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Irish Dance
IRISH DANCING or IRISH DANCE is a group of traditional dance forms originating in Ireland which can broadly be divided into social dances and performance dances . Irish social dancing can be divided further into céilí and SET dancing. Irish set dances are quadrilles , danced by four couples arranged in a square, while céilí dances are danced by varied formations (céilí) of two to sixteen people. In addition to their formation, there are significant stylistic differences between these two forms of social dance. Irish social dance is a living tradition, and variations in particular dances are found across the Irish dancing community; in some places, dances are deliberately modified and new dances are choreographed. Irish step dancing , popularised in 1994 by the world-famous show Riverdance , is notable for its rapid leg and foot movements, body and arms being kept largely stationary
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Book Of Kells
The BOOK OF KELLS ( Latin
Latin
: Codex Cenannensis; Irish : Leabhar Cheanannais; Dublin, Trinity College Library, MS A. I. , sometimes known as the BOOK OF COLUMBA) is an illuminated manuscript Gospel
Gospel
book in Latin
Latin
, containing the four Gospels of the New Testament
New Testament
together with various prefatory texts and tables. It was created in a Columban monastery in Ireland or may have had contributions from various Columban institutions from both Britain and Ireland. It is believed to have been created c. 800 AD. The text of the Gospels is largely drawn from the Vulgate
Vulgate
, although it also includes several passages drawn from the earlier versions of the Bible known as the Vetus Latina
Vetus Latina
. It is a masterwork of Western calligraphy and represents the pinnacle of Insular illumination
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Caller (dancing)
A CALLER is a person who prompts dance figures in such dances as line dance , square dance , and contra dance . The caller might be one of the participating dancers, though in modern country dance this is rare. In round dance a person who performs this function is called a CUER. Their role is fundamentally the same as a caller, in that they tell dancers what to do in a given dance, though they differ on several smaller points. In northern New England contra dancing, the caller is also known as the prompter. CONTENTS * 1 Comparing callers and cuers * 2 The modern Western square dance caller * 2.1 Call types * 2.1.1 Patter calls * 2.1.2 Singing calls * 2.2 Programming * 2.3 Training to call * 3 The round dance cuer * 4 The Salsa Rueda caller * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 External links COMPARING CALLERS AND CUERSCallers and cuers serve slightly different functions in different types of dance
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Irish Language
The IRISH LANGUAGE (Gaeilge), also referred to as the GAELIC or the IRISH GAELIC LANGUAGE, is a Goidelic language (Gaelic) of the Indo-European language family originating in Ireland
Ireland
and historically spoken by the Irish people
Irish people
. Irish is spoken as a first language by a small minority of Irish people, and as a second language by a larger group of non-native speakers. Irish has been the predominant language of the Irish people
Irish people
for most of their recorded history, and they have brought it with them to other regions, notably Scotland
Scotland
and the Isle of Man
Isle of Man
, where Middle Irish gave rise to Scottish Gaelic
Scottish Gaelic
and Manx respectively. It has the oldest vernacular literature in Western Europe
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Dublin
DUBLIN (/ˈdʌblɪn/ , Irish : Baile Átha Cliath Irish pronunciation: ) is the capital of and largest city in Ireland . Dublin
Dublin
is located in the province of Leinster on the east coast of Ireland, at the mouth of the River Liffey and bordered on the South by the Wicklow Mountains . The city has an urban area population of 1,173,179. The population of the Dublin Region
Dublin Region
, as of 2016 , was 1,347,359 people, and the population of the Greater Dublin area was 1,904,806. There is archaeological debate regarding precisely where Dublin
Dublin
was established by Celtic-speaking people in the 7th century. Later expanded as a Viking
Viking
settlement, the Kingdom of Dublin
Dublin
became Ireland's principal city following the Norman invasion
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Formation Dance
FORMATION DANCE is a style of ballroom dancing . It is pattern or shadow team dancing by couples in a FORMATION TEAM. The choreography may be based on a particular dance or a medley of dances. Formation dancing may be done for exhibition or for competition between teams. There is also a type of formation in Bhangra. CONTENTS* 1 International Style Ballroom: Dance sport * 1.1 History * 1.2 Choreography * 1.3 Competitions * 1.4 Formation teams, 2013 * 1.5 Results * 2 See also * 3 References * 4 External links INTERNATIONAL STYLE BALLROOM: DANCE SPORT Latin Formation Team TSC Blau-Silber Aachen HISTORYFormation dancing originated in 1932 in London's Astoria Ballroom. It was Olive Ripman who introduced it under the name "pattern dancing". Soon it became a competitive dance form. Formation team contests began in the 1930s in England, and spread to many other countries
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Jazz Shoe
A JAZZ SHOE is a type of shoe worn by dancers . They are used in jazz dance and other styles of dance including acro dance , acrobatic rock\'n\'roll , and hip hop , and in other activities, such as aerobics . Jazz shoes are available in a variety of styles, with varying features. They may be high-rise or low-rise, and may be slip-ons or lace-up Oxfords . Split-sole jazz shoes allow enhance shoe flexibility, making it possible to flex the foot more easily. Most have rubber soles, which provide traction and also help to cushion the foot, and some have thicker heels for better shock-absorption. Some have a suede patch under the ball of the foot to facilitate turning
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Fiberglass
FIBERGLASS (or FIBREGLASS; "Fiberglas" is a trademarked brand name) is a type of fiber-reinforced plastic where the reinforcement fiber is specifically glass fiber . The glass fiber may be randomly arranged, flattened into a sheet (called a chopped strand mat), or woven into a fabric . The plastic matrix may be a thermoset polymer matrix – most often based on thermosetting polymers such as epoxy , polyester resin , or vinylester - or a thermoplastic . Fiberglass
Fiberglass
is unique in its strength and yet it is lightweight. The glass fibers are made of various types of glass depending upon the fiberglass use. These glasses all contain silica or silicate, with varying amounts of oxides of calcium, magnesium, and sometimes boron. To be used in fiberglass, glass fibers have to be made with very low levels of defects. Fiberglass
Fiberglass
is a strong lightweight material and is used for many products
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Penn State University
THE PENNSYLVANIA STATE UNIVERSITY (commonly referred to as PENN STATE or PSU) is a public , land-grant , research-intensive university with campuses and facilities throughout Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
. Founded in 1855, the university has a stated threefold mission of teaching, research, and public service. Its instructional mission includes undergraduate, graduate, professional and continuing education offered through resident instruction and online delivery. Its University Park campus, the flagship campus , lies within the Borough of State College and College Township . It has two law schools, Penn State Law , on the school's University Park campus, and Dickinson Law , located in Carlisle , 90 miles south of State College. The College of Medicine is located in Hershey . Penn State has another 19 commonwealth campuses and 5 special-mission campuses located across the state
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Time Signature
The TIME SIGNATURE (also known as METER SIGNATURE, METRE SIGNATURE, or MEASURE SIGNATURE ) is a notational convention used in Western musical notation to specify how many beats (pulses) are to be contained in each bar and which note value is to be given one beat. In a musical score, the time signature appears at the beginning of the piece, as a time symbol or stacked numerals, such as or 3 4 (read common time and three-four time, respectively), immediately following the key signature or immediately following the clef symbol if the key signature is empty. A mid-score time signature, usually immediately following a barline , indicates a change of meter
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Reel
A REEL is an object around which lengths of another material (usually long and flexible) are wound for storage. Generally a reel has a cylindrical core and walls on the sides to retain the material wound around the core. In some cases the core is hollow, although other items may be mounted on it, and grips may exist for mechanically turning the reel. CONTENTS * 1 Construction * 2 Uses * 3 Motion picture terminology * 4 References * 5 External links CONSTRUCTION This section DOES NOT CITE ANY SOURCES . Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources . Unsourced material may be challenged and removed . (January 2012) (Learn how and when to remove this template message )The size of the core is dependent on several factors. A smaller core will obviously allow more material to be stored in a given space. However, there is a limit to how tightly the stored material can be wound without damaging it and this limits how small the core can be
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Bar (music)
In musical notation , a BAR (or MEASURE) is a segment of time corresponding to a specific number of beats in which each beat is represented by a particular note value and the boundaries of the bar are indicated by vertical BAR LINES. Dividing music into bars provides regular reference points to pinpoint locations within a musical composition. It also makes written music easier to follow, since each bar of staff symbols can be read and played as a batch. Typically, a piece consists of several bars of the same length, and in modern musical notation the number of beats in each bar is specified at the beginning of the score by the time signature . In simple time , (such as 3 4), the top figure indicates the number of beats per bar, while the bottom number indicates the note value of the beat (the beat has a quarter note value in the 3 4 example)
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Quadrilles
The QUADRILLE is a dance that was fashionable in late 18th- and 19th-century Europe and its colonies. Performed by four couples in a rectangular formation, it is related to American square dancing . The Lancers , a variant of the quadrille, became popular in the late 19th century and was still danced in the 20th century in folk-dance clubs. A derivative found in the Francophone Lesser Antilles is known as kwadril , and the dance is also still found in Madagascar and is within old Jamaican / Caribbean culture. The quadrille consists of a chain of four to six contredanses , courtly versions of English country dances that had been taken up at the court of Louis XIV and spread across Europe. Latterly the quadrille was frequently danced to a medley of opera melodies
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Glasgow
GLASGOW (/ˈɡlɑːzɡoʊ, ˈɡlɑːs-, ˈɡlæz-, ˈɡlæs-/ ; Scots : Glesga /ˈɡlezɡə/; Scottish Gaelic
Scottish Gaelic
: Glaschu ) is the largest city in Scotland
Scotland
, and third-largest in the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
. Historically part of Lanarkshire
Lanarkshire
, the city now forms the Glasgow
Glasgow
City council area, one of the 32 council areas of Scotland
Scotland
; the local authority is Glasgow City Council . Glasgow
Glasgow
is situated on the River Clyde in the country's West Central Lowlands . Inhabitants of the city are referred to as "Glaswegians" or "Weegies". It is the fourth most visited city in the UK. Glasgow
Glasgow
grew from a small rural settlement on the River Clyde
River Clyde
to become the largest seaport in Britain
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Philadelphia
PHILADELPHIA (/ˌfɪləˈdɛlfiə/ ) is the largest city in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
and the sixth-most populous city in the United States, with an estimated population of 1,567,872 and more than 6 million in the seventh-largest metropolitan statistical area , as of 2016 . Philadelphia
Philadelphia
is the economic and cultural anchor of the Delaware Valley
Delaware Valley
, located along the lower Delaware
Delaware
and Schuylkill Rivers, within both the Mid-Atlantic region and the Northeast megalopolis . The Delaware
Delaware
Valley's population of 7.2 million ranks it as the eighth-largest combined statistical area in the United States
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Belfast
BELFAST (/ˈbɛlfɑːst, -fæst/ ; from Irish : Béal Feirste, meaning "rivermouth of the sandbanks ") is the capital and largest city of Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
, and the second largest on the island of Ireland
Ireland
. On the River Lagan
River Lagan
, it had a population of 333,871 in 2015. By the early 1800s the former town was home to a major port . Belfast played a key role in the Industrial Revolution
Industrial Revolution
in the 19th century, becoming the biggest linen producer in the world, earning it the nickname "Linenopolis". By the time it was granted city status in 1888, it was a major centre of the Irish linen as well as tobacco -processing, rope-making and shipbuilding industries. Harland and Wolff , which built the RMS Titanic
RMS Titanic
, was the world's biggest and most productive shipyard
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