Just like the shell of a mollusk, a pearl is composed of calcium carbonate (mainly aragonite or a mixture of aragonite and calcite ) in minute crystalline form, which has been deposited in concentric layers. The ideal pearl is perfectly round and smooth, but many other shapes, known as baroque pearls , can occur. The finest quality natural pearls have been highly val